Y ngha viec thanh lap

tan Giao Phan mi Ba Ra

 

Prepared for Internet by Vietnamese Missionaries in Asia

 

Y ngha viec thanh lap tan Giao Phan mi Ba Ra.

Ba Ra (5/12/2005) - Hom nay la ngay cong bo Tong sac thanh lap giao phan Ba Ra va bo nhiem Giam muc tien khi cua giao phan mi. Trc bien co nay, chung ta cung suy ngh ve y ngha viec thanh lap mot giao phan.

I. Thiet Lap Mot Giao Hoi a Phng

Thanh lap mot giao phan chnh la thiet lap mot Giao hoi a phng. That ra, trong Kinh Tin Knh, chung ta tuyen xng ch co mot Giao hoi duy nhat, thanh thien, cong giao va tong truyen. Tat ca cac mon e cua c Kito khap moi ni tren the gii hop lai thanh mot cong ong duy nhat, o la Giao hoi pho quat ma c Kito a thanh lap tren nen a la thanh Phero. Tuy nhien Giao hoi cua c Kito khong phai la mot y niem tru tng, nhng la cong ong Dan Chua hien dien cu the tai mot a phng. Dan Chua cang tang trng va lan rong nhieu a phng, th cang co nhieu Giao hoi a phng, hay noi ung hn, co nhieu Giao hoi ca biet (Ecclesia particularis).

Giao phan Ba Ra c thanh lap v cong ong Dan Chua tai tnh Ba Ra - Vung Tau a phat trien va xng ang c thanh lap e tr thanh mot Giao hoi ca biet.

e tr thanh mot Giao hoi a phng, can phai co nhng yeu to sau ay:

- Cac yeu to hu hnh : trc het la cong ong Dan Chua; ke en la Giam muc giao phan cung vi linh muc oan ieu khien cong ong ay vi t cach la chu chan.

- Cac yeu to than linh va vo hnh : o la Li Chua, cac b tch, nhat la b tch Thanh The, va Chua Thanh Than la hon song cua Giao hoi.

au co u cac yeu to ay, th o co Giao hoi. Moi giao phan la mot Giao hoi a phng.

Tuy nhien, Giao hoi cua c Kito van ch la mot. Giao hoi va la mot, va la nhieu, v Giao hoi khong phai la mot thc the da tren so lng, nhng trc het da tren pham chat. Cong ong Vaticano II khong goi giao phan la mot phan (pars) ma la mot t le (portio) cua Dan Chua, v Cong ong muon nhan manh en pham chat hn la so lng. Mot phan khong gom het tat ca cac yeu to cua toan the, nh canh tay khong gom het tat ca cac chc nang cua than xac; trai lai, mot t le th gom het nhng tnh chat cua toan the, v nh giot nc cha ng tat ca tnh chat nc giong nh nc ngoai bien khi. Cung vay, Giao hoi a phng la mot t le cua Giao hoi pho quat va cung co nhng yeu to can ban nh Giao hoi pho quat. Ch co mot Giao hoi duy nhat hien dien tai nhng cong ong a phng, gom bi nhng con ngi cu the lam nen Dan Chua. Neu khong co Giao hoi a phng th chang co Giao hoi hoan vu. Va ngc lai, mot Giao hoi a phng cung khong the t mnh ton tai neu khong co s hiep thong vi Giao hoi pho quat va vi cac Giao hoi a phng khac, qua viec tuyen xng cung mot c tin, thong d vao cung mot Thanh The cua c Kito, va qua s hiep thong vi giam muc Roma la c Giao hoang.

Nhan manh tam quan trong cua Giao hoi a phng khong nham chia nam xe bay Giao hoi theo oc be phai a phng, nhng nham nhan manh en tnh cach "nhap the" cua Giao hoi. Nh c Kito, Giao hoi cung phai "nhap the" vao ieu kien cua con ngi song trong nhng hoan canh cu the cua khong gian va thi gian. Giao phan Ba Ra c thanh lap co ngha la t nay, cong ong Dan Chua tai tnh Ba Ra - Vung Tau phai ong hanh vi con ngi cua thi ai va a phng nay, phai tm cach dien ta nhng gia tr cua Phuc Am phu hp vi tam thc cua ngi dan a phng e co the ap lai khat vong va nhng u t cua ho. ong thi cac phan t cua cong ong Giao hoi a phng nay con phai y thc trach nhiem cua mnh trong viec mang Phuc Am vao moi trng song cu the, vi nhng niem vui va hy vong, au kho va lo au, vi nhng kho khan va thach o at ra cho cuoc song, ngo hau Tin Mng cua Chua c lan rong va am re sau gia long a phng mnh.

