TC tiep kien cac  Giam muc Brazil

en Roma vieng Toa Thanh (Ad Limina)

va nhac ve nhng lam dung do viec hieu sai

ve chc t te chung cua giao dan

 

Prepared for Internet by Msgr Peter Nguyen Van Tai

Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

TC tiep kien cac  Giam muc Brazil en Roma vieng Toa Thanh (Ad Limina) va nhac ve nhng lam dung do viec hieu sai ve chc t te chung cua giao dan.

(Radio Veritas Asia - 26/09/2002) - Th bay 21/09/2002, tai Trai he Castelgandolfo, TC tiep chung  nhom th ba cac Giam muc Brazil, thuoc cac Giao Tnh la Mato Grosso do Sud va Mato Grosso, en Roma  vieng Toa Thanh theo luat nh (Ad Limina).

Trong dien van oc cho cac Giam muc thuoc nhom nay, TC noi: e chia se noi lo lang muc vu vi  quy c Cha, trong luc nay toi a ra vai suy t sau ay, e giup thi hanh tha tac vu va viec rao giang Mau nhiem Chua Kito (Col 4, 3).

Trc het TC nhan manh en s cong tac cua ngi giao dan vao sinh hoat cua  giao phan, nhng cach rieng vao tha tac thanh cua Linh muc, rat can thiet tai Brazil, mot quoc gia menh mong va co con so cac ngi ra toi ong nhat the gii (khoang 120 trieu).

TC nhac lai giao huan cua Vatican II, cua THGM the gii nam 1987 va cua Tong huan  ve giao dan (Christifideles laici). Cac van kien nay noi ro rang ve can cc cua ngi giao dan c xay dng tren s mi la va thay oi tan goc, do B tch Ra toi (so 10). Moi thanh vien cua Nhiem The Chua Kito c mi goi tham d cach tch cc vao viec xay dng  Cong ong Dan Chua. Giao ly nay vang doi trong cac van kien cua Cong ong Vaticano II, nh  Hien che tn ly ve Giao Hoi Anh sang muon dan (Lumen gentium), so 3 - Sac lenh ve Viec Tong o Giao Dan (Apostolicam actuositatem) so 24.

Roi nam 1997, can cc nay lai c tai xac nhan trong pham gia chung va trong s khac biet chc vu: cua ngi giao dan - cua cac tha tac vien trong chc thanh va cua cac ngi tan hien (cf. Istruzione su alcune questioni circa la collaborazione dei laici al ministero dei sacerdoti, Premssa).

TC nhan manh: Can phai suy t ve s tham d-cong tac nay, e thc hien ung giao huan cua Giao Hoi, v ay la ieu rat quan trong cho i song cua cac giao phan, ni ay tat ca cac thanh vien cong tac tch cc vi nhau.

TC gi lai: Trong so cac Giam muc hien dien trong buoi gap g hom nay ay, co vai v se nh lai Cuoc gap g cua toi vi Hang Giao dan Cong giao tai Campo Grande (Brazil)  nam 1991, trong o toi a nhac lai nhng hnh thc khac nhau cua viec tham d co he thong cua ngi giao dan trong s menh duy nhat cua Giao hoi-hiep thong, chnh trong hoan canh, tai ni ma Thien Chua a goi ho hien dien  trong the gii nay (so 1).

Giao hoi c thanh lap trong the gii vi muc ch tiep tuc s menh cu o cua Chua Kito. Trong dong lch s, Giao hoi dan than chu toan menh lenh  nay, di s hng dan cua Chua Thanh Than, qua hanh ong cua cac thanh vien, trong gii han cua chc vu rieng ma moi ngi thi hanh trong Nhiem The Chua Kito.

TC noi en s cong tac trong Phung vu. - Muc tieu cua viec cai cach Phung vu do Cong ong Vatican II an nh, tc la s can thiet  a moi tn hu en s tham d ay u, y thc va tch cc vao cac C Hanh Phung vu. S tham d nay do chnh ban chat cua Phung vu oi hoi, v dan Chua la dong doi c chon, thuoc hang t te va la dan thanh, dan c cu chuoc(1 Pt 2, 9), nen co quyen va bon phan tham d vao,  do B tch Ra toi, (x. SC so 14).

