Xem lai viec hat

Tung Ho Tin Mng va Ca Tien Le

 

Xem lai viec hat Tung Ho Tin Mng va Ca Tien Le.

WH

Saigon (WH 16-05-2019) - Xem lai viec hat Tung Ho Tin Mng va Ca Tien Le:

I- Nen tang e nhn lai

Mot trong nhng yeu to quan trong e nhn lai cac thc hanh phung vu la xem xet s tien hoa cua phung vu. That vay, phung vu cua Hoi Thanh noi chung va thanh nhac noi rieng la mot thc tai song ong (mot s ky thac/kho bau song ong), cho nen khong ngng c cai cach ("semper reformanda"), ngha la khong bao gi co li cuoi cung cho cong cuoc nay. Trai lai, phung vu luon co s thay oi, tien hoa va phat trien can thiet qua thi gian cho phu hp vi thi ai, vi van hoa, vi sc song cua Hoi Thanh, vi nhng nghien cu mi nhat cua khoa than hoc va phung vu# hau hng dan Chua ti s vien man chan - thien - my cua Thien Chua, vinh danh Chua Giesu Kito va Ba Ngoi Ch Thanh cung nh e huan day tn hu cach tot ep hn (x. Mediator Dei, so 47).

S phat trien cua phung vu dien ra theo quy tac la luon luon tien ve pha trc trong o Hoi Thanh co vo nhng hnh thc mi me, nhng van am bao tnh lien tuc va can tnh cua phung vu; Hoi Thanh khong xoa bo truyen thong ch thc xet nh la mot thc tai c song mot cach nang ong trong long Hoi Thanh di tac ong cua Chua Thanh Than ma la loai bo theo nhu cau cua mnh mot so thc hanh c nhan thay la t xng hp; va Hoi Thanh trung thanh tuyet oi vi nhng g thuoc ban chat cua thanh le va cac b tch, nhng cung khong qua hoai co (x. Mediator Dei, cac so 47; 52-53).

II- S tien hoa cua phung vu

S tien hoa nay c the hien qua mot so thay oi nh sau:

i. Gi lai hau het nhng bo i mot so yeu to. V du, a tng co ti 5,000 Ca tiep lien vao thi Trung co, nhng hau het a b loai bo bi Cong ong Trento. Sach le Roma 1570 ch gi lai 4 Ca tiep lien c s dung pho bien: 2 Ca tiep lien cho mua Phuc sinh (Victimae Paschali Laudes) va cho le Chua Thanh Than hien xuong (Veni, Sanctae Spiritus); 2 Ca tiep lien cho le Corpus Christi (Lauda Sion) va le c Me Sau Bi (Stabat Mater). Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2002] so 64 cho biet: "Ca tiep lien, ngoai le Phuc sinh va le Hien xuong th c tuy y, va c hat trc Alleluia."...

ii. Co nhng yeu to bo i khong con c s dung dp nay nhng lai c phep s dung cho khac. V du, Ca tiep lien Dies irae (Ngay thnh no) trc ay c hat vao Chua nhat I mua Vong v noi en ngay phan xet, sau them vao 6 triet na va danh cho le Cau hon (An tang). T nam 1969, Dies irae khong con nam trong Sach le Roma va khong con hat trong Thanh le cau cho cac tn hu a qua i na v Giao Hoi muon canh tan cac ban van phung vu e dien ta ro y ngha vt qua cua s chet, tuy nhien co the s dung Dies irae trong Gi kinh Than vu tuan XXXIV cua nam.

iii. Co nhng yeu to c rut ra khoi cho nay nhng khong co ngha la mat i, chung ch nam mot ni khac ma thoi. V du: trong Sach le Roma 1962, chung ta thay co ca 3 yeu to c in ra: Ca nhap le (Introitum) - Ca dang le (Offertorium) - Ca hiep le (Communionem); nhng trong Sach le Roma hau Cong ong Vaticano II (vi 3 an ban 1970-1975-2002) th ch gi lai Ca nhap le va Ca hiep le, con Ca dang le van nam trong cuon Cac Bai Ca Tien Cap Cua Phung Vu Roma (Graduale Romanum) va cuon Cac Bai Ca Tien Cap n Gian Cua Phung Vu Roma (Graduale Romanum simplex).

