Gi Y gay tranh cai nhat trong Tai Lieu Lam Viec

cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve Vung Amazon:

phong chc linh muc cho ngi co v

 

Gi Y gay tranh cai nhat trong Tai Lieu Lam Viec cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve Vung Amazon: phong chc linh muc cho ngi co v.

Vu Van An

Vatican (VietCatholic News 01-07-2019) - Nh a tng trnh, phan cuoi cung Tai Lieu Lam Viec cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve Vung Amazon ban ve nhng van e muc vu thc tien cho vung nay. Trong nhng Gi Y cua phan nay, ngi ta lu y ti mot van e tng c thao luan rong dai trong Giao Hoi may nam qua, nhat la t thi giao hoang cua c Phanxico: van e phong chc linh muc cho nhng viri probati (nhng ngi an ong co v nhng song 1 cuoc song xng ang).

a co nhieu nhan nh xoay quanh Gi Y tren cua Tai Lieu. Trc khi tng trnh mot so nhan nh ay, chung toi xin trch ang nguyen van Gi Y cua chnh Tai Lieu Lam Viec:

I. T Tai lieu Lam viec

Chng III: C hanh c tin, mot phung vu hoi nhap van hoa

"Viec truyen giang Tin Mng trong niem vui tr thanh ve ep trong phung vu, nh mot phan trong quan tam hang ngay cua chung ta muon truyen ba s tot lanh" (Evangelii Gaudium, 24)

124. Hien che Sacrosanctum Concilium (37-40, 65, 77, 81) e ngh rang phung vu nen c hoi nhap van hoa ni cac dan toc ban a. Tnh a dang van hoa chac chan khong e doa tnh hp nhat cua Giao Hoi; ung hn, Giao Hoi phat bieu tnh Cong Giao chan thc cua mnh bang cach trng bay "ve ep tren khuon mat a dang cua mnh" (Evangelii Gaudium 116). o la ly do tai sao "chung ta phai bao dan u e kham pha ra cac dau ch mi va cac bieu tng mi, cac xng tht mi e hien than va thong truyen li Chua, va cac hnh thc khac cua ve ep von c tran quy trong cac khung canh van hoa khac..." (Evangelii Gaudium 167). Khong co s hoi nhap van hoa nay, phung vu co the b gian lc thanh "mon o vien bao tang" hay "tai san cua mot t ngi u tuyen" (Evangelii Gaudium 95).

125. Viec c hanh c tin phai c tien hanh mot cach hoi nhap van hoa e no tr thanh mot bieu thc cho kinh nghiem ton giao cua rieng ngi ta va tr thanh si day hiep thong trong cong oan c hanh. Mot nen phung vu hoi nhap van hoa cung se la mot bang tham do oi vi cac tranh au va hoai vong cua cac cong ong va la mot lc ay co tnh bien oi hng ti mot "lanh tho khong co s ac".

Cac Gi Y

126. Nen lu y cac ieu sau ay:

a) Mot dien trnh bien phan la ieu can thiet lien quan en cac nghi le, bieu tng, va phong thai c hanh cac nen van hoa ban a khi tiep xuc vi thien nhien, nhng ieu can c tch nhap vao cac nghi thc phung vu va b tch. ieu can la chu y e nam bat y ngha ch thc cua cac bieu tng, mot y ngha vt len tren tham my va van hoa dan gian, ac biet trong b tch khai tam Kito Giao va Hon Phoi. Co gi y cho rang cac c hanh nen co tnh le hoi, vi am nhac va ieu mua cua rieng ho, s dung ngon ng va trang phuc ban a, trong hiep thong vi thien nhien va cong ong. Mot phung vu biet ap ng nan van hoa rieng cua ho e tr thanh nguon coi va nh cao i song Kito hu cua ho (xem Sacrosanctum Concilium 10) va lien ket vi cac tranh au, au kho va niem vui cua ho.

b) Cac b tch nen la nguon song va thuoc cha ai cung vi ti c (xem Evangelii Gaudium 47), nhat la ngi ngheo (xem Evangelii Gaudium 200). Chung ta c yeu cau vt qua cac cng ngac ve ky luat von co tnh loai tr va tha hoa, va thc hanh mot nhay cam muc vu biet ong hanh va tch nhap (Amoris Laetitia 297, 312).

