Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc

ac biet cho vung Amazzonia

 

Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ac biet cho vung Amazzonia.

Vatican (Vat. 30-01-2018) - Vao nam 2019 se co Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ac biet cho vung Amazzonia.

Sau ay chung toi xin gi ti quy v bai phong van c Hong Y Claudio Hummes, Chu tch "Mang li giao hoi Toan Amazzonia" cua Lien Hoi ong Giam Muc chau My Latinh, ve mo thc phat trien t Tin Mng.

Amazzonia la vung rng rong hn 7 trieu cay so vuong, trong o co 5.5 trieu cay so vuong la rng gia. Tuy 65% dien tch vung Amazzonia thuoc nc Brasil, nhng no cung trai dai ra cac nc Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guiana, Suriname va Guyana Phap. Ten goi Amazzonia phat xuat t ban tng trnh cua linh muc Gaspar de Carvajal viet ngay 22 thang 4 nam 1542 ve cuon nhat ky du hanh cua cha trong vung Amazzonia. Ban tng trnh ke lai rang ngi Tay Ban Nha anh nhau vi tho dan Tapuyas, la bo lac trong o ca phu n cung la cac chien binh. Ong Francisco de Orelana a goi ten con song la Rio della Amazzoni, v cac phu n chien binh nhac cho ong nh ti cac phu n Amazzoni cua A chau va Phi chau xa kia nh hai van s Erodoto va Diodoro Siculo mieu ta trong than thoai Hy Lap.

Amazzonia co kh hau am t cua vung nhiet i vi nhiet o trung bnh la 26 o C. ay la vung sinh thai co cac loai cay coi thao moc va thu vat vo cung phong phu, giong cac vung rng gia ben A chau va Phi chau, nen co gia tr sinh thai vo gia. Trong vung Amazzonia co khoang 2.5 trieu con trung khac nhau, 3,000 loai ca, 1,294 loai chim - mot phan nam cac loai chim tren toan the gii song trong vung nay - 427 loai thu vat co vu, 427 loai vat va song tren at va song di nc, 378 loai cay. Cac nha khoa hoc a mieu ta gia 96,669 va 128,834 loai vat khong co xng song ch noi tai Brasil ma thoi.

T nhieu thap nien qua cac cong ty a quoc a khai thac cac quang mo va go quy hiem trong vung Amazzonia, viec xay dng cac he thong ng lo va pha rng lay at trong trot a khien cho toan he thong sinh thai tai ay gap nguy hiem. No cung gop phan lam thay oi kh hau, ham nong trai at va khien cho cuoc song cua cac tho dan tr thanh kho khan hn. Mo thc phat trien qua viec khai thac cac tai nguyen thien nhien mot cach vo chng mc gay ra cac hau qua tan pha e doa moi sinh va cuoc song cua tho dan trong vung. Giao Hoi co the va phai gop phan thao luan cac van e nghiem trong nay, bat au t cac gia tr cua Phuc Am.

Hoi: Tha c Hong Y, Giao Hoi tai Brasil va toan chau My Latinh ang chuan b the nao cho Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ac biet cho vung Amazzonia?

ap: Quyet nh cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico trieu tap mot Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ac biet cho vung Amazzonia va viec ngai loan bao ngay 15 thang 10 nam ngoai tai quang trng thanh Phero a khien cho tn hu cong giao Brasil, ac biet la tn hu vung Amazzonia, rat vui mng va biet n. Viec hang hai ap tra nay cua chung toi la bc au tien cho viec chuan b Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc. The roi Hoi ong Giam Muc Brasil a thanh lap mot Uy ban ac trach vung Amazzonia, va Lien Hoi ong Giam Muc chau My Latinh, viet tat la CELAM, va vung Caraibi cung a co van phong cho Mang Li Giao Hoi Toan Amazzonia, goi tat la REPAM. ng nhien la cac c cau nay cung vi cac giao phan va cac thc tai phap ly cua Giao Hoi vung Amazzonia trc tiep co nhiem vu gop phan vao viec chuan b Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc. a co mot chuyen ong ln qua cac cuoc hop c to chc trong vung. Chac chan chuyen vieng tham Peru cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico vi cuoc gap g cac tho dan Amazzonia tai Puerto Maldonado cung nh vi cac Giam Muc ai dien 9 nc toan vung Amazzonia la mot kch thch khi au cho viec chuan b nay.

