Vai net ve lch s Giao Hoi Cong Giao tai Croat

t thua ban au cho en thi ky cai tr

cua Che o Cong San sau the chien th Hai

 

Prepared for Internet by Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

Vai net ve lch s Giao Hoi Cong Giao tai Croat t thua ban au cho en thi ky cai tr cua Che o Cong San sau the chien th Hai.

(Radio Veritas Asia - 2/05/2003) - Chung ta hay lt qua lch s cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao tai Croat t au cho en thi ky cai tr cua Che o Cong San sau the chien th Hai.

at Nc Croat a tiep nhan Kito giao cach ay 13 the ky. Lan gap g au tien gia Toa Thanh va nhng ngi Croat la vao nam 641, khi mot s gia cua Toa Thanh, la an Vien Phu Martin, en e chuoc lai nhng hai cot cua nhng ngi no le kito chu t ao. Du lch s  cho  biet rat  t ve viec tr lai cua nhng ngi Croat, nhng chac chan la trong bau kh an bnh vat nguyen, trong thi ky t gia the ky th  VII en au the ky th IX. Khong co cuoc bach hai ton giao nao c ghi nhan trong thi ky nay.

So Bo Hanh Chanh cua Hoang e Constantine Porphyrogenitus (913- 959) ghi lai rang khi nhng ngi Croat dng lai lap nghiep trong phan at t  song DRAVA tr ra bien Adriatic, Hoang e cua e Quoc Byzantine luc o la Heraclitus (610- 641) a c phai oan en t Roma,  gom mot Tong Giam Muc, mot Giam Muc va cac Linh Muc va thay Pho Te, va a ra toi cho nhng ngi Croat.

Lch S  co ghi lai Phep Ra cua nhng Hoang T Croat nh Porga, Porin, Vojnomir, Viselav, Borna, Ljudevit, Posavski va nhng v khac na. Vao the ky th 9, nhng ngi Croat a hoa nhap vao cong oan nhng quoc gia kito Chau Au. Cac v Cai Tr ngi Croat nh  Mislav (khoang nam 839) Trpimir (852) va nhng v khac na, a xay len nhng Nha Th va cac Tu Vien; ay la mot dau ch cho biet vao thi ky nay, Kito giao a an re sau vao at nc Croat roi. Nam 879, V Cai Tr Croat BRANIMIR, a gi cho c Giao Hoang Gioan VIII mot bc th  noi len s thuan phuc va long trung thanh. Va trong van th tra li, e ngay 7 thang 6 nam 879, c Giao Hoang Gioan VIII noi rang ngai khan xin Thien Chua chuc lanh cho Branimir va at nc cua ong, trong thanh le c hanh ben Mo Thanh Tong o Phero. Nhng  van th  trao oi gia c Giao Hoang Gioan X (914-928) va v lanh ao Croat Tomislav, --- hien con lu gi va lien quan en Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc au tien tai Split (925) co phan chnh thc nhac en lanh tu Croat.

Nam 1075, trong thi ky chia re ong va Tay, v s gia cua c Gregori VII a ton phong Zvonimir lam Vua nhng ngi Croat. Nha Vua Zvonimir the ha trung thanh vi c Giao Hoang va ha se ap dung cong cuoc canh tan giao hoi trong lanh tho cua mnh, bao ve nhng goa phu va co vo cong bang.

Trong thi ky oc lap cua Vng Quoc Croat vi nhng nha cai tr ngi Croat, Dong Bien c hoat ong rat tch cc gia dan chung , va a e lai dau vet khong the xoa m tren bnh dien sinh hoat ton giao, van hoa va chnh tr.

Sau nam 1102, khi nhng ngi Croat bo i trieu ai oc lap cua ho, e bc vao the lien ket vi Hungary, dong Bien c t t  b thay the bi cac dong Khat Thc khac, nhat la bi dong Phanxico va sau o la dong aminh, a ghi am net anh hng tren sinh hoat kito giao cua ngi Croat. Sau o, sinh hoat ton giao va van hoa cua ngi Croat lai chu anh hng manh cua Dong Ten.

Vao the ky th IX, Giao Hoi Cong Giao tai Croat c hng mot  ac an duy nhat trong Giao Hoi  Cong Giao pho quat thi o: o la c Giao Hoang Innocente IV, --- mac cho nhng chong oi, --- a cho phep c Giam Muc Philip cua giao phan Senj, x dung ngon ng Slavic va ch viet Glagolitic trong phung vu.. Nh the, ke t o, cho en Cong ong Vaticano  II, Giao Hoi Cong Giao Croat la Giao Hoi Cong Giao duy nhat c phep x dung ngon ng a phng trong sinh hoat phung vu, trong khi ma tai cac vung at khac, Giao Hoi Cong Giao van con dung tieng Latinh.

Vao the ky th 15, ni vung at cua Croat Co, --- ma hien nay la vung at giap ranh vi cong hoa Bosnia-Erzegovina, --- tiep sau cuoc lien ket vi Hungary nh a noi tren, mot lanh tho mi c thanh hnh, trc cuoc xam lang cua hoang e Tho Nh Ky Ottoman --- lanh tho mi nay c goi la Vng Quoc Croat. Vi nhng cuoc chiem at cua hoang e Ottoman, va trong vong nhieu the ky, ngi Croat a mat i mot phan at ln. Mot phan dan chung Croat lai theo Hoi Giao va Chnh Thong Giao. Cac Tu S dong Phanxico a hoat ong va anh hng nhieu tren phan dan chung Croat con theo Cong  Giao Latinh, va nh the co cong duy tr can cc ton giao, van hoa va chung toc Croat, trong thi ky vung at nay b  thuoc ve  e quoc  Ottoman.

Vao cuoi the ky th 19, tai Vung at Croat di quyen kiem soat cua e quoc Ao - Hungary,  cho en nam 1918, cac sinh vien  va nhng nha tr thc cong giao to chc mot phong trao e a gia tr cong giao vao trong xa hoi.

oi vi nhng ngi cong giao, thi ky Lien Bang Yougoslavi au tien la thi ky ngoai s mong muon cua ngi dan Croat, phai chu nhieu ky th phan biet oi x.  Nhng thu nghch trong thi the chien th II a gay ra nhieu cuoc o mau.

Che o Cong san cua thi sau the chien, a chong oi va bach hai Giao Hoi Cong Giao, quoc hu hoa cac tai san cua Giao Hoi va bat b cac thanh vien cua hang giao pham Cong Giao Croat, luc o do c Hong Y  Alojzije Stepinac lanh ao. Chung ta se noi tiep  ve viec nay trong mot chng trnh khac.

 

(TD)

 

 


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