Tham canh cua cac kito hu vung Trung ong

 

Tham canh cua cac kito hu vung Trung ong.

Iraq (Vat. 29-05-2018) - T nhieu nam qua tnh hnh chien tranh, xung khac, bat on ngay cang gia tang tai Trung ong, khien cho cac quan sat vien quoc te nhan thc c rang s e doa oi vi cac kito hu song tai cac quoc gia trong vung rat nghiem trong, ac biet la tai Iraq va Siria. Sau ay chung toi xin gi ti quy v noi dung bai viet cua n nha bao Barbara Serra lien quan ti tham canh cua cac kito hu ang phai song gia nan bao lc phe nhom va tnh hnh bat on chnh tr vung Trung ong.

M au ba Barbara Serra ghi nhan rang ngay nay c song trong mot nc, trong o a so dan cung chia se ton giao rieng la mot xa x pham, nhng lai thng b coi la ieu ng nhien va kho nhan thc. Dien ta niem tin cua mnh mot cach cong khai vi toan cong oan ma khong phai giai thch cac tn ngng va phong tuc tap quan cua mnh chac chan khien cho cuoc song de dang hn va an ninh hn. Khong s hai rang ton giao cua chung ta co the khien cho chung ta tr thanh bia nham qua that la mot ac an. Nhng tat ca cac ac an nay co the khien cho chung ta tr thanh li bieng hn, hng ti cho khong biet rang tai nhieu phan at tren the gii nay tuyen bo ton giao cua mnh la mot c ch can am co the dan a ti cai chet.

Va that la khoi hai, mot trong nhng vung nguy hiem nhat oi vi cac nhom ton giao thieu so lai la chiec noi cua ba ton giao ln oc than Do thai, Kito va Hoi giao: o chnh la vung Trung ong. Va chnh trong boi canh nay ma ton giao co ong ngi theo nhat the gii la Kito giao, lai tr thanh thieu so b bach hai nhieu nhat. Ca khi ch la phong chng, cac con so cung noi len ieu nay mot cach ro rang, khong the choi cai c. Vao au the ky va qua kitto hu chiem gan 20% tong so dan vung Trung ong. The ma vao nam 2010 ho ch con chiem khong ti 4%, va so kito hu tiep tuc giam sut. Nguy c kito hu bien mat khoi Thanh a cha bao gi lai that en nh the. Cac thieu so kito a ong hien hu vi ai a so dan theo Hoi giao tai Trung ong trong 14 the ky. Tuy co cac thi ky bat bnh ang va b ay ra ben le khac nhau, nhng cac kito hu cua the gii A Rap a thanh cong trong viec phat trien va song trong hoa bnh vi cac ngi hoi ong hng khac. S hien dien lien tuc cua ho nh la ton giao thieu so sau 1.500 nam chung song la mot bang chng to tng.

Chnh trong the ky va qua, ac biet la trong cac thap nien qua, tnh hnh a tr thanh tan pha toi te oi vi cac kito hu. Tnh hnh bat on chnh tr va canh bat cong xa hoi theo sau s sup o cua e quoc Ottoman Tho Nh Ky a tr giup s banh trng cua Hoi giao cuong tn. Gan ay hn na chien tranh a tan sat cac cong oan kito cua hai nc Iraq va Siria.

Nam 2003 trc khi b Hoa Ky xam lang, tai Iraq a co khoang mot trieu ri kito hu song tng oi khong b ky th. Ngoai trng Iraq ong Tariq Aziz a la tn hu kito. Ngay nay so kito hu tai Iraq ch con khoang 250,000 ngi. Viec banh trng cua cai goi la "Nha nc Hoi IS" a anh hng rat nhieu tren cuoc xuat c cua cac kito hu. Nhng ho a tr thanh bia nham cua cac lc lng nay, sau khi tong thong Saddam Hussein b lat o, tc 10 nam trc bien co Nha nc Hoi giao noi day. ay a la mot trong cac dau ch au tien cho thay xa hoi cua quoc gia nay b gay vun, cung vi viec leo thang bao lc he phai gia ngi hoi Sunnt va ngi hoi Scit.

Ben Siria cac moi day lien ket lch s vi Kito giao a manh me en o tai thanh pho Maaloula, cach thu o Baghdad 50 cay so, ngi dan con noi tieng Aramei la ngon ng cua Chua Giesu. That the, khi nc Siria c thanh lap hoi nam 1920, mot phan ba dan so theo Kito giao. Hien nay ngi ta ngh ch con khoang 900,000 tn hu kito tren tong so 18 trieu dan.

Mot cuoc chay tron tiep tuc. Va ai trong chung ta, sau khi nghe ke lai cac vu hanh quyet do cac lc lng hoi cuong tn thi hanh oi vi cac kito hu: ong anh, x t, chat au, chon song, cat co, ma dam trach cac kito hu tai sao lai bo tron? That ra cac lc lng hoi cuong tn cho ho t la chon: hoac la theo Hoi giao, hoac la ra i hay b chat au...

Nha nc Hoi va cac nhom khung bo pha hoai khac theo Hoi giao cuong tn khoe khoang kieu ho oi x tan bao oi vi cac kito hu, ca bi v ho hieu anh hng cua cac vu hanh quyet oi vi cac phng tien truyen thong. Hoi thang hai nam 2015 nha nc Hoi a cat co 21 kito hu Cop Ai cap tren b bien Libia trong mot trong cac video tuyen truyen ho nhuc va tan bao nhat c ho tung len mang. Hai mi mot nan nhan mac ao mau vang cam nh mau ao dung cho cac tu nhan tai trai tu vnh Guantanamo. Bai bien Libia la bien gii vi Au chau.

