Giao hoi Cong Giao

dan than trong s mang Giao duc

 

Giao hoi Cong Giao dan than trong s mang Giao duc.

Lm. Vinh Sn Nguyen Cao Dung SCJ

(WH 08-05-2020) - "Giao duc hom nay, xa hoi va Giao hoi ngay mai". o la xac quyet cua cac v muc t trong Th Chung cua Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam (HGMVN) nam 2007. ieu o cung noi len tam quan trong cua Giao duc cho s phat trien cua nhan loai noi chung, cach rieng oi vi at nc Viet Nam ma Giao Hoi Cong Giao luon dan than trong s mang giao duc cua mnh.

Thanh Giao Hoang Gioan - Phaolo II a ch ro muc tieu s mang giao duc cua Giao hoi Cong giao:

"Trong moi nhu cau vat chat va tinh than, nhan v cua moi ngi nam ngay trong giao huan cua Chua Giesu: V the, s thang tien con ngi nhan ban la muc tieu cua giao duc cong giao".

That the, Giao duc Cong giao khi i t con ngi s pham va giao huan cua Chua Kito, Giao Hoi nhan lanh va tiep tuc nhiem vu Giao duc trong tong the s mang loan bao Tin Mng.

Ngay t thu khai sinh, Giao Hoi Cong giao luon muon cong hien cho moi cong dan, nhat la ngi tre thuoc moi dan, moi nc khong phan biet ton giao, mot nen giao duc ay u e phat huy con ngi toan dien da tren cac gia tr Tin Mng.

I. Giao duc Cong Giao theo dong lch s

Theo loi nhn cua giao duc, khi t cong trnh tao dng va theo suot toan bo lch s cu o, la tien trnh Thien Chua giao duc con ngi. Tien trnh ay hien van con ang tiep dien song ong trong suot dong lch s cua con ngi, ni moi ngi, cach rieng Giao hoi Cong giao, cho en ngay canh chung.

Trong Kinh Thanh Cu c, Thien Chua day do nghiem minh, kien nhan va giau long xot thng:

Thien Chua giao duc dan Ngi nh ngi cha sa day con c hieu trong boi canh van hoa giao duc Israel: Con cai phai lang nghe li cha me day bao (x. Cn 23,22) neu khong se b phat (x. Cn 30,17; nl 21,18-21). Nh the, sa phat la ieu can thiet trong giao duc (x. Hc 22,6; 30,1-13; Cn 23,13). Va Thien Chua la Cha cua Israel nen Ngi cung sa phat con la dan khi sai quay (x. nl 8,5; Cn 3,12; Hc 30,1-2.12-13). Tuy nhien, Ngi anh xong roi lai xot thng (x. Hs 11,8-9; Gr 31,9.20; Tv 103,13-14).

Thien Chua luon to ra la nha giao duc kien nhan va trung thanh vi y nh cua mnh. Tuy nhien, giao duc van luon la mot nghe thuat kho khan v "tam tr tre con von dai kh" (Cn 22,15). Qua the, Israel nh con tre dai kh a nhieu lan ngo nghch bi s bat trung (x. Lv 26,15; Gs 22,16; 2 Sb 12,2; 36,14; Ed 20,27; n 9,7), ton th ngau tng (x. Lv 26,30; 2V 17,12; 2 Sb 24,18; Ed 14,3; 16,36; 20,31; Hs 4,17; 8,4; 11,2; Mk 1,5), chay theo than ngoai bang (x. 1 Sm 7,3; Gr 32,29; Am 5,26; Ml 2,11). Nhng bai hoc cua Giave Thien Chua la cach thc lam cho dan nhan ra loi lam va quay ve vi tnh thng ma Ngi a at tren Israel[1].

S mang lam thay trong Tan c c Chua Giesu hoan thien trong s mang loan bao Tin Mng, viec au tien la Ngai quy tu cac mon e chung quanh Ngai (x. Mt 4,12-23; Mc 3,16-18; Ga 1,35- 51.), Ngai day do va cho cac hoc tro "hoc viec cung Thay". Nh the s mang giao duc la khi au va la nen tang cua viec Cu o va loan bao Tin Mng von la nhiem vu cua Giao Hoi Chua Kito. Kinh Thanh cho thay, Thay Giesu co mot ng loi s pham rat khac vi cac bac thay thi o: Ngai yeu thng va oi x vi hoc tro nh ban hu (x. Ga 15,9-17); song va ong hanh vi cac mon e, cung nh giup ho trng thanh mot cach tiem tien (x. Lc 24,13-35). Bang yeu thng nhan nai (x. Ga 20,19-31), Thay Giesu day do tan tam, Ngai biet ro tnh tnh, pham chat, nhng iem manh iem yeu cua tng hoc tro (x. Mt 26,30-35; Mc 14,26-31). Ngai la mot ngi thay nhan hau va bao dung (x. Lc 15,1-32). Tri thc uyen tham nhng cung la ngi gan gui vi dan chung, nen dan chung theo Ngai rat ong e lang nghe giao huan cua Ngai...(x. Mc 1,45; 6,33-34.). Chung ta co the tom tat ng loi s pham cua Ngai quy chieu ve tnh thng, uon nan giup hoc tro trng thanh... nh la mot can tnh cua ng loi giao duc Cong Giao sau nay.

