Con ngi c tao dng bat t nh Thien Chua

 

Con ngi c tao dng bat t nh Thien Chua.

Trch sach Khon Ngoan:

"Thien Chua khong lam ra cai chet, chang vui g khi sinh mang tieu vong. V Ngi a sang tao muon loai cho chung hien hu, moi loai tho tao tren the gii eu hu ch cho sinh linh, chang loai nao mang oc chat huy hoai. Am phu khong thong tr a cau. Qua vay, c cong chnh th trng sinh bat t.

Qua the, Thien Chua a sang tao con ngi cho ho c trng ton bat diet. Ho c Ngi dng nen lam hnh anh cua ban tnh Ngi...

Nhng chnh v quy d ganh t ma cai chet a xam nhap the gian. Nhng ai ve phe no eu phai nem mui cai chet" (Kn 1,13-15; 2.23-24).

Suy Niem

e giai thch tnh trang song khon kho do sinh lao benh t, cac am me, tat xau va s d gay ra cho con ngi, cac dan toc tren the gii ke nhieu huyen thoai.

Trong the gii hy lap co huyen thoai "Chiec bnh cua ba Pandora". e bao thu Prometeo la ngi khong lo a an trom la cua than Zeus, la cha cac than, em cho loai ngi, than Zeus quyet nh ban tang ba Pandora cho loai ngi. ay la mot cuoc bao thu tinh vi. Ba Pandora c n than tnh yeu Afrodite lam cho tr nen rat xinh ep, c than Era day cho cac nghe thuat theu thua may va va lam tieu cong nghe, than Apollo day am nhac, roi cho xuong song tai thanh Athenes e khien cho loai ngi b diet vong. Theo chuyen do thi s Esidoro ke lai than Zeus tang cho ba Pandora mot chiec bnh ang ly cha hat giong th lai cha cac s d cho ti luc o b tach ri khoi loai ngi. Nhng ba Pandora lai c than Ermes ban cho tnh to mo. Va the la ba Pandora m nap bnh ra khien cho moi s d thoat ra ngoai, ch con lai niem hy vong cha kp ra th bnh b ong lai. Khi m bnh ra ba Pandora ket an loai ngi phai song khon kho va thc hien s bao thu cua than Zeus. Trc o th loai ngi bat t giong cac than linh, khong b cac s d, met nhoc va kho au hanh ha, quay pha. Sau khi bnh m ra the gii tr thanh ni hoang tan khong the song noi nh mot sa mac, cho ti khi ba Pandora lai m bnh e cho niem hy vong ra ngoai, va the gii bat au song tr lai. Huyen thoai "chiec bnh cua ba Pandora" muon gan cho tnh to mo cua n gii trach nhiem oi vi cuoc song khon kho cua loai ngi. Ngay nay kieu noi chiec bnh cua ba Pandora c dung e am ch cac van e kho khan, cac tai ng tiem an bong dng xuat hien trong cuoc song con ngi.

