Tng lai cua

mot mien Nam Sudan oc lap

 

Tng lai cua mot mien Nam Sudan oc lap.

Sudan [National Catholic Register, Los Angeles Times 11/1/2011] - Knh tha quy v, cac ban than men. Ngi dan Mien Nam Sudan, Phi Chau ang tham gia bo phieu trong cuoc trng cau dan y keo dai t ngay Chua nht 9 en ngay th Bay 15 thang Gieng nam 2011. Tach khoi mot chnh phu ang tm cach ap at luat Hoi giao Sharia la ong lc manh nht khien ngi dan Mien Nam Sudan hang hai tham gia cuoc trng cau dan y nay.

Nhng mien Nam Sudan, mac dau co mot dan so Cong giao ang ke, rat co the phai ng trc mot tng lai ay kho khan sau khi tr thanh mot quoc gia oc lap. Theo cac thong ke, c 10 ngi th co en 9 ngi co thu nhap moi ngay khong ti mot my kim. Phan ln at ai neu khong kho can th cung snh lay. Mot na dan so song nh tr cap quoc te. Va a so dan chung lai mu ch.

22 nam noi chien vi mien Bac vi a so dan theo Hoi giao khong ch cp i mang song cua hai trieu ngi, ma con e lai khong biet bao nhieu thiet hai vat chat khac. Cach ay vai hom, vi giong ieu tho b, tong thong Sudan, ong Omar Al Bashir len giong cho rang mot Mien Nam oc lap se la mot "quoc gia that bai". Ong quen mat rang chnh s cai tr oc ac va s hieu chien cua ong a gay ra cho Mien Nam khong biet bao nhieu au thng tang toc va tan pha. Va ay chnh la ly do khien ngi dan Mien Nam khong mong g hn la c oc lap.

Nam 2005, mot trong nhng thanh cong ln nht trong chnh sach ngoai giao cua tong thong Hoa ky George Bush chnh la giup at c mot Hoa c cham dt cuoc noi chien tai Sudan va danh Mien Nam vi a so dan theo Kito giao c t tr. Cung chnh nh hoa c nay ma ngi dan Mien Nam mi c tham gia cuoc trng cau dan y trong tuan nay.

Cha Peter, cha s giao x nha th chnh toa thanh Terexa tai Juba, thu phu cua Mien Nam, a giai thch: "Ngi mien Bac tm cach ap at "chu ngha A rap" va luat Hoi giao Sharia len toan the Sudan. Ban hay th tng tng: no cung giong nh chung toi tm cach ap at Giao luat len ngi khac tai Sudan. Ban khong the cai tr mot at nc vi nhieu sac toc va ban sac vi mot he thong nh the".

Theo cha Peter, Giao hoi Cong giao la iem nham cua chnh phu Khartoum trong suot cuoc noi chien keo dai t nam 1983 en nam 2005. Cha noi: "Chung toi b xem nh nhan vien c cac e quoc hay Toa thanh x dung e triet ha Hoi giao".

Mot linh muc khac la cha Kasimiro Mogga Joseph, cha s tai nha th cac thanh Mugoro noi rang ngi A rap mien Bac xem ngi Cong giao nh thu vat.

Trong thc te, Giao hoi Cong giao va cac to chc cu tr va bac ai cua Giao hoi a giup tat ca nhng ai phai au kho v chien tranh, benh tat va oi kho, ma khong s hai hay thien v. Theo cha s nha th chnh toa thanh Terexa, nhieu ngi a nhan ra gng mat ch thc cua ngi Cong giao. Cha noi: "Chung toi a giup cac tn hu Kito thuoc cac Giao hoi khac cung nh ngi Hoi giao va nhng ngi theo cac ton giao co truyen, khi ho oi khat, lam canh khong nha khong ca hay au kho. Chung toi khong yeu cau ho phai cai ao hay bat c ieu g e ap tra lai".

Gi ay, nh v linh muc a keu goi moi ngi trong thanh le, ngai hy vong dan chung se i bo phieu mot cach on hoa, "trong trat t va khong gay roi loan".

Hom Chua nht 9 thang Gieng nam 2011, trong ngay au tien cua cuoc trng cau dan y, mot so chnh tr gia ten tuoi nh thng ngh s My John Kerry va tong thong Mien Nam Sudan, ong Salva Kiir, a en tham nha th chnh toa Juba.

Thng ngh s John Kerry hien ang la chu tch Uy Ban ngoai giao cua Thng Vien. Trong nhng thang va qua, ong a nhan danh chnh phu cua tong thong Barack Obama vieng tham Sudan 3 lan. Trong mot bai dien van oc trc cong ong giao x chnh toa thanh Terexa, thng ngh s John Kerry a vinh danh nhan dan Mien Nam.

Mac du a trai qua khong biet bao nhieu tham canh, t chien tranh, oi kem, benh tat en tnh canh b giang co gia Hoa ky va Trung quoc la nc ang au t va mua dau cua Sudan, Mien Nam Sudan t c cac phng tien truyen thong the gii chu y ti. The nhng, cuoc trng cau dan y hien ang thu hut rat nhieu ky gia ngoai quoc.

Trong thanh le c c hanh bang tieng Bari, mot trong nhng ngon ng chnh cua mien Nam Sudan, nhieu ky gia Tay phng a nm np ra vao nha th chnh toa Juba, khien cac n tu gi trat t a phai len tieng yeu cau ton trong ni ton nghiem. S d cac ky gia o xo ve nha th chnh toa la v tong thong Salva Kiir khong bo sot thanh le chua nht nao tai ay.

Theo cha Peter c tnh, co en hai phan ba tn hu Kito tai Mien Nam Sudan la ngi Cong giao, phan ln eu ngheo kho nh gan 4 trieu dan trong vung. Ben ngoai thu phu Juba, hau het ng sa eu cha c trang nha, ha tang c s con rat tho s.

Vi a so dan theo Kito giao, nhng ngi mong moi oc lap eu ch i quoc gia mi nay se c at theo mot ten goi trong Kinh Thanh nh Azania hay Cushitia. Cushitia bat nguon t mot vung at trong Kinh Thanh co ten la "Cush" ma ngi ta cho la chnh mien Nam Sudan.

c hoi: lieu cha cho mong muon c thay mot Mien Nam c oc lap khong, cha Peter tra li: "ay la c hoi e chung toi bay to y muon cua chung toi theo mot cach the ma trc ay chung toi cha tng co". Cha khang nh: "Chung toi co nen van hoa va lch s rieng cua mnh tai Mien Nam nay. Tot hn chung toi nen co mot at nc rieng".

 

CV.

 


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