c) Cac cong ong thay kho co the c hanh b tch Thanh The v thieu linh muc. "Giao Hoi rut ta s song cua mnh t Thanh The" va Thanh The xay dng Giao Hoi. Do o, thay v e cac cong ong khong co Thanh The, can phai co s thay oi trong cac tieu chuan la chon va chuan b cac tha tac vien c phep c hanh b tch Thanh The.

d) Phu hp vi viec "tan quyen lanh manh" trong Giao Hoi (Evangelii Gaudium 16), cac cong ong yeu cau cac Hoi ong Giam Muc thch ng cac nghi thc cua b tch Thanh The theo nen van hoa cua ho.

e) Cac cong ong yeu cau anh gia cao hn, ong hanh va co vu long ao c ma ngi ngheo va nhng ngi n s von dung e phat bieu c tin cua ho qua hnh anh, bieu tng, truyen thong, nghi le va cac a b tch khac. Tat ca cac ieu nay dien ra nh cac hiep hoi cua cong ong biet to chc cac bien co nh cau nguyen, hanh hng, tham vieng cac en thanh, va rc kieu cung nh cac le hoi c hanh thanh quan thay. ay la bang chng cua tui khon va nen linh ao tng tao nen mot nguon c lieu than hoc (theological locus) thc s co tiem nang truyen giang Tin Mng (xem Evangelii Gaudium 122-126).

Chng IV: To chc cac cong ong

Cac khoang cach a d va muc vu

128. Ngoai tnh a nguyen van hoa tai Amazon, cac khoang cach cung tao ra mot thach thc muc vu nghiem trong khong the giai quyet bang cac phng the may moc va ky thuat ma thoi. Cac khoang cach a d lam xuat hien ca cac khoang cach van hoa va muc vu na; thanh th "tha tac muc vu tham vieng" can nhng bc cho "tha tac muc vu hien dien". ieu nay oi giao hoi a phng tai cau hnh moi chieu kch cua no: cac tha tac vu, cac b tch, than hoc va cac dch vu xa hoi.

Cac Gi Y

129. Cac gi y sau ay t cac cong ong gi nh cac kha canh cua Giao Hoi s khai khi ap ng cac nhu cau cua mnh bang cach tao ra cac tha tac vu thch ang (Cv 6:1-7; 1 Tm 3:1-13):

a) Cac tha tac vu mi e ap ng hu hieu hn cac nhu cau cua cac dan toc vung Amazon:

1. Co vu cac n goi ni cac an ong va an ba ban a e ap ng nhu cau cham soc muc vu va b tch. Viec ong gop chu yeu cua ho nam trong phong trao hng ti mot viec truyen giang Tin Mng chan chnh theo quan iem ban a phu hp vi cac thoi quen va phong tuc cua ho. ay se la viec ngi ban a truyen giang cho ngi ban a theo mot nhan thc sau sac nen van hoa va ngon ng cua ho, co kha nang thong at s iep Tin Mng bang sc manh va s hu hieu cua nhng ngi co chung mot boi canh van hoa vi ho. ieu can la chuyen dch t mot "Giao Hoi tham vieng" sang mot "Giao Hoi hien dien", mot Giao Hoi biet ong hanh va hien dien qua cac tha tac vien xuat phat t chnh cac cong ong cua ho.

2. Trong khi qua quyet rang song oc than la mot hong phuc oi vi Giao Hoi, co yeu cau cho rang, oi vi cac khu vc xa xoi heo lanh nhat trong vung, nen nghien cu kha the truyen chc linh muc cho cac ngi cao nien, u tien la ngi ban a, c cong ong cua ho knh trong va chap nhan, du ho ang co mot gia nh vng on, e bao am co san cac b tch e ong hanh va nang i song Kito hu.

II. Cac nhan nh

Du viec phong chc linh muc cho cac viri probati a c nhieu lan neu ra va thao luan rong rai, thien ngh cung nen hieu y ngha cua gi y nay trong Tai Lieu Lam Viec cua Thng Hoi ong ve vung Amazon.

Ba iem ac thu cua Gi Y

ay, John Allen (https://cruxnow.com/news-analysis/2019/06/18/understanding-the-debate-over-married-priests-at-the-amazon-synod/) cho rang co ba ieu thiet y can lu y:

Th nhat cuoc tranh luan tai Thng Hoi ong Amazon khong phai ve viec lieu Giao Hoi Cong Giao co nen co cac linh muc co v hay khong. V Giao Hoi Cong Giao von a co cac v nh the nay roi. Hai mi ba Giao Hoi ong phng hiep thong vi Roma von co cac linh muc co v va tai mot so Giao Hoi Tay Phng van co cac cu muc s The Phan tr lai Cong Giao va c tiep tuc cuoc song co v trong t cach linh muc Cong Giao.