Khi cac mon e trng thanh, Thay Giesu sai cac hoc tro nay tiep tuc s mang cua Ngai theo lenh truyen: "Anh em hay i khap t phng thien ha, loan bao Tin Mng cho moi loai thu tao." (Mc 16,15.). Vang theo lenh truyen cua Thay, cac Tong o a i khap ni rao giang Tin Mng cu o (x. Mc 16,20). S mang ra i loan bao a m au mot thi ky mi cua Giao Hoi. Cac ngi thay mi luon theo gng Thay Giesu nh xac nh cua thanh Phaolo: "Anh em hay ben re sau va xay dng i mnh tren nen tang la c Kito Giesu" (Cl 2,7). Cac Tong o la nhng ngi thay mi trong bc ng loan bao Tin Mng cung tap hp cac hoc tro thuoc the he mi, day do cho cac mon sinh nen ngi, va nhat la co s trng thanh e am trach s vu trong tng lai nh Thay Giesu a on nhan va day do cac ong. Kinh Thanh cho thay Phero t ra co mon e la Marco, Phaolo co nhieu hoc tro nh Tito, Timothe, Luca. Gioan co cac hoc tro noi tieng la Polycarpo (69-156), Papias (khoang 70-155), Clemente (?-101), Ignace (67-110). Irenee (130-200) la mon e cua Polycarpo va Papias. Origene (185-254) la mon sinh cua Clement tai Alexandrie (150 - 215).

Trong Giao Hoi, s mang giao duc luon c tiep noi nh the... Gia nhng kho khan thang tram do 300 nam au b bach hai, Giao Hoi van trung tn vi s mang loan bao Tin Mng va nhng cach ao tao con ngi theo tinh than cua Thay Giesu, do cac Tong o e lai, noi tiep cac Tong o la cac Tong phu (the ky I - au the ky II, Tong phu la "la Giao phu thi Tong o v truyen thong cho la cac ong c chnh cac Tong o giang day), tiep theo la cac Giao phu (the ky II en the ky VII).

Khi au t the ky VI, khi Giao hoi bc ra khoi thi bach hai vao giai oan an bnh (t the ky IV), Giao hoi Cong giao Au chau t do loan bao Tin Mng va co cac sang kien mi: S mang day do a phat trien nhng lp hoc ma sau o c goi la grammar schools (goc tch cua mo hnh cac trng trung hoc ngay nay)[2].

Vao the ky VI, cac an vien cua Dong Bien c do thanh Beneicto (Bien c, Benoit) sang lap phat trien khap ni. Cac an vien gop phan quan trong trong viec khai hoang ruong at, phat trien tri thc chau Au. Mac du cac an s tm ni hoang vang lap an vien, xa lang mac e tu, nhng v i song thanh thien cac ngai, vi kha nang tr thc cac mat, dan chung keo en nng nh va c day do, dan dan bien thanh ngoi lang vi dan c ong uc chung quanh an vien. Va nh vay, khong may choc, at ai, kinh te, tr thc chau Au c doi dao phong phu. an vien tr nen trung tam hoc van, tr thc, khai hoa.

Dong Bien c du la dong tu chiem niem, nhng trai qua 15 the ky, Dong luon co nhng hoat ong tong o lien quan en x ao, trng hoc... Cho nen, dong Bien c a lan tran khap chau Au va co the noi nen van minh cua chau Au a la nen van minh Bien c ve nhieu phng dien: Hoc thc, van hoa, canh nong, ky thuat. Khong la g, khi co an s Bien c hien dien trong cac trng hoc vi s vu giao hoa, m mang kien thc ao i:

"Viec giang day, giao duc thanh thieu nien ni cac trng cong lap cung a c nhieu an vien am nhan..."[3]

T the ky XI-XV (cuoi thi trung co chau Au), tien phong trong s mang giao duc, phat trien tr tue, Giao Hoi thanh lap cac ai hoc Cong Giao nh la cai noi tr thc. Cac trng ai hoc Cong Giao au tien gom Bologna - Bac Y (1088), Paris (khoang 1150, sau o t lau co ten la Sorbonne) Phap, Oxford - Anh (do cac sinh vien t Sorbonne tr ve sang lap nam 1167), Salerno - Nam Y (1173), Vicenza - ong Bac Y (1204), Cambridge - Anh (1209), Salamanca - Tay Ban Nha (1218-1219), Montpellier - Nam Phap (1220), Padua - Bac Y (1222), Naples - Nam Y (1224), va Vercelli - Bac Y (1228), Toulouse - Nam Phap (1229) ai hoc Orleans - Bac Phap (1306). Gia the ky XV (hn 70 nam trc cuoc Cai Cach Tin lanh), Au chau a co hn 50 trng ai hoc Cong Giao. Co the noi s ong gop noi bat cho nen giao duc nhan loai t nen Van minh Cong Giao la s phat trien he thong ai hoc, t o phat trien mo hnh ai hoc tren toan the gii nh cac ai hoc cua hien tai.