II. Vai Tro Cua Giam Muc Giao Phan

Cung vi viec thanh lap giao phan, chung ta cung co mot Chu chan mi, o la c Cha Toma Nguyen van Tram, giam muc tien khi cua giao phan Ba Ra. c Giam muc giao phan bat au thi hanh chc vu cua mnh ke t luc nham chc theo giao luat. Ngai co nhiem vu rao giang Li Chua va bao ve c tin cua Dan Chua; ngai co bon phan thanh hoa tn hu bang cac b tch va bang i song thanh thien; sau het, ngai phuc vu va cai quan nh li khuyen bao, gng sang va bang ca uy quyen na.

Quyen cua giam muc giao phan la quyen thong thng, ngha la quyen gan lien vi chc vu, ch khong do tha uy; o la quyen rieng biet, ngha la cua rieng mnh, ch khong phai la thay the ai khac, v ngai lanh nhan quyen hanh t c Kito qua viec lanh nhan chc thanh ch khong phai t c Thanh Cha; sau het, o la quyen trc tiep, ngha la co quyen trc tiep tren tng tn hu song trong giao phan. Tuy nhien, quyen cua ngai khong co tnh tuyet oi, v mot giam muc luon phai duy tr moi hiep thong pham trat vi c Giao hoang va vi giam muc oan.

Lam giam muc khong phai la mot vinh d ca nhan, va vai tro cua giam muc khong phai ch la lanh ao theo kieu cac tap the xa hoi khac. c Cha Toma c Toa Thanh bo nhiem lam giam muc giao phan Ba Ra la e ke v cac Tong o. Ngai c tan phong e lanh nhan s mang a c truyen t cac Tong o sang nhng ngi ke v. S mang ay c tiep noi lien tuc t Nhom Mi Hai Tong o, trai qua cac thi ky lch s cho en hom nay. Nhng e co the noi tiep s mang cua cac Tong o, ngi ke v tong o phai bao ton giao ly a c truyen lai t cac Tong o.

Do o, khi ke v cac Tong o, cac giam muc la ngi noi tiep s mang va c tin cua cac Tong o e bao am cho Giao hoi c mai mai la Giao hoi tong truyen.

Vai tro cua giam muc het sc quan trong oi vi s ton tai va i song cua Giao hoi. Nh giam muc oan ke v Tong o oan, cac tha tac vu trong Giao hoi gi c tnh chat tong truyen; va cung nh vay ma chung ta c bao am rang c tin va cac b tch cua Giao hoi hom nay bat nguon t c Kito. Giao hoi mang ac tnh tong truyen co ngha la Giao hoi luon gi c can tnh cua mnh, luon ong nhat vi chnh mnh: qua dong thi gian, mai mai Giao hoi van la Giao hoi ma Chua a thiet lap tren nen tang cac Tong o. c Kito a ha cho Giao hoi se ton tai mai cho ti ngay Ngi tr lai trong vinh quang, va khong quyen lc nao co the tieu diet hoac lam bien chat Giao hoi. Nhng Giao hoi c trng ton, chnh la nh an sung Thien Chua va ong thi cung la nh cac giam muc la nhng ngi a c xc dau Thanh Than mot cach sung man e lam cho Giao hoi gi vng can tnh va nen tang cua mnh.

c at lam Chu chan cua giao phan Ba Ra, c Cha Toma se la nguyen ly hu hnh va nen tang cho s hiep nhat cua Giao hoi a phng nay; ngai la hien than cua Giao hoi mnh. Chnh v the ma thanh Inhaxio Antiokia noi rang: " au co giam muc, o co Giao hoi"; va thanh Cypriano cung noi: "Giam muc trong Giao hoi va Giao hoi trong giam muc. Ai khong trong giam muc, ngi ay khong thuoc ve Giao hoi".

c tham d nghi le thanh lap giao phan mi va bo nhiem c giam muc giao phan, chung ta co dp song mau nhiem Giao hoi mot cach sau sac. Chung ta cau nguyen cho moi thanh phan Dan Chua luon hiep thong vi Giao hoi va vi giam muc cua mnh, e nh o co the chu toan s mang ma Chua ang ch i chung ta qua bien co nay.

 

LM Giuse Nguyen Nang

 

 


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