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Radio Veritas Asia)

 

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Phong Tranh Dch Covid 19

Trong Moi Trng Giao X

 

Phong Tranh Dch Covid 19 Trong Moi Trng Giao X.

Lm. GB. Trng Thanh Cong

(19-03-2020)

Dch Covid-19 a khien moi ngi khap ni lo lang, v o lay lan nhanh chong tren toan cau, vi so ca nhiem va t vong tang len tng ngay. T o, moi sinh hoat toan the gii tr nen bat on. Truyen thong u dang lai khien nhieu ngi them boi roi.

Lan lt cac nc tuyen bo tnh trang khan cap quoc gia. To chc Y te The gii hom 11 thang 3 nam 2020 a cong bo Covid-19 la ai dch toan cau. Nhng li manh me o keu goi moi ngi chung tay ngan chan s lay lan virus. That cam ong khi thay hnh anh cac bac s va nhan vien y te thien nguyen xong vao ngay tam dch, e cham soc benh nhan vi quyet tam chien thang dch benh, du phai hy sinh tnh mang.

Trong cong ong Dan Chua, cac chu chan a a ra nhng hng dan cu the giup tn hu hieu biet va thc hanh phong tranh dch Covid, ac biet la li mi goi hiep thong kinh nguyen khan cau Chua du thng cha lanh.

S lay lan Covid-19 khong mien tr at nc hay ca nhan nao, v the moi ngi can y thc va hanh ong ngay. Ngi Han quoc khch le nhau, gi tang nhau tng khau trang, doanh nhan ln nho tai tr cho cac chng trnh y te xa hoi... ieu tot ep o cung nhan gi chung ta, moi ngi mot cach, tan dung moi c hoi, khong ch phong tranh, ma con cu tr nhau qua cn ai dch.

Rat nhieu bao ai a trnh bay u loai thong tin va hng dan ve dch Covid-19 trong thi gian qua. Can am oi dien vi thc trang, moi gia nh, tng a phng, cac giao x hay tch cc thc hien nhng bien phap can thiet va hu hieu, mong dap c ai dch, hau moi ngi sm tm lai cuoc song an lanh.

Ghi nhan nhieu y kien, sau nhng thc hanh cu the, bai viet nay nh mot chia se muc vu ve phong tranh dch benh Covid-19 trong moi trng giao x.

Vi giao dan


Moi ngi can mang khau trang khi en ni cong cong, ca nha th.


Phong dch la chong lay lan, tranh phat tan virus, hoac do trc tiep ngi ti ngi (nh bat tay, giao tiep, hoi hop...) - hoac do tiep xuc vi o vat b nhiem khuan (ban ghe trong nha th, tay cau thang, o nam ca, nha ve sinh...) - hoac do moi trng khong kh (hoi hop ong ngi, hat hi, quat gio...). Do o, khi en nha th, giao dan can c o nhiet o - ra tay kho - va mang khau trang. Cac viec nay c thc hien ngay tai ban tiep tan, loi vao nha th, hoac tai bai gi xe :

- o than nhiet : Ngi phu trach o nhiet o can mang khau trang va gang tay. Co the trang b dung cu o nhiet o (mua tai hieu thuoc, khoang 800-900.000/may), so lng nhieu t tuy nhu cau moi ni. Neu thay sot cao, can giai thch va mi ng s, v sc khoe cong ong, i ve kham benh.

- Ra tay kho : Do so giao dan ong, khong tien ra bang nc va xa bong, nen cach ra tay vi dung dch sat khuan se phu hp va tien li hn. Can treo bang minh hoa cac bc ra tay e giao dan nhn va t xoa ra ung cach. Khong nen e moi ngi t cam, se gay o nhiem ngay tai chai dung dch; ngi phuc vu mang khau trang va gang tay se cam mot luc hai chai, xt dung dch vao hai tay ngi ra.

Dung dch ra tay kho, co the t pha theo cong thc cua WHO - theo hng dan tren nhieu trang mang -, hoac nh dc s hay bac s tai a phng giup pha so lng ln e giao x s dung lau dai.

- Mang khau trang : Moi ngi can mang khau trang khi en ni cong cong, ca nha th; khong eo th e ngh ng mot goc biet lap. Tng t nh ra tay, se co bang hng dan cach eo khau trang e giao dan nhn va thc hien ung cach. Moi ngi t sam khau trang hoac giao x tm nguon tr cap va phat mien ph. Cung can at nhieu thung rac co nap ay ung qui cach ve sinh e cha khau trang a qua s dung.

