Cac nhan nh ve T Sac

"Cac con la anh sang the gian"

cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico

 

Cac nhan nh ve T Sac "Cac con la anh sang the gian" cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico.

Vu Van An

Vatican (VietCatholic News 11-05-2019) - ieu au tien nen biet la nhan nh cua ngi ong gop ln vao viec soan thao t sac. Ngi o la c Tong Giam Muc Charles Jude Scicluna cua Malta, hien la phu ta tong th ky tai Bo Giao Ly c Tin, Bo c coi la "Bo Co Nang Quyen" hang au trong dien trnh bao cao do T Sac d lieu. Chnh ngai a gii thieu t sac vi bao ch tai Phong Bao Ch Toa Thanh.

Theo Linda Bordoni cua VaticanNews, c Tong Giam Muc Scicluna a dung mot ngon t n gian e tom tat tinh than cua T Sac: "Neu ban thc s yeu men Giao Hoi, ban can bao cao tac phong xau; neu ban bao cao tac phong xau, ban se c bao ve; cac nan nhan nen biet rang Giao Hoi co ngha vu lang nghe ho, nang ho, cung cap cho ho s giup ho can".

c Tong Giam Muc cung cho hay van kien nay do mot oi ngu thuoc nhieu bo s khac nhau cung soan thao "no la ket qua cua viec lam theo nhom, rat kho cong" ch khong phai ch cua Bo Giao Ly c Tin.

Theo Michael J. O'Loughlin cua Tap ch America, cac nha lanh ao Cong Giao noi chung hoan nghinh T Sac cua c Phanxico. Tuy nhien, cac nhom tranh au cho cac nan nhan th to ra de dat hn.

Trong so nhng v ung ho T sac, ta thay co c Hong Y Blase Cupich cua Chicago, ngi hoi thang 11 nam 2018, a tha noi y niem trach nhiem giai trnh cua giam muc (bishop accountability) tng t nh ieu Vatican va cong bo. Ngai goi cac bien phap cua T Sac la "cach mang".

Trai lai, Anne Barrett Doyle, ong giam oc cua BishopAccountability.org, trong mot tuyen bo, viet rang quy tac mi la "mot bc tien ti" ac biet trong viec bao ve ngi bao cao, khong oi ngi bao cao phai gi im lang va buoc cac giam muc phai tiep nhan cac thu tuc bao cao vi pham. Tuy nhien, co cho biet them: "The nhng gan nh khong u" v khong noi ti trng phat, khong e cap g ti "zero tolerance" (tuyet oi khong dung th).

Nhom Survivors Network for Those Abused by Priests cung a ra li ca ngi T Sac a truyen phai bao cao ke ca cac lam dung oi vi "ngi ln de b ton thng". Tuy nhien, nhom cho rang mac du T Sac oi cac giam muc phai tuan theo luat le dan s a phng lien quan en viec bao cao cac lam dung, nhng khong oi moi giam muc phai bao cao vi canh sat.

Nhom tren co cai nhn gii han cua cac quoc gia t do dan chu khong muon Giao Hoi gi mot so cuoc ieu tra cho rieng mnh. Ho bao: "co le chung ta se co an tng nhieu hn neu luat le mi oi cac vien chc cua Giao Hoi, thay the vao o, phai bao cao cho canh sat va cac cong to vien. S giam sat cua cac tham quyen ben ngoai, the tuc se bao ve tre em tot hn va ngan e cac vu che ay".

ieu ay khong nhat thiet luc nao cung ung, nhat la khi cac tham quyen ben ngoai kia cang ngay cang to ra muon triet ha anh hng cua Giao Hoi. Va lai, Toa Thanh t lau von cho rang cac he thong luat le khac nhau tai cac quoc gia khac nhau khien mot luat le pho quat ve bao cao tr thanh bat kha hu, va viec ap at mot luat le nh the nhat nh se xam hai ti giao hoi nhng ni ngi Cong Giao la mot thieu so b bach hai. ang khac, lan au tien trong lch s, cac quy tac mi nay co d lieu viec cac giao s phai tuan theo cac oi hoi bao cao dan s ni ho sinh song, va ngha vu bao cao cho Giao hoi khong he phng hai en ac oi hoi nay.

