D Luat 360 cua California

buoc linh muc Cong Giao phai phuc trnh

nhng g lam hai tre em khi xng toi

 

D Luat 360 cua California buoc linh muc Cong Giao phai phuc trnh nhng g lam hai tre em khi xng toi.

LM. Nguyen Tat Thang, OP

California (VietCatholic News 26-02-2019) - Ngay 20 thang 2 nam 2019, thng ngh s bang California Jerry Hill, ang Dan Chu, gii thieu ieu Luat 360 tai thng vien bang California. Ong tuyen bo khi gii thieu ieu luat: "Nhng ca nhan lam hai en tre em hoac b tnh nghi lam hai tre em phai c phuc trnh e ieu tra theo thi han do viec thc thi phap luat oi hoi." Co hn 40 nganh nghe, bao gom giao s, a b luat bang oi hoi phai phuc trnh cho chnh quyen dan s biet ve nhng trng hp lien quan en nghi ng lam dung hoac bo be tre em. Luat le hien hanh co mot mien tr (exemption) cho an tn toa giai toi gia ngi xng toi va linh muc theo oi hoi cua Giao luat phai gi t mat (confidentiality). Nh vay, linh muc Giao Hoi Cong Giao khong phai phuc trnh nhng g xay ra khi xng toi, v o la viec thc hanh thanh thieng trong Giao Hoi Cong Giao.

Giao luat Giao Hoi Cong Giao qui nh nhng ieu sau: 1/ An tn b tch la ieu bat kha xam pham, v the, tuyet oi cam cha giai toi khong c tiet lo hoi nhan bang li noi hay bang cach nao khac, va v bat c ly do g (ieu 983 ~1); 2/ Thong dch vien, neu co, va tat ca moi ngi a biet c toi bang bat c cach nao, do viec thu toi, cung eu buoc phai gi b mat (ieu 983 ~2); 3/ Tuyet oi cam cha giai toi dung nhng kien thc biet c trong luc giai toi e lam hai hoi nhan, mac du khong co nguy c tiet lo nao (ieu 984 ~1); 4/ Ngi cam quyen khong the dung nhng kien thc biet c bat c luc nao do viec giai toi, e x dung toa ngoai, bang bat c cach nao (ieu 984 ~2)

Ong Jerry Hill muon bai bo mien tr nay v "luat ap dung bnh ang cho moi ngi chuyen nghiep buoc phai phuc trnh ve nhng toi ac, khong co ngoai le" Ong noi rang: "Mien tr cho giao s ch la bao ve ngi lam dung va at tre em vao tnh trang nguy c hn" Hoi ong Giam Muc California ung ho vai tro cua giao s la nhng phuc trnh vien bo buoc nhng phan oi viec m rong ieu o lien quan en xng toi. Steve Pehanich, phat ngon vien cua Hoi ong Giam Muc California noi: "Viec chnh phu xen vao van e xng toi khong lien quan en viec bao ve tre em nhng tat ca la xoi mon nhng quyen li can ban va nhng t do ma dan Hoa Ky ang co"

Theo bao cao cua Fox News, linh muc buoc phai phuc trnh lam dung tnh duc tre em do viec thc thi phap luat, "khong xet en lam sao linh muc biet ve viec nay" (phai phuc trnh bat ke la trong hoac ngoai viec xng toi) tai cac bang Conneticut, Indiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oaklahoma, Rhode Island, Tennesse, Texas va West Virginia.

Lm. Nguyen Tat Thang OP

 


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