Tong quan ve e xuat Viri Probati

tai Thng hoi ong Amazon

 

Tong quan ve e xuat Viri Probati tai Thng hoi ong Amazon.

Vu Van An

Vatican (VietCatholic News 06-10-2019) - Cang gan ti ngay khai mac Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve vung Amazon, van e phong chc linh muc cho nhng ngi an ong co gia nh c cong ong coi la co pham hanh (viri probati) cang tr thanh van e gay tranh cai so 1. Phan nao giong nh ghi chu so 351 trong tong huan Niem Vui Yeu Thng cua c Phanxico. Giong ghi chu nay, van e phong chc linh muc cho ho khong han la van e so mot cua c Phanxico khi cho trieu tap Thng Hoi ong nay. No cung khong nam tam iem Tai Lieu Lam Viec ma nam trong phan Gi Y e thao luan.

Neu ch xet nguyen trong boi canh Amazon th van e ay phai c coi la chnh ang va nen c em ra thao luan rong rai va chnh thc nhat la tai mot Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ban ve nhu cau muc vu cua mot khu vc ro rang can c giai quyet ve nhu cau nay. Nhng s d no tr thanh van e gay tranh cai so mot la v mu toan "song Rhine chay vao Amazon" cua mot so trao lu c muon nhan dp nay khai m phng thc "lien bang" cho Giao Hoi Cong Giao noi chung.

Thc vay, theo JD Flynn, tong bien tap CNA, mot so than hoc gia va giao pham c muon dung Thng Hoi ong nay lam "c s chng minh" cho mot ngh trnh than hoc khong an uong g ti vung Amazon.

Vung nay qua co nhieu nhu cau muc vu: ngi ban a ang ng au vi nan ky th, nen van hoa cua ho ang co nguy c tan ra, nan pha rng va khai thac mo kieu tran lot ang e doa huy hoai loi song co truyen cua ho; do hien trang xa xoi cua cac lang mac va oi khi ha tang c s hau nh khong co, cac linh muc ang phai lao ao bi thach thc tha tac tren nhng vung lanh tho menh mong; ngi Cong Giao tai mot so ni t c hoc giao ly, t c hoi tham d Thanh Le va xng toi, lieu mnh xa ri c tin. Trieu tap 1 Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc e giai quyet cac nhu cau nay, trong o, co van e phong chc linh muc cho cac ngi an ong co v, nhng c cong ong nhn nhan co pham hanh, tat nhien la ieu hp thi hp luc.

ieu phien la s nhay vo an co cua mot so than hoc gia va giao pham c nham len sc manh cho mot th giao hoi hoc co vu phng thc "lien bang" ca ve tn ly lan ky luat, vi viec chap nhan mot mc o khac nhau (variability) ang ke trong cac van e luan ly va ky luat.

Cai kho la ho da vao hoc ly "ong ngh" ("synodality") cua c Phanxico, mot hoc ly c coi nh rat than thiet oi vi trieu Giao Hoang nay. Nhng ai cung biet, rat nhieu lan, c Phanxico nhan manh ti cac gii han cua "tnh ong ngh". Theo ngai, khong c bat cac van e tn ly va ky luat quan trong phu thuoc cac s thch a phng.

Trong th gi cho cac Giam Muc c mi ay, ngai cho hay: ngai khong ung ho phng thc u tien hoa phan quyet cua mot Giao Hoi "quoc gia" so vi cac giao huan hay qui pham cua Giao Hoi hoan vu.

Ay the ma trong Thng Hoi ong sap ti, ho van ang co gang bien nhu cau ac thu cua Amazon thanh mot mo thc "lien bang", mot th qui luat tan quyen pho quat ap dung cho luat oc than linh muc. Cha het, ho con oi bien qui luat nay thanh mot tien le cho viec tan quyen trong cac van e quan tr va tn ly khac na, nhat la cac van e lien quan en viec Giao Hoi phai x ly ra sao vi triet ly song tnh duc the tuc. Tat mot li no nay co cho cuoc tranh luan noi chung ve viec tan quyen. ay cung la muc tieu cua cong ong "troi buoc" ang dien ra tai c.

