Ban dch so 2267 trong sach Giao ly

Giao hoi Cong giao ve an t hnh

 

Ban dch so 2267 (mi) trong sach Giao ly Giao hoi Cong giao ve an t hnh.

Vatican (WH 30-08-2018) - Viec oi mi so 2267 trong sach Giao ly Giao hoi Cong giao ve an t hnh:

Resciptum "ex Audentia SS.mi"

02-8-2018

Trong buoi yet kien ngay 11 thang 5 nam 2018 danh cho Tong trng Bo Giao Ly c Tin ky ten di ay, c Giao hoang Phan-xi-co a chuan y ban d thao mi cua so 2267 trong Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao, chap thuan cho ban van nay c dch sang cac ngon ng khac nhau va a vao trong moi an ban cua Sach Giao Ly va neu.

An t hnh

2267. Viec chnh quyen hp phap s dung an t hnh, sau khi a xet x cong minh, t lau a c xem nh mot giai phap xng hp vi tnh tram trong cua mot so toi ac, va mot phng the bao ve cong ch co the chap nhan c, du rat khac nghiet.

Tuy nhien ngay nay, chung ta ngay cang y thc rang pham gia cua con ngi khong b mat i ngay ca sau khi ho a pham nhng toi ac rat tram trong. Hn na, mot s hieu biet mi me ve y ngha cua cac an phat hnh s c nha nc ap dung a ro net hn. Sau cung, nhng he thong cam tu hu hieu hn a c phat trien, bao am quyen an ninh cua cong dan, nhng ong thi cung khong tc i cach vnh vien kha nang hoan cai cua pham nhan.

V the, trong anh sang cua Tin Mng, Giao hoi day rang "an t hnh la khong the chap nhan v an phat nay la s tan cong vao tnh bat kha xam pham va pham gia cua con ngi"; Giao hoi quyet tam hoat ong nham khuyen khch viec loai bo an t hnh tren khap the gii.

Vatican, 01.8.2018, Le nh Thanh An-phong Li-go-ri

Hong y Luis F. Ladaria, S.J.

Tong trng Bo Giao Ly c Tin

Ban dch cua UB Giao Ly c Tin

Nguon: http://press.vatican.va

 

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[1] Phan-xi-co, Dien van danh cho cac tham d vien cuoc gap g do Hoi ong Giao Hoang Co Vu Viec Tan Phuc Am Hoa to chc (11-10-2017): L'Osservatore Romano (13-10-2017), 5.

 

Bo Giao Ly c Tin

Th gi cac giam muc ve viec oi mi so 2267

trong Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao ve an t hnh

 

1. c Thanh Cha Phan-xi-co, trong Dien van Dp Ky Niem 25 Nam Ngay Ban Hanh Tong hien Fidei Depositum - vi tong hien nay, c Giao hoang Gio-an Phao-lo II a cong bo Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao - a yeu cau trnh bay lai giao huan ve an t hnh e phan anh tot hn s phat trien cua ao ly ve van e a va ang dien ra trong thi gian gan ay. S phat trien nay tap trung chu yeu vao viec Giao hoi y thc ro rang hn ve s knh trong phai co oi vi s song con ngi. Theo ng hng nay, c Giao hoang Gio-an Phao-lo II a khang nh: "Ngay ca ke sat nhan cung khong mat i nhan pham cua mnh, va chnh Thien Chua cam ket bao am ieu nay".

2. Chnh trong anh sang nay, chung ta hieu ra thai o chong lai an t hnh c trnh bay cach rong rai hn bao gi het ni giao huan cua cac v muc t va trong cam thc cua dan Chua. That vay, neu nh tnh hnh xa hoi va chnh tr trong qua kh a khien cho an t hnh tr thanh cach the co the c chap nhan e bao ve cong ch, th ngay nay s hieu biet tang dan ve viec pham gia cua mot ngi khong b mat i ngay ca khi ngi o a pham nhng toi ac tram trong nhat, cung nh s hieu biet thau ao hn ve y ngha cua cac an phat hnh s do nha nc ap at, cung vi s phat trien cac he thong cam tu hu hieu hn nham bao am an ninh xng hp cho ngi dan, a tao ra mot y thc mi me nhn nhan an t hnh la khong the chap nhan, va v the yeu cau loai bo an nay.

