TC khai mac

Hoi Ngh Hong Y lan th sau

Prepared for internet by Msgr. Peter Nguyen Van Tai
Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

TC khai mac Hoi ngh Hong Y lan th sau.

Vatican - 21.5.2001 - Nh chung toi a loan tin, Hoi ngh Hong Y lan th sau c khai mac sang th hai 21.5.2001 tai Phong THGM the gii, trong Noi Thanh Vatican, vi s tham d cua 155 trong so 183 Hong Y tren ca the gii. Nh vay co  gan 30 v v gia yeu hoac v ly do sc khoe a khong the tham d c.

Sau dien van khai mac cua TC, co hai bai tng trnh cua HY Roger Etchegaray, chu tch uy Ban Trung ng Nam Thanh 2000 va cua HY Crescenzo Sepe, trc ay la Tong Th Ky cua Uy Ban T Nam Thanh, va nay la Tong Trng Bo Truyen Giao, ve dien tien va  thanh qua cua Nam ai Toan Xa. Sau o, co cac V tham d phat bieu y kien. Ban chieu, di s ieu hanh cua HY Joseph Ratzinger, Tong trng Bo Giao ly c tin, HY Jean Marie Lustiger, TGM Paris, thuyet trnh ve e tai chnh cua Hoi ngh Hong Y lan th sau: Nhng vien tng cua Giao hoi trong Ngan Nam mi. Tiep theo la nhng phat bieu y kien cua cac v tham d.

Hoi ngh Hong Y (Consistorium) la g?  Khoan Giao luat 353, so  mot, giai thch ro rang nh sau: la cuoc hoi hop (coetus)  long trong cac Hong Y, do TC trieu tap va chu toa. Cac Hong Y c mi goi giup va cong tac vi TC, bang hai cach: cach ca nhan (trong trng hp cac ngai ng au mot c quan Toa Thanh) cach tap oan: do TC trieu tap cac v Roma hay tren ca the gii. Sau Cong ong Vatican II, cac luat le ieu hanh Hoi ngh Hong y c thay oi hoan toan. Khoan giao luat tren ay noi ro co hai loai Hoi Ngh Hong Y: Hoi ngh Hong Y  thng le va ngoai le.

So hai cua khoan Giao luat 353, giai thch: Trong Hoi Ngh thng le, TC trieu cac Hong Y hien dien tai Roma, e tham khao y kien ve mot van e quan trong, nhng co tnh cach chung hn, hoac e thc hien mot hanh ong rat quan trong, th du ton phong Hien Thanh, lien he en c tin, bo nhiem Hong y mi...

Hoi ngh thng le co hai loai: mat: ngha la ch co TC va cac Hong Y tham d ma thoi. Trong trng hp nay, luc khai mac, v giam chc le nghi tuyen bo: Extra omnes (xin cac ngi khac ra khoi phong hoi) va Hoi ngh cong cong: ngha la  ngoai cac Hong Y, co the nhan s co mat cua cac Giam chc thuoc Giao Trieu, cac Giam muc hien Roma hay cac v khac (linh muc, tu s nam n, giao dan, Ngoai giao oan...) c mi tham d. Th du trong le nghi trao mu Hong Y cho cac V mi c bo nhiem, thng c c hanh hoac trong Thnh ng Phaolo VI, hay ngoai Quang trng Thanh Phero, tuy theo con so tham d.

Ve Hoi ngh ngoai le, theo so ba khoan Giao luat 353 (nh Hoi ngh lan th sau nay c khai mac sang th hai tai Vatican) TC trieu tap tat ca cac Hong Y tren the gii (ke ca cac v ngoai 80 tuoi) e thao luan ve nhng van e quan trong khac thng hoac ve nhng nhu cau khan cap cach rieng cua Giao hoi.

Trong Hoi ngh ngoai le, cac Hong Y, en t khap the gii, thuoc cac Giao hoi c rao giang Tin Mng t nhieu the ky, hoac cac Giao hoi tre trung, thuoc cac nen van hoa, cac chung toc, ngon ng, cac hang tuoi, cac kinh nghiem khac nhau... cung oi chieu va gop phan rieng cua mnh vao cong viec chung cua Giao Hoi hoan cau. ay la mot nguon phong phu, mot s hiep thong duy nhat khong tm c ni cac to chc ton giao khac.

Hoi ngh ngoai le lan th sau nay la Hoi ngh ong ao  hn ca c TC trieu tap t trc ti gi, do con so 44 Hong y mi c ton phong 21 thang 2 nam nay. Hoi ngh c trieu tap vao au Ngan nam mi, e cung vi TC, ngi Ke nghiep Thanh Phero, Chu chan Giao hoi hoan cau, V lanh ao Giam muc oan, e cau nguyen va suy t ve Nhng vien tng cua Giao hoi  trc tng lai va nhng thach o mi ang ch i, da theo nhng ch dan cua TC a vach ra trong Tong th Khi au ngan nam th ba (Novo Millennio ineunte), c cong bo ngay be mac Nam ai Toan xa 2000.