iv. S thay oi mot vai so trong cac van ban lien quan en luat phung vu khien cho thc hanh can phai thay oi theo. V du, khac vi "Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma" (= QCSL) [1975] so 132, Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2000 / 2002] so 138 noi chi tiet hn ve phan li nguyen tn hu cho phu hp vi so 144 cua sach Le nghi Giam muc (= LNGM), ac biet xac nh rang, khong ch pho te xng y nguyen ma co the la "ca vien hay oc vien hay mot ngi khac" na; Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2000/2002] so 315 noi chi tiet hn Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [1975] so 276 khi cho biet ve v tr cua nha tam (phu hp vi LNGM 49), hn na, Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2000/2002] so 316 con bo sung them ve ngon en gan nha tam: "Theo thoi quen truyen thong, gan nha tam phai co mot ngon en rieng chay sang thng xuyen, ot bang dau hay sap, e ch va ton knh s hien dien cua Chua Kito". ieu nay phu hp vi so 940 cua Bo Giao Luat. Ve viec hat Tung ho Tin Mng cung vay, a co s khac biet gia QCSL [1975] va QCSL [2000/2002] oi hoi chung ta phai thay oi thc hanh.

III- Thay oi cach thc hanh

Ap dung nhng ieu tren vao lanh vc thanh nhac, chung ta lu y en vai khiem khuyet sau ay e co c cach thc hanh phu hp nhat:

1. Hat "Tung ho Tin Mng"

Chung ta hay nhn vao bang sau e so sanh thc hanh hat Alleluia theo QCSL [1970]/QCSL [1975] va QCSL [2002] khac nhau the nao:

QCSL [1970]/ QCSL [1975] so 37

QCSL [2002] so 62

37. Sau bai oc th hai, la bai Alleluia hay bai hat khac nh mua phung vu oi hoi.

a/ Alleluia c hat trong cac mua ngoai mua Chay. Het moi ngi, hoac ca oan, hay ca vien, bat au hat, va neu can, th lap lai; con li tung ho (versus) th lay Sach Bai oc, hay sach Graduale Simplex.

 

b/ Con bai hat khac la li tung ho Tin Mng, hoac mot thanh vnh khac cung goi la ca lien tuc (tractus), nh co trong sach bai oc hay trong sach hat Graduale.

62. Sau bai oc lien trc bai Tin Mng, hat Alleluia hoac bai nao khac do ch o quy nh tuy mua phung vu. Li tung ho nh vay t no la mot nghi thc hoac mot hanh vi oc lap, qua o cong oan tn hu on chao Chua sap noi vi mnh trong Tin Mng va dung li hat tuyen xng niem tin cua mnh.

Ca oan hoac ca xng vien xng trc Alleluia, moi ngi ng hat, va neu can th lap lai. Con cau tung ho th ca oan hoac ca vien hat.

a/ Alleluia (Alleluia) c hat trong cac mua ngoai Mua Chay, cau tung ho lay Sach Bai oc, hoac sach Cac Bai Ca Tien Cap (Graduale).

b/ Mua Chay, thay v Alleluia (Alleluia) th hat cau tung ho trc bai Tin Mng co trong Sach Bai oc. Cung co the hat mot thanh vnh khac hoac Ca tiep lien mua Chay, nh thay trong sach Cac Bai Ca Tien Cap.

 

 

Ro rang, ay a co t la 2 thay oi: [i] Xng trc Alleluia hay bat au hat Alleluia khong con do "het moi ngi" na, nhng ch do "ca oan hoac ca xng vien" am nhan; [ii] Cau tung ho cung vay, khong phai do "het moi ngi" hat chung vi nhau ma ch do "ca oan hoac ca xng vien hat".

Cong thc cua Tung ho Tin Mng bao gom: Alleluia, Alleluia + Cau xng trc Tin Mng + Alleluia. V du:

- Alleluia, Alleluia! Lay Chua, xin to long t bi Chua cho chung con, va ban n cu roi cho chung con. Alleluia. (Chua Nhat I Mua Vong Nam A).

