Nhan nh ve

cuoc xung ot am mau tai Nigeria

 

Prepared for Internet by Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

Nhan nh ve cuoc xung ot am mau tai Nigeria.

Radio Veritas Asia 2/06/2004 - [viet theo Time 23/05/2004] - Mi ay, tai thanh pho Yelwa thuoc vung cao nguyen Nigeria, mot so dan quan hoi giao a tan cong va giet hai mot so tn hu kito. Nhng ngi tn hu kito a tra ua va sat hai hang tram ngi hoi giao. Chnh phu a ban hanh lenh khan trng tren toan vung cao nguyen. Cuoc xung ot am mau mang mau sac ton giao. Nhng trong thc te, nhng nguyen nhan dan en cuoc xung ot lai phc tap hn nhieu.

Theo tap ch Time trong so bao ien t ra ngay 23/05/2004, ung phan ranh gia mien Bac Hoi giao va mien Nam kito giao tai Nigeria chay xuyen qua bang Cao nguyen. Nhng ranh gii lai rat kho phan nh. Ly do n gian la dan chung cua mot thanh pho co the thuoc ve nhieu ton giao khac nhau, nhng lai lam viec sat canh ben nhau,gap nhau trong cung mot san the thao va ngay ca ci hoi lan nhau. Nhng c vai nam mot lan, ng ranh lai tr nen ro rang hn. Do ngheo oi va that nghiep va oi khi b cac chnh tr gia leo lai, nhng thanh phan cc oan t ca hoi giao lan kito giao lai lao mnh vao nhng cuoc chem giet vo bo. Vung Cao nguyen, ni nhng ngi chan nuoi pha Bac va cac nong dan pha nam tranh nhau kiem soat nhng canh ong ph nhieu cua vong ai trung phan Nigeria, la mot vung dau soi la bong.

Cuoc xung ot a bung no lai hoi thang Hai nam 2004. Tai thanh pho Yelwa, vi 10,000 c dan a so theo hoi giao, sau cuoc tranh chap ve at ai va suc vat keo dai hang thang tri, mot nhom dan quan Hoi giao a sat hai 48 tn hu kito. Cach ay ba tuan, cac tn hu kito a noi len tra thu. c hai xe jeep co vo trang sung may yem tr, nhng ngi dan quan kito giao a pha huy toan bo dinh th nha va giet khoang 630 ngi hoi giao.

Trc cuoc bao ong ang lan rong ra cac bang khac, tong thong Olusegun Obasangjo a tuyen bo tnh trang khan trng tai bang Cao Nguyen, ngng chc thong oc bang va bo nhiem mot tng hoi hu thay the. c Quoc hoi thong qua, bien phap nay nham chan ng lan song bao ong co the dan en diet chung.

Tuy nhien tnh trang khan trng xem ra khong the han gan c nhng ran nt ben trong Nigeria. Vi 130 trieu dan so, Nigeria c xem la quoc gia co ong dan so nht tai Phi Chau.Dan so nay uc chia hai thanh hai khoi hoi giao va kito giao ngang nga nhau. Ben trong hai khoi ton giao nay lai co en 250 bo lac khac nhau.Trong qua kh, nhng cang thang ve sac toc va ton giao eu uoc dep bo bi chnh quyen quan phiet von cai tr at nuc trong 29 nam lien ke t khi uoc oc lap. Nhng ke t nam 1999, khi nen dan chu tr lai vi at nuc, th nhng ngui Nigeria lai uc t do hn e trut het nhng an c cua ho. Hn 10.000 ngui hoi giao a thiet mang trong cac cuoc ung o ma nguyen nhan co khi chang la g: t nhng cuoc phan oi chong lai nhng cuoc doi bom cua Hoa ky xuong Afghanistan cho en viec tay chay viec to chc tuyen la Hoa Hau The Gii tai thu o Abuja.

Nhieu ngi Nigeria khang nh rang ly lo ch thc cua cuoc xung ot khong phai la s chia re chung toc hay ton giao, bi v trong bao the ky, ngi Nigeria a co the chung song hoa bnh vi nhau, ma chnh la tnh trang kinh te yeu kem va truc li chnh tr.

Mac du moi ngay Nigeria san xuat c 2 trieu 4 thung dau tho, phan ln dan chung van song trong ngheo oi. Tong san lng quoc gia hang nam tnh theo au ngi ch co khoang 290 my kim. Phan ln tien ban dau ri vao tui cac chnh tr gia quyen the. Va e co the bam vao quyen the, cac chnh tr gia lai leo lai va khai thac nhng d biet ve ton giao va sac toc. trong tam cua mang li quyen lc d nhien chnh la chnh phu trung ung Abuja.

Ngi dan Nigeria a tng keu goi m cuoc tranh luan toan quoc ve cach the at nc cua ho ang c cai tr. Nhieu ngi muon thay cac bang c t tr nhieu hn va viec phan phoi dau tho cung c cong bang hn.

Tong thong Obasanjo, von la mot tng lanh hoi hu va la mot tn hu tin lanh ngi mien Nam, a tai c trong nhiem ky th hai hoi nam ngoai. Theo mot ngi ngoai giao Tay Phng, ong Obansanjo khong chap thuan cho to chc mot dien an t do nh the.

Ngay 15/05/2004, nhieu ngi a tham d mot cuoc bieu tnh tai thanh pho Lagos e phan oi chieu hng oc tai cua chnh phu Obasanjo. Van s Wole Soyinka, ngi giai thng Nobel Van Chng va la mot trong nhng ngi a to chc cuoc bieu tnh, noi nh sau: Neu khong co oi thoai th ch con la oc thoai.

 

(Chu Van)

 


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