Neu ten c giam muc

trong Kinh Nguyen Thanh The the nao

 

Neu ten c giam muc trong Kinh Nguyen Thanh The the nao?

Muc ch - Y Ngha

Kinh nguyen Thanh The c xep vao mot trong so nhng li nguyen cao trong va thanh thien nhat cua Hoi Thanh. V the, Hoi Thanh het sc can trong trong tng t ng va cau truc cua kinh nguyen nay. Tr ra nhng trng hp het sc hoa hiem nh quyet nh them ten Thanh Giuse vao, ban van va cong thc c Giao Hoi soan ra trong cac Kinh nguyen Thanh The khong nen co bat ky mot s them that t tien nao khac va khong c bo sot neu ten c Giao hoang va Giam muc giao phan.

Viec xng ch danh ten cua c Giao hoang (lanh ao Hoi Thanh pho quat), c Giam muc giao phan (lanh ao Hoi Thanh a phng) va co the la ten cua ca c Giam muc pho hay phu ta trong moi Kinh nguyen Thanh The nham 3 muc ch:

- Th nhat, ton trong mot truyen thong rat xa xa trong Hoi Thanh;

- Th hai, e cac tn hu ong tam nhat tr vi cac ngai va cau nguyen cho cac ngai;

- Th ba, khong nhng the, nhng li nay con t nhieu dien ta dang thc trung thanh cua cong oan tn hu oi vi cac v lanh ao cua ho.

Li cau c tiep noi bang viec cau nguyen cach chung cho "tat ca cac Gam muc" va cho "toan the hang giao s khap ni" (khong nhac ten ch danh) nham bieu hien moi day hiep nhat cua cong oan tn hu vi cac ngai la nhng v muc t trong Hoi Thanh.

Khi oc Kinh nguyen Thanh The, cac t te khong nhan danh ban than mnh, nhng la ai dien Chua Kito va Giao Hoi. Tron ven Kinh nguyen Thanh The mang am hng hiep thong, do o, cong thc nay dien ta mot thc tai than hoc sau xa trong o t te va cong ong bay to ho thuoc ve Hoi Thanh hoan vu qua s hiep thong theo pham trat vi c Giao hoang va c Giam muc giao phan la nhng v a c tn thac cho nhiem vu dng nuoi va cung co s hiep nhat tham sau cua Nhiem the Chua Kito. c Thanh Cha ai dien cho s hiep nhat nay cap o hoan vu v ngai la nguyen ly va nen tang hu hnh, vnh cu, la dau ch va la ngi phuc vu s hiep thong gia cac Giam muc cung nh gia cac tn hu ca tren bnh dien c cau lan bnh dien phap ly va cai quan; con c Giam muc giao phan, ngai la nguyen ly va nen tang hu hnh, la dau hieu va kh cu cho s hiep nhat nay cap o a phng. Kinh nguyen Thanh The nhac ti s hiep thong vi c Giao hoang, vi c Giam muc giao phan, vi Giam muc oan, vi toan the hang giao s la can thiet e Thanh le c hanh mang tnh Cong giao ch thc. Viec neu ch danh ten cua c Giao hoang va c Giam muc giao phan thc s da tren khoa Giao Hoi hoc ve hiep thong, tc la sau c Giao hoang, s hiep thong Giao Hoi c thiet lap qua c Giam muc giao phan xet nh ngai la ai dien c Kito (vicarius Christi), la chu chan cua mot phan Dan Chua o. Hn na, s hiep thong vi Giam muc giao phan la ieu kien e moi c hanh trong a phan c hp phap.

Cach Thc Neu Ten c Giam Muc

1. Phai neu ten

Cach chung, t te trc het neu danh hieu cua c Giao hoang ng kim ma theo tap quan ch can neu ten ngai ch khong can neu con so. Tiep en, t te neu danh tnh cua c Giam muc ang cai quan giao phan (Ban quyen a phng) hoac c Giam muc giam quan giao phan hoac v cung ang cap vi Giam muc giao phan theo luat. Neu co the, t te neu them ten cua c Giam muc pho hay phu ta. Tai Roma, ch neu ten c Giao hoang ma thoi v ngai la Giam muc cua giao phan Roma.