Tranh khan hiem tren th trng, giao dan hoac giao x co the t lam khau trang -theo hng dan tren cac trang mang- hoac may khau-trang-vai-ba-lp, u tieu chuan phong dch, co the giat va s dung lai. o la giai phap cho cong ong hay gia nh "ong ngi nhieu con".

Vi cong ong: Linh muc, Tha Tac vien, giao dan qui tu c hanh phung vu...

Trong viec phong tranh dch Covid-19 rat de lay lan, can ac biet lu tam ti khong gian "san sat" trong nha th, thng tap trung nhieu ngi, vi cac sinh hoat oc-hat-noi-tiep xuc...

Bang phng tien truyen thong san co -nhat la cac bch chng va phim anh minh hoa, hoac qua cac huan du, cac muc t can thong tin, hng dan, nhac nh, khuyen cao, nham gay y thc va giao duc giao dan : biet cach phong tranh s lay lan cua virus, nam vng cac phng an oi pho trong tnh trang khan cap, co thai o phu hp trong mua dch benh. Cung can gii thieu nhng trang web ang tin e giao dan tham khao, qua o giup tranh tin gia hoac thoi quen bam theo cac trang mang xau...

Tranh tu tap trc va sau le. Cac sinh hoat tap trung nhieu ngi phai het sc ngan gon, ch duy tr nhng g can thiet, bt cac kinh, bo le va ap ca ch oc, giang le gon gang vi y chnh, rut ngan hoac bo li nguyen cong ong... Nh thong bao cua nhieu toa giam muc, tam ngng cac sinh hoat cong ong, cac lp giao ly, cac buoi hoc Kinh Thanh, cac nhom hop oan the...

Khuyen cao nhng ai co trieu chng ho va sot, nen nha va tm d le tren cac phng tien truyen thong. Cac muc t can pho bien sach kinh va hng dan giao dan biet cach 'Gi ngay Chua Nhat' khi khong the i le hoac khong co Thanh le tai giao x. Tren mang a kha pho bien 'Thanh le danh cho ngi khong the en nha th'.

Ca oan : tuy tnh hnh, co the tam ngng tap hat. Giai phap tam thi la thu am va 'playback' cac bai thanh ca e cong oan hat chung trong phung vu. Cong ong tha va hat kinh ch can va u nghe.

Sach Thanh, ro xin tien, the gi xe, le phuc cua linh muc va giup le... can tay giat hoac phi nang nhieu lan e diet khuan, nhat tien ket, tien dang cung, trc khi c em. e an toan, nhng ngi phu trach lien he ti cac vat dung o can mang khau trang va gang tay.

Ve Rc le: theo hng dan cua Hoi ong Giam muc Viet Nam, giao dan rc le bang tay cung can can than khi ven khau trang len khoi mieng. Ca Chu te va cac Tha tac vien trao Thanh The (mang khau trang neu can) can ra tay sat khuan kho ngay trc khi trao Banh thanh. Chu te can lu y tranh vang nc bot vao chen banh khi oc kinh nguyen, nhat la luc Truyen phep.

Tam ngng cac nghi thc co tiep xuc de gay lay lan nh : bat tay hoac hon chuc bnh an, rc Mau thanh, hon knh Thanh gia, s cham len cac anh tng, oi ap trc rc le#

Han che toi a viec s dung, hoac tat han, quat tran (ca quat tay) va may ieu hoa, e tranh phat tan virus do oi lu khong kh ; c ly cach nhau se khong con tac dung khi m quat... (nhng trc va sau le, khong con giao dan, th m quat u lau e tao lai bau kh thong thoang). Giai phap nay chac chan se tao nong nc oi bc trong nha th, nhng co the khac phuc bang cach :

* Moi ban ch ngoi 2 hoac 3 ngi, cach xa nhau tren 1.5m theo tieu chuan y te phong dch. Ban Le tan can tiep on va sap xep giao dan vao cho cho phu hp.

* Co the mi nhng ngi manh khoe ng d le ben ngoai nha th, e giam so ngi ben trong, tao them khoang cach, giam nhiet, bt nguy c lay nhiem.

