Vai net ve thu o Kiev cua Ukraine

a iem th nhat cua chuyen vieng tham

 

Prepared for internet by Msgr. Peter Nguyen Van Tai
Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

Vai net ve thu o KIEV cua Ukraine, a iem th nhat cua chuyen vieng tham.

oan ng t  Roma en thu o KIEV cua Ukraine dai 1,800 cay so, va  may bay ch TC va oan tuy tung phai mat ba tieng ong ho.

Thu o KIEV la cai noi cua nen Van Hoa Kito cho toan vung ong Au. Thanh Pho KIEV, hien nay la thu o cua Ukraine, vi dan so khoang 2 trieu 600 ngan, a c  Ong Hoang KIE ngi Slavo thiet lap vao nam 482. Truyen khau nhan gian cho rang Thanh Tong o Anre a  noi tien tri rang tren ngon oi KIEV, mot thanh pho cao ca va noi tieng se c dng len.

Vao the ky th 9, KIEV a tr nen thu o cua  RUS, mot lanh a Slavo ay uy quyen, trai dai t bien Baltic cho en Hac Hai, c phat trien nhat la di thi ong Hoang Vladimir. Ong va dan toc slavo cua ong a lanh b tch Ra toi nam 988; bien co nay ghi dau iem khi au cua Kito giao tai vung at nay. Nam 1362, vung at Ukraine ri vao s thong tr cua Lithuania, roi sau o di s thong tr cua BaLan. Vao gia the ky th 17, co cuoc chien tranh gianh oc lap cho quoc gia. Nam 1918, phan at Ukraine b Hong Quan Nga chiem, va Ukraine tr thanh  mot Cong Hoa trong Lien bang So Viet. Ngay 16 thang 7 nam 1990,  nhieu thang sau khi bc tng Berlin b sup, Hoi ong toi cao cua Ukraine tuyen bo oc lap, va ngay mung 1 thang 12, nam 1991, cuoc Trung Cau Dan Y xac nhan s  oc lap quoc gia Ukraine.

Kito giao chiem 97% dan so, va phan na con so nay thuoc chnh thong giao, va phan na con lai la Cong giao va Tin Lanh. Theo luat phap cua Quoc Gia Ukraine ngay nay, th ba Cong oan Chnh Thong Giao va Giao Hoi Cong Giao  c ke nh la nhng giao hoi truyen thong cua Ukraine. Ngoai ra con co nhng cong oan ton giao nho khac nh Do thai  giao va Hoi giao.

Ba Cong oan Chnh Thong Giao tai Ukraine la:

1. Chnh Thong Giao Ukraine thuoc toa Giao Chu  Moscova, gom co khoang 9,049 cong oan, nam mien Trung va ong Nam Ukraine.

2. Chnh Thong Giao thuoc Toa Giao Chu KIEV, co 2,781 cong oan, cung hien dien tai Mien Trung va ong Nam Ukraine.

3. Chnh Thong Giao Ukraine oc Lap, co 1,015 cong oan, a so hien dien tai mien Tay Ukraine.

Giao Hoi cong giao tai Ukraine co hai  nghi thc chnh: Giao Hoi cong giao Hy Lap  (tc nghi thc ong Phng Byzantin), vi khoang 3,317 cong oan, hien dien mien Tay Ukraine. Va Giao Hoi cong giao nghi thc Latinh Roma, co  807 cong oan, hien dien mien Trung Ukraine.


Back to Radio Veritas Asia Home Page