2. Khong neu ten

Cach chung, khong neu ten c Giam muc khi v t te dang le tren bien khi hay nhng ni khong co c Giam muc c tru. Cung nen bo qua nhng tc hieu danh d nh Hong y. Trong Thanh le ong te co nhieu v Giam muc tham gia c hanh, nguyen tac la khong neu ten cac c Giam muc ngoai giao phan, du mot trong so cac ngai lam chu te. Cung khong neu ten c Giam muc ve hu (tr khi ngai van tiep tuc c chon ieu hanh tam thi giao phan trong t cach la giam quan giao phan). Tot nhat, nen cau nguyen cho cac ngai trong phan Li nguyen Tn hu.

Cu the hn, Quy che Tong quat Sach Le Roma so 149 day rang:

- V t te tiep tuc Kinh nguyen Thanh The nh ch o a ghi trong moi kinh.

- Neu chu te la c Giam muc c hanh trong giao phan cua mnh va chnh ngai oc th sau nhng li "cung vi c Giao hoang T" (Papa nostro N.), ngai them "va con la toi t bat xng cua Chua cung toan the hang giao s" (et me indigno famulo tuo... - Kinh nguyen Thanh The II). Cung ap dung tng t nh vay cho cac Kinh nguyen Thanh The khac, chang han, oi vi Kinh nguyen Thanh The III, Giam muc chu te oc: "cung vi toi ti Chua la c Giao hoang T . va con la toi t bat xng cua Chua, cung toan the hang Giam muc, giao s khap ni, va tat ca dan rieng Chua".

- Neu c Giam muc c hanh ngoai giao phan cua mnh, sau nhng li: "cung vi c Giao hoang T."( Papa nostro N.), ngai them: "va con la toi t bat xng cua Chua va ngi anh em con la T., Giam muc giao phan T. nay" (et me indigno famulo tuo, et fratre meo N., Episcopo huius Ecclesiae N.).

- c Giam muc giao phan, hoac v cung ang cap vi Giam muc giao phan theo luat (co the la mot v linh muc), phai c xng ten vi cong thc: "cung vi toi t Chua la c Giao hoang T. va c Giam muc T. (hoac: ai dien, giam chc, phu doan, an vien phu) chung con" [una cum famulo tuo Papa nostro N. et Episcopo (Vicario, Prelato, Praefecto, Abbate)].

- Trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The, co the xng ten cac c Giam muc pho va phu ta, nhng khong can xng ten cac c Giam muc khac co the hien dien trong buoi c hanh. [Nhng li knh trong danh cho cac ngai cho nay la khong phu hp bi v c hanh Thanh le tai mot Giao Hoi a phng c cam re sau xa ni chc t te cua Giam muc giao phan xet v la ngai la tieu iem va nguyen ly cua s hiep nhat; hn na, nhng li chuyen cau trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The cung bao gom viec cau nguyen cho tat ca cac Giam muc].

- Khi phai xng ten nhieu v, nen oc theo mot cong thc chung: "c Giam muc T. giao phan chung con va cac c Giam muc cong tac vi ngai" (et Episcopo nostro N. eiusque Episcopis adiutoribus).

- Trong moi Kinh nguyen Thanh The, phai thch ng nhng cong thc tren sao cho hp vi cau truc van pham.

Lu Y Mot So Trng Hp

1. Trong ngoi Giao hoang

Neu c Giao hoang ng kim qua i (sede vacante), cho dau c Giao hoang ve hu van con song, th trong thi gian ch i co Tan Giao hoang, v t te khong neu ten c Giao hoang a qua co hay ten bat c c Giao hoang nao khac.

2. Toa Giam muc trong ngoi

Khi toa Giam muc trong ngoi (sede vacante) do c Giam muc ng chc qua i, t nhiem hay chuyen en mot toa khac, giao phan se c ieu hanh bi mot linh muc hay Giam muc vi vai tro lam giam quan giao phan.