Ngay hom nay, do hoan canh lch s, nhieu trng ai hoc va noi tren du khong con la ai hoc Cong giao nh ai hoc Oxford, Sorbonne. van cho thay cac dau hieu thanh lap cua Cong giao - nh nhng hnh t giac theo kieu cac tu vien, loi kien truc Gothic va nhieu nha nguyen...

T the ky XV, Giao hoi Cong giao vi ban in au tien la Kinh Thanh a san sinh dang in an di ong, rat ch li cho nganh giao duc trong suot dong lch s cua nhan loai.

Hien nay, cac quoc gia, ngoai he thong giao duc cong lap, he thong giao duc Cong Giao van cong hien cho s nghiep ao tao, nhat la cac ai hoc Cong Giao, nh My co nhieu ai hoc Cong giao noi tieng: Notre Dame, Fordham, Boston College, Loyola... Phap co cac Vien ai hoc Cong giao uy tn: Hoc vien Cong giao Paris, Hoc vien Cong giao Toulouse, Hoc Vien Cong giao Lille, Hoc Vien Cong giao Lyon, ai hoc Cong giao Anger.

Cac nc chau A khong co nhieu tn hu Cong giao nhng cung co s hien hu trng hoc Cong Giao, co nhng ai hoc Cong Giao danh tieng:

Giao Hoi Nhat co 514 ngan tn hu tren dan so 126 trieu ngi (khoang 0.4%)[4], nhng rat co uy tn ve mat xa hoi, mot phan la v co nhieu c s giao duc, t Nha tre en ai hoc, trong o co 13 trng ai hoc Cong giao, noi tieng nhat la ai hoc Sophia thuoc Dong Ten Tokyo (tren 11,600 sinh vien), ai hoc Nanza...

Giao Hoi Cong Giao Han Quoc co 328 trung tam giao duc cac cap cung 49 trung tam ac biet tren khap Han Quoc do Giao hoi Cong giao ieu hanh hoac s hu, vi 221,020 hoc sinh, sinh vien[5], trong o co 10 ai hoc Cong Giao[6], cac ai hoc danh tieng nh ai hoc Cong Giao Daegu, ai hoc Cong Giao Han quoc...

An o, Cong Giao vi gan 25 trieu tn o, chiem 3% tong dan so[7], co 25,000 trng Pho thong, Trung cap va ai hoc Cong Giao do Giao Hoi thiet lap[8].

Indonesia vi 90% dan so theo Hoi giao tai mot at nc hn 260 trieu ngi, Giao hoi Cong Giao thieu so vi hn 8 trieu tn hu, t le 3% toan dan[9] cung co he thong giao duc Cong Giao trong o co ai hoc Cong giao Parahyangan la ai hoc au tien cua at nc nay, ai hoc Atma Java... Cac trng Cong Giao Indonesia luon co c mot danh tieng tuyet vi va cac sinh vien Hoi Giao cung theo hoc tai cac trng nay[10].

Thai Lan la mot at nc Phat Giao tong dan so 66.7 trieu dan, Cong Giao chiem mot con so rat nho, ch co 0.1%, Giao Hoi Cong Giao co he thong giao duc khoang 300 trng hoc[11], co ai hoc Assumption danh tieng hang au Thai Lan vi hn 1,300 giang vien en t cac ni tren the gii.

Theo thong ke nam 2018, Giao hoi Cong giao ieu hanh 72,826 trng mau giao vi 7,313,370 hoc sinh; 96,573 trng tieu hoc vi 35,125,124 hoc sinh; 47,862 trng trung hoc c s vi 19,956,347 hoc sinh. Giao hoi cung cham soc cho 2,509,457 hoc sinh trung hoc pho thong, va 3,049,548 sinh vien ai hoc[12].

Van minh Cong Giao a gop phan ang ke vao viec tam tra khoa hoc va ve ban o cua trai at, do Giao Hoi Cong Giao khch le nhng nha tham hiem the gii v ai nh Marco Polo (1254-1324), Hoang t Henry the Navigator (1394-1460), Bartolomeu Dias (1450- 1500), Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) va Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)[13].

- Marco Polo cung cha (Niccolo) va chu (Maffeo) la nhng ngi chau Au au tien en Trung Quoc (ni ma Marco Polo goi la Katai) bang Con ng t lua cung nh en tham v kha han Mong Co Hot Tat Liet.

- Hoang t Henry the Navigator bao tr cac cuoc vien chinh kham pha b bien Tay Phi. ong co thue cac nha ban o hoc lap ban o vung bien Mauritanie (khu vc Tay Phi) sau cac chuyen du hanh...

- Bartolomeu Dias la mot nha hang hai tieu bieu cua Ky nguyen Kham pha. Ong la ngi chau Au au tien vt qua iem cc nam cua chau Phi. Sau chuyen hanh trnh nay, ong vt qua An o Dng i ti An o.

- Christopher Columbus vi nhng chuyen vt ai Tay Dng a m ra nhng cuoc tham hiem chau My.

