Gi y muc vu nam 2019:

ong hanh vi cac gia nh gap kho khan

Bai 6: Bc i trong anh sang chan ly:

S Phan nh

 

Gi y muc vu nam 2019: ong hanh vi cac gia nh gap kho khan.

Bai 6: Bc i trong anh sang chan ly: S Phan nh

oi vi cac gia nh trong hoan canh kho khan, Hoi thanh y thc mnh phai kien nhan va trong yeu thng ong hanh, di anh sang Li Chua giup ho phan nh e nhan ra s that tnh trang hien tai con xa vi s that cua tnh yeu nh Thien Chua muon. Hoi thanh y thc luat tiem tien la tieu chuan can ban cua s phan nh va se khong thc hanh c neu khong co s ong hanh. Vay, phan nh la g?

1. Phan nh khong phai la...

Phan nh khong phai la phan xet ve tnh trang an sung cua cua mot ngi. V, xet cho cung, ch Thien Chua, mi co the phan xet noi tam cua con ngi. c Thanh cha Phanxico a co lan noi: "Toi la ai ma dam phan xet ngi ta?" Hoi thanh luon gii han mnh lai trong kha nang phan nh hanh kiem ben ngoai hay tnh trang khach quan cuoc song cua mot ngi ma thoi. Khi Hoi thanh khong chap nhan nhng ngi li d tai hon (ve mat dan s) c rc le - tr trng hp ho khong to nhng dau hieu sam hoi khach quan (song tiet duc) - khong co ngha la Hoi thanh phan xet ho song trong tnh trang toi nguy t. Nhng v o la mot phan nh da tren hoan canh song ben ngoai cua ho von mau thuan mot cach khach quan vi mau nhiem hiep thong trong tnh yeu trung thanh gia Chua Kito va Hoi thanh Ngi trong B tch Thanh The.

ay, co hai iem chac chan ma chung ta phai lu y trong khi lam muc vu:

1) Ta khong the lng nh, nhan biet hay phan xet c s t do cua mot ngi dan than trong hoan canh toi loi khach quan ti mc o nao. Va 2) Van e xet ay mot ngi co c xng toi, rc le hay khong (nh la viec cong khai), khong bi tnh trang an sung ca nhan hoac bi nhan thc chu quan cua ngi ay, nhng la bi ieu kien khach quan cong khai ben ngoai.

2. Hoan canh song cong khai cua mot ngi la ieu quan trong

Tai sao tnh cong khai cua hoan canh song cua mot ngi lai quan trong en the? Mot ieu kien can thiet e mot ngi co the c rc le la: trong lng tam ngi ay co the noi: "toi khong thay mnh co toi trong g". The nhng ieu kien nay khong u. Tuyen bo ve viec cho mot ngi li d tai hon c phep Rc le cua Hoi ong Toa thanh ve Giai thch cac Ban van Luat a c Tong huan Amoris laetitia trch dan lai (x. AL 302, chu thch 345) xac nh rang "on nhan Mnh Thanh Chua trong tnh trang bat xng cong khai la mot viec gay ton hai khach quan cho s hiep thong Giao hoi; o la mot hanh vi xam pham cac quyen li cua Giao hoi va cua tat ca cac tn hu ang song phu hp vi nhng oi hoi cua s hiep thong ay". Tnh chat cong khai cua s kien ve tnh trang song cua mot ngi tn hu tao nen mot hoan canh mi lien he khong nhng en lng tam ca nhan ngi ay, ma con ti toan the cong oan Hoi thanh.