Neu v nay la mot linh muc giam quan do hoi ong t van giao phan bau len hoac do c Tong Giam muc giao tnh ch nh [trong trng hp qua 8 ngay ma van cha bau xong] e ieu hanh tam thi cho en khi co mot c Giam muc khac c bo nhiem cai quan giao phan, th khong can neu ten ngai trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The v ch nguyen danh hieu giam quan khong phai la danh hieu phung vu va khong thuoc ve pham tru nguyen ly hiep thong nh thanh chc Giam muc [cung vi B tch Thanh The] nh se noi tiep di ay.

Neu giam quan la mot v Giam muc, ten cua ngai phai c neu trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The nh thng cho en khi mot c Giam muc khac c bo nhiem ve cai quan a phan qua nghi le tu chc theo oi hoi cua Giao luat so 382. ieu nay co ngha la du Toa Thanh a cong bo danh tanh cua v tan Giam muc va a co van th cua Toa Thanh bo nhiem ngai lam Giam muc chnh toa coi soc giao phan, nhng t te trong giao phan van ch neu ten c Giam muc giam quan ch khong neu ten v tan Giam muc nay cho ti ngay ngai c phong chc Giam muc (neu cha chu chc) va chnh thc tu chc. Tuy nhien, khong c oc cac danh hieu khac biet neu co cua v Giam muc giam quan nh Tong Giam muc, Hong y Tong Giam muc hay Giam quan Tong toa. Ly do c neu ch danh trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The khong phai v ngai lam giam quan nhng v ngai la Giam muc giam quan. mot mc o nao o, ngai cung tng t nh v Giam muc giao phan, cho nen cong thc trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The khong can thay oi (van oc "c Giam muc T. chung con..."). Vi thanh chc Giam muc ma ngai a lanh nhan trong ngay phong chc, ngai lanh nhan s sung man cua B tch Truyen chc (primatus sacerdotii), tr nen ngi ke v cac Tong o e chan dat Giao Hoi Chua cung nh thuoc ve pham tru nguyen ly hiep thong cua Giao Hoi a phng [ben canh B tch Thanh The] trong vai tro Giam muc giam quan. Tac gia Susan K. Wood nhac lai rang, theo Cong ong Vatican II, hai ieu can thiet cho mot Giao Hoi ac thu la Thanh The va Giam muc. Mot Giao Hoi ac thu cot yeu la mot cong oan ban th (th phng, altar) quanh v Giam muc cua mnh.

3. Co neu ten c Giam muc ngh hu khong?

Theo tac gia Edward McNamara, ch co Giam muc giao phan ng nhiem mi c neu ten ch danh trong Kinh nguyen Thanh the va viec neu danh tanh Giam muc trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The khong phai la mot van e lch s hoac knh trong, nhng la mot van e hiep thong Giao Hoi (una cum Papa et Episcopo). Da vao van th cua Bo Phung t "De nomine Episcopi proferendo in Prece eucharistica" (09-10-1972), cha o Xuan Que, OP cung nhac lai rang: "Cau nguyen cho c Cha trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The va la bon phan va la ieu phai le, "khong phai ch e to long ton knh ma chnh la e bieu lo moi hiep thong va tnh bac ai oi vi ngai, hau xin n tr giup cho ban than va s vu cua ngai" [tieng la-tinh la "Non tantum vel non praecipue honoris gratia, sed ob causam communionis et caritatis, sive ad divina auxilia pro ejus persona et ministerio impetranda"] (Acta Apostolicae Sedis 64 [1972], 692-694).

cap o hoan vu, moi Giam muc giao phan ai dien cho Giao Hoi tai a phng cua mnh, va tat ca cac Giam muc cung vi Giao hoang ai dien cho toan the Giao Hoi trong moi day bnh an, yeu thng va hiep nhat. Giam muc cua hai giao phan co the thiet lap s hiep thong vi nhau, nhng e hoan toan thuoc ve Giao Hoi Cong giao, ho hay Giam muc oan, can phai hiep thong hu hieu vi c Thanh Cha, ngai lam au cho Than The hay oan The cac Giam muc, va o chnh la Giam muc Roma. cap giao phan, linh muc ai dien cho cac Giam muc e thi hanh tha tac vu rao giang Phuc Am, chan dat tn hu va c hanh viec th phng Thien Chua. Theo Hien che Tn ly ve Giao Hoi (Lumen Gentium), cac linh muc la cong s vien khon ngoan, la phu ta va la dung cu cua hang Giam muc; Ho phu thuoc vao cac Giam muc trong viec thc thi quyen hanh cua ho" (so 28). Do o, s hiep thong cua ho vi Ban quyen a phng khong kem phan quan trong.