Co xa hn huyen thoai chiec bnh cua ba Pandora la huyen thoai Sumer Babilonia "Atrahasis" hay "Utanapishtim" thuoc the ky 17 trc cong nguyen. Atrahasis co ngha la "ngi rat thong minh". Huyen thoai tieng Accadic nay ke lai chuyen Lut Hong Thuy. Trong the gii cua cac than linh cac than Igigi b bo buoc phuc vu cac than Annuki ao mng dan nc vao ruong vat va met nhoc ngay em trong 2,500 nam. V the cac than Igigi noi loan keo en bao vay dinh th cua than Anu la cha cua cac than. Than Anu lien trieu tap cac than lai va cu xet cong viec va cho rang cac than Igigi co ly. Cac than quyet nh tao dng nen con ngi. Than Anu cho goi n than me la Mami ti e lam cong viec nay. N than Mami cho biet neu khong co s tr giup cua than Enki hay Ea th khong the lam c. N than Ea ra lenh lam cac viec thanh tay, va ch nh mot v than phai hy sinh cho viec tao dng nay. Cac than Annuki quyet nh hy sinh than We, la than Thong Minh, Tr Tue e lay mau tht lam ra loai ngi thay the cac than Igigi lam viec phuc vu cac than. Cac than Igigi chon n than Mammu hay Ea lam n than me. N than Ea tron at set roi mi cac than Annuki va Igigi nho nc mieng vao at set tron vi mau tht cua than We. Sau o cat ra thanh 14 manh sap thanh 7 cap, trong khi n than Nintu oc cac cong thc bua chu. Va the la loai ngi nay sinh bat au lao ong. Nhng khi 1.200 nam cha qua i, loai ngi lam viec on ao qua, quay ray giac ngu cua cac than nen than Enlil cai quan trai at ra lenh tieu diet loai ngi. Bat au vi dch te. Nhng n than me Ea thng rieng Atrahasis nen khuyen te le cho than Namtar e ngng dch hach. Sau o than Enlil cho han han mat mua oi kem, n than Ea hay Enki lai cu Atrahasis va loai ngi. Sau cung than Enlil gi lut hong thuy e huy diet loai ngi. N than Ea khuyen Atrahasis ong mot con tau ln, em gia nh va moi loai thu vat moi th mot cap vao tau. Sau khi nc rut, con tau au tren mot ngon nui cao. Than Enlil nhan thay co ngi con song nen gian d hoi ai a phan boi li the tieu diet loai ngi. N than Ea thu nhan va keu goi than Enlil nguoi gian. Cac than hai long. N than Ea trieu vi n than Mammu va xin ap at tren loai ngi so phan phai chet, mot so phu n khong the co con va cho quy Pashittu bat tre con, va thanh hien vai phu n cam ho khong c sinh con.

Trong huyen thoai co ien Babilonia th co thien anh hung ca "Gilgamesh" thuoc the ky XII trc cong nguyen. Ghilgamesh lan loi kho nhoc vt qua bao nguy hiem e i tm thuoc trng sinh bat t. Gilgamesh gap c ong to cua mnh la Utanapishtim, la ngi hung song sot cua Lut Hong Thuy a c cac than cho c trng sinh. Utanapishtim ch cho Gilgamesh cay trng sinh. Nhng tren ng ve khi Ghilgamesh xuong suoi tam, th mot con ran an mat cay trng sinh va thay da song mai. The la Ghilgamesh buon sau ra ve, va biet rang t nay tr i so phan con ngi la phai chet.

So sanh vi cac huyen thoai ke tren nhng g sach Khon Ngan khang nh la mot cuoc cach mang trong t tng loai ngi. That the, ay theo tac gia sach Khon Ngoan, con ngi c tao dng nen giong hnh anh cua Thien Chua nen cung trng sinh bat t nh Thien Chua. Thien Chua khong lam ra cai chet, chang vui g khi sinh mang tieu vong. V Ngi a sang tao muon loai cho chung hien hu, moi loai tho tao tren the gii eu hu ch cho sinh linh, chang loai nao mang oc chat huy hoai. Am phu khong thong tr a cau... Qua the, Thien Chua a sang tao con ngi cho ho c trng ton bat diet. Ho c Ngi dng nen lam hnh anh cua ban tnh Ngi...

S d co cai chet, benh tat va kho au la v con ngi da b s d cam do pham toi, va anh mat i cuoc song hanh phuc sung man cua chnh mnh. La sinh vat co t do va tinh than trach nhiem, con ngi nam van menh mnh trong tay, va co the la chon song nh mnh muon. ay la cha khoa giai thch moi chuyen xay ra trong cuoc song con ngi va cuoc song the gii. Thien Chua luon luon mong muon s song hanh phuc tran ay cho con ngi. Nhng chnh con ngi cung phai biet y thc song nh the e hien thc chnh mnh.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Vatican News)

 


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