- Ferdinand Magellan vi chuyen i au tien bang ng bien cua con ngi t ai Tay Dng en Thai Bnh Dng va la chuyen i au tien bang qua Thai Bnh Dng. Chuyen i nay cung anh dau s kien con ngi lan au tien i vong quanh trai at thanh cong.

Chung ta eu biet nghe thuat (am nhac, my thuat. va ca kien truc [ngi My nh ngha "Kien truc la nghe thuat va khoa hoc thiet ke."]) co vai tro rat quan trong oi vi con ngi: lam noi tam sau sac hn, triet ly song hai hoa hn, phat trien nhan ban toan dien hn. Giao Hoi Cong Giao ong gop cach ac biet vao cac lanh vc nghe thuat nay:

Cac cong trnh kien truc, tac pham hoi hoa va ieu khac cua Michelangelo (1475-1564), cua Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) va cua Raphael (1483-1520) luon c ngi i ca tung... Nhat la nhng tac pham hoi hoa cua cac ong cho en nay la nhng tac pham nghe thuat noi tieng nhat moi thi ai.

Cac the loai am nhac ma hau nh phan ln, hoac toan bo eu bat nguon t nen van minh Cong giao bao gom cac bai thanh ca, cac the loai dien xng va nhac kch opera. cua cac nha soan nhac nh Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706), Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (1678- 1741), Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750), Handel George Frideric (1685-1759), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), Franz Peter Schubert (1797-1828), Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809-1847), Franz Liszt (1811-1886), va Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (1813-1901) la nhng nhac co ien c ngng mo nhat moi thi ai...

Giao Hoi cung phat minh ra he thong ch noi Braille danh cho ngi mu[14], nh o giao duc sau rong en anh ch em khiem th.

Giao Hoi Chua Kito du muc ch toi hau la loan bao Tin Mng cu roi, nhng i en au, cac v tha sai luon lap cac trng hoc, trc tien la e giao duc, giup ngi dan xoa nan mu ch m mang kien thc. Chung ta thay ro rang cac nc chau My, chau Phi va chau A, mien Nam Viet Nam trc nam 1975, ben canh nha th bao gi cung co cac trng hoc (xem thong ke muc II). Trong Giao Hoi Cong Giao co cac hoi dong chuyen lo ve Giao duc: Dong Don Bosco ang phuc vu tren 130 quoc gia, trong o co Viet Nam[15], dong La San co mat tai hn 80 quoc gia trong o co Viet Nam[16], dong Ten m trng hoc 122 quoc gia va lanh tho tren the gii cung co mat Viet Nam[17].

Nhieu hoi dong quoc te nh dong Phaolo, c Ba truyen giao, Vinh Sn. va a phng nh Men Thanh Gia, Man Coi, Thanh Tam Hue, Thanh Gia Long Xuyen. dan than trong lanh vc giao duc: trng hoc cac cap, co nhi vien.

No lc trong s mang giao duc cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao khap moi ni, trong moi hoan canh nh la tuyen ngon:

"Giao Hoi chnh la ngi Me "san soc toan dien i song con ngi, ke ca i song tran the, trong mc o lien he vi li mi goi cua Thien Chua. V the, Giao Hoi thong phan vao viec m mang va phat huy nen giao duc"[18].

Du la he thong Giao duc Cong giao, nhng cac trng khong ch on nhan ngi tn hu, vi nhng kinh nghiem va kha nang tr thc, Giao duc Cong giao on nhan tat ca moi ngi khong phan biet ton giao e gop phan phat trien, thang tien con ngi nh Thong iep Phat trien cac dan toc xac quyet:

"e co the la chan that, s phat trien phai la toan dien, ngha la thang tien moi con ngi va toan bo con ngi"[19].

Vi thi gian kha lau dan than trong lanh vc giao duc cua Giao hoi Cong giao, c co Tong Giam Muc Phaolo Bui Van oc, Chu tch Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam (2013 -2016) khang nh trong Vatican Insider ngay 11 thang 07 nam 2014, luon gop phan xay dng moi xa hoi - ni co s hien dien cua Giao Hoi:

"Giao Hoi Cong Giao co the mang lai triet ly va kinh nghiem giao duc cua mnh e giao duc ngi ta tr nen nhng con ngi co trach nhiem, v li ch cua toan the xa hoi"[20].

Quy chieu vao xa hoi va moi trng giao duc Viet Nam, ang can moi thanh phan trong xa hoi ong gop e canh tan giao duc, c co Tong Giam Muc Chu tch Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam (2013-2016) khang nh kha nang ong gop cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao:

"Chung toi tin chac. No se anh dau mot bc tien trien quan trong v ch chung cua at nc, mot dau hy vong to ln cho mot tng lai ti sang hn oi vi Viet Nam"[21].

Khong ch Viet Nam, chnh v s dan than Giao Hoi luon co cho ng trong nen giao duc cua bat ky the che xa hoi nao...

Chung ta cung gam lai hanh trnh lch s cua Giao duc Cong Giao tai Viet Nam va hng i ti tng lai.