Phan trnh bay tren giai thch ly do tai sao trong li chuyen cau cua Kinh Nguyen Thanh The, chung ta ch neu ch danh danh hieu cua c Giao hoang va c Giam muc giao phan ng nhiem ch khong neu danh tanh cua c Giam muc ve hu [hay c Giao hoang ve hu]. Cac ngai la Giam muc va ng trong Hang ngu Giam muc, nhng cac ngai khong con thi hanh s vu cai quan giao phan [hay Giao Hoi hoan vu] nh khi ng chc. Luc nay, cac ngai khong con la bieu tng, la s dien ta cua s hiep thong, hay chu trach nhiem cho moi day hiep thong cua Giao Hoi a phng hoac cua Giao Hoi hoan vu na. V vay, nh a noi, cac ngai c xep nam trong li cau nguyen cach chung (khong nhac ten ch danh) danh cho tat ca cac Gam muc va cho toan the hang giao s nham bieu hien moi day hiep nhat cua cong oan tn hu vi cac ngai la nhng v muc t trong Hoi Thanh.

Tuy khong a ten c Giam muc ngh hu vao Kinh nguyen Thanh The, nhng cac cong oan giao x va dong tu trong giao phan nen cau nguyen luon cho ngai trong phan Li nguyen Tn hu cua Thanh le hang ngay hay trong Li cau cua Gi kinh Phung vu moi ngay. Nhieu ngi lam tng rang ch dang Li nguyen Tn hu trong Thanh le Chua nhat hay nhng dp trong the. Thc ra, Hoi Thanh khuyen khch dang Li nguyen Tn hu moi ngay trong moi Thanh le co giao dan tham d.

Ve van e ieu chnh them that nhng chi tiet khac vao trong cac van ban hoac ch o cua Thanh le noi chung va trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The noi rieng, cac v t te nen nh rang, Thanh le thuoc ve toan the Hoi Thanh va la mot phan quan trong cua "Kho tang c tin" (depositum fidei) nen ch co Huan quyen cua Giao Hoi (Magisterium) mi co quyen thay oi, ngay ca Giam muc giao phan cung khong co tham quyen tr ra phai tuan theo nhng thu tuc nghiem ngat, nh phai co nhng ly do muc vu het sc can thiet, c Hoi ong Giam muc thong qua [vi 2/3 so Giam muc ong y] va phai trnh len Toa Thanh e c phe chuan trc khi em ap dung. V the, cac linh muc cang phai tranh xa thoi quen t y them that ieu nay ieu kia vao trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The.

Lm. Giuse Pham nh Ai, SSS

- - - - - - - -

Xc. Edward McNamara, "Mentioning Bishops in the Eucharistic Prayers" trong A Zenit Daily Dispatch (17 Feb. 2009) - Notitiae 45 (2009) 308-320.

Xc. Hien che Phung vu Thanh, so 22; Quy che Tong quat Sach Le Roma, so 24; Huan th B tch Cu o (Redemptionis sacramentum), so 51, 56, 59.

Xc. Huan th B tch Cu o, so 56; Edward McNamara, "Mentioning Bishops in the Eucharistic Prayers"; Notitiae 45 (2009) 308-320.

Kinh nguyen Thanh The I; III; IV; Giao Hoa II; Cau cho nhng nhu cau khac nhau I, II, III, IV

Kinh nguyen Thanh The II; III; IV; Cau cho nhng nhu cau khac nhau II, III, IV; Thanh le vi tre em II, III.