Th hai, cuoc thao luan lan nay rat khac vi cuoc thao luan ve cac linh muc co v tai Hoa Ky hay Tay Au v no khong co tnh y thc he. Tay Phng, cac ngi Cong Giao cap tien gay ap lc e co hang giao s co v da tren c s cho rang song oc than la ieu khong t nhien va nuoi dng cac truc trac tnh duc, tham ch con lien ket no vi cuoc khung hoang lam dung tnh duc.

Cac nha tranh au ay oi khi cung cho rang v tao ra mot ang cap nhng ngi an ong khong lap gia nh, viec song oc than a gop phan vao chu ngha giao s tr, u quyen, va song xa la cac cuoc tranh au cua cac gia nh bnh thng va rat nhieu bieu hien benh hoan khac.

Amazon, thuan tuy ch v nan thieu linh muc, nen tn hu "oi" Thanh The ma Thanh The von la nguon va nh cao cua i song Kito hu. Nhng ty le linh muc/giao dan rat khac nhau trong Giao Hoi: Hoa Ky chang han 1 linh muc trong coi 1,300 giao dan; Chau My La Tinh, ty le ay la 1 tren 7,000,; vung ha Sahara, 1 tren 5,300; vung Caribbean, 1 tren 8,300; rieng vung Amazon, ty le ay co khi len en 1 tren 16,000 hay 17,000.

Thanh th oi vi cac Giam Muc cua vung nay, van e phong chc cho cac viri probati khong he la van e canh ta/canh hu v nhieu v Giam Muc nay la nhng v ng hang au ve bao thu than hoc va chnh tr.

Th ba, cuoc tranh luan lan nay cung van ch la mot cuoc tranh luan khong hn khong kem. Khong he co ket luan don san rang gi y viri probati se c a so ung ho. Va lai, Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ch la mot nh che t van va c Giao Hoang co toan quyen muon s dung cong trnh cua no the nao tuy y, tuy ngai het sc lang nghe.

John Allen cho rang ay khong phai la lan au van e nay c em ra thao luan. No von a c neu len trong rat nhieu Thng Hoi ong, du khong c ghi trong ngh trnh chnh thc nh lan nay.

Tao tien le?

Noi the roi, John Allen cho rang du viec cho phep cac viri probati chu chc linh muc ch gii han vao 1 vung a d nao o, no cung a tao ra mot tien le va chang bao lau sau cac nha tranh au tai cac ni khac bat au yeu cau c hng cung mot ac an.

Nhan nh ay cung a c George Weigel (https://www.firstthings.com/web-exclusives/2019/01/nothing-about-us-without-us) t au nam nay noi ti. Weigel cho rang theo c Hong Y Claudio Hummes, Tong tng trnh vien cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon, gi y nay ch han che oi vi vung Amazon ma thoi. Nhng gi y nay neu thanh s hoan toan th chac chan se tr thanh mot tien le va cac giao phan tai cac ni khac se da vao tien le nay, e trnh bay cac ly do khan cap khac hong yeu cau c phong chc cho cac viri probati cua rieng ho. Dan dan luat oc than cua linh muc se khong con.

Weigel cho rang lo ngai cua ong co c s. V trong mot cuoc phong van cuoi nam ngoai, Tong th ky Thng Hoi ong, c Hong Y Lorenzo Baldisseri, nhan manh rang Thng Hoi ong Amazon khong ch thao luan cac van e moi trng ma thoi, nhng se con thao luan "cac chu e Giao Hoi na" va se lam the mot cach khien Amazon tr thanh "mot mo hnh cho toan the gii". Ong tin chac viec phong chc linh muc cho cac viri probati cua vung Amazon se co nhieu hau qua ln cho toan the Giao Hoi.

Lo ngai cua Allen va Weigel cang co c s hn khi ta nh lai s kien: tren ng t Ngay Gii Tre The Gii Panama tr lai Roma, c Giao Hoang Phanxico tng noi vi cac nha bao tren chuyen bay rang du ngai tin luat oc than linh muc "la mot hong phuc oi vi Giao Hoi" va ngai "khong nhat tr" bien no thanh nhiem y, nhng y niem phong chc cho cac viri probati co the c coi la mot kha the cac khu vc thc s co nhu cau muc vu. Lay Cac ao Thai Bnh Dng lam th du, c Phanxico noi rang "o la mot ieu e suy ngh ve viec khi nao co nhu cau muc vu".