- Alleluia, Alleluia! Ngay mai toi loi tran gian se c xoa bo, va ang Cu The se ng tr tren chung ta. Alleluia. (Le Chua Giang Sinh).

- Alleluia, Alleluia! Le Vt Qua cua chung ta la c Kito a hien te vay chung ta hay mng le trong Chua. Alleluia. (Chua Nhat Le Phuc Sinh)

[Ngoai mua Chay], khi oc hay hat Tung ho Tin Mng, chung ta se the hien ay u ca 4 n v: Alleluia [1], Alleluia [2]+ Cau xng trc Tin Mng [3]+ Alleluia [4].

Mot n v Alleluia, mot la c hat ngan nga that dai vi nhieu not nhac khac nhau nh trong le Vong Phuc sinh; hai la, theo y kien cua Lucien Deiss, tot hn nen gom 2 hay 3 t Alleluia tuy theo sang tac cua nhac s, tc gap oi hay gap ba ch Alleluia len hau tao cho nhp ieu am nhac c hay hn va cho phep nang cao tam mc quan trong cua tieng Alleluia [y nh trng hp cua tieng Amen long trong (great Amen) sau Vinh tung ca ket thuc Kinh nguyen Thanh The]. Con theo Joseph Gelineau: "Mot Alleluia ngan ngun ch keo dai vai giay, roi c theo sau bi mot cau c oc len se lam gian oan dong chay cua bai ca, khong u ton cao s chuan b cua chung ta danh cho Tin Mng ma chung ta se cong bo va lang nghe ang khi ng."

Tai Viet Nam, cho en nay, khi cac nc tren the gii a thay oi cach hat tung ho Tin Mng (minh hoa bang nhieu oan video), th hau het chung ta lai van con thoi quen thc hanh theo Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [1975], ngha la: [i] Toan the cong oan ng len va cung nhau hat hay oc ca 4 n v: Alleluia [1], Alleluia [2] + Cau xng trc Tin Mng [3]+ Alleluia [4]; [ii] n v Alleluia [1] khac vi n v Alleluia [4] thay v giong nhau.

ay la mot thc hanh thieu cap nhat va nham lan neu can c vao cac tai lieu di ay von bieu lo s tien trien cua phung vu / thanh nhac t sau khi Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [1975] ra i:

[i] "Muc luc cac Bai oc trong Thanh Le" (Ordo Lectionum Missae [1981], so 23): "Alleluia va Li Tung Ho Tin Mng phai c hat; va trong khi hat, moi ngi ng. Hn na, khong phai ch mot ca vien hat len hoac ch mot ca oan hat ma thoi, ma tat ca cong oan cung hat len na" (nam 1981, khong co g thay oi so vi QCSL [1975]);

[ii] "Muc luc Bai hat trong Thanh le" (Ordo Cantus Missae [1987], Praenotanda, nos. 7-9): "Viec hat Alleluia theo cach thc nh sau: Bat ky mot ca vien nao hat Alleluia len, roi ca oan hat lap lai. Tuy nhien, e cho tien th co the tat ca moi ngi cung hat len mot lan la c. Li tung ho Tin Mng th c hat toan bo bi bat ky mot ca vien nao; roi sau o, tat ca moi ngi hat lap lai Alleluia"; (nam 1987, a co thay oi so vi QCSL [1975] cho: Li tung ho Tin Mng th c hat toan bo bi bat ky mot ca vien nao; roi sau o, tat ca moi ngi lap lai Alleluia);

[iii] "Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma" [2002]: "Ca oan hoac ca vien xng trc Alleluia, moi ngi ng hat, va neu can th lap lai. Con cau tung ho th ca oan hoac ca vien hat (so 62) (Ban dch chnh thc cua HGMVN ngay 18/06/2009); Nh vay, QCSL 2000/2002 ke nh a thay oi toan bo cach hat tung ho Tin Mng so vi QCSL [1975];

[iv] Hng dan Muc vu Thanh nhac [04/2017] cua Uy ban Thanh nhac (trc thuoc Hoi ong Giam muc Viet Nam): "Ca oan hoac mot ca xng vien co the xng trc Alleluia, moi ngi ng hat, va neu can th lap lai. Con cau tung ho th ca oan hoac ca xng vien hat (so 150)."

