Cau nguyen cho gii tre Phi chau

c giao duc va co viec lam

 

Cau nguyen cho gii tre Phi chau c giao duc va co viec lam.

Linh Tien Khai

Vatican (Vat. 5-09-2018) - Trong thang 9 nam 2018 c Thanh Cha Phanxico mi goi tn hu cong giao toan the gii hiep y cau nguyen cho gii tre Phi chau, e ho co c nen giao duc va cong viec lam an trong que hng cua ho ma khong phai tm di c ra nc ngoai.

T nhieu nam qua, so ngi Phi chau di c t nan gia tang manh, khi nhieu nc Bac Phi va vung Trung ong b khung hoang va ri vao canh noi chien. Ch noi trong nam 2016, Italia a phai nhan 181,436 ngi di c t nan. So ngi chet trong khi vt bien nam 2016 la 5,022 ngi. Trong nam 2017 a co 119,247 ngi di c t nan c hai quan Italia vt, trong o co 16% goc Nigeria, tiep en la ngi goc Guinea, Cote d' Ivoire, Bangladesh moi nc 8-9%; tiep en la ngi dan cac nc Mali, Eritrea, Sudan, Tunisia, Ma roc, Senegal va Gambia. 74% so ngi di c t nan noi tren la nam gii. Tuy nhien cung co 14.5% la tre nam v thanh nien i mot mnh.

Co rat nhieu ly do khien cho ngi dan Phi chau bo nc ra i tm en cac nc Tay au. o co the la ly do kinh te: e tron chay canh song ngheo tung ban cung va tm kiem cac ieu kien song tot ep hn. o cung co the la ly do thc pham: v thieu lng thc en o khong the thoa man nhu cau toi thieu e song con. Nhng cung co the la ly do bien oi kh hau: ma t gay ra nan han han, hay cac tai ng thien nhien nh ong at, song than, lu lut, mat mua oi kem. Trong rat nhieu trng hp ngi dan nhieu nc phai di c v cac ly do chnh tr: cac che o cai tr oc tai, tc oat moi quyen t do cua con ngi, an ap, khai thac boc lot ngi dan, bach hai, bat b bo tu nhng ngi bat ong chnh kien, co can am len tieng phan oi hay chong lai cung cach cai tr oc tai. Ngoai ra ngi dan phai di c v chien tranh, xung khac, v cac cuoc diet chung hay thanh loc chung toc. V du nh ngi tre Eritrea: ho tm cach bo nc ra i e khoi b bat i lnh vo thi han va b gi ra bien gii anh nhau vi quan oi Etiopia.

Dan chung cung co the di c v cac ly do ton giao: khong c t do song tn ngng, hanh ao hay theo cac xac tn ton giao cua mnh. ay a la trng hp cua cac kito hu vung Trung ong, ac biet cua hai nc Iraq va Siria, trong nhng vung b cac lc lng Hoi giao cuong tn chiem ong. Ho b bat buoc phai theo Hoi giao. Neu khong theo ma muon lai th phai ong thue ton giao, bang khong th phai ra i hay phai chet. Ngi dan cung co the di c v ly do y te: e chay tron cac benh dch giet ngi. Ho cung co the phai di c v cac ly do nhan tao: lang mac cua ho nam trong vung nha nc xay ap thuy ien lc, hay v ap b be. Cung co ngi di c v cac ly do ca nhan, v la chon y thc he hay v lap gia nh song mot nc khac, hoac v ly do tnh cam nh oan tu gia nh, song gan cha me, con cai, ho hang ngi than. Cung co ngi di c thuoc loai toi pham: e tron chay b bat, b x an va bo tu, hay e co the tiep tuc cac sinh hoat toi pham vi nhieu ket qua hn. Ngoai ra cung co ngi di c v ly do hoc hanh, ao tao giao duc nh theo hoc tai cac ai hoc hay cao hoc hoac c s giao duc cao hn va co pham chat tot hn cua nc khac. Cung co ngi di c v la nan nhan cua nan buon ngi. Va cung co ngi di c v to mo thch mao hiem.

Cho ti nay oi vi nhieu ngi dan Phi chau, ac biet la gii tre, con co ly do tam ly: ho coi the gii Tay Au la vung at van minh tan tien, co cuoc song ay u tien nghi, vat chat sung tuc va phong phu, c bao am tren moi bnh dien giao duc, y te, an sinh va la thien ang di the. Va the la ho quyet nh lieu mang ra i, ma khong lng trc c biet bao hiem nguy trc mat. Va nhieu ngi a khong bao gi ti mien at m c, v b chet trong sa mac, tren ng di chuyen, b anh ap oi x tan te, b chet gia bien a Trung Hai, lam moi cho ca map. Trong cac nam qua a Trung Hai a tr thanh mo chon cua 36,000 ngi di c, trong o co rat nhieu ngi tre Phi chau.

Tuy nhien, tham canh cua cac dan toc Phi chau co cac ly do ngc len cho ti thi thuoc a. Cac nc Au chau a ch khai thac cac tai nguyen va nhan lc cua ai luc nay, ma a khong bao gi thc s co y giup Phi chau phat trien. Sau khi a so cac nc Phi chau c oc lap hoi thap nien 1960 cho ti nay, cac chnh quyen Au chau van tiep tuc chnh sach thuoc a, khong phai chnh tr nhng kinh te, bang cach ung ho va anh hng tren cac chnh quyen va gii lanh ao chnh tr Phi chau e tiep tuc khai thac ai luc menh mong nay, khien cho gii tre Phi chau tr thanh nan nhan chnh.

Vi cac y tng tren ay, trong thang 9 nam 2018, chung ta hiep y vi c Thanh Cha va tn hu Cong giao toan the gii cau nguyen cho gii tre Phi chau, e ho co c nen giao duc va cong viec lam an tai chnh que hng cua mnh, ma khong phai di c ra nc ngoai.

 


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