c Thanh Cha Phanxico

bat au vieng tham Lituani

 

c Thanh Cha Phanxico bat au vieng tham Lituani.

Giuse Tran c Anh O.P.


c Thanh Cha Phanxico bat au vieng tham Lituani.


Lituani (Vat. 22-09-2018) - Sang sm th bay, 22 thang 9 nam 2018, c Thanh Cha Phanxico a len ng thc hien chuyen vieng tham th 25 tai hai ngoai, cu the la tai 3 nc be nho vung Baltic: Lituani, Lettoni va Estoni, trong 4 ngay, cho en het th ba 25 thang 9 nam 2018.

3 tieu quoc nay tng b Lien xo chiem va ch phuc hoi c nen oc lap vao nam 1991 sau khi che o cong san sup o. Nam 2018, ca 3 nc nay eu ky niem 100 nam oc lap.

Cho en nay, c Thanh Cha Phanxico thng danh u tien cho cac nc ngheo va be nho, hoac nhng nc c coi la thuoc vung "ngoai o" cua the gii, va 3 nc vung Baltic thuoc loai nay.

Chang dng au tien cua c Thanh Cha - Cong hoa Lituani

Chang dng au tien cua c Thanh Cha la Cong hoa Lituani, quoc gia co ong tn hu Cong Giao nhat tai vung Baltic. Lituani, rong hn 65 ngan cay so vuong vi 3 trieu 243 ngan dan c theo thong ke mi nhat, trong o 85% la ngi Lituani, 7% la ngi Ba Lan, va 6% la ngi Nga. 80% chung nc nay la tn hu Cong Giao, 5% theo Chnh Thong Nga, va tn hu Tin Lanh Luther ch chiem 1%.

Giao Hoi Cong Giao tai Lituani co 7 giao phan hop thanh 2 giao tnh: Vilnius va Kaunas. Ca nc co 680 giao x va v Chu tch Hoi ong Giam Muc Lituani hien nay la c Cha Gintaras Linas Grusas, Tong Giam Muc giao phan thu o Vilnius. Ngai sinh tai My cach ay 56 nam. Giao Hoi tai ay cung co mot v Hong Y la c Hong Y Audrys Backis, 81 tuoi, tng lam th trng ngoai giao Toa Thanh, va c bo nhiem lam Tong Giam Muc thu o Vilnius sau khi quoc gia nay c oc lap khoi Lien Xo. Nam 1944, khi Lituani b Hong Quan Lien Xo chiem cung vi Lettoni va Estoni, 250 ngan ngi Lituani, trong o co nhieu giao s, b lu ay ti mien Trung A va Siberia. Giao Hoi Cong Giao tai nc nay b bach hai trong gan na the ky cho en thi Perestroika Lien Xo do Chu tch Gorbachov khi xng.

Khi hanh t Vatican

c Thanh Cha a ri Vatican luc 6 gi 50 sang e ra phi trng Fiumicino luc 7 gi 15 ngay 22 thang 9 nam 2018. Tai ay, sau nghi thc tien biet n s, ngai a cung vi oan tuy tung, va cac ky gia cung i, ap may bay Airbus 320 cua hang Alitalia, cat canh luc 7 gi 37, hng ve Vilnius thu o Lituani cach Roma 1,700 cay so ve hng bac.

Trong oan tuy tung gom 30 ngi cua c Thanh Cha, ng au la c Hong Y Pietro Parolin, Quoc vu khanh Toa Thanh, c Hong Y Fernando Filoni, Tong trng Bo truyen giao, xet v hai nc Lettoni va Estoni, vi so tn hu Cong Giao t oi, nen van thuoc Bo truyen giao. Ngoai ra co c Tong Giam Muc Jan Romeo Pawlowski, ngi Ba Lan, trng phan bo cac nhan vien ngoai giao Toa Thanh. Thong thng co c Tong Giam Muc Phu ta Quoc vu khanh cung i, nhng c Tong Giam Muc Edgar Pena [pe-nha] ngi Venezuela, tuy a c bo nhiem vao chc vu nay hoi thang 8 nam 2018, nhng se nham chc vao thang 10 nam 2018. Ngoai ra co bac s rieng, va cac nhan vien an ninh, va ca ong Paolo Ruffini, Bo trng Bo truyen thong cua Toa Thanh.

Tren chuyen bay, nh thng le c Thanh Cha a chao tham 70 ky gia Italia va quoc te, ong thi cam n va cau chuc ho lam viec tot ep. Ngai cung nhan xet rang "3 nc Baltique giong nhau nhng cung khac nhau nhieu iem. That la mot cong viec ep, qua s chu y cua cac ban, ngi ta thay c nhng iem giong nhau va khac nhau gia 3 nc. Ca co co chung mot lch s nhng cung khac nhau".

Sau 3 gi bay, may bay ch c Thanh Cha a ti phi trng quoc te Vilnius luc gan 11 gi ri gi a phng, v gi Lituani i trc gi Roma 1 tieng.

Vilnius - giao phan thu o cua Lituani

Vilnius, thanh pho co 540 ngan dan c, c ngi Lituani chinh phuc hoi the ky 13 va tr thanh thu o lanh tho cua ai quan cong Gediminas t nam 1323. Tuy nhien, mien nay ch phat trien manh t khi chau cua ong la Jaghellone, tr lai Cong Giao nam 1387, thanh hon vi thanh n cong Chua Edvige cua Ba Lan, va tr thanh vua cua Ba Lan.

Ngay nay, Vilnius c coi la mot trong nhng thanh pho ep nhat cua Au Chau va trung tam lch s cua thanh nay c to chc Unesco cua Lien Hiep Quoc liet ke vao danh sach nhng gia san cua nhan loai.

Ve mat ton giao, tong giao phan Vilnius hien co 605 ngan tn hu Cong Giao, vi 95 x ao, 174 Linh Muc trieu va dong.

Nghi thc tiep on

T tren may bay bc xuong, c Thanh Cha a c ba tong thong Dalia Grybauskaite on tiep tai chan thang may bay va hai em be trong y phuc co truyen tang hoa cho ngai. Hien dien tai ay cung co nhieu quan chc chnh quyen va cac Giam Muc a phng. Sau nghi thc on tiep vi quoc thieu, hang quan danh d va gii thieu thanh phan hai phai oan, c Thanh Cha c ba tong thong mi vao phong khanh tiet cua phi trng.

Tiep en, ngai len xe i ve phu tong thong cach o hn 7 cay so. Tai ay, c Thanh Cha hoi kien rieng vi Tong thong Dalia. Ba nam nay 62 tuoi (1956) tot nghiep chnh tr kinh te, va a tng lam Bo trng tai chanh cua Lituani trc khi c bau lam tong thong cach ay 9 nam (2009).

 


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