Y kien cua c Hong Y Muller

Trong mot cuoc phong van cua Edward Pentin, c Hong Y Muller, cu tong trng Bo Giao Ly c Tin cho hay: Tai lieu Lam viec cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve vung Amazon, trong o, co ieu khoan ve viri probati, phan ln do mot nhom hau due ngi c soan thao, ch khong do ngi a phng Amazon. "No mang quan iem rat Au Chau, va theo toi, no la mot phong chieu t duy than hoc Au Chau len tren nhan dan vung Amazon v chung ta a nghe cac khai niem nay t hn 30 nam nay".

Nhan c hoi nay, c Hong Y Muller khong han noi en viec phong chc linh muc cho cac viri probati ngi Amazon, cho bang mu toan bai bo luat oc than linh muc noi chung. Ngai noi: "Mot mat ho [t tng gia c] thuc ay e co viec nay (cham dt luat buoc giao s song oc than) va noi no cach cong khai, va mat khac, khi c hoi, ho noi ho se khong pha hoai viec giao s song oc than. Ky luat nay bat re sau vao nen linh ao cua chc linh muc trong Giao Hoi Phng Tay va Latinh. Chung ta khong the thay oi no nh the no ch la mot ky luat ben ngoai, v no c lien ket sau xa vi linh ao cua chc linh muc, nh cong ong Vatican II a noi (Presbyterorum Ordinis, 16)."

c Hong Y Muller cho rang "ay khong phai la giai phap ln lao ho mong se giai quyet moi van e, v cuoc khung hoang trong Kito Giao the gii Tay Phng khong lien he g vi luat oc than linh muc... No la cuoc khung hoang c tin va ca cuoc khung hoang lanh ao tinh than".

Noi ve moi lien ket gia Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve vung Amazon va "con ng ong ngh" hien nay cua Giao Hoi c, c Hong Y Muller cho hay moi lien he ay "rat ro rang". Nhng "ho x ly viec lam dung tnh duc mot cach tuyet oi sai lam. Ho khong co kha nang va khong the nhn ra cac nguyen nhan va ly do ch thc cua cuoc khung hoang nay, nen ho luon noi en nhng ieu khac, chang an uong g ti no'.

V theo ngai, cac giao hoi the phan cung ang b giam sut tai Au Chau du ho co cac muc t co v, chap nhan hon nhan ong tnh va khong co chuyen song oc than. S giam sut cua ho con te hn s giam sut cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao.

Quan iem cua ngi trong cuoc

Theo LifeSiteNews ngay 16 thang 7 nam 2019, c Cha Erwin Kr#utler, mot giam muc hu tr, ngi Ba Tay goc Ao, va la thanh vien cua uy ban chuan b cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve vung Amazon, ong thi la ngi soan thao chnh cua Tai Lieu Lam Viec cua Thng Hoi ong nay, hy vong rang Thng Hoi ong se chap thuan viec phong chc pho te cho phu n va cac viri probati v ly do muc vu.

Thc vay, "800 giao x cua chung toi [giao phan Xingu, Ba Tay, ni ngai la giam muc hu tr] c lanh ao bi giao dan, va 2 phan 3 bi phu n". Linh muc "ch en 2 hay 3 lan mot nam". Cac giao x nay ch co phung vu Li Chua, ch khong co phung vu Thanh The.

c hoi ly do tai sao trong giao phan cua ngai khong co n goi linh muc, ngai bao v luat oc than. Ngai cho hay ngai a phong chc cho "mot so t linh muc" nhng en mot na sau o a bo chc linh muc v luat oc than.

Nhng cung trong tam thc Au Chau, ngai bao ngai "tuyet oi khong thay kho khan" neu cac linh muc co v c a vao nc Ao, co le trong vong 10 nam ti. Ngai nhan nh "thi gan a chn mui" cho mot thay oi nh the.