Bi vay, nham ton trong va the hien ung y nh cua Giao Hoi mot cach tot nhat va n gian nhat theo nhng hng dan va roi, ong thi tham khao e xuat cua 2 tac gia sau: [i] Joseph Gelineau (2002): "Trong thi iem cua nghi thc nay, Alleluia la mot li tung ho v ai va vui ti, c lap lai ngay lap tc toan bo hay mot phan bi cong oan phung vu [#] Mot hay nhieu cau tung ho c hat bi mot ca vien hay ca oan, sau o moi ngi lap lai Alleluia"; [ii] Georges Beyron trong bai "Les chants de la messe" thuoc cuon Dans Vos Asssemblees do J. Gelineau lam chu bien (1989): "Bai ca Alleluia (hoac li tung ho Tin Mng thay no trong mua Chay) la mot "ap ca" va c thc hanh nh sau: Alleluia (c hat len bi mot ca vien hay bi ca oan) / Moi ngi lap lai Alleluia / Cau tung ho c hat bi mot ca vien hay bi ca oan / Moi ngi lap lai Alleluia", chung ta se chon thc hanh theo cach nay:

n v I "Alleluia" [1]a do ca oan hoac mot ca vien xng len.

n v II "Alleluia" [2]a toan the cong oan hat lap lai Alleluia [1].

n v III "Cau xng trc Tin Mng" [3]a do ca oan hoac mot ca xng vien hat.

n v IV "Alleluia" [4]a toan the cong oan hat nh Alleluia [2].

Thc hanh nay khong nhng ung y nh cua Hoi Thanh ma con thc s de dang va n gian hn cho moi thanh phan dan Chua, lai con co them mot so li iem sau ay: [i] Co the khong can phai tap hat Alleluia trc cho cong oan v moi ngi ch lan lap lai n v "Alleluia" th I do ca oan hoac mot ca vien xng trc; [ii] Chac chan la khong can phai tap hat "Cau xng trc Tin Mng" cho dan chung v cau nay thuoc ve nhiem vu [hat] cua rieng ca oan hoac cua mot ca vien; [iii] Nhac s ch can sang tac n v I "Alleluia" va det nhac cho n v III "Cau xng trc Tin Mng" ma khong can lam cho am nhac hay viec hat "Alleluia" phan trc (n v I) va phan sau cua "Cau tung ho Tin Mng" (n v IV) khac nhau; [iv] Toan the cong oan ch lap lai n v I "Alleluia" nen thng khong can phai nhn vao sach hay man hnh, nh o, ho co the nhn ve pha oan rc Sach Tin Mng [neu co] vi tam tnh "chao on Chua se noi vi mnh trong Tin Mng va bieu lo c tin bang bai ca" (QCSL [2002], 62; PV 33); [v] Tranh c tnh trang oan rc tung ho Tin Mng "gay ganh gia ng", ngha la cha ti giang ai, hay co nhng trng hp, thay pho te / linh muc ong te cha lay Sach Phuc Am tren ban th, th hat tung ho Tin Mng a ket thuc, oan rc anh bc i trong thinh lang.

2. Hat Ca tien le

Trc ay, tat ca li nguyen, li ca va bai oc Sach Thanh trong Thanh le thng nam trong mot cuon sach. Nhng sau nay, sach nay c tach lam 3 cuon: [i] Sach le Roma: cha ng cac li nguyen (cac bai le + nghi thc Thanh le + nghi thc lam phep va ray nc thanh + cac mau li nguyen tn hu); [ii] Sach bai oc: cha ng cac bai oc Kinh Thanh c cong bo trong moi Thanh le (ngoai bai oc I, bai oc II va bai Phuc Am, con co thanh vnh ap ca va tung ho Tin Mng). Giao Hoi con tach t Sach bai oc ra nhng ban van Tin Mng c cong bo theo tng ngay le ma lam thanh Sach Tin Mng (danh ac biet cho viec rc kieu); [iii] Sach hat: nh cac cuon Graduale Romanum, Graduale Simplex, Liber Usualis. T rat lau roi, chung c s dung trong cac Nghi thc Thanh le c hanh tai Roma va c coi la cac sach hat chnh thc cua Hoi thanh Cong giao toan cau. Khong giong nh cuon Liber Usualis c dung cho Thanh le Tridentino, cuon Graduale Romanum i theo Nghi thc Thanh le mi hau Cong ong Vaticano II. V the, Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2002] ch ra rang cuon Graduale Romanum la nguon hang au e tm bai hat cho phan [rc] nhap le, tien le va hiep le cung nh cho phan thanh vnh ap ca sau bai oc I va trc khi cong bo Tin Mng.

Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2002] so 367 noi: "Khi la chon cac bai hat xen gia cac bai oc cung nh cac Ca nhap le, Ca tien le va Ca hiep le, th hay tuan theo cac quy luat a an nh tai nhng ni o" ma theo Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma [2002] so 74 th quy luat ve cach hat Ca tien le cung giong nh cach hat Ca nhap le: "Ca nhap le c hat luan phien gia ca oan va cong oan, hoac cung theo the thc ay, gia ca xng vien va cong oan, hoac tat ca do cong oan hoac ca oan hat. Co the dung tien xng cung vi thanh vnh i kem co trong sach Cac Bai Ca Tien Cap Cua Phung Vu Roma (Graduale Romanum) hoac sach Cac Bai Ca Tien Cap n Gian Cua Phung Vu Roma (Graduale Romanum simplex); hoac dung mot ca khuc nao khac thch hp vi cuoc c hanh, hoac vi tnh chat cua ngay le hoac mua phung vu ma ban van a c Hoi ong Giam muc chuan nhan. Tai Viet Nam, Uy ban Thanh Nhac trc thuoc Hoi ong Giam muc se tuyen chon mot so bai thch hp va e trnh len Hoi ong Giam muc e xet duyet va pho bien." (QCSL 48).

Nh vay, Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma cho chung ta 3 chon la e hat Ca tien le: [i] oi ca vi thanh vnh cua no (antiphona cum psalmo suo) t Graduale Romanum; [ii] oi ca vi thanh vnh cua no t Graduale Simplex; [iii] Mot ca khuc nao khac thch hp vi cuoc c hanh (tac ong phung vu), hoac vi tnh chat cua ngay le hoac mua phung vu ma ban van a c Hoi ong Giam muc chuan nhan. ieu nay co ngha la chung ta phai danh u tien cho nhng bai hat thanh vnh ma Hoi thanh a ch nh tng phan cho moi le nghi phung vu c in trong sach Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex hn la ca khuc thay the.

Trong tnh hnh hien nay, may man la co nhieu cac nhac s a det nhac cho ban van Ca nhap le va Ca hiep le c ghi trong Sach le Roma va o cung chnh la li Ca nhap le va Ca hiep le c ghi trong sach Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex du la di hnh the ca khuc (minh hoa bang ban nhac nh kem).

Tuy nhien, ieu khong hay la rat hiem nhac s sang tac bai Ca tien le da theo ban van Ca tien le nam trong sach Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex, ang khi o chung ta lai co qua nhieu bai Ca dang le hng ve tac ong phung vu "dang tien banh ru". Hau qua la: [i] Chung ta a vo tnh bo i hay lang quen ban van c rut t Kinh Thanh va nguon Phung vu (PV, so 121) von nam trong Sach le Roma / Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex ma le ra phai c u tien hat hn nhng bai thanh ca bnh dan (cantiunculae populares) e cap en "dang tien va banh ru"; [ii] Hau het moi ngi eu hieu lam rang bai Ca tien le la phai co "dang tien va banh ru"; [iii] Bai Ca tien le chung ta thng hat co noi dung xa ri tnh chat cua ngay le hoac mua phung vu.

V du, theo sach Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex, Ca tien le cua le Vong Giang sinh c trch t Tv 24, 7: "Hi ca en, hay cat cao len, cao len na, hi ca en co knh, e c Vua vinh hien ng vao"; Ca tien le cua ngay le Thang Thien c trch t Tv 47, 6: "Thien Chua ng len, ron ra tieng ho reo, Chua ng len, vang doi tieng tu va"; trong Thanh le Tiec Ly th Nam thanh, Giao Hoi e ngh chung ta hat bai Ca tien le nay nh c in trong Sach le Roma va Graduale Romanum: "Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est..." ("au co tnh yeu thng, ay co c Chua Tri...").

