ong Bang Song Cu Long b bc t

va tieng keu cu can c lang nghe

 

ong Bang Song Cu Long b bc t va tieng keu cu can c lang nghe.

Tran Ba, SJ - CTV


ong Bang Song Cu Long b bc t va tieng keu cu can c lang nghe.


Long An (Vatican News 12-03-2020) - Dong chu lu truyen thong ang tap trung vao cn dch Corona, nhng Viet Nam, co mot hiem hoa rat ln khac ang dien ra ma cha c quan tam ung mc, o la tnh trang han han va ngap man cua vung ong bang Song Cu Long.

Theo thong tin t bao Vietnamnet, tnh trang han va ngap man ang dien ra tren dien rong, vi mc o nghiem trong at ky luc trong 100 nam qua. V du, rieng tai Long An, khoang hn 10,000 ha lua b han han, va gan 4,000 ha khac b nhiem man.[1]

Theo phan tch cua tien sy Vu Thanh T Anh, co nhieu nguyen nhan dan en tham hoa nay. Th nhat, nguon nc mat b o nhiem do viec lam dung phan bon va thuoc tr sau va cac hoat ong nuoi trong, che bien thuy san. Th hai, nguon nc ngam b khai thac qua mc. Th ba, mc nc bien dang va ngap man do bien oi kh hau. Va cuoi cung, nguon nc b chan thng nguon do mang li thuy ien chang cht.[2]

Trong so tren, chac han nguyen nhan cuoi cung ong vai tro chnh yeu nhat. Theo nhan nh cua ong Tran Ba Hoang, Vien trng Vien Khoa hoc Thuy li Mien Nam: "T nam 2010 en nay, Trung Quoc lien tuc van hanh cac ap thuy ien a lam dong chay thay oi, anh hng en ha lu, lam man xam nhap sm, sau hn tren dien rong cua he thong song, kenh rach. Ngoai ra, trong nam 2015, mua ma en tre nhng ket thuc sm khien tong lng ma b thieu hut nhieu."[3]

Nh thong tin cung cap bi nha bao Hannah Beech ang tren New York Times ngay 15 thang 2 nam 2020, Trung Quoc a van hanh 11 con ap tren Mekong, trong o ba ap ln nhat tac ong trc tiep dong chay cua con song la Noa Trac o, Tieu Loan, Man Loan. Hn na, thay v xay ap cac nhanh phu, Trung Quoc lai xay ap tren dong chnh cua Mekong. V vay, nc nay ang kiem soat gan nh tuyet oi nhp song cua dong song. Vao au Thang Gieng nam nay, ch sau vai ngay chay th viec giam 1/2 lng nc xa t ap Canh Hong, mc nc tai mot so khu vc ha lu Mekong thap en mc mot so nhanh song nh the ot nhien bien mat (National Geographic 31-1-2020). Viec Trung Quoc kiem soat Mekong a khien mot so quoc gia khac khu ha lu cung chay ua xay ap; v vay, a co them 10 ap khac ha lu va hang tram ap khac cac vung phu lu. Ket qua, song Mekong ang b bc t, anh hng en i song cua khoang 60 trieu ngi. Them na, tnh hnh se ngay cang toi te hn khi nong dan co xu hng dung nhieu phan hoa hoc va thuoc tr sau e bu lai s can kiet phu sa va tnh trang dong chay bat thng.[4]

Trong tham hoa nay, ong Bang Song Cu Long cua Viet Nam co le se chu anh hng ln nhat. Khong can phai la mot nha khoa hoc hay mot nha quan tr chien lc, chung ta cung co the hnh dung tam quan trong cua vung ong bang Song Cu Long. Ch can chi tiet nay cung thay c phan nao vai tro cua no: vung at nay khong ch la 'va lua' cua ca nc, ma con la vung at cung cap nguon hai san, cay trai va cac tai nguyen phong phu khac. V vay, an ninh lng thc cua Viet Nam se gap th thach cc ln trong tng lai.