Ngai cho ieu o "mat thiet hp Kinh Thanh" v la viec e "giup ngi ngheo va ngi b hat hui" va o cung la quan tam "cua ca c Giao Hoang na".

Tat ca cac quan iem ay a c phan anh trong Tai Lieu Lam Viec cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve vung Amazon, mot tai lieu do ngai viet phan ln. Tai lieu nay a b nhieu v giao pham cao cap phe phan.

Tuy nhien, theo tin CNA, mot v giam muc khac cung cua Amazon la c Cha Azcona, va hu tr nam 2016, a co mot quan iem ngc han lai. Ngai dung cac ngon t het sc manh me phe phan e xuat nay va phan nao nghieng ve quan iem cua c Hong Y Muller khi cho rang nguyen nhan nan thieu linh muc la cuoc khung hoang c tin.

Theo c Cha Azcona, truyen chc cho cac viri probati se la mot ieu vo ch v no ch at mot mieng vai mi len chiec ao cu, cang lam cai ao cu rach nhieu hn. Ngc lai, "cung nh toan the Giao Hoi, hang giao s Amazon can an nan, hoan cai, c tin cu roi theo ngha chat che nhat".

Ngai chu trng rang "s tiet duc hoan hao va vnh vien v Nc Thien Chua se tiep tuc la mot dau ch khuyen khch c ai muc vu va la nguon oc ao cua viec tro sinh thieng lieng trong vung Amazon".

c Cha Azcona cho rang thai o cau nguyen cho n song oc than cua cac linh muc trong vung Amazon va khap Giao Hoi hien la mot so khong khong lo.

Ngai i xa hn khi cho rang e xuat nay phat sinh trong "mot boi canh trong o, cac khuynh hng hien nay cua nhieu nhom ngi Cong Giao... ang tra van Huan quyen cua Giao Hoi, ac biet ni chnh c Giao Hoang. Mot so ngi cong khai goi ngai la ngi lac giao, oi ngai t chc ngay... Chung ta khong nen thao luan tnh chnh ang cua nhng van e nay. ieu chac chan la mot ap ng tch cc se m ra nguy c chia re, ly giao thc s trong Giao Hoi".

c Phanxico va luat oc than cua giao s

Mi au nam 2019, tren ng t Ngay Gii Tre The Gii Panama tr ve, c Phanxico tuyen bo nguyen van nh sau: "Ve nghi le Latinh... Toi nh cau noi cua Thanh Phaolo VI: 'toi tha chet con hn thay oi luat oc than'. Cau nay bong xuat hien trong au va toi muon noi ra cau ay, v no la mot cau noi can am, trong mot thi iem kho khan hn thi nay, 1968/1970... Ban than toi, toi ngh luat oc than la mot n phuc cho Giao Hoi. Th hai, toi khong ong y vi viec cho phep oc than nhiem y, khong. Co the ch con lai mot so kha the cac ni heo lanh xa xoi nhat - toi ngh ti cac hon ao Thai Bnh Dng... Nhng o la mot ieu e suy ngh khi co nhu cau muc vu, ay, muc t phai ngh en tn hu".

Sau o, c Phanxico trng dan trc tac cua Giam Muc hu tr Fritz Lobinger (Aliwal, South Africa), tc cuon Preti per domani (Cac Linh muc cho Ngay mai) noi ve kha the truyen chc linh muc cho cac viri probati: "mot cuon sach ang chu y - ay la mot van e thao luan trong gii than hoc, ve phan toi th cha he co quyet nh. Quyet nh cua toi la: oc than nhiem y trc khi chu pho te, khong. o la mot ieu g o oi vi toi, mot ieu thiet than, toi se khong thc hien no, ieu nay van con ro rang. Toi a 'ong' cha? Co le. Nhng toi khong muon ra trc mat Chua vi quyet nh o".