Nen biet rang viec canh tan phung vu cua Cong ong Vaticano II nhan manh vao s tham d cua dan chung va muon n gian hoa nghi thc Chuan b Le vat, cho nen a rut cac ban van dung e hat Ca tien le ra khoi Sach le Roma mac dau van co the tm thay chung trong Gradulae Romanum - tc bo su tam cac bai ca cho Thanh le, hoac trong mot phien ban n gian hn la cuon Graduale simplex. Sach le hien nay ch con cha ng duy nhat mot ban van e hat Ca tien le vao ngay th Nam Tuan Thanh (le Tiec Ly). o la bai "au co tnh yeu thng, ay co c Chua Tri..." Rat tiec la tai Viet Nam, rat hiem co cong oan nao chu chon bai nay lam bai Ca tien le trong Thanh le Tiec Ly (bang cach hat bai " au Co Bac Ai" cua Lm. Ns. Hoang Kim); Ca tien le cua "Thanh le cau cho tn hu a qua i" trong Graduale Simplex c trch t Tv 129, 1-2: "T vc tham, con keu len Ngai, lay Chua, muon lay Chua, xin Ngai nghe tieng con! T vc tham, con keu len Ngai, lay Chua"; le Truyen tin va le c Me Vo nhiem trong cuon Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex eu co chung bai Ca tien le c trch t Lc 1,28: "Knh mng Maria ay n phuc, Thien Chua cung Me, Me la ngi co phuc nhat trong gii phu n, Alleluia"; Ca tien le cua Le Me Thien Chua la: "Oi c Trinh N Maria, Me that diem phuc va xng muon li ca tung, v t ni Me a phat sinh ra mat tri cong chnh la c Giesu Kito, Chua chung con"...

Vi nhng g va trch dan tren, chung ta co the hieu ly do tai sao: [i] Mot so tai lieu nh Music in Catholic Worship [1982] (so 71) va Introduction to the Order of Mass [2003] (so 105) cua HGM Hoa Ky; Pastoral Introduction: Celebrating the Mass [2005] (so 180) cua HGM Anh quoc va x Wales a manh me xac nh rang bai ca trong phan Chuan b Le vat khong phai luon luon can thiet hay ang c mong va khi s dung cung khong can chung phai e cap en banh - ru hay viec dang tien. Thay vao o, li cua bai hat Ca tien le co the dien ta niem han hoan, chuc tung, cong oan, hay chu e cua mua phung vu th eu thch hp; [ii] Tai Viet Nam, theo thong cao so 3/94 cua Uy ban Thanh nhac: "...Tap quan thay Ca dang le bang nhng bai hat co y ngha dang banh ru, dang hon xac len Chua van co the c duy tr, v ang khi ca oan, cong oan hat nh the, chu te van oc tron ven ban van theo quy nh."; [iii] Trc cau hoi la lieu thanh ca ve c Me c xem la "khong thch hp" trong phan Dang le chang? Cha Edward McNamara (Dong ao Binh Chua Kito, giao s phung vu tai ai hoc Regina Apostolorum, Roma) a tra li rang:

Toi tin rang chung ta co the c hng dan ay bi hnh thc ngoai thng cua nghi le Roma. Trong nghi le nay, bai Ca dang le khong phai la mot bai tuy chon, nhng la thch hp va cu the cho tng ngay rieng hoac mua. Viec lt nhn qua lch phung vu cho thay rang ban van qui nh phan dang le trong cac ngay le c Me thng e cap en c Me. Trong nhieu trng hp, li cua bai Ca dang le c lay t phan au cua kinh Knh Mng, hoac mot cau thanh vnh ap dung cho Me Maria, va oi khi la mot bai thanh ca rieng, chang han le c Maria N Vng (ngay 22/08) hoac le c Maria Xac Hon Len Tri (ngay 15/08). V vay, toi ngh rang that la ro rang rang truyen thong Giao Hoi xac nhan viec s dung cac ban van ve c Me, t la trong cac ngay le cua Ngai [...] Qua cac ieu tren ay, hnh nh khong co ly do e cam dung thanh ca c Me cho phan dang le, neu co mot ly do chnh ang cho viec co mot bai ca. Cac bai thanh ca ay la chac chan ung cho cac le c Me, va cung co the la hp ly trong cac thang knh c Ba, nh thang Nam va thang Mi.