II. Giao duc Cong Giao tai Viet Nam

Ngay khi en Viet Nam loan bao Tin Mng, cac tha sai (nhng nha truyen giao) dung mau t Latin ghep thanh ch Viet, lam cho tieng Viet de oc, de viet, xoa nan mu ch gop phan cho viec de dang chuyen tai cac bai hoc trong truyen giao va giao duc. Linh muc Francisco de Pina (1585-1625) a at nen tang cho cong trnh ch Viet, tiep theo cac tha sai boi ap va Linh muc Alexandre de Rhodes (1591-1660) hoc tro cua Linh muc Pina ve tieng Viet, a co cong hoan thanh ch Quoc ng Viet Nam.

Khi khong con bach hai ao ke t the ky XIX, cac dong tu nam n chuyen lo ve giao duc en phuc vu tai Viet Nam. Dong n tu thanh Phaolo (Saint Paul) la mot trong nhng dong tu hien dien sm nhat, nam 1860 cac n tu en Sai Gon vi muc ch giao duc va cham soc benh nhan. Dong La San cung c mi en 6 nam sau o (1866), cac trng Dong c hnh thanh e ap ng nhu cau phat trien tri thc cho ngi dan ban x. Nam 1924 dong c Ba Truyen Giao en Phat Diem m trng. Nam 1928 dong N T Bac Ai en Sai Gon cham lo cho cong tac giao duc va bac ai. Nam 1935 dong c Ba Kinh S Thanh Au Tinh en Viet Nam va lap nha a Lat cung vi trng hoc...

Cho en trc thap nien 1950 khi Hang Giao Pham Viet Nam cha chnh thc thanh hnh, Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet Nam (GHCGVN) a thiet lap va phat trien he thong giao duc Cong Giao khap moi mien.

at nc b chia oi sau Hiep nh Geneve nam 1954, cac c s giao duc cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet Nam tai mien Bac b tch thu, hoat ong giao duc Cong Giao b ngng hoat ong. Ngc lai tai mien Nam, nen giao duc Cong Giao phat trien manh nh lc lng tr thc khap ni don ve (du hoc ve, t Bac di c vao Nam):

Bang tong ket tnh hnh Giao Hoi Viet Nam vao nam 1962-1963 (Hang Giao Pham Viet Nam thanh lap 1960) cho ta thay hoat ong cua Giao Hoi trong lnh vc giao duc, y te va xa hoi rat ln [...] Giao Hoi Viet Nam luc o co 93 trng Trung hoc vi 60,412 hoc sinh, 1,122 trng Tieu hoc vi 234,749 hoc sinh, 58 Co Nhi vien nuoi 6,616 tre, ...", ac biet m ra cac ai hoc nh Vien ai hoc a Lat, ai hoc Thanh Nhan (Dong La San), ai hoc Minh c (nganh y khoa)... (Hoa Ha fsc, Giao duc Cong Giao tai Viet Nam - Nhn lai mot chang ng), gop phan trc tiep phat trien con ngi, at nc va xa hoi Viet Nam.

Cac trng hoc khong ch ao tao tn hu Cong Giao nhng m cho toan dan, nh Vien ai hoc Cong Giao a Lat theo thong ke cho en thang 4 nam 1973: sinh vien Phat Giao co t le 45.45%, cao hn ca sinh vien Cong Giao 41.11%, va so sinh vien khong ton giao la 15.63%. Sinh vien co niem tin theo tn ngng co truyen nh Khong Giao 5.3% trong tong so sinh vien 3,475 sinh vien cua toan Vien ai hoc Cong Giao a Lat... Thong ke nay cung toat len tinh than lien ton va dung hp rat am a nhan ban, du co hay khong co ton giao.

Ngay 29 thang 3 nam 1961, nhan le tot nghiep khoa I cua khoa S pham - Vien ai hoc Cong Giao a Lat, c Giam Muc Phero Ngo nh Thuc, luc bay gi ang la Chng An Vien ai hoc Cong Giao a Lat, a phat bieu:

" bat c au, Giao Hoi Cong Giao a tng gop phan giao duc thanh thieu nien. Tren khap lanh tho Viet Nam than yeu cua chung ta, t Bac ch Nam, t lang que en thanh th, cac trng Trung Tieu hoc c Cong Giao bao tr ang hoat ong hang hai. Rat nhieu cu hoc sinh cua nhng trng nay ang phuc vu dan toc chung ta trong nhieu lanh vc hoat ong khac nhau. Nhng at Nc vao giai oan phat trien mi can co nhng nhan s c huan luyen ay u e co the ap ng vi nhng oi hoi mi..."[22] .

