Cai chet cua ong Piergiorgio Welby

a dan en nhieu tranh luan trong gii luat gia

 

Prepared for Internet by Vietnamese Missionaries in Asia

 

Cai chet cua ong Piergiorgio Welby, ngi Italia, a dan en nhieu tranh luan trong gii luat gia.

Tin Italia (Vat 22/12/2006) - Ong Piergiorgio Welby, ngi Italia, 61 tuoi, a 10 nam nay nam tren ging benh, v trieu chng c the mat nang lc dinh dng (muscular dystrophy), a qua i vao toi ngay 20 thang 12 nam 2006, sau khi bac s cua ong a cham dt s dung cac dung cu tr giup ho hap cho ong. Cai chet cua ong Piergiorgio Welby a dan en nhieu tranh luan trong gii luat gia Italia cung nh trong gii than hoc luan ly cua giao hoi Cong Giao.

T nam 1977, ong Piergiorgio Welby, v mac phai trieu chng c the thieu nang lc dinh dng, nen phai da vao cac may tr giup ho hap e song. Vao thang 9 nam 2006, ong viet th gi tong thong Italia xin cho ong c phep chet mot cach yen lanh. Ong cung a viet th gi Toa An Roma xin c phep cham dt ieu tr. Toa an a t choi n xin cua ong va khong phe chuan cho ong c ngng tr lieu. Cac vien chc cao cap cua Bo Y Te Italia cung tuyen bo rang cac tr lieu cho ong Piergiorgio Welby la chnh ang va can thiet. Nhng bac s cua ong Piergiorgio Welby, la Dr Mario Riccio, a cho ngng cac dung cu tr giup ho hap, lay ly do rang, ay khong phai la trng hp "lam cho chet em du" nhng la benh nhan t choi tr lieu. c biet Luat phap Italia cho phep benh nhan co quyen t choi cac tr lieu khong chnh ang hay vo loi khong can thiet. S viec nay a gay nen nhieu tranh luan tai Italia va tren the gii.

c Tong Giam Muc Elio Sgreccia, Vien Trng Khoa S Song thuoc Trng ai Hoc Cong Giao Thanh Tam Roma a phat bieu ve van e nay nh sau: S viec cua ong Piergiorgio Welby t lau nay a la mot e tai gay nhieu tranh luan, v ay cung la mot van e co tnh chnh tr. Xet theo phng dien luan ly, nhng cong viec tr lieu cho ong Piergiorgio Welby t bay lau nay khong the goi la nhng tr lieu khong chnh ang hay vo loi, ieu nay mot lan na can phai nhan manh ro. Nhng phng phap e tr lieu cho ong Piergiorgio Welby t lau nay la do cac hoc gia y khoa thuoc hiep hoi hp tac nghien cu va ieu tr quyet nh sau khi a thao luan chung. Hn na, nhng phng phap s dung e ieu tr cho ong Piergiorgio Welby la nhng cong viec rat bnh thng oi vi moi benh nhan. Hau het cac benh nhan mac phai nhng trieu chng nay eu chap nhan va hy vong e c ieu tr theo nh nhng phng phap nh the. Nhng oi vi trng hp cua ong Piergiorgio Welby, th ong a t choi e c tiep tuc ieu tr. Hien phap cua Italia cho phep benh nhan c quyen t choi tr lieu, tuy vay, luat phap hien hanh van con thieu nhng ieu luat chi tiet e ap dung trong tng hoan canh thc te. Xet theo phng dien luan ly, t choi e c ieu tr la mot ieu khong ung, nhng khi benh nhan nhat quyet t choi th lai khong the mien cng ep buoc benh nhan c. ng nhien cung can phai ieu tra lai ky cang hanh ong cua v bac s a rut cac dung cu tr giup ho hap khoi ong Piergiorgio Welby, v chung ta khong biet ro c khi benh nhan yeu cau rut cac dung cu tr giup ho hap co phai la do chnh ong a khong chu noi vi nhng tr lieu nay khong, neu nh the th xet tren phng dien luan ly co the chap nhan c. Nhng neu benh nhan ch v nhng ly do chnh tr ma quyet nh ngng cac tr lieu, vi muc ch muon hp phap hoa s viec nay nh mot cach thc "lam cho chet em du", neu nh vay th s viec nay c at chung vi cac hoat ong cua nhng nhom chnh tr ang oi hoi e hp phap hoa s viec lam cho chet em du, va yeu cau cua benh nhan nay ch nh la mot muc ch muon lam co li cho nhng chu trng cua ang phai cua ong.

ng nhien, khi cu xet s viec nay, th cung can phai cu xet lai hai van e: la nhng ieu tr cho ong Piergiorgio Welby co phai la nhng ieu tr khong chnh ang hay vo loi khong can thiet khong; va co phai thc s la do chnh ong a t choi e c tiep tuc tr lieu khong. Nhng s viec nay can phai lam ro rang khong nhng xet tren phng dien luan ly ma con tren phng dien luat phap na. Bi v tren phng dien luan ly, can phai biet ro trong nhng trng hp nao th benh nhan co the hp ly e t choi c ieu tr, va trong nhng trng hp nao th bac s co the chap nhan nhng t choi tr lieu cua cac benh nhan. Phap luat cung can phai lam ro rang la mot khi benh nhan t choi e c ieu tr th phai x ly nh the nao.

 

(Joseph Trng)

 

 


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