Nai en trach nhiem trc mat Chua e bac bo viec bo luat oc than cho hang giao s nghi le Latinh chac chan co y ngha tuyet oi cua no. Con nhng ni nh mot so hon ao Thai Bnh Dng, ni ngi lanh ao cac cong ong la pho te, hay n tu hoac giao dan, th Giam Muc Lobinger ngh ta co the phong chc linh muc cho nhng ngi an ong cao nien co gia nh, nhng ch thi hanh munus sanctificandi (nhiem vu thanh hoa) ngha la c hanh Thanh Le, ban cac b tch hoa giai, xc dau benh nhan.

Dp ay, c Phanxico noi ro "toi tin rang van e phai khai m theo chieu hng nay, ni co nan e muc vu, v thieu linh muc. Toi khong noi nen lam ieu o, v toi cha suy ngh, cha cau nguyen u ve no. Nhng cac than hoc gia phai nghien cu [no]...ay la mot ieu e nghien cu, suy ngh va cau nguyen".

Gan ay hn, theo Hannah Brockhaus cua CNA (https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/pope-francis-ordination-of-married-men-absolutely-not-main-theme-of-amazon-synod-42327), trong cuoc phong van cua t La Stampa ngay 9 thang 8, c Phanxico tuyen bo: viec phong chc cho nhng ngi an ong co gia nh "tuyet oi khong phai la" chu e chnh cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon. Cac chu e quan trong se la cac tha tac vu truyen giang Tin Mng va nhng cach truyen giang Tin Mng khac nhau. Ngai cung cho hay Thng Hoi ong nay la "con" cua thong iep Laudato Si' theo ngha nhng ai cha oc thong iep nay cua ngai nam 2015 ve moi trng "se khong bao gi hieu c Thng Hoi ong Amazon".

Tran an ay van khong lam cho mot ngi nh c Hong Y Pell, du ang b cam tu oan c ve cao buoc lam dung tnh duc 1 thieu nam di 16 tuoi, khoi lo au. Thc vay, trong khi ch ra toa khang cao, v Hong Y nay a viet mot la th cho nhng ngi von ung ho ngai e cam n ho, ong thi bieu lo tam t oi vi van menh Giao Hoi "chung ta co ly do e boi roi bi Tai Lieu Lam viec cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon" trong o co khoan noi ve viec phong chc linh muc cho cac ngi an ong co pham hanh.

Cac Hong Y Burke va Brandmuller viet th cho Hong Y oan

Theo tin CNA ngay 4 thang 9 nam 2019, hai v Hong Y "dubia" con song a gi th cho cac ong chc sac trong Hong Y oan to y lo au oi vi tai lieu lam viec cua Thng Hoi ong sap ti. Trong th e ngay 28 thang 8, c Hong Y Walter Brandmuller viet rang "...viec e ngh phong chc linh muc cho nhng ngi von c goi la viri probati neu len mot hoai nghi manh me rang ngay ca luat oc than cua linh muc cung se b nghi van".

c Hong Y ac biet tra van ly lch cua v chu tch, c Hong Y (Claudio) Hummes, cac giao pham trong ban ieu hanh Thng Hoi ong, hai c Cha (Erwin) Krautler va (Franz-Josef) Overbeck. Tat ca eu la nhng ngi co vu viec xet lai giao huan cua Giao Hoi ve truyen chc va luan ly tnh duc.

Ngai cho rang cac v Hong Y phai xem xet mnh phai phan ng ra sao oi vi "bat c tuyen bo hay quyet nh lac giao nao cua Thng Hoi ong".

Cung ngay o, c Hong Y Raymond Burke viet cho cac v trong Hong Y oan, phan ln e ho tr la th cua c Hong Y Brandmuller, nhan manh ti "cac kho khan nghiem trong lien quan ti tha tac vu thu phong va viec tiet duc hoan hao cua hang giao s. Nhng e xuat nay... tan cong 'c cau pham trat va b tch" cung nh "truyen thong tong o cua Giao Hoi". c Hong Y noi ti viec Tai lieu Lam viec cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon mang "dau bao trc mot cuoc t bo c tin Cong Giao".