Co cac trng Trung hoc danh tieng ma cho en hom nay khi nhac lai ten van lam cho nhng ngi trong moi trng giao duc mien Nam van nh mai nh: Taberd do cac s huynh Lasan day, Nguyen Ba Tong, Bui Th Xuan do cac linh muc a phan to chc, Trng Saint-Paul (ng Ton c Thang hien nay) do cac n tu Thanh Phaolo Chartres day, trng Regina Mundi do cac n Kinh s Thanh Augustino, trng Regina Pacis do cac n tu Bac Ai Thanh Vinh Sn to chc, trng Thanh To Ma (do linh muc dong a Minh). trng Notre Dame, trng Bosco Thu c. Trng Couvent des Oiseaux va Tr c a Lat; Trng Pellerin, Thien Hu (Providence) Jeanne d'Arc Hue; cac trng Gagellin va Trinh Vng Qui Nhn; Nha Trang co trng La San (tren oi La Salle)... Cac nhan tai at nc xuat than phan ln t nhng ngoi trng nay, ben canh o cung co nhng trng Cong lap noi danh nh Petrus Ky, Chu Van An, Gia Long, Trng Vng, Le Quy on, oan Th iem, Quoc Hoc Hue.

Theo thong ke nam 1969, Giao hoi Cong giao mien Nam Viet Nam a s hu 226 trng trung hoc, 1030 trng tieu hoc, co nhi vien. [23]

Ke t nam 1975, at nc thong nhat quoc hu hoa cac c s giao duc, Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet Nam b at ben le trong viec giao duc cac the he cua dan toc. Viec oc quyen giao duc a khien cho nen giao duc va khoa hoc cua ta ang xuong doc, nh li nhan nh cua giao s Hoang Tuy du cach ay a lau nhng van con co tnh thi s cho en hom nay:

"Khoa hoc va giao duc xuong cap... Ch tr mot so quan chc co thoi quen au va luc nao cung nhn thay thanh tu, luon luon lac quan ngay ca ben b vc that bai - con ngoai ra, bat c ai la nha giao, nha khoa hoc, la cong dan co y thc trach nhiem, eu khong the dng dng trc tnh hnh bat bnh thng nghiem trong cua giao duc va khoa hoc keo dai may thap ky nay."[24]

en nay, Giao duc Viet Nam van luon loay hoay tm loi i...

Mai en nam 2001 tr ve sau nay, mot so trng t c m, do t au t hoac ieu hanh bi nc ngoai. Rieng cac ton giao, du la cua Viet Nam van cha chnh thc to chc, ieu hanh mot trng hoc, ngha la trong lnh vc giao duc ch m ca cho ngi ngoai nhng ngi nha "co ao"van b bo ra ben ngoai.

Trc van menh nen giao duc tren que hng Me ben b vc tham, sau 33 nam b gat ra ben le, Giao Hoi Viet Nam nhan nh trong Th chung nam 2007:

"Y thc s mang quan trong oi vi tng lai Giao Hoi va tien o dan toc, Giao Hoi Viet Nam muon dan than trong s nghiep giao duc e thc hien s mang loan bao Tin Mng cua c Giesu Kito cho moi ngi cach hieu qua va thiet thc hn. Trong tinh than o, chung toi keu goi nhng ngi co trach nhiem giao duc va moi Kito hu Viet Nam hay chu trong hn na en s mang cao ca nay, mot s mang mang nhieu ac tnh biet loai so vi nen giao duc xa hoi tran the"[25].

Tiep theo trong Th muc vu nam 2010, co ta e Cung nhau boi ap nen van minh tnh thng va s song, Giao Hoi Viet Nam tuyen bo san sang ong gop vao viec phat trien at nc trong lanh vc giao duc, mot lanh vc quan trong e uon nan gii tre va lng tam cua ho (Th muc vu nam 2010 cua Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam).

Cac ton giao Viet Nam du van b gat ra ben ngoai trong lnh vc giao duc, nhng Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet Nam van luon muon gop phan mnh vao cong tac giao duc moi the he nh li day cua Giao Hoi Me:

"Cong ong con khuyen nhu cac con cai Giao Hoi hay quang ai hoat ong trong moi lanh vc giao duc, nhat la e co the sm em lai nhng li ch cua mot nen giao duc va giao huan xng hp cho moi ngi khap ni tren toan the gii"[26].

Giao Hoi Viet Nam du b loai ra khoi lanh vc giao duc hoc ng moi cap va cac c s giao duc eu b lay mat..., van co s dan than theo cach cua Giao hoi Me t ca ngan nam: "hat giong am tham" qua cac Lu xa: t nhieu nam nay co cac Lu xa, Nha Noi tru do cac nam n tu s hoac cac giao x to chc nh mot mai am, du khong c phep chnh thc nhng hp phap vi ten goi "nha tro" cho sinh vien ngheo. Theo thong ke cua Ban Giao duc Cong Giao Tong Giao phan Sai Gon, chung quanh Sai Gon co 58 Lu xa sinh vien. Trong nhng "mai am" o, cac linh muc tu s bang nhng phng phap s pham a thong truyen cho cac em nhng bai hoc nhan ban, ao c, ky nang song. Tat ca no lc dan than vi mo hnh Lu xa theo li khuyen khch cua Cong ong Vatican II:

"Thanh lap ngay tai cac ai hoc khong Cong Giao nhng c xa va trung tam sinh vien Cong Giao, o, cac linh muc, tu s, giao dan c tuyen chon va huan luyen ky, se thng xuyen giup gii tre sinh vien ve tu c va tr thc"[27].

