Gi y muc vu nam 2019:

ong hanh vi cac gia nh gap kho khan

Bai 3: Quy Luat ong Hanh:

Tiem Tien Theo Thi Gian

 

Gi y muc vu nam 2019: ong hanh vi cac gia nh gap kho khan.

Bai 3: Quy Luat ong Hanh: Tiem Tien Theo Thi Gian

Trong khi i ng ngi ta can co luat, trong khi hanh hng le luat la chan l v the tuyet oi can thiet. Nh the luat khong phai la gii han ma la kim ch nam hng dan e ngi ta i ng khong b lac. Le luat bi the la mot tr giup cho t do cua con ngi trong khi tm kiem y ngha va hng i cho cuoc song, hng en cung ch la Thien Chua. Le luat co vai tro nh nguyen tac cho moi s phan nh can thiet e cat bc hanh trnh.

Hoi thanh khi ong hanh vi con ngi y thc rang con ngi can phai biet Le luat cua Chua noi chung, nhng ieu o khong u, con can phai co mot s "ong ieu" gia con ngi va s thien hao ch thc. Hieu nh the e tranh khong ri vao thai o duy luat bop chet moi sang kien rieng t trong khi tang trng.

Trong khi lien he ti luat luan l, co mot luat ac biet quan trong cho viec ong hanh, o la "luat tiem tien", von lien he ti khoa s pham nham giup con ngi nhan thc luan l tng bc va noi tam hoa le luat. Luat luan l ay khong ngng c khi dan doc dai cuoc ong hanh. Y ngha cua no trong ong hanh la nen tang cho cuoc l hanh theo chan Chua Kito.

Luat tiem tien trong ong hanh

Ta khong c ong nhat "luat tiem tien" vi "s tiem tien cua luat" von c hieu la co "nhng mc o khac nhau va hnh thc khac nhau cua gii luat Chua cho nhng ngi va hoan canh khac nhau". S hieu lam ay tai hai cho ngi ta thoa hiep qua viec thch ng nhng oi hoi menh lenh cua gii luat vi kha nang han hep chu quan cua con ngi. Kieu nh khi ta noi: gii luat nay qua cng ran vi ban, nen toi phai ban bo mot gii luat khac cung hieu lc cho trng hp cua ban. Lam the co ngha la a lay kha nang con ngi lam thc o cua an sung, tc la ri vao chu ngha Pelagio. Gii luat Chua thc ra khong co trng hp ngoai le. Van e khong phai la mien chuan gi mot gii luat qua sc, bi v khong gi luat la con ngi a b ket an hai than roi; chnh toi trong lam ton thng trc het pham gia luan l ngi pham toi. c thanh cha Phanxico xac nhan rang "luat cung la qua tang cua Thien Chua nham e ch ng, mot qua tang cho tat ca moi ngi khong tr mot ai e ngi ta co the song vi s tr giup cua an sung". Le luat khong nen hieu nh mot cai g ap at t ben ngoai, nhng ung hn nh la mot hanh trnh noi tam hng en s thien hao.

Nh the, noi rang khong co trng hp ngoai le oi vi gii luat luan l duy nhat co gia tr cho moi ngi cung co ngha la khong co ai b at ben le cuoc ong hanh. Va bat k s ong hanh hay phan nh nao "se khong bao gi c phep bo qua nhng yeu sach cua s that va bac ai theo Tin mng nh Hoi thanh e ngh" (AL 300). Song nhng oi hoi cua s that va bac ai la he qua cua mot s hoan cai va tin vao Tin mng Chua Giesu Kito. Gia tnh trang toi loi va song trong c Kito, nh la gia tnh trang chet va song ma ta phai chon, khong co nhng mc o khac nhau. Ngi phu n Samaria c yeu cau khong ch thay oi i song (ri bo tnh trang hien tai song chung ngoai hon nhan cua ch: "ngi hien ang song vi ch khong phai la chong ch" (Ga 4,18)), nhng trc het la nhn nhan c Kito, nh Ngi ch th phng Thien Chua trong Than Kh va s that (cf. Ga 4,23-24). Chnh o la i song that cua ch, mot i song khong chap nhan co thang cap nhieu mc o. Mot khi a at c chan l s song, ngi ta mi bc len con ng thang tien moi ngay trong t cach mot ke ang song. Ni ch phu n Samaria, ieu nay co ngha la hoan cai tr thanh chng ta cua Thien Chua trc cac ong bao cua ch. Trong cuoc song di anh sang le luat nay, ta thay tat ca y ngha cua viec ong hanh la giup con ngi trong qua trnh thang tien trong an sung. Co an sung ban au giup sc, ta co the ap tra tnh yeu thng. au co khat khao, o co mot mach nc phun trao ra s song muon i (cf. Ga 4,14).

Tin vao quyen nang cua an sung

Neu chap nhan co s "tiem tien cua le luat" th ong hanh tr thanh vo ngha, v ngi ta khong con xem an sung nh khi au cua ong hanh, khong con xem hoan cai la trong tam va nen thanh la cung ch na. Khong can hoan cai, khong nen thanh nh an sung, ong hanh khong con la viec muc vu na ma ch la mot s bau ban nhan loai hay lien i m ho nao o thoi v thieu muc ch. Can phai nhan manh en cung ch v o la ac trng cua tat ca tinh than muc vu. Chung ta khong c hieu hnh anh v von Giao hoi nh mot benh vien da chien theo ngha Giao hoi ch lo cha lanh nhng vet thng cap thi hien tai cua con ngi ma thoi. Kieu muc vu nh the cuoi cung se that bai thoi v ch lo hoan tat vien anh than linh bang nhng viec pham nhan hu han. Trai lai, chung ta phai luon luon nham ti viec nen thanh, va ng bao gi cho rang s thanh thien la l tng qua cao vi ma nhng ngi nh ch phu n Samaria kia khong the vi ti c. Cung vi cac c thanh cha chung ta van rat tin tng vao sc manh cua an sung: "Tuy nhien, mot ngi a ket hon co the song mc o cao nhat cua c ai. V the, ngi ay co the "at ti s hoan thien phat xuat t c ai, nh trung thanh song tinh than cac li khuyen Phuc Am. S hoan thien nh the la ieu co the va moi ngi nam n eu co the at c"" (AL 160).

Cau hoi gi y suy t va thao luan

1. Anh ch hieu le luat Chua e lam g? Cach rieng, gii luat hon nhan n nhat va bat kha phan li co y ngha g?

2. Tai sao khong the chap nhan s "tiem tien cua le luat"? au la y ngha cua khoa s pham cua Thien Chua trong "luat tiem tien"?

3. Tai sao khong nham ti viec "nen thanh" la ta a t ket an mnh?

4. Anh ch co kinh nghiem hay co biet mot cau chuyen mot ngi nao a gap g Chua va hoan cai tren ng nen thanh khong?

 

Uy ban Muc vu Gia nh

- - - - - - - - -

Gioan Phaolo II, Thong iep Veritatis splendor, 6/8/1993, 64.

Gioan Phaolo II, Tong huan Familiaris Consortio, 22/11/1981, 34.

Phanxico, Amoris laetitia (AL) 295.

Gioan Phaolo II, Huan giao th t (14.4.1982).

 


Back to Vietnamese Missionaries in Asia Home Page