Tai sao khoa hoc gia nay tin vao Thien Chua

 

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Collins: Tai sao khoa hoc gia nay tin vao Thien Chua (Bai cua Tien s Francis Collins, Viet ac biet cho CNN)

Li gii thieu: Tien s Francis S. Collins la Giam oc vien Nghien cu Di truyen Quoc gia. Cuon sach mi nhat cua ong mang ta e: Ngon ng cua Thien Chua: Mot Khoa hoc gia Trnh Bay Bang chng cua Niem tin (The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief).

Rochville, Maryland (CNN 6/04/2007) - La mot khoa hoc gia va cung la mot tn hu, toi khong thay co xung khac gia hai quan iem pho cap nay. La giam oc e an Nghien cu Di truyen cua Con ngi, toi ng au mot to hp cac khoa hoc gia chuyen phan tch 3.1 t la th viet ve di truyen cua con ngi, c coi nh cuon cam nang DNA rieng cua chung toi. La mot tn hu, toi xem DNA - phan tch te tao song - la tieng noi cua Thien Chua, va than the my mieu nhng phc tap cua chung ta cung nh cua moi sinh vat khac, la phan anh ke hoach tao dng cua Thien Chua.

Trc ay khong phai toi luon luon chap nhan cac quan iem nay. La mot sinh vien va tot nghiep mon sinh hoa vao thap nien 1970, toi la mot ngi vo than, toi a khong tm ra ly do e mac nhien cong nhan bat c chan ly nao ngoai pham vi toan hoc, vat ly hoc va hoa hoc. Nhng sau o toi theo hoc trng thuoc, phai oi dien vi cac van e song va chet ben ging cac benh nhan cua toi. Cau hoi cua mot benh nhan: Tha bac s, ong tin g? lam cho toi bat au tm kiem cau tra li.

Toi phai thu nhan rang khoa hoc ma toi hang ap yeu, khong co kha nang giai ap cac thac mac nh Cuoc i co y ngha g?, Tai sao toi hien hu ni ay?, V ly do nao ma toan hoc lai ung?, Neu vu tru co khi nguyen, vay ai a tao dng no?, Tai sao nhng yeu to vat ly bat bien trong vu tru lai c phoi tr tot ep dng ay e co the san sinh cac hnh thai sinh vat phc tap?, Tai sao con ngi lai co cam quan luan ly?, Viec g se en sau khi chung ta chet?.

Trc ay toi thng cho rang long tin c at nen tang tren cac ly luan ay cam tnh va phi ly, va a phai sng s ma kham pha ra - au tien la do cac bai viet cua hoc gia C.S. Lewis cua ai hoc Oxford, va tiep theo la t nhieu nguon tai lieu khac - rang con ngi co the tao c mot lap luan rat vng chac va kha tn ve s hien hu cua Thien Chua tren can ban ly luan thuan tuy. S khang nh vo than trc kia cua toi rang Toi biet chac khong co Thien Chua gi ay kho ma bien minh c. Tac gia ngi Anh G.K. Chesterton a noi tieng vi nhan xet: Thuyet vo than la mot tn ly tao bao nhat bi v o la mot ieu qua quyet hoan toan tieu cc.

Tuy nhien, ch ly tr ma thoi khong u chng minh s hien hu cua Thien Chua. c tin la ly tr phoi hp vi mac khai, va mac khai oi hoi phai suy ngh bang ca tam linh va tr oc. Khi ban nghe nhac, ban khong phai ch oc not nhac tren trang giay. Chu yeu la phai co bc ot tien long tin.

oi vi toi, bc ot tien long tin nay xay ra luc toi 27 tuoi, do s tm hieu sau xa hn ve ban the cua Thien Chua dan dat toi en vi nhan tnh cua c Giesu Kito. ay la mot con ngi vi nhng bang chng lch s hung hon ve cuoc i cua Ngai, mot con ngi a ban nhng giao huan ve thng yeu tha nhan, mot con ngi ma viec t nhan la Con Thien Chua dng nh oi hoi mot quyet nh [cua toi] xem Ngai co that hay la la doi. Sau gan hai nam an o suy ngh, toi phat hien rang mnh khong the song mai trong tnh trang bat on tam tr nay, the la toi tr thanh mot tn hu cua Chua Giesu.

Mot vai ngi hoi toi: bo tr oc cua ong a no tung roi sao? Co the nao ong va dung phng phap [khoa hoc la] di truyen va te bao sinh vat e cat ngha cuoc song, va ton th mot ang Tao Hoa?

Co phai thuyet tien hoa va long tin vao Thien Chua mau thuan nhau hay khong? Co le nao mot khoa hoc gia lai tin vao cac phep la nh s phuc sinh?

Thc ra, toi khong thay co xung khac nao, va ro rang 40 phan tram cac khoa hoc gia - tn hu lam viec vi toi cung nhan thay nh the. Vang, thuyet tien hoa cho rang hau due phat xuat t cung mot nguyen to qua la ung. Neu con co nghi van day da nao ve bang chng t cac di tch hoa thanh th s nghien cu DNA ngay nay la mot chng minh hung hon nhat ve tng quan gia chung ta vi cac sinh vat khac.

Tuy nhien, tai sao s tien hoa nay lai khong the nam trong ke hoach cua Tao Hoa? ung, s tien hoa qua co xung khac vi cach giai thch qua mot chieu ve sach Sang The ky, nhng ngay t lau trc Darwin a co nhieu nha giai thch chn chan nh Thanh Augustin, cho rang khong the nao chac chan nen hieu cong trnh tao dng ky dieu o nh the nao. V vay, neu c khang khang theo loi giai thch mot chieu o ma khong chap nhan bang chng hien nhien cua khoa hoc xac nh c tuoi cua a cau va moi tng quan gia cac sinh vat theo s tien hoa, th xem ra khong khon ngoan ma cung chang can thiet cho ngi co long tin.

Toi nhan ra s hai hoa bo sung tuyet vi gia chan ly khoa hoc va long tin. Thien Chua cua Kinh Thanh cung la Thien Chua cua Di truyen. Co the tm thay Thien Chua trong thanh ng cung nh trong phong th nghiem. Tm hieu cong trnh tao dng hung v va ky dieu cua Thien Chua, khoa hoc thc ra ch la mot cach the e ton th Ngai.

 

Dr. Francis Collins

(F.X. Hoang nh Canh chuyen dch Viet ng)

 


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