Trong cuoc hop bao e cong bo Tai lieu Lam viec, Cha Miguel Yanez, giao s than hoc luan ly ngi A Can nh tai ai Hoc Gregorian, a tran an moi ngi khi nhan manh rang tai Thng Hoi ong, cac giam muc co the bac bo y niem nay hoac cac ngai co the e ngh no vi c Giao Hoang; va c Giao Hoang co the bac bo no.

Tuy nhien, Ines San Martn (https://cruxnow.com/church-in-europe/2019/06/05/cardinal-kasper-says-francis-will-allow-married-priests-if-bishops-request-it/) tng trnh rang theo c Hong Y Walter Kasper, 1 ly thuyet gia rat than can cua c Phanxico, neu cac Giam Muc tham d Thng Hoi ong Amazon yeu cau viec phong chc cho cac ngi an ong co gia nh, c Phanxico se chap thuan.

Thanh th tran an cua Cha Yanez khong anh tan nghi ngai cua nhng ngi nh Sandro Magister (http://247.libero.it/bfocus/625807/0/the-amazon-train-has-pulled-out-next-stop-germany). Ong nay nhac lai li cua c Phanxico tren chuyen bay t Panama tr ve Roma mot cach ky lng hn khi them "va nhieu ni khac" vao danh sach nhng vung xa xoi heo lanh can co cac linh muc viri probati, du cho biet them: c Giao Hoang co nhac en chu trng cua c Cha Fritz Lobinger khuyen ch nen trao cho cac linh muc loai nay nhiem vu "thanh hoa" ma thoi, ngha la c hanh cac b tch ch khong co nhiem vu cai quan nh ai a so cac linh muc hien nay.

Song Rhine chay vao Amazon?

Magister cho rang ang sau y niem phong chc cho cac viri probati la mot so ln giao pham c ma c Cha Lobinger la mot va v th hai la c Hong Y Walter Kasper.

Ve anh hng c tai Thng Hoi ong Amazon, Edward Pentin (http://www.ncregister.com/blog/edward-pentin/pre-amazonian-synod-study-meeting-held-in-rome) tng trnh rang ngay 25 thang Sau va qua, tai Vatican, co cuoc hop rieng cua mot so giao pham e chuan b cho Thng Hoi ong Amazon. Du cuoc hop nay do Mang Li Giao Hoi Toan Vung Amazon, tat la REPAM, mot mang li do 9 Giao Hoi trong vung lap ra, to chc nhng co s tham gia kha ong cua cac v lanh ao Giao Hoi c hoac goc c, trong o, co c Hong Y Walter Kasper; c Cha Erwin Krautler, ngi von ung ho viec truyen chc linh muc cho an ong co v va cho ca phu n na va c c Giao Hoang c lam chuyen vien co van cho Thng Hoi ong Amazon (co ngi cho ngai gop phan soan thao Tai lieu Lam viec); c Cha Franz-Josef Overbeck, chu tch uy ban Chau My Latinh cua Hoi ong Giam Muc c, tng giup tai chanh cho cac Giao Hoi My Latinh (thang roi, ngai cho rang Thng Hoi ong se dan Giao Hoi ti mot "iem khong tr lai" va do o, "khong ieu g se con nh trc ay")

Pentin cho rang khong tham d vien nao cua cuoc hop noi tieng ve phng dien giao ly chnh thong nhat la linh muc Hubert Wolf, mot ngi tng c menh danh la "chong lai luat oc than ca ve ly thuyet lan thc hanh".

Pentin cho rang co nghch ly ay v du Tai lieu Lam viec ho hao phai lang nghe Amazon, nhng tieng noi cua Amazon kha yeu trong khi tieng noi c va la c cap tien ang lan lt moi tieng noi khac. Ngi ta thoang thay bong dang cua ieu c Phanxico von goi la chu ngha thc dan y thc he: dung vien tr ep ngi ta theo y thc he cua mnh. Pentin th cho rang Song Rhine ang chay vao vung Amazon, noi theo linh muc ngi My Ralph Witgen khi tng trnh ve Cong ong Vatican II vi cuon "The Rhine Flows into the Tiber" co y noi en anh hng c oi vi Cong ong nay.

u t nay, theo Pentin, a c c Hong Y Gerhard Muller phat bieu nh sau "chung ta thay rang ay khong phai la mot anh hng tot v Giao Hoi ang xuong doc tai c".