T nhng g a trnh bay, xin a ra vai e ngh thc hanh cho van e hat Ca tien le nh sau:

(1) Uy ban Thanh nhac nen pho bien ban dch tham khao tieng Viet cuon Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex, t la dch cac li cua cac bai Ca tien le trong cuon sach o (se phat cho cac tham d vien);

(2) Cac nhac s nen sang tac them nhieu bai Ca tien le da theo ban van phung vu t Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex hoac da tren chnh ban van Tin Mng cua ngay le v bai Ca tien le phai thch hp vi cuoc c hanh, hoac vi tnh chat cua ngay le hoac mua phung vu;

(3) Co the s dung rong rai nhng ca khuc a c sang tac da theo thanh vnh e hat Ca tien le khi chung tng ng vi thanh vnh c ch nh trong cuon Graduale Romanum / Graduale Simplex va cung co the s dung ca nhng bai thanh ca dien ta niem han hoan, chuc tung, cong oan, hay chu e cua mua phung vu e hat Ca tien le;

(4) Vao nhng ngay le thng trong tuan hay le nh, khong can thiet ngay nao cung phai hat Ca tien le v Chuan b Le vat ch mang ban chat th yeu (t quan trong): o la s khai mao cho viec thanh hoa va thanh hien le pham se dien ra trong phan Kinh nguyen Thanh The. Thnh thoang, nen e chu te va cong oan oi ap theo ban van cua Sach le. Neu hat, co the s dung kho bai Ca tien le a c tham quyen Giao Hoi chuan nhan nh a thc hanh lau nay. Con trong ngay le Chua nhat, le trong hay le knh, nen hat Ca tien le vi nhng bai Ca tien le c noi so (2) va (3) tren ay. V du 1, Ca tien le cua le Vong Giang sinh trong Graduale Romanum c trch t Tv 24, 7: "Hi ca en, hay cat cao len, cao len na, hi ca en co knh, e c Vua vinh hien ng vao", that tuyet vi neu nh chung ta chon bai "Ca i 1/2" cua Lm. Ns. Kim Long e hat cho phan Chuan b Le vat cua Thanh le nay; V du 2, Ca tien le cua le em Giang sinh trong Graduale Romanum c trch t Tv 95, 11: "Tri vui len, at hay nhay mng, hay reo mng trc ton nhan Chua, v Ngi ng", tai sao chung ta lai khong chon bai "Tri Han Hoan" cua Lm. Ns. Kim Long e hat thay the hn la hat bat c mot bai Ca tien le nao khac;

(5) Cac ca oan va dan chung phai t bo thoi quen ch hat bai Ca tien le nao co noi dung e cap en "banh - ru hay viec dang tien";

(6) Cac linh muc c hanh Thanh le ng giat mnh, kho chu hay cam oan khi nghe ca oan hat Ca tien le vi noi dung khong e cap g en "banh - ru hay viec dang tien".

- - - - - - - -

[i] Michael Witczak, "History of the Latin Text and Rite" trong Edward Foley (ed.), A Commentary on the Order of Mass of the Roman Missal (Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, 2011), 166.

[ii] MISSALE ROMANUM - EX DECRETO SS. CONCILII TRIDENTINI RESTITUTUM SUMMORUM PONTIFICUM CURA RECOGNITUM - EDITIO TYPICA.

[iii] Xc. Lucien Deiss, Visions of Liturgy and Music for a New Century, trans. Jane M. A, Burton (Collegeville, Minesota: The Liturgical Press, 1996),141.

[iv] Joseph Gelineau, Liturgycal Assemly, Liturgy Song (Portland, Oregan: Pastoral Press, 2002) la ban dch tieng Anh t 2 cuon tieng Phap: 1/ Libres Propos sur les Assemblees Liturgiques, trans. Paul Inwood (Les Editions de l'Arelier/Editions Ouvriees, 1999) & 2/ Les Chantes de la Messe dans Leur Enracinement Rituel, trans. Bernadette Gasslein (Paris: Les Editions du Cerf, 2001), 109.