Tuy nhien, theo Edward Pentin (National Catholic Register, 11/9/2019), c Hong Y Burke cung vi c Cha Schneider a cong bo mot ban tuyen bo dai 8 trang ve Tai Lieu Lam Viec cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon, trong o, cac ngai neu ra 6 "sai lam va lac giao than hoc nghiem trong" phan ln c xep chung vao nguy c phiem than, th du, sai lam th t: a ho tr "viec o cat cac tha tac vu thu phong cua Cong Giao cho phu hp vi cac phong tuc to tien cua ngi ban a, trao ban cac tha tac vu chnh thc cho phu n va truyen chc cho cac ngi lanh ao co gia nh cua cong ong nh cac linh muc bac nh, loai bo mot phan quyen hanh tha tac cua ho nhng u e thu dien cac nghi thc phap s [shamanic]". iep khuc cua cac ngai la Tai Lieu Lam Viec gay "hoang mang, sai lac va chia re".

Cac v th ky cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon

Ngc lai, 2 v th ky, phu ta cho tong tng trnh vien Thng Hoi ong Amazon, c Hong Y Claudio Hummes, la cha (nay la Hong Y) Michael Czerny va c Cha David Martinez De Aguirre Guinea, het li ca ngi vien tng Thng Hoi ong, tren tap san chnh thc cua Dong Ten La Civilta Cattolica: ay la mot co gang thc thi "Laudato Si' trong moi trng nhan ban va t nhien nen tang nay.

"Tong hp mi me nay la li mi goi anh thc toan the gii, toan nhan loai. Nhng no cung gi y mot chieu hng xa hoi va muc vu mi me va nang ong cho Giao Hoi, mot c che can phai hieu cac thach o at ra cho cac ca nhan va gia nh cung nh cac nhom trong cac chieu kch a dang nay".

Ho co nhac qua ti viec cac con so giam dan cac linh muc va tu s "ang e doa s hien dien cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao gia cac dan toc ban a cua Amazon" nhng khong viet nhieu ve van e nay, ch nhan manh ieu a co trong Tai Lieu Lam Viec la phai di chuyen "khoi kieu tha tac tham vieng e bc sang kieu tha tac hien dien".

Mot Tong Giam Muc Amazon ung ho viec phong chc cho cac viri probati

Theo Ines San Martn (Crux 16/9/2019), c Tong Giam Muc Rafael Cob cua giao phan Puyo, Ecuador, ngi se i Roma tham d Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve vung Amazon, het li ca ngi tnh lch s cua c Phanxico va do o cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon khi ngh en nhu cau muc vu cua nhng lang mac xa xoi heo lanh cua Amazon qua e xuat phong chc cho cac viri probati.

Ngai cho rang viec nay khong he mi me. "Giao Hoi a co no t luc bat au". Luat oc than cho cac linh muc nghi le Latinh khong bat buoc trc cong ong Nixea, the ky th t, luc Giao Hoi quyet nh luat oc than "thuan tien' e cac linh muc song tot hn n goi cua ho "nhng khong he co ngha khong co cac giai phap thay the khac".

Theo ngai, giai phap viri probati "ap ng mot thach o rat cu the trong vung Amazon, va viec nay khong he nghi van hnh thc oc than bnh thng". Ngai cho rang Amazon bieu tng cho "nhieu thach o a d ln lao", ngoai viec thieu cac ng vien cho chc linh muc san long tuan thu luat song oc than v o la ieu cac dan toc ban a khong hieu. Va lai, con so cac linh muc truyen giao ti vung nay a giam mot cach ang ngai.