* Neu tnh hnh te hn, co the c hanh thanh le (nhieu le hn, neu can) ngoai san hoac ngoai tri, vao thi khac thch hp, va thong thoang va co anh nang giup diet khuan, tao c an toan dch benh... ay la giai phap phong dch n gian ma hieu qua.

Nha th va cac c s giao x

Can tay trung thng xuyen ca nha th, ban th, toa giai toi, ban ghe, phong thanh, khu vc ca oan, cac nhac cu, ca nha x, phong lp giao ly, nha sinh hoat, cac kho bai, xe co, ghe tau, khu vc ve sinh, cac loi i, san nha, cac tay nam ca... bang dung dch sat khuan Cloramin B. Mat bang nho th lau chui hang tuan, khong gian ln th phun thuoc vai tuan mot lan.


Do so giao dan ong, khong tien ra bang nc va xa bong, nen cach ra tay vi dung dch sat khuan se phu hp va tien li hn.


Hoa chat kh trung Cloramin B (nguyen chat 250,000/kg, ham lng kh trung be mat can 50g/10lt nc, co hoat tnh khoang 10 ngay), hoa tan trong nc se sinh ra clor, c phun xt se phat tan thanh nhng hat li ti bay toa trong khong gian ln, cung chen vao cac khe nho, se bam len cac be mat trong mot thi gian, co kha nang sat khuan cao, diet c virus Corona.

Nen s dung may no co ong phun, gia t 5-10 trieu ong tuy loai, hieu qua hn bnh xt bm tay. Neu khong u ieu kien mua sam, co the hp ong thue may t cac c s y te a phng, hoac moi giao hat gop sc mua mot may phun chung cho 15-20 nha th.

Trng hp phai cach ly

Can tien lieu trng hp giao x b cach ly, nha th phai "tam ngng hoat ong", nh a xay ra tai Han Quoc, do lay nhiem gia cong ong hoac do hoan canh bat buoc ca mot a phng chu lenh phong toa.

Nha th la ni gap g Chua, ac biet trong cn hoan nan dch te. The nen, can tao ieu kien e giao dan co the en nha th cau nguyen rieng, nh cho da tinh than khong the thieu, dau khong co sinh hoat phung vu

Trong tnh canh nay, cac muc t can nhac nh giao dan gi cac gi kinh nguyen tai gia, qua tieng chuong nha th hoac qua loa phong thanh nh nhieu giao x hien co. Cung can cho giao dan ng ien thoai nong cua nha x, cac trng khu, cac c quan e tien lien lac, khi can.

Nh c Thanh Cha Phanxico a lam, cac chu chan co the thc hien video clip Thanh le cung vi bai giang Li Chua, ca cac thong bao cua giao x, a len trang web hoac facebook cua giao x, theo cap o ng truyen va thi lng cho phep.

Nha th co the giup pho bien nhng thong tin can thiet cho ba con ca lng-giao tai a phng, gi vai tro van ong, tiep nhan, hoac phoi hp vi chnh quyen, cac c quan, oan the t thien, giup phan phoi cac vat pham y te, lng thc va thuoc men cu tr trong thi gian dch benh

Khi b buoc cach ly theo kiem nh y te, ngi giao dan can t giac chap hanh nghiem tuc. Co trieu chng nghi ng b nhiem Covid, phai thong bao cho gii hu trach y te cang sm cang tot. Neu moi ngi eu y thc phong benh, thc hien cach ly va cha tr ung qui nh, th ai dch Covid 19 se sm c khong che.

Trng hp cac linh muc hay tu s ang phuc vu b nhiem virus, giao x cung can quan tam giup cac v cach ly, a i benh vien cha tr neu can, bao tin cho toa giam muc biet tnh trang sc khoe cac v va tnh hnh giao x e c hng dan.

Sau khi, cham dt tnh trang "ong ca" nha th, hoi ong muc vu giao x can huy ong, phan cong giao dan thc hien viec sat trung va lam ve sinh can than cac khu vc trc khi tiep on ba con tr lai sinh hoat bnh thng.

oi mat vi Covid-19

- Chap nhan rui ro : Theo thong ke cua To chc Y te The gii (WHO), tai nan giao thong trong nam 2017 tai Viet Nam a cp i 22,468 sinh mang, bnh quan 62 ngi chet moi ngay (https://thanhnien.vn/tai-chinh-kinh-doanh/bao-nhieu-nguoi-chet-vi-tai-nan-giao-thong-1077411.html). ieu o cho thay, trong cuoc song, chung ta phai oi mat vi bao rui ro, ma virus Corona cha phai la hang au va cung khong phai la "tat ca". That au thng va ay lo lang, nhng phai chap nhan Covid-19 nh mot s co bat ng nhan loai khong the tranh.

