oi dong s lc Cuoc i cua

c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II

(18/05/1920-2/04/2005)

 

Prepared for Internet by Vietnamese Missionaries in Asia

 

oi dong s lc Cuoc i cua c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II.

Tin Vatican (Vat 2/04/2005) - c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II a qua i luc 9 gi 37 phut gi Roma, toi th Bay mung 2 thang 4 nam 2005, tc la luc 19 gi 37 phut gi Quoc Te, ngay th Bay mung 2 thang 4 nam 2005. Nhng neu tnh sang gi Viet Nam, th a la 2 gi 37 phut rang sang ngay Chua Nhat mung 3 thang 4 nam 2005. Hng tho 84 tuoi.

c Karol J. Wojtyla c cac c Hong Y bau lam Giao Hoang vao ngay 16 thang 10 nam 1978, vi ten hieu la Gioan Phaolo II.

Ngai sinh ngay 18 thang 5 nam 1920 tai Wadowice, mot thanh pho nho nam cach thu o Cracow cua Balan khoang 50 cay so. La con trai th hai cua ong ba Karol Wojtyla va Emilia Kaczorowska. Than mau cua ngai qua i vao nam 1929. Ngi anh trai cua ngai la Edmund, qua i vao nam 1932. Va than phu cua ngai la mot s quan, qua i vao nam 1941.

c Karol J. Wojtyla c Rc Le lan au vao luc ngai 9 tuoi, va c lanh nhan B Tch Them sc vao luc 18 tuoi. Sau khi ngai tot nghiep trung hoc cap III tai trng Marcin Wadowita High School, nam 1938 ngai thi vao phan khoa Kch Nghe cua trng ai Hoc Cracow's Jagiellonian University.

Sau khi Balan b c Quoc Xa chiem ong, trng ai hoc b ong ca vao nam 1939, va chang thanh nien Karol phai i lam cong trong cac ham mo t nam 1940-1944, sau o lam cong nhan tai nha may hoa chat Solvay, e kiem song va e tranh b ay qua c.

Vao nam 1942, ap lai tieng goi cua Chua, ngai theo hoc tai chung vien Cracow thuoc quyen cua c Hong Y Adam Stefan, Tong Giam Muc Tong Giao Phan Cracow. Vao luc o Cau thanh nien Karol Wojtyla cung la mot trong nhng dien vien tien phong cua oan kch Rhapsodic Theatre.

Sau the chien th II, khi ai Chung Vien Cracow c m ca tr lai, ngai tiep tuc theo hoc tai ai Chung Vien Cracow. Va sau o theo hoc Than Hoc tai Trng ai Hoc Jagiellonian University cho en khi c thu phong Linh Muc vao ngay 1 thang 11 nam 1946.

Khong bao lau sau khi thu phong linh muc, ngai c c Hong Y Sapieha gi qua Rome e lam viec muc vu va hoc Than Hoc tai trng ai hoc cua cac cha Dong Daminh, Angelicum. Luc o, Cha Karol c linh muc giao s noi tieng dong a Minh, la cha Garrigou-Lagrange hng dan. Ngai tot nghiep Tien S Than Hoc vao nam 1948 vi luan an ve e tai c Tin va Hanh ong, theo t tng cua Thanh Gioan Thanh Gia. Trong thi gian nay, ngai thc tap cong viec muc vu trong cac cong oan BaLan di dan sinh song tai cac nc Phap, B, va Hoa Lan.

Vao nam 1948 ngai tr ve Balan va lam cha s cua nhieu giao x trong tong giao phan Cracow, va lam tuyen uy cho cac sinh vien cho ti nam 1951, trong thi gian nay, ngai tiep tuc nghien cu ve Triet hoc va Than Hoc. Va vao nam 1953, ngai trnh luan an tien s ve e tai "Gia tr va s kha the e tm hieu ve nen luan ly ao c cong giao va he thong luan ly ao c cua Max Scheler" tai trng ai Hoc Cong Giao Lublin Catholic University. Sau o ngai tr thanh Giao S Than Hoc Luan Ly va ao c Xa Hoi cua ai Chung Vien Cracow va cua Phan Khoa Than Hoc cua Trng ai Hoc Lublin.