Hai bien co phan bac

Theo Elise Harris (Crux 17/9/2019), ngay 4 thang 10 nam 2019, 2 ngay trc khi Thng Hoi ong ve Amazon khai mac, mot nhom bao thu vi ten "Voice of the Family" se to chc mot buoi hoi thao ban tron tai Roma vi chu e "Giao Hoi cua Chung ta: Cai to hay B d hnh?" trong o co hai dien gia la John Henry Westen cua LifeSite News va Michael Vorris cua Church Militant.

Ngay 5 thang 10 nam 2019, mot hoi ngh chuyen e khac c nhom "The Truth about the Amazon" to chc, tuyen bo theo ho, s that se khong phat xuat t phong Thng Hoi ong.

Cung cung ngay tren, se co buoi "Cau nguyen cho Giao Hoi" rat ln gan Castel Sant'Angelo, sat canh tng thanh Vatican, cua nhng ngi khong ung ho Thng Hoi ong Amazon.

Ngoai ra, theo Christopher White cung thuoc Crux (25/9/2019), nhom bao thu Canh chng Thng Hoi ong Toan Vung Amazon (The Pan-Amazonian Synod Watch) vao mot ngay trc khi Thng Hoi ong nay khai mac, se to chc tai Roma mot ngay hoi thao ve "S That cua Amazon". Ky gia nay cho hay nhng ieu nhom nay chu trng phan nao tm thay trong cac phat bieu cua cac c Hong Y Muller, Brandmuller va Burke ve Thng Hoi ong Amazon.

REPAM thach thc: en song 1 nam Amazon se thay

Theo Ines San Martn (Crux 23/9/2019), oi vi nhng ngi nh tren, Mauricio Lopez, nha lanh ao cua REPAM, tc Mang Li Giao Hoi Toan Vung Amazon (Pan-Amazonian Ecclesial Network), mot to chc lien Amazon co vu Thng Hoi ong Amazon, co li thach thc duy nhat: hay en song 1 nam tai Amazon se thay.

Ong ac biet ung ho viec phong chc cho cac viri probati, nh mot giai phap oi vi viec kinh nien thieu linh muc trong vung. Ong bao e xuat nay "phat xuat trc tiep t dan Chua song tren lanh tho".

Mot lanh tho c Ong mo ta: gom 4,500 can lang nho trai rong khap 9 quoc gia, ni sinh song cua 500 nhom sac toc khac nhau, trong o, hn 80 nhom van song trong nhng ni goi la t y co lap.

Lopez nhan nh "vien kien cua nhng ngi s Thng Hoi ong se thay oi ang ke neu ho song tai ay mot nam... Moi van nan y thc he va tn ly se cham dt".

Ong cho bao ch hay: REPAM a phoi tr va tien hanh 300 buoi lang nghe khap vung gom 9 quoc gia. Viec nay dan ti 87,000 ngi c lang nghe khap cac buoi tu tap trong vung hoac cac nhom giao x.

Trong mot bai bao vao ngay hom sau, Ines San Martn tng trnh rang ngi Amazon cho biet cac linh muc co gia nh la mot giai phap cho cac thc tai a phng.

Co trnh bay mot trng hp ien hnh: cong ong ban a Kichwa Sarayaku, Ecuador: mot a iem xa xoi heo lanh, ch co the ti bang may bay nho hoac cano, vi 1,500 ngi, phan ln t nhan mnh la Cong Giao.

Cong ong khong co linh muc, thng xuyen ch co 2 n tu s va Alfonso Cuji, mot giao ly vien giao dan, hng dan Phung vu Li Chua, ong hanh vi ngi benh va chon cat ngi chet.

N tu Pico, mot trong hai n tu tai ay, cho hay du phan ln nhan mnh la ngi Cong Giao, ho thch th Cong Giao khong oi hoi chi. "Nhieu ngi khong muon cam ket oi vi ieu Giao Hoi oi hoi. Ho co th Cong Giao t che".

Ba ung ho viec phong chc linh muc cho nhng ngi an ong co v, nh Cuji chang han: anh lam moi ieu ch tr ban cac b tch, ma cac b tch mi can. Ba cho rang "Giao Hoi co nhieu ieu e hoc hoi t Amazon".