Ve phng dien minh bach (transparency), c Hong Y Cupich cho rang viec tham gia cua giao dan trong dien trnh ieu tra bao am s minh bach ay. Tuy nhien, Kim Smolik, ngi ng au to chc Leadership Roundtable, mot nhom cai cach do giao dan lanh ao nham co vu s minh bach va viec giai trnh trach nhiem trong Giao hoi, tuy goi luat le mi la "mot bc tien quan trong cho ngi Cong Giao khap the gii" nhng cho hay: nhieu ieu hn na can c thc hien.

Ba cho rang mac du cha han da vao s thay oi van hoa can thiet cho viec giai quyet tan goc cac nguyen nhan tao ra viec lam dung va che ay, nhng luat le mi a cung cap nen tang e cac hoi ong Giam Muc tao ra cac chnh sach giai trnh trach nhiem co y ngha oi vi khu vc cua ho.

c Hong Y Sean O'Malley, trong mot tuyen bo, viet rang ieu rat co y ngha la luat le mi a bao gom cac ngi ln "b vi pham tnh duc do bao lc hoac e doa hay lam quyen" v cac nan nhan nay co the la cac chung sinh va tu s.

Trong may thang gan ay, ca truyen thong the tuc lan tap ch phu n cua Toa Thanh eu a tng trnh viec lam dung tnh duc cac n tu Cong Giao tren the gii. Trong mot tuyen bo gi cho tap ch America, Hoi ong Lanh ao Cac N Tu noi rang ho "hai long khi c Giao Hoang Phanxico a ra mot bien phap tien bo co y ngha" va ho se tiep tuc hoc hoi T Sac e hieu cac he luan cua T Sac oi vi cac n tu.

Gan ay cung a co nhng trng hp cac giam muc My b cac Tong Giam Muc giao tnh ieu tra, ieu c Hong Y Cupich cho la mo thc hu hieu. Nh trng hp Tong Giam Muc William Lori cua Baltimore ieu tra cac li to cao c Cha Michael Barndsfield cua Tay Virginia co tac phong tnh duc xau xa. Va vu c Hong Y Timothy Dolan x ly cac n to cao cu Hong Y McCarrick da vao cuoc ieu tra cua mot uy ban giao dan cua tong giao phan; cuoc ieu tra nay thay cac li to cao a co t may thap nien chong lai v cu Tong Giam Muc Washington la ang tin cay.

c Hong Y Dolan cua New York cho rang luat le mi la "mot dau ch na cho thay y cua c Thanh Cha muon thiet lap viec cai to, phat huy viec han gan, va bao am cong ly. ay la mot bc tien het sc can thiet va cc ky quan trong oi vi giao hoi hoan vu".

Moi ngi con nh, thang 11 nam ngoai, Hoi ong Giam Muc Hoa ky sap sa bo phieu e chap thuan mot so bien phap rot rao nham loai bo tai tieng lam dung, nhng c Toa Thanh yeu cau, cac ngai a huy bo cuoc au phieu ay. Va sau o la Hoi Ngh thng nh ve viec bao ve tre em. Nay, theo nhan nh cua c Hong Y Daniel DiNardo, Chu tch Hoi ong Giam Muc Hoa Ky, "khuon kho hien co tai Hoa Ky, bao gom viec vn tay ra vi cac nan nhan, lap trng tuyet oi khong dung th, bao cao cac li to cao cho tham quyen dan s va tai chuyen mon cua giao dan tai cac uy ban duyet xet se at chung ta vao the san sang em cac ch th cua c Thanh Cha ra hanh ong".

c Hong Y Cupich th cho rang "ieu xay ra hoi thang 11 giup moi s co thi gian chn mui v li ch cua Giao Hoi hoan vu".

Ky gia John Allen cua Tap ch Crux goi viec ban hanh T Sac la mot viec lam ln v luat le mi la "mot bc them na va sau sac trong viec ngan nga va au tranh chong lam dung".

Ong cho rang ay la lan au tien, moi giao phan tren the gii eu phai co 1 he thong cong khai e tiep nhan cac li to cao lam dung va che ay, cac giao s va tu s co ngha vu bao cao va khi bao cao c bao ve.

Va mac du luat le mi khong e cap en viec bao cao toi lam dung va che ay cho nha cam quyen dan s, v ay ch noi en cac thu tuc cua Giao Hoi, nhng cac thu tuc nay khong he ngan can cac ngha vu hien co di luat phap dan s.