3. Trong s phat trien nay, giao huan trong Thong iep Evangelium vitae cua c Giao hoang Gio-an Phao-lo II co tam quan trong ln lao. Gia cac dau ch hy vong cho mot nen van hoa mi ve s song, c Thanh Cha a ch ra "s phan khang ang gia tang cua cong luan oi vi an t hnh, ngay ca khi hnh phat nh the c xem la phng the 'phong ve hp phap' cua xa hoi. That vay, xa hoi tan tien co nhng phng the che ng toi ac cach hu hieu bang cach lam cho cac pham nhan thanh vo hai ma khong phai tc oat cach vnh vien c hoi cai hoa cua ho". Sau nay, li day trong Thong iep Evangelium vitae c a vao trong an ban chuan (editio typica) cua Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao. Trong Sach Giao Ly nay, an t hnh khong c trnh bay nh mot hnh phat tng xng vi tnh tram trong cua toi ac, nhng an phat nay co the c bien minh neu o la "bien phap kha thi duy nhat e bao ve mang song con ngi cach hieu qua, chong lai ke gay han", du that ra "nhng trng hp tuyet oi can thiet phai tr kh pham nhan hien nay la rat hiem, neu khong muon noi la khong con trong thc te" (so 2267).

4. Vao nhieu dp khac, c Giao hoang Gio-an Phao-lo II cung a can thiep chong lai an t hnh, bang cach cay da vao s ton trong nhan pham lan nhng phng the ma xa hoi ngay nay co c e t ve chong lai cac toi pham. V the, trong S iep Giang Sinh 1998, ngai mong c c thay tren the gii "s ong long ve nhu cau can co nhng bien phap thch ang va khan cap# e cham dt an t hnh". Thang sau o tai Hoa ky, ngai nhac lai, "mot dau ch hy vong la co s nhan biet tang dan theo o pham gia cua s song con ngi khong bao gi phai b tc i, ngay ca trong trng hp mot ai o a pham ieu d tram trong. Xa hoi tan tien co nhng phng the t ve, ma khong phai tc oat cach vnh vien c hoi cai thien cua cac pham nhan. Toi lap lai li keu goi a c a ra gan ay vao dp Giang Sinh nham tm kiem s ong tam cung nhau cham dt an t hnh, mot hnh phat va tan bao lai khong can thiet".

5. Viec dan than nham xoa bo an t hnh a c cac v giao hoang sau o tiep tuc. c Giao hoang Be-ne-ic-to XVI keu goi "cac v lanh ao xa hoi lu tam lam tat ca nhng g co the nham loai bo an t hnh". Sau o ngai to bay c nguyen trc mot nhom tn hu rang "nhng cuoc thao luan cua cac con se khch le cac sang kien ve lap phap va chnh tr, ang c ngay cang nhieu cac quoc gia co vo, nham loai bo an t hnh va nham tiep tuc tao a tien trien trong yeu trong viec lam cho luat hnh s ong thi hoa hp vi pham gia cac tu nhan va viec duy tr trat t cong cong cach hu hieu".

6. Trong cung mot vien canh nay, c Giao hoang Phan-xi-co a khang nh lai rang "ngay nay an t hnh la khong the chap nhan, du toi ac cua ngi b ket an co tram trong en au". Du c thi hanh bang phng tien nao i na, an t hnh "dan en viec oi x tan ac, phi nhan, va ha thap nhan pham". Hn na, phai chong lai an t hnh "v s khiem khuyet cua he thong t phap toi pham c chon va oi dien vi kha nang sai lam cua toa an". Chnh trong anh sang nay ma c Giao hoang Phan-xi-co a yeu cau sa lai loi trnh bay cua Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao ve an t hnh, bang cach khang nh rang "du toi ac a pham co tram trong en au, an t hnh la khong the chap nhan, v o la s tan cong vao tnh bat kha xam pham va pham gia cua con ngi".

7. Viec oi mi so 2267 trong Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao, c c Giao hoang Phan-xi-co phe chuan, va c at trong s tiep noi vi Huan quyen trc o, va mang en mot s tien trien nhat quan cua giao ly Cong giao. Theo bc giao huan cua c Giao hoang Gio-an Phao-lo II trong Evangelium Vitae, ban van mi xac quyet rang viec ket lieu cuoc i cua mot pham nhan nh s trng phat v mot toi ac la khong the chap nhan, v an phat nay tan cong vao pham gia con ngi, mot pham gia khong b mat i ngay ca sau khi ai o a pham nhng toi ac tram trong nhat. Ket luan nay co c nh viec lu tam en s hieu biet mi me ve nhng an phat hnh s c Nha Nc tan tien ap dung; theo o, nhng an phat hnh s tren het nham en s hoan cai va s hoi nhap vao xa hoi cua pham nhan. Cuoi cung, v xa hoi tan tien s hu nhng he thong cam tu hu hieu hn, an t hnh, xet nh viec bao ve i song cua nhng ngi vo toi, tr nen khong can thiet. Chac chan, nh Huan quyen a luon day va Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao a khang nh trong cac so 2265 va 2266, cong quyen van luon co bon phan phai bao ve s song cua cac cong dan.