V Hong Y Venezuela: thieu linh muc khong han la van e

Nhng theo Ines San Martn (Crux 25/9/2019), c Hong Y Jorge Urosa, Tong Giam Muc hu tr cua Caracas, Venezuela, cho rang thieu linh muc khong han la nan e. Ngai noi:

"T na the ky 19 en na the ky 20, chung toi tng ri vao hoan canh rat thieu cac linh muc hau het lanh tho, tuy nhien c tin van c song va duy tr. Khong phai la van e nhan hay khong nhan lanh cac b tch, ma la kinh nghiem c tin a co c, a at c t cac giao ly vien ti cac gia nh, roi cac gia nh truyen lai cho con chau. Van e khong nam viec thieu hay khong thieu cac linh muc, ma nam viec truyen giang Tin Mng co the thc hien, khong nhng bi cac linh muc ma con bi cac giao ly vien na. Va o la s cu vt Giao Hoi tai bnh nguyen va vung pha ong Venezuela".

Cu sinh vien cua c Benecto XVI lo ngai ve viec truyen chc linh muc cho cac viri probati

Theo tng trnh cua CNA ngay 28 thang 9 nam 2019, mot cuoc hoi thao chuyen e cua cac cu sinh vien cua c Benecto XVI a c to chc tai Roma vi chu e "Cac Thach o Gan ay cua Tha Tac Vu Thu Phong trong Giao Hoi" va ho a cong bo mot ban tuyen bo to y quan ngai kha the cac linh muc co v.

Ban tuyen bo viet: "n goi cung nh s hien hu cua linh muc duy nhat tuy thuoc y muon cua mot mnh Chua Giesu Kito ma thoi ch khong dan khi t cac xem xet cua con ngi hay qui nh cua Giao Hoi. Trong Ngi va vi Ngi, linh muc tr thanh 'ngi cong bo Li Chua va ngi phuc vu niem vui'".

Ban tuyen bo viet them: "V linh muc ch hien hu do moi tng quan cua ngai vi Chua Kito, viec chia se loi song cua Chua Kito xem ra la ieu thch ang oi vi nhng ngi hanh ong nhan danh Ngi. Theo truyen thong lau i cua Giao Hoi Latinh, oc than c coi nh mot chng ta ro rang cho c cay ay tin tng va c ai quang ai danh cho Chua Kito va Giao Hoi cua Ngi".

Ban tuyen bo co ve nh i theo quan iem cua c Hong Y Muller khi cho rang: tai tieng lam dung tnh duc hien thi trong Giao Hoi hoan cau 'lam giam o tin tng' cua cac linh muc nh mot con ngi ket hp vi Chua Kito, nhng giai phap cho viec nay "trc nhat va tren het khong phai la cac cai to c cau se em lai han gan va giai cu, ma la mot i song c tin c song cach chan chnh".

c Hong Y Marc Ouellet

Nhng tieng noi hoai nghi oi vi viec truyen chc cho cac viri probati c nhieu ngi chu y hn ca la tieng noi cua c Hong Y Marc Ouette, bo trng bo Giam Muc, ngi von c coi la than can cua c Phanxico.

Theo Nicole Winfield cua A.P., c Hong Y Marc Ouellet a to chc mot cuoc hop bao hiem hoi hom th T, 2 thang 10 nam 2019, e phat ong cuon sach cua ngai ta la "Friends of the Bridegroom: For a Renewed Vision of Priestly Celibacy" (Ban cua Chang Re: Hng ti mot Vien kien oi mi ve Luat oc than Linh muc) cong khai noi ve cac thach o ang at ra cho cac linh muc ngay nay gia canh giam sut n goi va thiet hai ln lao t cac tai tieng lam dung tnh duc. c Hong Y tha nhan vung Amazon hien ang chu canh thieu linh muc va ngai ci m oi vi viec thao luan cach e oi pho vi no trong Thng Hoi ong sap ti. Nhng ngai cho hay ngai hoai nghi oi vi e ngh truyen chc linh muc cho nhng ngi an ong co v. Ngai cho rang giai phap ung hn cho vung Amazon la lam sao co u giao ly vien e day giao dan ve c tin va phai huan luyen cho cac pho te hoac linh muc.