Nhng ieu ang lu tam hn na la i song cua chnh 20 trieu dan ni khu vc ong bang nay se b anh hng nghiem trong. Toan bo cuoc song ni ay se b xao tron. Ngoai nhng thiet hai co the can o ong em c trc mat do tnh trang han va ngap man gay nen, tham hoa nay con co nguy c gay ra nhng he qua rat ln trong tng lai: ca mot he sinh thai vi canh nui non song ngoi co nguy c b pha huy; thien nhien bien oi cung se dan en s thay oi (thng la tieu cc) trong loi song noi rieng hay trong nen van hoa noi chung. Va quan trong nhat, v le thuoc vao nong nghiep, tham hoa nay se ay bao ngi lam vao canh oi ngheo, that nghiep va di c. ieu nay se ong thi keo theo nhieu van e xa hoi khac, nh that hoc, nghien ngap, vv. Vien tng nay se ro rang hn mot khi con ap Luang Prabang cua Lao c xay dng, vi phan ong gop au t ln t chnh pha Viet Nam qua cong ty PetroVietnam (du viec nay c bien minh - cach khong that s thuyet phuc - la e Viet Nam co the chu ong tham gia vao khu thiet ke khi khong ngan c viec xay dng con ap[5]).

Vay, chung ta can phai lam g va co the lam g? Cau hoi nay tat nhien trc het danh cho phan suy xet t pha chnh quyen, cac nha hoach nh chien lc va cac chuyen gia. Tuy nhien, thiet tng moi ngi dan cung co the suy ngh va gop phan cua mnh. ieu co the ghi nhan hien tai la tham hoa nay cha that s c chu y ung mc. Ve mat thong tin, hien ch mi mot so t bao ang bai viet lien quan. Ve mat chnh sach, du a co mot vai cuoc hop gia Thu Tng Viet Nam va cac tnh ong bang Song Cu Long e tm giai phap ng pho,[6] nhng cha co nhng oi sach ln oi vi nguyen nhan. V du, cha co thong tin nao cho thay van e cua song Mekong c a len ban ngh s song phng gia Viet Nam va Trung Quoc. Tat nhien, Viet Nam the kho v chnh sach hien tai cua Trung Quoc, nhng thiet tng viec at no u tien tam mc quoc gia co the hy vong mang lai nhng thoa thuan nhat nh nao o co li cho dong song Mekong.

V vay, theo toi, t nhat chung ta (chnh quyen va ngi dan) co the thc hien mot vai ieu sau:

Th nhat, can minh bach va thuc ay truyen thong a tin nhieu hn ve tham trang nay, e nhieu ngi cung y thc va len tieng. ieu nay co the mang en nhng sc ep quoc te nhat nh oi vi nhng chnh sach kiem soat dong song cua cac quoc gia thng nguon Mekong.

Th hai, can ho tr va thuc ay manh hn cac nghien cu e tm phng hng, giai phap han che van e han han, ngap mat trong tng lai; ong thi can co nhng chnh sach ro rang hn cho i song tng lai cua nhng nan nhan tham hoa nay.

Cach rieng, ngi Cong giao chung ta can co tinh than hiep thong trc hoan canh cua ngi dan vung ong bang Song Cu Long. Ngoai viec gop them tieng noi, tieng keu cu cho ngi dan vung tham hoa, chung ta can tm cach tr giup cho ho trong kha nang cua mnh. Ngoai ra, chung ta cau nguyen them cho ho va cho nhng ngi lam chnh sach, ac biet la cho cac chnh quyen lien quan, e ho biet ngh en li ch chung va lau dai cua nhieu ngi khac, thay v ch ngh en quyen li cho at nc va cho cac nhom li ch rieng cua mnh.

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[1] https://vietnamnet.vn/vn/thoi-su/nguoi-dan-mien-tay-khon-don-vi-han-man-290716.html. Cap nhat 12/03/2020.

[2] https://baomoi.com/dong-bang-song-cuu-long-dang-chet-dan-chet-mon/c/34270597.epi. Cap nhat, 12/03/2020.

[3] https://vietnamnet.vn/vn/thoi-su/nguoi-dan-mien-tay-khon-don-vi-han-man-290716.html. Cap nhat 12/03/2020.

[4] https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/15/world/asia/mekong-river-dams-thailand.html. Cap nhat 12/03/2020.

[5] https://thanhnien.vn/tai-chinh-kinh-doanh/viet-nam-nen-chu-dong-tham-gia-du-an-thuy-dien-luang-prabang-1136499.html. Cap nhat 12/03/2020.

[6] https://thoidai.com.vn/se-trich-ngan-sach-xu-ly-han-han-xam-nhap-man-tai-5-tinh-dong-bang-song-cuu-long-101780.html. Cap nhat 12/03/2020.

 


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