[v] Ordo lectionum Missae, editio typica altera (Citta del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1981), n. 23: "'Alleluia' et versus ante Evangelium cantari debent, omnibus stantibus, ita tamen ut non solus cantor qui inchoat vel etiam schola sed totus populus unanimiter concinat."

[vi] Ordo cantus Missae, editio typica altera (Citta del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1987), nos. 7 - 9: "Cantus Alleluia hoc modo ordinatur: Alleluia cum suo neumate canitur totum a cantoribus et repetitur a choro. Pro opportunitate tamen cantari potest semel tantum ab omnibus. Versus a cantoribus profertur usque ad finem; post ipsum vera Alleluia ab omnibus repetitur."

[vii] Cantatur ab omnibus stantibus, schola vel cantore pr#eunte, et si casus fert, repetitur; versus vero a schola vel a cantore canitur.

[viii] Joseph Gelineau, Liturgycal Assemly, Liturgy Song, 109.

[ix] Georges Beyron, "Les chants de la messe" trong Dans Vos Asssemblees, ed. J. Gelineau (Desclee, 1989), 434.

[x] Paul Turner, The Supper of the Lamb (Chicago: Liturgy Training Publications, 2011), 48.

[xi] Chuan b Le vat: Muc ch cua bat c bai hat nao tai thi iem nay la e ho tr cho viec quyen gop tien thau, rc cua le, chuan b le vat, ac biet la khi nhng viec nay co the se mat nhieu thi gian. Li bai hat khong can phai noi ve banh va ru, hoac dang le vat. Li bai hat co the dien ta niem han hoan, chuc tung, cong oan, hay chu e cua mua phung vu th eu thch hp. V viec Chuan b Le vat ch la phan chuan b, nen viec thinh lang hay dao dan trong luc nay thng se hieu qua hn. Can chu y rang am nhac trong phan nay cua Thanh le khong nen c nhan manh, v no co the lam lu m viec c hanh chuc tung trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The sau o.

[xii] http://chuctungvatonvinh.org/bs/index.php?mod=thanhnhac&nhomtin=1325772885.

[xiii] Edward McNamara, "Thanh ca c Me c hat trong phan Dang le khong?" t Zenit.org (16/06/2009).

[xiv] Mi ay,trong mot cuoc gap mat quoc te cac ca oan c to chc vao thang 11/2018, GH Phanxico noi: "Am nhac va bai hat cua anh ch em la cong cu ch thc cua cong cuoc Phuc Am hoa khi anh ch em het mc lam chng ve s sau tham cua Li Chua cham en coi long ngi ta va cho phep viec c hanh b tch, nhat la b tch Thanh The, khien ai nay cam nhan c ve ep cua thien ang." ("Pope Francis Speaks to Importance of Sacred Music in Liturgy at Conference", https://adoremus.org/2019/01/12/pope-francis-speaks-to-importance-of-sacred-music-in-liturgy-at-conference/)

[xv] Rufino Zaragoza, OFM trong bai "Thanh nhac trong Thanh le tieng Anh: Nhng e xuat ve Ca dang le" [t Am nhac & Phung vu (Thang Mot, 2019 )] viet: "Nhieu ngi s dung cuon English Missal Songbook cua OCP at cau hoi tai sao co cac muc ve Nhap Le, Hiep Le, Ket Le, muc theo cac mua phung vu, cac le trong va le knh, nhng khong co muc e tm cac bai hat "Dang Le" trong sach thanh ca nay. V co rat nhieu bai thanh ca, ac biet rieng tng mua phung vu, co the c phep dung trong luc "Chuan b Le vat", cho nen cuon English Missal Songbook khong muon gii han s la chon cua cac ca trng khi e muc "Ca Tien Le" vao [...], khong co bat k gii han hay bat buoc nao phai hat mot bai co li noi ve "banh va ru", hoac ve "dang le".

[xvi] Xc. Nghi thc Thanh le, so 23 va 35.

 


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