8. Tat ca nhng ieu nay cho thay rang loi trnh bay mi cua so 2267 trong Sach Giao Ly dien at s tien trien chan chnh cua ao ly, von khong mau thuan vi nhng li day trc ay cua Huan quyen. Thc the, nhng li day nay co the c giai thch trong anh sang trach nhiem hang au cua cong quyen la bao ve cong ch, gia boi canh xa hoi trong o nhng an phat hnh s a c hieu cach khac, va a c thi hanh trong nhng ieu kien ma viec bao am rang pham nhan khong the lap lai toi ac cua mnh con kho khan hn [so vi ngay nay].

9. Viec oi mi nay xac quyet rang s hieu biet ve tnh khong the chap nhan cua an t hnh tien trien dan "trong anh sang cua Tin Mng". Thc te, Tin Mng giup hieu hn trat t tao thanh ma Con Thien Chua a am nhan, thanh luyen va lam cho vien thanh. Tin Mng cung mi goi chung ta hng en long thng xot va s kien nhan cua Thien Chua, ang ban cho moi ngi thi gian e hoan cai ban than.

Viec oi mi so 2267 trong Sach Giao Ly Giao Hoi Cong Giao muon mang lai sinh lc cho phong trao hng en mot cam ket dt khoat ung ho mot tam thc nhn nhan pham gia s song cua moi ngi, va khuyen khch tao ra nhng ieu kien cho phep viec loai bo an t hnh ni nao an phat nay van con hieu lc, trong tinh than oi thoai knh trong vi cong quyen.

Th nay a c thong qua trong Khoa hop Thng ky cua Bo Giao Ly c Tin vao ngay 13 thang 6 nam 2018, c c Giao hoang Phan-xi-co chuan y va ban lenh phat hanh vao ngay 28 thang 6 nam 2018, trong buoi trieu yet danh cho v Th ky cua Bo Giao Ly c Tin vi ch ky di ay.

Ro-ma, t Van phong Bo Giao Ly c Tin, ngay 01 thang 8 nam 2018

Dp le nh Thanh An-phong Li-go-ri

Hong y Luis F. Ladaria, S.J.

Tong trng

+ Giacomo Morandi

Tong Giam muc Hieu toa Cerveteri

Th ky

 

Ban dch cua UB Giao Ly c Tin

Nguon: http://press.vatican.va

 

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X. Phan-xi-co, Dien van danh cho cac tham d vien cuoc gap g do Hoi ong Giao Hoang Co Vu Viec Tan Phuc Am Hoa to chc (11-10-2017): L'Osservatore Romano (13-10-2017), 4.

Gio-an Phao-lo II, Thong iep Evangelium vitae (25-3-1995), so 9: AAS 87 (1995), 411.

Ibid., s. 27: AAS 87 (1995), 432.

Gio-an Phao-lo II, S iep Urbi et Orbi cua c Giao hoang Gio-an Phao-lo II: Giang sinh 1998 (25-12-1998), s. 5: Insegnamenti XXI, 2 (1998), 1348.

Id., Bai Giang tai Trans World Dome of St. Louis (27-01-1999): Insegnamenti XXII,1 (1999), 269; x. Bai giang le tai Basilica of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe in Mexico City (23-01-1999): "Phai cham dt viec nai en an t hnh cach khong can thiet": Insegnamenti XXII,1 (1999), 123.

Be-ne-ic-to XVI, Tong huan Hau Thng Hoi ong Africa munus (19-11-2011), s. 83: AAS 104 (2012), 276.

Id., Buoi trieu yet chung (30-11-2011): Insegnamenti VII, 2 (2011), 813.

Phan-xi-co, Th gi Chu tch Uy Ban Quoc Te chong An T Hnh (20-3-2015): L'Osservatore Romano (20-21/3/2015), 7.

Ibid.

Ibid.

Phan-xi-co, Dien van danh cho cac tham d vien cuoc gap g do Hoi ong Giao Hoang Co Vu Viec Tan Phuc Am Hoa to chc (11-10-2017): L'Osservatore Romano (13-10-2017), 5.

X. Vincent of Lerins, Commonitorium, cap. 23: PL 50, 667-669. Ve van e an t hnh, khi nghien cu cac khoan luat cua Thap Gii, Uy ban Giao Hoang ve Thanh Kinh a noi ve "s tinh te" thuoc nhng quan iem luan ly cua Giao hoi: "Theo dong lch s va s phat trien van minh, Giao hoi nh suy niem Thanh kinh, cung a lam cho tinh te hn quan iem luan ly cua mnh ve an t hnh va chien tranh; hien nay quan iem ay ngay cang tr nen tuyet oi. C s cho quan iem dng nh triet e nay luon la nen tang nhan hoc, [ngha la] pham gia nen tang cua nhan v, c tao dng giong hnh anh Thien Chua (Thanh kinh va luan ly: Nguon goc Thanh kinh cua ao c Ki-to giao, 2008, so 98).

Cong ong Va-ti-ca-no II, Hien che Muc Vu Gaudium et Spes, so 4.

 


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