Nam 2010, vi quyet tam dan than trong moi trng giao duc theo kha nang, Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam tai lap lai Uy Ban Giao Duc Cong Giao. Tuy khong co c s giao duc (tr cac dong tu n c phep m cac trng Mau giao, vai giao phan va vai dong tu nam co trng Day nghe, trng Tnh thng), nhng Giao Hoi luon dan than vi nhieu ban nganh khac nhau.

Cac th muc vu cua c cha chu tch Uy ban Giao duc vao dp nam hoc mi, vao ngay Nha giao 20 thang 11, Noel, dp Tet, Mua Chay, Mua Phuc Sinh, Mua Vong nh mot s ch dan va ong hanh vi giao chc, vi gii tre hoc ng... Nh cac th muc vu cua c cha chu tch Uy Ban Giao duc, gii tre hoc ng va cac giao chc cam thay mnh c Giao Hoi quan tam dan dat, o la mot trong nhng cach thc "Loan bao Tin Mng cach mi me e thong truyen c tin" (Chu e cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc lan th XIII).

Ke t khi co Uy Ban Giao duc Cong giao bao gom cac ban nghien cu chuyen biet, Uy Ban Giao duc Cong giao co cac ke hoach c d phong cho tng lai, bat au co nhng no lc nho be xay dng t hom nay., phac thao hng i: ong gop, gan bo va lam cho Giao hoi c hien dien trong xa hoi ngay nay qua vai tro chng nhan trong moi trng hoc ng. Nhat la vi cac giao chc Cong giao, am tham em Chua en vi moi oi tng qua cach thc giang day e co the tiep can vi hoc sinh - sinh vien hoac bang cung cach lanh ao than thien, giang day tan tnh. nh hng dan cua Giao Hoi qua tuyen ngon giao duc cua Cong ong Vatican II:

"Phan vu cac giao vien ang thi hanh chnh la mot hoat ong tong o ch thc, rat thch hp va can thiet cho thi ai chung ta, ong thi la s phuc vu chnh ang cho xa hoi"[28].

ang ke nhat la to chc cac Hoi thao khoa hoc ve giao duc, cac khoa hoc boi dng, giup ch cho cac nha giao khong phan biet ton giao trong s vu ao tao con ngi.

Cac Ban Giao duc cua Tong Giao Phan Saigon, Xuan Loc. nang ong trong cac hoat ong ong hanh giao chc va sinh vien hoc sinh.

ac biet, Hoc vien Cong giao Viet Nam chnh thc c thanh lap khi Chnh Phu Viet Nam cap giay phep vao ngay 8 thang 8 nam 2015 va Sac lenh thanh lap Hoc Vien Cong Giao Viet Nam cua Toa Thanh ky ngay 14 thang 9 nam 2015, ap ng s mong ch t lau cua Giao Hoi Viet Nam. Hoc Vien Cong giao Viet Nam la mot ai hoc mang "can tnh" Cong giao. Hien nay, trong ieu kien cho phep, trc het Hoc Vien Cong Giao Viet Nam ch thanh lap Phan khoa Than hoc va nam hoc 2019-2020 chuan b trong hoc ky II khai giang nganh muc vu vi chuyen nganh ao tao nhan s Muc vu, chuyen nganh van hoa xa hoi. Nhng trong tng lai, khi hoi u ieu kien va khi Giao hoi c phep gop mat rong rai hn trong lanh vc ao tao tr thc, Hoc vien se xay dng cac nganh ao tao khac ong gop vao cong cuoc phat trien cua at nc va Xa hoi.

Trng Trung cap nghe Hoa Bnh thuoc giao phan Xuan Loc, c thanh lap ngay 09 thang 6 nam 2008 va chnh thc hoat ong ngay 20 thang 12 nam 2012. en nam 2017, trng c quyet nh nang cap len thanh Trng Cao ang Hoa Bnh Xuan Loc, au tien tuyen sinh he cao ang ao tao cac nganh ve ky thuat ni cac giao phan chung quanh nh: Phu Cng, Sai Gon, a Lat, Ba Ra - Vung Tau, Phan Thiet, Ban Me Thuot, My Tho, Vnh Long, Can Th.

Li day cua Giao Hoi Me, nh mot quyet tam cho cac v muc t Viet Nam tai dan than trong lanh vc giao duc:

"La Me va la Thay, Giao hoi Cong giao co bon phan thong truyen cho moi ngi, nhat la cac Kito hu, mot nen giao duc toan ven" [29].

Qua s dan than trong s mang Giao duc, Giao hoi Cong giao khap ni trc tiep xay dng tnh lien i gia cac ca nhan, cac dan toc va cac quoc gia, von la ieu cap bach trong xa hoi toan cau hoa hom nay, nh Th Chung nam 2007 cua Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam ve Giao duc Kito giao nhan manh:

"Con ngi song trong xa hoi khong phai la mot oc ao, nhng lien i vi nhau trong niem vui cung nh u sau. Xa hoi tnh la mot net noi bat cua con ngi. Giao duc Kito giao gop phan co vo tnh lien i, lam cho con ngi co trach nhiem vi nhau, trach nhiem oi vi xa hoi va cong ch, cung xay dng mot cuoc song tot ep an bnh" [30].