Ngai noi them "Ho [cac nha lanh ao Giao Hoi c] khong y thc c cac van e co thc chat [trong Giao Hoi ngay nay] va ho noi en nen luan ly tnh duc, luat oc than va linh muc phu n, nhng ho khong noi g ti Thien Chua, Chua Giesu Kito, n thanh, cac b tch, va c tin, c cay va c men, cac nhan c oi than".

Lac giao?

c Hong Y Gerhard Muller khong phai la v giao pham c cao cap nhat cua Giao Hoi len tieng lo au. Mot v Hong Y c khac, manh me hn, len tieng to cao cac gi y cua Tai Lieu Lam viec la lac giao. o la c Hong Y Walter Brandmuller, mot trong bon v Hong Y "dubia" ngay nao va la nha giao s hoc noi danh.

Tren LifeSite News va Kath.net, c Hong Y cho pho bien bai viet cua ngai ta la "Mot Phe phan oi vi Tai lieu Lam viec cua Thng Hoi ong Amazon" trong o, ngai nhan manh "Can phai qua quyet ngay bay gi mot cach nhat quyet rang Tai lieu Lam viec mau thuan vi giao huan rang buoc cua Giao Hoi nhng iem co tnh quyet nh va do o phai c ke la lac giao".

Ngai cho rang viec to chc 1 Thng Hoi ong tai 1 vung co so dan nho nhoi, ch bang na Mexico City, "khien ngi ta hoai nghi cac y nh ch thc" ng ang sau hoi ngh nay.

Ngai tra van tai sao gan 3 phan 4 chu e cua Tai Lieu t lien quan g ti "cac Tin Mng va Giao Hoi", toan nhng "rat tch cc anh gia cac ton giao t nhien, gom ca cac thc hanh cha benh cua ngi ban a va nhng ieu tng t, tham ch cac thc hanh huyen thoai ton giao va cac hnh thc th cung". Ngai cho rang Giao Hoi au co chuyen mon g e e cap ti nhng van e nh the. Ban ve nhng van e nh the, Thng Hoi ong se vt qua cac ranh gii cua mnh va la mot hanh vi cao ngao cua giao s, mot ieu chac chan cac nha cam quyen nha nc phai bac bo.

Sau o, ngai ch trch Tai lieu Lam viec a thuc ay viec "bai bo luat oc than" va du nhap "chc linh muc phu n". Ve viec "bai bo luat oc than", c Hong Y khong a ra luan iem nao chi tiet; va ve n linh muc, ngai ch da vao li c Gioan Phaolo e bac bo.

Truyen giang hay c hanh b tch?

Linh muc Roger Landry (http://www.ncregister.com/blog/fatherlandry/evangelizing-the-amazon-and-the-gift-of-priestly-celibacy), cho rang hien nhien co nhng nhu cau muc vu to ln e truyen giang Tin Mng va phuc vu vung rong ln Amazon, nhng truyen chc cho ngi co v co phai la giai ap thch ang vi tnh hnh nay hay khong? Ngai co mot so phan ng nh sau:

Th nhat, cac v Thanh cua cac x truyen giao, tc Thanh Phanxico Xavie va Thanh Terexa Hai ong Giesu, noi g ve gi y nay? Pham vi truyen giao cua mot mnh Thanh Phanxico Xavie khong thua g Vung Amazon, gom An o, Mien ien, Thai Lan, Ma Lai, Nam Dng va Nhat Ban. Nhng theo ngai, ly do duy nhat khien nhieu ngi vung nay khong tr thanh Kito hu v khong co ai lam ho tr thanh Kito hu va ngai ngh en viec "rao khap cac ai hoc cua Au Chau, nhat la Paris, va khap ni keu gao nh 1 ngi ien, keo chu y cua nhng ngi co hoc nhieu hn c ai" en giup ngai trong viec truyen giao. Ngai khong bao gi gi y thay oi tap tuc oc than giao s cua Giao Hoi e lam viec o.

Thanh Terexa Hai ong cung the. c 1 linh muc truyen giao Phi Chau ma ngai nhan lam em thieng lieng hoi lam the nao ma sau 1,800 nam sau khi Chua song lai ma van con hang trieu ngi tai chau luc nay cha nghe ten Chua Giesu, v tien s tre nhat cua Giao Hoi ch van gon tra li: v cac Kito hu khac khong lam g cho viec nay ca.

Ca hai v eu cho rang thuoc cha khong phai la ha thap tieu chuan ma la mi goi ngi ta i truyen giao.