Xc. Quy che Tong quat Sach Le Roma, so 79g.

Xc. Barry Hudock, The Eucharistic Prayer - A User's Guide (Collegeville, Minnesota: A Pueblo / The Liturgical Press, 2010), 82.

Xc. Hien che Tn ly ve Giao Hoi (Lumen Gentium = LG), so 22-23; Sac lenh ve Nhiem vu Muc vu cua Giam muc (Christus Dominus), so 6; Sach Giao ly Hoi Thanh Cong giao, so 1369.

Xc. GH Benecto XVI, Tong Huan Sacramentum Caritatis, so 39.

Xc. Xc. Edward McNamara, "Inserts into Eucharistic Prayers" trong A Zenit Daily Dispatch (Rome - 19 May 2015).

Xc. Giao Luat so 418~2: Trong trng hp nay, t te van neu ten ngai nh cong thc thong thng "cung vi c Giao hoang T., c Giam muc T. chung con..." (Kinh nguyen Thanh The II).

V co quyen tai phan (jurisdiction) tren mot lanh tho khong gan vi bat c giao phan nao.

Xc. Giao Luat so 370-371; The Decree Cum de nomine, on the mention of the bishop's name in the Eucharistic Prayer (October 9, 1972), Acta Apostolicae Sedis 64 [1972], 692-694 trong Documents on the Liturgy, 1963-1979, no. 1970).

Co the xng ten neu v t te muon (Notitiae 45 (2009) 308-320.

Du ngai ang chu s buoi c hanh phung vu.

Xc. Quy che Tong quat Sach le Roma, so 92; Edward Foley (ed), A Commentary on the General Instruction of the Roman Missal (Collegeville, Minnesota: A Pueblo / The Liturgical Press, 2007), 250-251.

Ngha la khong neu tng ten rieng biet v co nhng giao phan ma so c Giam muc phu ta la 3,4,5 hay tham ch len ti 9 v.

Xc. Giao Luat so 416.

Xc. Giao Luat so 419; 421~1; LG, so 20; 21; Bo Giao ly c tin, "Giao hoi nh la hiep thong" (ngay 28 thang 5 nam 1992), so 14.

Xc. Bo Phung t Thanh, Sac lenh Cum de nomine (AAS 64 [1972], 692-694.

Xc. Hien che Tn ly ve Giao Hoi Lumen Gentium (=LG), so 20-23; Bo Giao ly c tin, "Giao hoi nh la hiep thong", so 14; Susan K. Wood, "The Church as Communion" trong Peter C. Phan (ed), The Gift of the Chuch (Collegeville, Minnesota: A Pueblo / The Liturgical Press, 2000), 159-176.

Xc. Edward McNamara, "Mentioning Bishops in the Eucharistic Prayers"; Notitiae 45 (2009) 308-320.

o Xuan Que, "oc ten c Cha trong Kinh nguyen Thanh The" trong http://www.simonhoadalat.com/HOCHOI/Phungvu/69KinhNguyenTT.htm

Xc. LG, so 23.

Ibid., so 22b; Bo Giao ly c tin, "Giao hoi nh la hiep thong", so 12.

Xc. LG, so 28.

Xc. Quy che Tong quat Sach Le Roma, so 79g; 92; Edward Foley (ed), A Commentary on the General Instruction of the Roman Missal, 250-251

Xc. Quy che Tong quat Sach Le Roma, so 69; Joseph DeGrocco, A Pastoral Commentaty on the General Instruction of the Roman Missal (Chicago: Liturgy Training Publication, 2011), 48.

Xc. Sach Giao ly Hoi Thanh Cong giao, so 84.

Xc. Hien che Phung vu Thanh, so 22; Giao luat 838, 846, 928; Quy che Tong quat Sach Le Roma, so 24; Paul VI, address of August 22, 1973: L'Osservatore Romano (August 23, 1973); Huan th B tch Cu o, so 51 va 59; Tong Huan Sacramentum Caritatis, so 37-40; Inaestimabile Donum, so 5; Edward McNamara, "Inserts into Eucharistic Prayers".

 


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