Y thc tien o cua dan toc, tng lai cua Giao Hoi, Hoi Thanh tai Viet Nam muon dan than trong lnh vc giao duc theo kha nang cua mnh nh la cach thc loan bao Tin Mng cho moi ngi, xay dng at nc, cach hieu qua va thiet thc hn...

"...dau phai oi dien vi nhieu gii han va kho khan, Giao Hoi Viet Nam van kien tr tm cach thc hien s vu giao duc von gan lien vi s vu Phuc Am hoa a c Chua Giesu trao lai..." [31].

Chung ta hy vong vi Luat tn ngng, ton giao hien nay, cac ton giao noi chung, va Giao hoi Cong Giao cach ac biet se c gop sc khong han che vao cac lnh vc nhat la lnh vc giao duc, Giao hoi a co truyen thong va kinh nghiem sau sac.

That the, Giao hoi Viet Nam trong s mang giao duc nh ngi i gieo giong: "mang hat giong vai gieo; luc tr ve, ve reo hn h, vai nang ganh lua vang" (Tv 125,6).

(Trch Ban tin Hiep Thong / HGMVN so 116 - Thang 01 & 02, nam 2020)

- - - - - - - - -

[1] Gioan Phe Ny Ngan Giang OP, "S Pham Cua Thien Chua, Nen Tang Giao Duc Kito Giao", http://daminhvn.net

[2] Will Spens (Chairman), Secondary education with special reference to grammar schools and technical high schools(1938). London: HM Stationery Office.

[3] Tuyen Ngon ai hoi toan Dong Xi-to, sd., so 13, va so 24 en 27

[4] "Tm hieu ve cac Giao hoi tai A chau: lch s va hien tnh ton giao", http://conggiao.info

[5] "Thong ke ve Giao Hoi Han Quoc trc chuven tham cua TC Phanxico", https://dongten.net/

[6] "Danh sach Tat ca cac trng Cong giao Han Quoc", http://korea.net.vn

[7] "Cac ton giao ln tai An o", https://trithuc.itrithuc.vn

[8] "25.000 trng hoc Cong Giao An o ong ca e phan oi bao lc Orissa", http://m.vietcatholic.net

[9] "Giao hoi Indonesia, nhng c hoi va thach o", https://www.vaticannews.va

[10] "Giao hoi Indonesia, nhng c hoi va thach o", https://www.vaticannews.va

[11] "Thai Lan: Cac trng hoc Cong Giao chu trong giao duc va tam linh.", http://btgcp.gov.vn

[12] Catholic Church Statistics, Agenzia Fides - 21 October 2018.

[13] "Nhng cong trnh ma Giao Hoi cong hien cho nhan loai",VietCatholic News. Ngay 17 thang 5 nam 2011. Andrew Pinsent, "What the Church has given the world" (Catholic Herald), https://catholicherald.co.uk

[14] "Nhng cong trnh ma Giao Hoi cong hien cho nhan loai",VietCatholic News. Ngay 17 thang 5 nam 2011. Andrew Pinsent, "What the Church has given the world" (Catholic Herald), https://catholicherald.co.uk

[15] "Don Bosco Vnh Long: Hien dien va phat trien", http://conggiao.info

[16] "Nam Thanh La San ky niem 300 nam thanh nhan qua i", https://www.vaticannews.va/vi.html

[17] "Gii thieu Dong Ten", https://dongten.net/

[18] Tuyen Ngon ve Giao Duc Kito Giao, Li m au.

[19] Thong iep Phat trien cac dan toc, so 15.

[20] Vatican Insider, http://vaticaninsider.lastampa.it

[21] Vatican Insider, http://vaticaninsider.lastampa.it

[22] Hoa Giang o Hu Nghiem, Vien ai hoc a Lat, Gia Long Dan Toc Viet Nam 1957-1975 (Ban bo sung lan I), 2.2008.

[23] Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet Nam - Nien giam 2004, Nxb Ton giao 2004.

[24] Hoang Tuy, "Mot so van e khoa hoc va giao duc: Goc nhn trong cuoc", Thi ai mi - Tap ch nghien cu & thao luan, so 6 - Thang 11.2005.

[25] Th Chung 2007 cua HGM Viet Nam Ve Giao Duc Kito Giao.

[26] Tuyen Ngon ve Giao Duc Kito Giao, so 1.

[27] Tuyen Ngon ve Giao Duc Kito Giao, so 10.

[28] Tuyen Ngon ve Giao Duc Kito Giao, so 8.

[29] Th Chung 2007 cua HGM Viet Nam ve Giao duc Kito Giao, so 32.

[30] Th Chung 2007 cua HGM Viet Nam ve Giao duc Kito Giao, so 34.

[31] Gm. Phero Nguyen Van Kham, "Giao hoi va s vu giao duc", Hiep Thong so 87 cua HGM Viet Nam.

 


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