- Thai o ung an : Trc bien co Covid, ngi ta dan biet on nhan va can co thai o bnh tnh khong s hai en hoang loan - khon ngoan e thau hieu va ng pho moi bat trac xay ti - sang suot trc nhng thong tin that gia de gay lam tng va hoang mang - t giac cao e tuan theo nhng hng dan cua gii hu trach va cac nha chuyen mon - can nhac trc moi quyet nh ch khong chay theo "hieu ng am ong" (thay ngi ta lam sao ... mnh lam vay) - quyet tam giup nhau e cung vt qua dch benh - va tren het la vng niem cay trong tn thac van menh vao Chua.

- Tao them khang the : Theo tien oan, the gii con i t nhat 12 thang na mi co vaccin phong Covid-19. o la vaccin cua cac nha khoa hoc, cua phong th nghiem, cua cong ty bao che va phai mat tien e mua... Xin ng quen, moi chung ta cung co the t tao c vaccin cho chnh mnh, o la : the duc thng xuyen (tre: chay, gia: i), an uong ngh ngi ieu o, gia nh song quay quan va quan tam cham soc nhau, gii han giao tiep e tranh lay lan cho mnh va cong ong... ay mi that s la nhng khang the tch cc, giup vt thang dch benh vi nu ci tren moi.

- Song tnh lien i : a phng, hang xom, khu pho va giao x co the v nh mot chuyen bay hay mot du thuyen... Mot ngi nhiem dch th tat ca b cach ly, moi ngi manh khoe khong co mam benh, tat ca c an lanh. V the, trc cn ai dch, hay song lien i, ong cam, khch le, tng tr nhau, phai het long vi ngi b nhiem hoac mac benh. Nhng ky th, phan biet oi x, ch ky, o loi, lang ma nhau... se hng chu nhng hau qua tieu cc khon lng ! Co vay thi gian dch benh se ngan lai, tnh ngi qua gian kho cang sau am, a nhau i qua cn dch an toan.

Ket Luan

e kiem ham s lay lan cua virus, bien phap tien quyet la phong toa mam benh, t cach ly ca nhan en ong ca bien gii gia cac nc. Do o, Covid-19 a a ti nhng canh chia cat that au long. Tuy nhien, nh o cac nc lai chung tam huyet trong tran chien chong dch benh, bao ngi thien nguyen chap nhan khon kho v s song cua anh em, con ngi biet quan tam va yeu thng nhau hn... ac biet cac gia nh, do han che i lai, se c nhng phut giay song ben nhau va cham soc nhau nhieu hn. Ni giao x, nha th "ngng hoat ong" cung lam giao dan gan nhau hn, khao khat d Thanh le hn, va sot sang chung li nguyen "cau cho cn dch benh sm cham dt". Nh the, that y ngha khi Covid chia cat con ngi tren bnh dien the ly, lai noi ket nhau chat che hn ve phng dien tinh than va niem tin.

Covid-19 la s d tai ac do mc o lay lan chong mat va ngay cang gay tac hai nghiem trong khap cac at nc, khong mien tr ai ; ong thi, con phi bay bao lam loi ca nhan cung nh toi ac quoc te. Trong lo lang s hai, ai cung t hoi bao gi dch benh mi c khong che va khi nao moi sinh hoat mi tr lai bnh thng e ngi ngi c song an vui ? Hom nay Covid thc s la cuoc "kho nan" au n cua nhan loai, nhng cung lam rat nhieu ngi thay oi ngh suy va hoi tam, e co ng x ung mc hn trong moi lanh vc. Noi kinh hoang v Covid con giup con ngi cam nhan toi loi, muon hoan cai va sam hoi ; ong thi, khi day niem hy vong c thoat khoi cn dch benh quai ac, mong sm thay mot cuoc hoi sinh tot ep hn, an on hn, nhan ai hn, hanh phuc hn. ay cung chnh la cach song ch thc Mua Chay, chuan b on Mau nhiem Phuc sinh, khong ch ni cac Kito-hu, ma ca nhan loai ang song trong thi khac Covid-19 nay.

Le Thanh Giuse 2020

Lm. GB. Trng Thanh Cong

 


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