Cac Hong Y c trieu tap ve Roma - vi nhng chng trnh va nhng cau hoi a nhan c trc -  cung nhau suy t, cau nguyen va  thao luan,  e tm cau tra li cho lenh truyen cua Chua Giesu: Duc in altum (hay ra khi). Li mi goi nay khong nhng luon luon vang len ni cac v chu chan, nhng con ni moi ngi trong chung ta, tn hu cong giao, ngi cua thi ai nay va thanh vien cua Giao hoi hoan cau.

Hoi ngh Hong Y khong phai e tm ra mot chng trnh mi. Chng trnh a co san, va co luon mai, mot chng trnh c thu lm, rut ra t Phuc Am va Thanh Truyen. Nhng chng trnh nay can c a vao cac ng hng muc vu, phu hp vi nhng hoan canh mi cua moi mot cong ong, moi thi ai. Lam cach nao e thc hien chng trnh san co vao i song Giao hoi, sau ai Toan xa cua Nam 2000?  ay la cau hoi ma TC muon at ra cho cac Hong Y, co van va cong tac vien than mat hn ca cua ngai trong Hoi ngh c trieu  vao  au Ngan nam mi. Thong cao cua Phong bao ch Toa Thanh c pho bien th bay va qua 19.5.2001, noi ro: Trong cac bon phan chnh cua cac V Co van cua TC, ngoai viec bau Giao Hoang mi, la giup TC cach rieng ve nhng lo lang muc vu cua Giao hoi trong chieu kch co tnh cach hoan vu. (cf. Giao Luat 349).

Trong ba ngay cac V co van cua TC se thao luan ve Nhng vien tng cua Giao hoi oi vi tng lai. Hoi ngh se be mac bang Thanh le ong te dp Le Chua Giesu len tri, do TC chu te vao luc 10:30 trong en th Thanh Phero. Chung toi se co gang loan tin ve dien tien cua Hoi ngh, e moi tn hu cong giao c thong cong va gop phan bang cau nguyen cho Hoi ngh.

Nhac lai, trong nhng ngay va qua, 255 Giam muc nc Y tu hop tai Phong THGM the gii trong Noi Thanh Vatican, e thao luan ve chng trnh muc vu cho 10 nam ti ay cua Ngan nam mi. Khoa hop khoang ai Mua Xuan cua cac V chu chan Giao hoi tai Y c ket thuc bang dien van cua TC va bang Thanh le trong en th Thanh Phero, do HY Giovanni Battista Re, Tong trng Bo Giam  muc, chu te.

T th hai 21 cho en th nam 24 thang 5/2001, en lt 183 Hong Y, khong ke tren hay di 80 tuoi, en t khap the gii, s dung Phong THGM the gii trong ba ngay,  e cung nhau thao luan ve nhng vien tng cua Giao hoi trong Ngan Nam mi, can c vao Tong th be mac Nam Thanh 2000, c TC cong bo ngay 6.01.2001.

ay khong phai la Hoi ngh ngoai le th nhat cua cac Hong Y. Trc ay TC a trieu tap nam Hoi ngh nh vay vao nhng nam 1979 , 1982, 1985, 1991 va  1994, e thao luan ve cac e tai quan trong lien he en i song Giao hoi. Nam 1979, sau t thang c bau lam Giao Hoang, TC a trieu tap cac Hong Y e thao luan ve van e tai chanh cua Toa Thanh - Sau Hoi ngh nay, TC thanh lap  mot Uy ban gom 16 Hong Y, do ngai bo nhiem,  e lo ve van e nay. Ngai khong muon can thiep vao vat chat, e hoan toan  hien than cho muc vu va truyen giao. T o, ngan sach hang nam cua Toa Thanh bat au thay oi, t thieu hut sang d thang. Trong Hoi ngh nam 1982 cac Hong Y thao luan ve van e cai to Giao Trieu Roma va Bo Giao luat mi. Sau o, TC cho cong bo Van kien Bonus Pastor ve viec cai to Giao Trieu va ngay 25 thang Gieng nam 1983, c Gioan Phaolo II cong bo Bo Giao luat mi vao  chnh ngay c Gioan XXIII, tuyen bo trieu tap Cong ong chung Vatican II 25.01.1959), sau thanh le cau nguyen cho hiep nhat cac tn hu Kito tai en Th Thanh Phaolo ngoai Thanh.

Cung nen nhac lai rang: Bo Giao luat cu c khi s soan thao thi c Thanh Giao Hoang Pio X (1903-1914), c hoan tat va cong bo thi c Benedicto XV (1914-1922) nam 1917.

Hoi ngh Hong Y nam 1985 thao luan ve nan lan tran cac Giao phai, gay hai cho nhieu tn hu cong giao, cach rieng tai Trung-Nam My chau. Trong Hoi ngh nam 1991, cac Hong Y thao luan ve nhng e doa oi vi s song con ngi. Sau o, TC cho cong bo Thong iep Evangelium vitae. Sau cung Hoi ngh nam 1994, thao luan ve viec chuan b ai Toan xa cua Nam 2000 va ve oi thoai gia cac tn hu cong giao va chnh thong. e giup cac Giao phan tren ca the gii trong viec chuan bien co ai Toan xa, TC cho cong bo Tong th Ngan Nam Th Ba (Tertio Millennio Adveniente), va truc khi khai mac Nam Thanh,TC cong bo  van kien Mau Nhiem Nhap The  (Incarnationis Mysterium) noi ve viec c hanh nam thanh 2000.


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