Cac tay khung bo hoi coi cac tn hu kito khong ch nh cac ke bat trung, ma con nh cac thanh phan cua Tay Phng na. S iep cua video hanh quyet rat ro rang: ngi tay phng cac ngi bo tu cac "lien minh" cua chung toi tai Guantanamo, th chung toi giet ngi cua cac ngi trc ngng ca Au chau.

S e doa oi vi cac kito hu ben Trung ong that la nghiem trong va khong the choi cai c. Tuy nhien, e co the hieu no mot cach sau xa, chung ta can phai nhn no trong boi canh cua vung nay. Cac chia re he phai, viec vang bong nen dan chu, an ninh, cac quyen dan s, tnh cach hp phap: tat ca eu la cac van e lien luy ti cac cong dan cua cac quoc gia trong vung bat on nay, trong o can cc ton giao chang cheo vi can tnh chnh tr. La ngi hoi sunnt, scit, kito, alawt, druise hay yazidi co mot tam quan trong xa hoi, a ly, chnh tr va kinh te, ngoai tam quan trong tinh than.

S kien chung ta lu tam ti cac vu tan cong cac kito hu la ieu t nhien. Ca khi chung ta coi cac ngi A Rap nh la mot ngi trong chung ta. Nhng chung ta lam, neu chung ta khong cho cung tam quan trong cho moi bao lc he phai ang khien cho toan vung nay b chet ngop. Hoi nam 2017 a co 128 tn hu kito Cop bi giet chet trong nhieu vu khung bo tai Ai Cap. Vu khung bo cuoi cung la tai mot nha th trong mua Giang Sinh.

Mot thang trc o a co 305 tn hu hoi Supht b cac ngi hoi cuong tn coi la lac giao, b sat hai trong mot vu tan cong en th hoi giao trong ban ao Sinai. Ben Iraq vu tan cong tan sat ln nhat do Nha Nc Hoi chu mu a la vu tan cong bang bom mot cong oan scit tai Karrada trong thu o Baghdad hoi thang 6 nam 2016, khien cho 323 ngi thiet mang va lam cho hang tram ngi khac b thng trong mot trung tam thng mai ay cac gia nh ang c hanh thang chay tnh Ramadan. S tan bao cua Nha nc Hoi ac biet nham ti cac kito hu va ngi hoi Yaszidi, nhng cung khong tha cac anh ch em hoi giao khac.

Ngi ta thng noi nhieu ti chien tranh gia cac nen van minh. Cau hoi ma chung ta thng at ra ben Tay Phng o la khong biet bao lc va s bat khoan nhng, ma chung ta trong thay tai nhieu phan cua the gii hoi giao, co phat xuat t chnh Hoi giao hay khong. Chac chan cac nhom nh nha nc Hoi xuyen tac cac cau trong Kinh Coran e bien minh cho thu han bao lc cua ho. Ho coi tat ca nhng ai khong chia se viec giai thch qua khch Hoi giao la mot ke bat trung, khong tin, ca khi o la cac ngi Hoi i na.

N nha bao Barbara Serra noi ba e cho cac chuyen vien nghien cu Kinh Coran sau xa hn. Ba ch biet rang sau 12 nam lam viec tai ai truyen hnh Al Jazeera va hang tram gi phan tch bao lc tai Trung ong trong moi kha canh cua no, hn 90% cac cuoc phong van ba thc hien co ban chat chnh tr, ch khong phai la ton giao.

Ba nhan thay nan that nghiep, tnh trang bat hp phap, s tuyet vong, nan bat cong va khat vong bao thu la cac yeu to chieu du cua cac nhom khung bo pha hoai, ch khong phai la cac cau gay tranh cai trong Kinh Coran. Cac c cau cua chnh quyen cang gay vun bao nhieu, th cac khuynh hng he phai, s s hai va thu han ngi khac cang ln manh bay nhieu. That ang suy gam cac li nay cua c Thng Phu Giao Hoi cong giao hy lap Melkt Gregorio III Laham: "Tng lai cua cac ki to hu tai Siria khong b e doa bi cac ngi hoi, nhng bi s hon loan".

Tay Phng phai suy ngh mot cach ro rang rang cuoc chien au cua mnh la e chong lai nan khung bo ch khong phai e chong lai Hoi giao. Giai phap cho cuoc bach hai cac kito hu Trung ong se ch c tm thay trong viec bnh nh tnh hnh cho tat ca moi nhom chung toc va ton giao, trong cach the cong bang nhat co the. Cha khoa ch that cua mot tng lai on nh cho the gii A rap la chnh ngi A rap, cho du ho theo ton giao nao i na.

Mot van ban dai hn cua cac suy t nay cua nha bao Barbara Serra a c dung cho li M au cuon sach ta e "Ni cac kito hu chet" cua tac gia Luigi Ginami xuat ban trong nam 2018 nay.

Tng cung nen ghi nhan mot s kien ang buon khac: o la cac phan ng rat yeu t cua cac to chc Hoi giao va cua ai a so tn hu hoi tren toan the gii oi vi cac lc lng hoi cuong tn va cung cach hanh x tan bao vo luan cua ho, nap sau bnh phong hoi giao e thc hien cac mu o chnh tr en toi. Cung co cac vu len tieng va cac thong cao ket an cac vu sat hai, nhng ngi ta co cam tng chung a khong gay c tieng vang va anh hng nao oi vi cac to chc hoi cuong tn nh Al Qaeda, Boko Haram ben Nigeria, Nha nc hoi IS, Al shabaab ben Somalia, va cac lc lng hoi qua khch hoat ong tai Philippines, Indonesia, Thai Lan va Malaysia.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Vatican News)

 


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