Sau khi nhac lai giao ly va ch th cua Toa Thanh, TC noi en nhng lam dung xay en tai nhieu ni, sau Cong ong Vatican II, khong phan biet tha tac vu thanh cua Linh muc vi chc linh muc chung cua ngi giao dan. Nhng lam dung nay  xay ra  trong c hanh phung vu Thanh The; o la khi linh muc va giao dan oc chung Kinh Nguyen Thanh The ---hoac khi co linh muc hien dien ma khong giang, nhng e cho  giao dan giang (x. Inestimabile donum - 3/04/1980, Premessa).

TC giai thch tai sao co nhng lam dung nh vay: thng do nguon goc cua nhng sai lam ve giao ly, nhat la oi vi ban chat cua Phung vu, cua Chc linh muc chung cua ngi giao dan, cua n goi va s menh cua ngi giao dan oi vi Tha tac vu thanh cua cac linh muc.

TC nhac rang: tuy  Phung vu la hanh ong cua tat ca Nhiem The Chua Kito, au va cac chi the, (Sach Giao ly Giao hoi cong giao, so 1071),  La hanh ong cua tat ca cac tn hu, bi v tat ca c  thong cong vao Chc linh muc cua Chua Kito (cung Sach Giao ly, so 1141 va 273),  Nhng khong phai tat ca co chc vu nh nhau, bi  v khong phai tat ca tham d mot cach nh nhau vao Chc Linh muc cua Chua Kito. Do B tch Ra toi, moi tn hu thong cong vao Chc Linh muc cua Chua: chc linh muc nay c goi chc linh muc chung cua cac tn hu. Ngoai chc linh muc chung nay, va e phuc vu Nhiem The Chua Kito, con co s tham d khac vao s menh cua Chua Kito, o la s tham d do chc linh muc tha tac, c trao ban cho vi B tch Phong Chc (Sach Giao ly, so 1591).TC giai thch them rang: Chc linh muc chung va chc linh muc tha tac (pham trat): ban chat rat khac nhau va khong nhng ve cap bac, nhng ca hai, moi chc vu trong the thc rieng cua mnh, tham d vao chc linh muc duy nhat cua Chua Kito. Linh muc c phong chc, vi quyen chc thanh lanh nhan, huan luyen va hng dan dan Cong giao, thc hien viec te le (c hanh Thanh The) in persona Christi  nhan danh Chua Kito, va dang len Chua Cha nhan danh tat ca Dan Chua - Cac tn hu, v chc linh muc t te chung cua mnh, tham d vao viec c hanh Thanh The va thi hanh chc linh muc chung  o bang viec tham d vao cac B tch, bang cau nguyen va ta n, bang chng ta mot i song thanh thien va bang c ai tch cc  song ong (x. Lumen gentium , so 10).

TC noi tai sao ngai giai thch ro rang s khac biet ban chat gia hai chc linh muc. e cac v chu chan co the giai thch cach ro rang het sc va trong s n s, hau giup cac ngi giao dan tranh khoi viec thi hanh trong Phung vu tac vu thuoc hoan toan ve chc linh muc tha tac, bi v ch co chc linh muc tha tac nay mi hanh ong in persona Christi capitis (nhan danh Chua Kito, la au Nhiem The)  ma thoi.

c Gioan Phaolo II a nhac lai nhieu lan s lan lon, viec at ngang hang chc linh muc chung vi chc linh muc tha tac, viec t tuan gi cac luat le cua Giao hoi, viec giai thch oc oan ve quan niem thay the , khuynh hng giao s hoa ngi giao dan ... Tat ca cho thay rang: cac v chu chan can phai tnh thc e tranh nhng lam dung va viec  de dang  nay en nhng trng hp khan cap  tai nhng ni  thc s khong co nh vay, va tai nhng ni co the tm cach bu lai,  bang mot chng trnh muc vu hp ly hn (x. Christifideles laici , so 23).

TC nhac lai nhng chc vu va viec lam ma ngi giao dan khong co chc thanh, co the thi hanh trong viec cong tac vao muc vu, nhng ho phai c chuan b xng ang bi cac v chu chan trong chc thanh va theo ung khoan Giao luat 228, 1.

iem quan trong khac c TC nhac lai: Cac thanh vien cua Hoi ong muc vu giao phan hay giao x ch c hng quyen co van ma thoi, va khong bao gi c quyen quyet nh (xem van kien tren). Giam muc se lang nghe ngi giao dan, hang giao s , e co y kien;   cac v nay --- giao dan hay hang giao s --- khong c co quyet nh dt khoat, bi v quyen quyet nh sau cung thuoc quyen Giam muc (Giao luat khoan 212 va 512 , 2 ).

 


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