Vao ngay 4 thang 7 nam 1958, ngai c TC Pio XII bo nhiem lam Giam Muc Phu Ta cua Tong Giao Phan Cracow, va c tan phong Giam Muc vao ngay 28 thang 9 nam 1958 tai Nha Th Chanh Toa Cracow bi c Tong Giam Muc Baziak.

Vao ngay 13 thang Gieng nam 1964, ngai c TC  Phaolo VI bo nhiem lam Tong Giam Muc cua Tong Giam Phan Cracow, va sau o, c thang tc Hong Y vao ngay 26 thang 6 nam 1967 (cung bi TC Phaolo VI).

Ngoai viec tham d ai Hoi Ngh Cong ong Vatican II vi nhng cong viec soan thao Hien Che Muc Vu Vui Mng va Hy Vong, c Hong Y Karol Wojtyla cung tham gia nhng Khoa Hop cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc.

T ngay ke nghiep Ngai Toa Thanh Phero vao ngay 16 thang 10 nam 1978, c Gioan Phaolo II a hoan thanh 104 cuoc vieng tham ngoai Italia va 142 cuoc vieng tham trong Italia. Vi t cach la Giam Muc Roma, ngai a i tham muc vu 301 a iem trong so 334 giao x trong giao phan Roma.

Cac Giao Huan cua ngai, ke ca 14 Thong iep, 13  Tong Huan, 11 Tong hien  va 42 Tong Th. TC Gioan Phaolo II cung a xuat ban 6 cuon sach: "Bc Qua Ngng Ca Hy Vong" (Crossing the Threshold of Hope - thang 10 nam 1994); "Hong An va Mau Nhiem: Ky niem Kim Khanh 50 nam Linh Muc cua Toi" (Gift and Mystery: On the 50th Anniversary of My Priestly Ordination - thang 11 nam 1996); va tap th Suy Niem "Roman Tryptych - Meditations" (thang 3 nam 2003). Hai tap sach mi nhat la cuon: "Hay Choi Day, Nao Chung Ta Cung i" (2004)  ve kinh nghiem muc vu i giam muc, va cuon  "Ky c Va Can Tnh" mi c gii thieu cho gii bao ch tai Roma, thang 2 nam 2005.

Trong suot trieu giao hoang, c Gioan Phaolo II a chu s 138 lan Phong Chan Phc (cho 1,310 v Chan Phc) va 48 lan Phong Thanh (cho 469 v Hien Thanh). Ngai a 18 lan c hanh Cong Ngh Hong Y, e thang tc Hong Y cho 201 v, va 6 lan trieu tap Cong Ngh Hong Y cho nhng van e ac biet.

T nam 1978, c Gioan Phaolo II a trieu tap 18 khoa Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc; 9 khoa Thong Thng (1980, 1983, 1987, 1990, 1994, 2001), khong ke khoa a c loan bao cho thang 10 sap en ve B Tch Thanh The; 1 khoa ngoai thng (1985) va 8 khoa ac biet (1980, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998 (2 lan), va 1999).

ieu ang chu y, la cha co v giao hoang nao vt ky luc nh c Gioan Phaolo II ve viec tiep kien cac khach hanh hng: hn 16,700,000 khach hanh hng a c ngai tiep kien chung vao cac ngay Th T hang tuan (hn 1,000 lan). Con so nay cha ke en nhng khach hanh hng tham d cac le nghi do ngai c hanh (th du, ch rieng cho Nam Thanh 2000, a co hn 8 trieu khach hanh hng tham d) va hang trieu tn hu tham d trong cac le nghi cua cac cuoc vieng tham muc vu trong Italia va khap the gii. Cung con can phai ke en vo so nhng cuoc tiep kien cac nha lanh ao cua cac quoc gia trong cac cuoc vieng tham chnh thc cua ngai va trong 690 cuoc tiep kien nhng v thu lanh cua cac quoc gia, va 226 v thu tng cua cac nc en vieng tham ngai tai Roma.

 

(Joseph Trng)

 


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