John Allen cung lu y ti mot net ac biet trong viec oi bat c c quan giao trieu x ly s viec nh the nao eu co ngha vu phai thong bao cho Phu Quoc Vu Khanh va cac bo s khac co lien quan biet ieu g ang dien ra. Trong the gii gan nh phong kien cua Vatican, chia vung "lanh chua" rieng biet xa nay, s phoi hp nay phai c coi la cach mang.

Tuy nhien, Ong cung cho rang tac dung cua T Sac manh me nhat ni cac nc ben ngoai Phng Tay. V noi cho cung, cac nc Phng Tay, hau nh nc nao cung a co cac bien phap nay roi. Va lai, T Sac dng nh muon cung co v tr noi bat cua Phu Quoc Vu Khanh, mot ieu nhieu ngi von cho la gay tr ngai cho viec anh pha te nan lam dung va che ay.

Nhng ieu cung ro rang la c Phanxico nghiem tuc oi vi viec diet tr tai tieng lam dung va che ay lam dung trong Giao Hoi.

Theo Ines San Martin cua tap ch Crux, trong buoi hop bao cong bo T Sac, Ong Alessandro Gisotti, Giam oc lam thi cua Phong Bao Ch Toa Thanh, cho rang ay la "mot ngay quan trong oi vi viec bao ve cac v thanh nien trong Giao Hoi" va mo ta luat le mi la mot ong gop vao viec "lam cho Giao Hoi tr thanh can nha an oan hn bao gi het cho cac tre em, ngi yeu uoi va de b thng ton cua chung ta".

Cung theo Martin, c Tong Giam Muc Scicluna nhan manh rang lan au tien trong lch s, luat le Giao Hoi hoan vu minh nhien noi en "nguyen tac co tnh yeu tnh" la mnh khong cha ng bat c ieu g phng hai en "cac quyen li va ngha vu c thiet lap moi ni bi phap luat nha nc".

Theo Martin, viec soan thao van kien nay do Phu Quoc Vu Khanh ieu ong nhng cac bo s khac c yeu cau gop y kien t nhat vao hai d thao, 1 vao au thang T va 1 vao cuoi thang ay. Tiet lo nay co ly hn v nh Allen a nhan nh, t sac co ve e cao vai tro cua Phu Quoc Vu Khanh.

Hannah Brockhaus cua CNA th goi viec trao trach nhiem ieu tra cho v Tong Giam Muc giao tnh la mo hnh Tong Giam Muc giao tnh (Metropolitan Model) do c Hong Y Cupich e xuat tai phien hop hoi thang 11 nam 2018 cua Hoi ong Giam Muc Hoa Ky va tai Hoi Ngh Thng nh Vatican hoi thang 2 nam 2019 ve viec bao ve v thanh nien.

Va du T Sac khong noi en cac hnh phat, nhng theo Brockhaus, cac hnh phat a co san trong Giao Luat. cuoi cuoc ieu tra, ket qua c gi ti Bo co nang quyen va Bo nay se ap dung cac hnh phat san co trong Bo Giao Luat.

Kurt Martens, giao s thng tru cua trng giao luat ai Hoc Cong Giao America va la chu but cua t The Jurist, viet tren America cho rang vi t sac mi, c Giao Hoang Phanxico chng to ngai rat nghiem tuc oi vi cuoc khung hoang lam dung. "Luat le mi ban hanh ch may thang sau hoi ngh thng nh ve lam dung hoi thang 2 nam 2019 tai Roma. Thi gian va giong ieu cua luat le mi qua co tnh cach mang, the nhng luat le th at c s vng chac tren truyen thong".

Ong cho rang ay cung la do trai nghiem au n va oi khi cay ang cua Giao Hoi Hoa ky va cac tieng noi cua tn hu hoan cau giup em en s thay oi trong thai o va luat le. "Nay khong con ng tr lui, va giong ieu qua a c ieu hng ve tng lai".

Martens coi viec bao ve ngi to cao co "tnh cach mang trong giao luat va bao am bat c nan nhan nao muon ke lai cau truyen cua ho eu khong the b im tieng".

Ong cung cho rang mot trong cac ieu phi thng cua luat le mi la neu hanh x khong tot 1 cuoc ieu tra ma ngai chu trach nhiem, v giam muc co the b ieu tra ve toi che ay.

 


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