Hon nhan cot yeu la mot thc tai cong khai. That vay, "s ng thuan lam nen hon nhan khong thuan tuy la mot quyet nh rieng t, bi le no tao nen ni moi ngi va ni ca cap v chong mot hoan canh mi thuoc Giao hoi va xa hoi". Neu nh hon nhan la mot chuyen rieng t, th bay gi phan quyet rieng t ve s hon nhan bat thanh cua ng s cung u e ngi ay co the i en ket hon vi mot ngi khac. Tuy nhien, khi v chong ket hp vi nhau trong hon nhan, o la ho a lam mot cai g vt qua chnh ban than ho. Ho a bc vao thc tai xa hoi va Giao hoi. Bi the, "phan quyet cua lng tam ve tnh trang hon nhan cua mnh khong ch lien he en mot tng quan trc tiep gia con ngi vi Thien Chua, bo qua trung gian cua Giao hoi, ma con lien he en ca Giao luat rang buoc lng tam" (Ibid.). Hon nhan la thc tai thuoc Giao hoi, bo qua ieu o la choi bo tnh b tch cua hon nhan. Bi the, van e hon nhan khong thanh s oi buoc phai co mot s phan nh "bang con ng cua toa ngoai cua Giao hoi" (Ibid., 9).

c Thanh cha Phanxico lu y "co moi lien ket sau xa gia i song hon nhan va Thanh The" (AL 318). Chnh v hon nhan khong ch la mot s kien rieng t gia toi, ban i cua toi va Chua Giesu, nen viec hiep thong Thanh The cung khong ch la van e rieng t. c Thanh cha nhan manh "ta can biet phan nh Than Mnh cua Chua, nhan ra Than Mnh ay bang c tin va c ai trong cac dau ch b tch cung nh trong cong oan" (AL 186). o la nhan biet Than Mnh ay hien dien trong dau ch b tch, ong thi hien dien trong Than Mnh Ngi la Giao hoi. "Thanh The oi hoi chung ta phai hoi nhap vao than the Hoi thanh duy nhat" (AL 186). Giao hoi la b tch pho quat cua n cu o (Lumen gentium 48), la "dau ch va kh cu cua s ket hp than mat vi Chua va s hp nhat toan the nhan loai" (LG 1). Chung ta c cu o trong chng mc chung ta la thanh phan cua than the Ngi, la Hoi thanh. Do o, nh c Thanh cha nhan manh, s phan nh phai mang chieu kch Giao hoi. Nh li c Giao hoang Beneicto XVI noi, "ng quen rang "cai than b" cua B tch co ac tnh xa hoi" (Deus Caritas est 14; AL 186). The nen, s hiep thong Thanh The the hien qua hanh ong rc le cua ngi tn hu bieu lo s hiep nhat

Cau hoi gi y suy t va thao luan

1. Theo anh /ch mot ngi li d tai hon xac tn trong lng tam cuoc hon nhan trc o cua ho khong thanh s, can ieu kien g e co the cong khai lanh nhan cac b tch?

2. B tch Hon phoi va B tch Thanh The co lien he chat che vi nhau nh the nao? Tnh chat "rieng t" va "cong khai" co khac g vi "tnh than b" va "tnh xa hoi" trong cac B tch cua Hoi thanh Chua Kito? T o e chung ta hieu tai sao mot ngi li d tai hon khong the xng toi va rc le.

3. Trong ong hanh vi nhng tn hu li than, li d tai hon, Hoi thanh can giup ho nh the nao e nhan thc yeu sach ve s that (day hon phoi bat kha phan li) va bac ai (trach nhiem hien tai vi nhng ngi lien he) theo Tin mng?

4. au la nhng can tr kho vt qua nhat trong tien trnh hoan cai cua ngi tn hu ang song trong tnh trang "trai qui tac" e dan hng ho ti hoi nhap tron ven vao Hoi thanh qua thc hanh cac b tch (Hoa giai, va Thanh The)?

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Cf. C Trento, Sac lenh ve s Cong chnh hoa, khoa VI, ch. 9, H. Denzinger 1534. X. Toma Aquino, Super Evangelium S. Matthaei lectura, ch. 7, . 1.

Hoi ong Toa thanh ve Giai thch cac Ban van Luat, Tuyen bo ve viec cho mot ngi li d tai hon c phep Rc le, 24.06.2000, 2.

Bo Giao ly c tin, Th gi cac Giam muc Giao hoi Cong giao ve viec Hiep thong Thanh The oi vi nhng ngi li d tai hon, 14.09.1994, 8.

Uy ban Muc vu Gia nh

 


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