Thang Thanh bang a hoa cng

Chua Giesu tng bc len

nay c m cho tn hu

cung bc trong dp Tuan Thanh 2019

 

Thang Thanh bang a hoa cng Chua Giesu tng bc len nay c m cho tn hu cung bc trong dp Tuan Thanh 2019.

Vu Van An

Roma (VietCatholic News 19-04-2019) - Nh a loan tin, ngay 11 thang T nam 2019, 28 bac thang bang a hoa cng a b soi mon vi thi gian ma truyen thong van cho la Chua Giesu tng bc len e lanh ban an do Phongxio Pilato tuyen oc, luc chu kho hnh, a c m cho tn hu cung bc nhan dp Tuan Thanh 2019, sau mot d an trung tu.

Ke t nam 1723, theo yeu cau cua c Giao Hoang Innocent XIII, Scala Sancta (Cau thang Thanh) c phu bang mot lp go e tranh s mai mon cua a.

Nhng t nay, cho en ngay 9 thang 6 nam 2019, khach hanh hng co the cham va treo len a cam thach co xa nh trc ay 2,000 nam. Truyen thong Kito giao cho rang Cau thang Thanh c a t Gierusalem ve Roma bi Thanh Helena, me cua Hoang e Constantino, vao au the ky th t; bay gi no ang c at tai en Thanh Scala Sancta, ngay pha ben kia Vng cung thanh ng Thanh Gioan Laterano mot con ng.

Trong buoi le m ca tr lai hom th Nam 11 thang 4 nam 2019, c Hong Y Angelo De Donatis, tong ai dien cua Giao Phan Roma, a lam phep cac bac thang Thanh, cho phep mot nhom tn hu quy xuong va leo len cac bac thang.

Viec m lai cac bac thang la nh cao cua hn 20 nam phuc hoi toan bo cau truc, c chnh thc goi la en Thanh Cau Thang Thanh, khi nguyen do kien truc s Domenico Fontana vao the ky 16 thiet ke xay dng e cha cac bac thang thanh thieng.

Dien trnh phuc hoi c bat au bi Tu hoi Cac cha Dong Kho Nan (Pssionists), dong c c Giao Hoang Pio IX, the ky 19, uy thac cham soc en thanh t mot tu vien gan ke. c tai tr bi nhieu nha tai tr va nha hao tam, cong viec phuc hoi luc o c giao cho Vien Bao tang Vatican.

Sau khi phuc hoi nha nguyen t au cau thang, c biet di ten Sancta Sanctorum (Thanh Tren Het Cac Thanh), cong viec tap chu vao cac bc bch hoa xung quanh, trong o co nhng cau chuyen t Cu c va Tan c. c c Giao Hoang Nicholas III uy quyen, chung c ve trong the ky 13 va 14. Trong hai nam qua, viec cai tao c danh rieng cho Cau thang Thanh.

Kham pha bat ng

Trong cuoc hop bao ve viec m Cau thang a c phuc hoi, trc buoi le lam phep ngay 11 thang 4 nam 2019, Cha Francesco Guerra, Trng khu en thanh, a nhac en s ngac nhien cua nhng ngi phuc hoi khi thao bo lp go.

Ngai noi: "Cac bac thang a b xoi mon sau xa. Co mot ng ranh gia moi bac, ngoai tr bac cuoi cung. S xoi mon nh vay gay ra theo thi gian bi vo so ngi hanh hng, khi leo len bang au goi [theo phong tuc ton knh], a nen mui giay cua ho len bac pha di, lay no lam on bay e bc len bac tiep theo". Ngai noi them "ay khong phai la ieu ngac nhien duy nhat cua chung toi. Chung toi con tm thay mot cay thanh gia bang a pocphia (porphyry) mau o c gan vao bac th hai. Mot cay khac a c tm thay bac th 11, bac b mon nhieu nhat trong tat ca cac bac va la bac theo truyen thong, Chua Giesu a nga xuong, lam v vien a bang au goi cua Ngi va e lai vet mau; vet mau nay sau o c bao ve bang mot tam li nho. Mot thanh gia bang ong th ba sau o a c tm thay bac cuoi cung.