Ngai noi "toi t hoi cau hoi o. Toi hoai nghi. Va toi ngh toi khong phai la ngi duy nhat. Tren toi, co ngi con hoai nghi hn va ngi o la ngi cho phep cuoc thao luan". Ro rang, ngai muon am ch c Phanxico.

Ines San Martn cua Crux th tng trnh rang du hoai nghi, c Hong Y Ouellet qua quyet luat oc than la mot truyen thong, ch khong phai la mot tn ieu, cho nen khong lac giao khi at nghi van ve no.

Martn cung thuat lai nhan nh cua c Hong Y Ouellet "Mot so ngi khat mong viec chap nhan nhanh chong giai phap muc vu viri probati - tc viec cac ngi an ong co v, ng au cac gia nh on nh, co the c thu phong linh muc e bao am viec c hanh Thanh The cho cac cong ong ban a tan mac, nhng cong ong rat xa la oi vi gia tr cua luat oc than".

Ngai noi them "Nhng vien anh ay co the quyen ru oi vi mot so ngi nhng gay lo au nhng ni khac". Ngai ac biet lu tam ti s kien co nhieu yeu to y thc he va chien lc an ket vao viec tm kiem "cac ket qua co tnh tham vong va quan trong hn bnh dien pho quat".

Ngai cung cho rang co mot so "trao lu t tng t do hay phan khang" tai xuat hien "nham phong tay tren tnh hnh va e ngh cac chng trnh cai to vt qua cac y nh va xu hng cua c Phanxico".

Martn khong nhan nh ve cac trao lu tren, nhng Sandro Magister th noi ro o la "canh cap tien trong Giao Hoi nhat la nhng ngi noi tieng c".

Magister cung tng trnh cuoc hoi thao chuyen e cua cac hoc tro tien s cua c Benecto XVI. Trong o co s hien dien va thuyet trnh cua c Hong Y Muller. V Hong Y nay to cao s nguy hiem tram trong ma "ieu goi la 'con ng ong ngh' c va Thng Hoi ong Amazon co the mang lai mot tai hoa khien Giao Hoi b duy tuc hoa nhieu hn".

Anh hng cua c oi vi e xuat truyen chc cho cac viri probati cang thay ro rang hn bi s kien "con ng ong ngh" hay "cong ong co tnh rang buoc" tai c dien ra gan nh song hanh vi nhau. Ngoai ra, Edward Pentin

(http://www.ncregister.com/daily-news/german-catholic-relief-agencies-fuel-synods-push-for-change) con e cap en s ong gop tai chanh cua Giao Hoi c cho dien trnh Thng Hoi ong Amazon khien ngi ta ngh ti ieu c Phanxico thng goi la chnh sach thc dan y thc he: dung vien tr buoc ngi nhan phai theo y thc he cua mnh.

Theo ky gia tren, ca hai c quan bac ai cua Giao Hoi c la Misereor va Adveniat a ong gop nhieu cho viec chuan b Thng Hoi ong. Nam 2018, Adveniat ong 272,000 [$307,000] cho viec chuan b Thng Hoi ong. Adveniat cung a "thu thap cac cau hoi, gi y va chu e t 85,000 ngi a phng thuoc vung Amazon.

Misereor cung tai tr nhieu d an chuan b Thng Hoi ong Amazon, tuy khong cho biet bao nhieu. Ch biet thu nhap nam 2018 cua ho la 232 trieu ($260 trieu).

Tuy the ca c Hong Y Baldisseri lan c Hong Y Hummes, trong cuoc hop bao ngay 3 thang 10 nam 2019, eu nhan manh: e xuat viri probati phat xuat t chnh tn hu Amazon.

 


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