Keu goi truyen chc cho an ong co v la thai o bi quan va nan long oi vi tnh hu hieu cua viec cau xin Chua Mua Gat sai nhieu th gat en vung Amazon.

Theo Cha Landry, ieu hay hn co the la hang giam muc cua Amazon keu goi moi giao phan tren the gii va moi dong tu moi thap nien gi 1 linh muc ti giup truyen giang Tin Mng cho Amazon.

c Giao Hoang Phanxico von noi Giao Hoi khong co 1 viec truyen giao, ma la mot viec truyen giao, va moi ngi chung ta phai nhn nhan rang "toi la 1 viec truyen giao trong the gii nay". Nay la luc chng to ieu nay.

Th hai, viec phong chc cho nhng ngi an ong ln tuoi se ra sao? V thieu tram trong cac ha tang giao duc, phan ln ngi trong vung Amazon khong co c 1 nen giao duc thoa ang, co pham chat. Chung ta khong noi en cac bang tien s hoac ca c nhan na ve than hoc hay bat c mon nao khac. Chung ta ch dam ngh en viec truyen chc cho nhng ngi co giao duc bat tieu hoc, u e co the oc Kinh Thanh va Sach Le.

Lch s Giao Hoi chng to viec ay khong han la y tng hay. Trong cac the ky trc khi cac chung vien c thiet lap Au Chau, cac ngi an ong ch t tap viec 1 thi gian vi hang giao s a phng, d 1 ky khao hach, va roi c thu phong, ch u kha nang oc tieng Latinh, ch ng noi en viec hieu no. Cac tai tieng do hang giao s c huan luyen ngheo nan ay a gop phan lam nhanh hn Phong Trao Cai Cach The Phan.

Thanh Bernardine thanh Siena, v tu s v ai dong Phanxico the ky 15, than phien tnh huong cua kha nhieu linh muc du co the c hanh cac b tch, nhng khong co kha nang lam bat c ieu g khac. Ngai noi rang neu 1 lang kia trong 1 the he ch co viec giang thuyet tot ma khong co cac b tch, hay ch co cac b tch ma khong co giang thuyet, th ieu khon ngoan hn la co giang thuyet...

ien hnh o co the thch hp vi tnh huong tai Amazon. Ngi cac vung xa xoi theo Phai Ngu Tuan au phai v Ngu Tuan co cac b tch (ho co au) ma v Ngu Tuan cho ngi vung ay li Chua, huan luyen ho biet cau nguyen va cho ho mot cong ong c tin. Ngi Cong Giao, theo Cha Landry, cung nen lam nh the, du khong co linh muc. Co khon ngoan hay khong i truyen chc cho nhng ngi ch biet c hanh Thanh Le va giai toi nhng khong u giao duc va huan luyen e giang day hu hieu?

Th ba, viec nay co ngha g oi vi Giao Hoi hoan vu? ay, Cha Landry muon noi len cung 1 u t nh John Allen va George Weigel tren ay. Ngha la tao nen 1 tien le e nhieu ni khac noi theo. en noi luat tr nay thanh luat chung. Chc linh muc noi chung bien thai. Luc ay, cac linh muc van gi oc than v Nc Chua se b coi la tham vong v, cung nh trong cac Giao Hoi ong phng, ch cac linh muc oc than mi c chon lam giam muc. Ve phng dien truyen giao: cac linh muc oc than ch can mot thong bao ngan la "khan goi" len ng, do o, de phai am nhiem cac viec nang ne. Co linh muc co gia nh nao lai muon ri bo khu vc o th ni can thiet cho viec hoc cua con cai? Roi khi oc than khong con c coi trong na trong mot xa hoi b am anh bi tnh duc, au la dau ch tien tri cho thay c trong sach la ieu co the, han hoan va mang lai sc song trong moi bac song na?

Du vay, bnh tam ma xet, gi y e thao luan khong nhat thiet phai bien thanh quyet nh cua c Giao Hoang. ien hnh la viec nghien cu cua ca mot uy ban giao hoang ve chc pho te phu n a mang en ket luan la khong co bang chng hien nhien ve thanh chc nay va do o, c Phanxico a cho ngng cuoc nghien cu. Va lai, Thng Hoi ong Amazon khong phai ch co cac giam muc vung Amazon va c, ma con nhieu v khac ai dien cho Giao Hoi hoan vu. Kinh nghiem cho hay tieng noi cua cac v nay khong con lu m nh ngay nao.

 


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