Mot lo hong c tao ra tam li cua bac th 11, khi cac tn hu ut ngon tay cua ho vao o, co gang cham vao iem mau thanh thieng. Ben di lp go, cac ngi phuc hoi a tm thay hang ngan ghi chu, th t, li xin cau bau, tien xu va hnh chup ri vao cho trong trong ba the ky qua.

en Thanh Cau thang Thanh, c c Sixto V dng len t nam 1588 en 1590, luon la ni cau nguyen u tuyen cua cac v giao hoang. La vien chc quan tr khoa hoc cua Vien Bao tang Vatican, Guido Corini nhan manh rang Cau thang Thanh tng trng cho long ao cua Roma.

Ong noi: "Thi trung co, ngi ta t khap ni tren the gii thng en Roma e xem nhng di tch nay. Khi c Sixto V quyet nh bao ton no, truyen thong a am re sau roi. Khong nhng cac ngi leo cac bac thang Thanh cam thay au n, ho con tiep nhan c mot bai giao ly manh me ch bang cach n gian nhn len". An tng nay doi lai cac suy t cua Cha Guerra ve s quan trong cua mot ni nh vay oi vi cac tn hu. Theo ngai, viec co the cham vao nhng bac cap chnh Chua Kito a leo qua la mot cach cham vao Thien Chua va gay tac ong sau sac cho cac ngi hanh hng. Ngai noi: "Leo len 28 bac bang au goi, ngi ta tiep xuc vi noi au the xac cua mnh, nhng cung ca vi noi au tinh than ang lam ho kiet sc".

Dau hieu cua s song, ch khong phai s chet

Cac cha dong Kho Nan, nhng v a ieu hanh en thanh trong 150 nam nay, a chng kien sc manh thieng lieng cua Cau thang Thanh. c thanh lap vao au the ky 18 bi Thanh Phaolo Thanh Gia vi s nhan manh ac biet en cuoc kho nan cua Chua Giesu Kito, cac tu s Dong Kho Nan song mot cuoc song gan vi ly tng an s, trong viec phuc vu ngi khac, qua cac dch vu xa hoi, cau nguyen va truyen giao nc ngoai. Cuoc Kho Nan cua Chua Kito van la trung tam nen giao ly cua cac ngai.

Cha Gianvito, ngi gia nhap en thanh ba nam trc ay, noi vi t Register "Chung toi song nen linh ao ac biet cua chung toi bang cach lien tuc chap nhan cac au kho nho nhat cua cuoc song hang ngay, nhng biet rang Chua a oi dien chung v chung toi bang sc manh thieng lieng cua con ngi". Mot y thc nh vay, theo y kien ngai, giup cac Kito hu danh nhng thi gian rat tham hau e chia se vi Chua, ac biet la trong Mua Chay, khi ho c mi thc hien cac hanh vi sam hoi va en gan Thien Chua hn qua cac b tch.

Cha Dong Kho Nan Ottaviano d'Egidio, cu be tren ca cua Dong, noi vi t Register "No mi chung ta suy niem. dan Chua can co kha nang suy niem nhng g Chua Giesu a trai nghiem khi t hien trong cai chet cua Ngi va sau o song lai. bnh dien nay, cac bac thang thanh khong phai la dau hieu cua s chet, ma la dau hieu cua s song. Cuoc Kho Nan a dien ra, nhng cuoc kho nan nh vay dan en s phuc sinh".

So sanh cau thang vi cay cau noi gia cuoc kho nan cua Chua Kito va cuoc kho nan cua con ngi trong thi ky nhieu nhng cua chung ta, Cha d'Egidio mi cac tn hu suy ngh ve thong iep ma cau thang cung c cho ho hom nay. Ngai noi "leo cac bac thang la nhn vao Chua Giesu [ang] tha th cho nhng ke bach hai Ngi tren thap gia. S tha th cua Ngi la thong iep ma Thang thanh cung ng cho chung ta hom nay. No lam cho chung ta suy niem ve Chua Giesu b ong inh va cac thap gia cua the gii au kho cua chung ta".

Scala Sancta va tnh b tch

Sau ay la mot chng t cam kch cua mot ngi a leo Cau Thang Thanh. o la chng t cua Cha Anthony R. Lusvardi, Dong Ten (https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2019/03/19/why-i-had-climb-romes-holy-stairs-my-knees-believe-them).

Cha Lusvardi khong han tin vao tnh lch s chan thc cua truyen tung goc gac Thang Thanh phat xuat t toa tong tran Phongxio Philato va do o c Chua Giesu leo len leo xuong e nghe ban an bat cong cua v tong tran nay, cho bang cuoc gap g ban than vi c Kito ngay tren cac bac cua chiec cau thang nay.

Cha ke lai trc khi chu chc pho te, ngai en Cau Thang Thanh tnh leo e en toi sau khi xng toi Vng Cung Thanh ng Gioan Laterano va sau o i lam mot chau cappuccino! Kho mot noi mot ba am trc ngai sot sang qua c quy lau tai mot bac khong chu di chuyen, khien ngai khong biet lam g, anh... cau nguyen vay.

Theo phng phap linh thao (tap dung than cong) cua ang sang lap Dong, Cha Lusvardi bat au "bay ra trong tr khon" (tng tng) hnh anh hai ban chan Chua Giesu tren nhng bac cau thang nay trc ay 2 thien nien ky: Ngi cam nhan ra sao khi lnh canh cua Phongxio Philato la het anh ap Ngi luc leo len leo xuong, mau me ay mnh. Cha con tng tng may ay t toa tong tran vat va ra sao khi phai lau chui cac dong mau tren cac bac a hoa cng. Cha ngh en hanh trnh sau cung cua Ngi sau khi bc xuong khoi Cau Thang: an a tuyen, tht da a bay nhay, met moi, yeu t va oi, s nhao bang cua am ong thu nghch, tat ca eu c Ngi hnh dung het trc khi hoan toan o mau trong cai gia lanh cua mua xuan.

The la nc mat a ra, "khong phai do nhng cai ranh loi lom han tren phien go bi au goi khach hanh hng. Thc ra, mot ieu g o kho chu ve the ly a giup toi tap chu vao cai au ln hn nhieu ma Chua Giesu a cam nhan tren cung nhng bac thang nay. Va ngay sau o, toi khong con co gang tm cach qua mat ngi an ba ang trc toi na. Toi muon lai o, vi Ngi, du au goi toi au nhc..."

Leo Cau Thang Thanh c n ai xa. Theo Cha Lusvardi, o la chuyen Martin Luther a thc hien nam 1510, ch e khi leo len en nh, thot ra cau "Ai biet lieu viec nay co that?". Cha cho rang Luther a nham ch sai. Theo Cha, Cau Thang Thanh khong thuc ay ngai v mot phan thng nao o ma la ang ngai nhan ra a vi ngai trong cuoc hanh trnh. "Toi leo cac bac thang ay vi Chua cung vi mot thien nien ky ri cac khach hanh hng".

T o, ngai c dan en y niem b tch. Thanh n Helena co the cho xay mot cau thang y nh cau thang toa tong tran Philato. Khong, ba a lan loi qua Gierusalem tm cho c cau thang Philato tng co ban chan Chua va kho cong em Cau Thang ay ve Roma. Ba han quy ieu Cha Lusvardi goi la "sensibility" khong han man cam ma la cam giac tnh, khac vi tnh y niem. Ke chuyen ve cac t ao la ieu nen lam, nhng no van trong the gii y niem, nen khong u, cac Kito hu tien khi a i thu lm hai cot cac ngai. Ho can r mo, ung cham, ho can nhng th cu the, the ly tnh (physicality). Trong mot the gii ma ieu g cung ang c bien thanh thc tai ao (virtual reality) khong con la thc tai thc chat (real reality) th Cau Thang Thanh van con gia tr. Noi cho cung hieu ve tnh ban van khong the thay the viec co c nhng ngi ban. Hanh hng oi ta phai cuoc bo v hien dien ay luon luon hn la ch ngh mnh ang ay.

 


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