Hoi: Tha c Hong Y vai tro cua giao dan trong viec chuan b nay ra sao?

ap: ay la mot Thng Hoi ong cua cac Giam Muc, nhng toan the Giao Hoi luon c mi goi tham d trong viec chuan b moi Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc. Hang giao s, tu s va giao dan eu gop phan. Chnh v the van phong tong th ky Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc cua Toa Thanh chuan b mot bang cau hoi ve e tai cua tng Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc, va gi ti cac giao oan a phng qua cac Giam Muc. Ngoai cac Giam Muc ra, cac cong oan a phng cung c mi goi tra li cho cac cau hoi o. ay la thi iem au tien quan trong, ma moi giao dan co the tham gia. Va khi len danh sach cac tham d vien Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc, th ben canh cac Giam Muc luon luon co cac linh muc tu s va giao dan nam n c c Thanh Cha mi tham d nh d thnh vien, ngha la tham d cac phien hop, nhng khong co quyen bo phieu. Ch co cac Giam Muc tc cac ngh phu bo phieu ma thoi. Va trong Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc cho vung Amazzonia cung se nh the. Chac chan c Thanh Cha se mi ai dien cac tho dan tham d vi tnh cach la d thnh vien. Nhng trong viec chuan b, va nhat la qua bang cau hoi, chung toi muon lam viec e cac cong oan tho dan co the tham gia vao viec tra li cac cau hoi va noi len y kien rieng cua ho, cung nh a ra cac e ngh nhieu chng nao co the.

Hoi: Vay au la cac au lo ln cua Giao Hoi oi vi vung Amazzonia nay tha c Hong Y?

ap: Trong Ngay quoc te gii tre tai Rio de Jamerio hoi nam 2013 trong dien van noi vi cac Giam Muc Brasil c Thanh Cha Phanxico a khang nh rang Giao Hoi trong vung Amazzonia can co mot "bo mat Amazzonia" va "mot hang giao s ban a". Ngai a khch le cac Giam Muc va noi: "Lien quan ti ieu nay, toi xin anh em lam n can am va dam lam". ong thi c Thanh Cha cung nhan manh rang "Vung Amazzonia la mot trac nghiem nh oat, mot th thach oi vi Giao Hoi va xa hoi Brasil". Ngai cung neu bat rang "T ban au, t thi thuoc a Giao Hoi hien dien trong vung Amazzonia vi cac tha sai, cac dong tu, cac linh muc, giao dan va cac Giam Muc va tiep tuc hien dien va nh oat oi vi tng lai cua vung nay". Ngai cung ni ti nguy c cua s suy oi va tan pha thien nhien cua vung Amazzonia, va manh me keu goi cu van toan thu tao ma Thien Chua a tn thac cho con ngi. Thien Chua tn thac no cho con ngi khong phai e cho con ngi khai thac no mot cach tan bao, nhng e con ngi bien oi no thanh mot ngoi vn". o la nhng van e gay au lo nhat oi vi vung Amazzonia. Chac chan la s hien dien rao truyen Tin Mng cua Giao Hoi gan lien vi viec lo lang cho moi sinh trong vung Amazzonia, nh Thong iep Laudato si cua c Thanh Cha chng minh cho thay.

Khi loan bao trieu tap Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ac biet cho vung Amazzonia, c Thanh Cha cung a xac nh muc tieu cua no la "tm ra cac con ng mi" giup ng au vi cac van e nay tren bnh dien rao truyen Tin Mng cung nh tren bnh dien xa hoi va moi sinh cua vung Amazzonia. D nhien au lo ln nhat trong lanh vc truyen giao la s kien thieu cac tha sai nam n, khien cho s hien dien the ly va gan gui thng xuyen cua Giao Hoi oi vi dan ngheo trong vung tr thanh kho khan hn. Ngoai ra viec thieu cac linh muc khien cho cac anh ch em tho dan song trong rng khong c lanh nhan cac b tch Thanh The, hoa giai va xc dau benh nhan. S kien nay khien cho ho cang cam thay mnh gion mong hn va cam thay b bo ri. Lam the nao e phat trien mot hang giao s a phng, tho dan, ban a ay u cho s menh truyen giao nay cua Giao Hoi? ieu nay se khien cho viec hoi nhap Tin Mng vao long cac van hoa cua cac dan toc nay c de dang hn.

Hoi: c Hong Y co ngh rang Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc se co the giup lam sang to cac van e cua Toan vung Amazzonia hay khong ?

ap: Chac chan roi. Trc cac van e quan trong nh the Giao Hoi cam thay c khch le tm ra cac con ng mi va vach ra cac ng loi da tren s tr giup cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc.

Lam sao Giao Hoi co the tr giup suy t va a ra cac e ngh san soc ngoi nha chung va song tot, la nen tang cua luan ly ao c cua cac dan toc ban a trc cac d an phat trien vung Amazzonia nh khai thac quang mo, khai thac go, khai thac thuy ien lc tren bnh dien ai quy mo vv.. la cac sinh hoat chong lai kieu song cua cac tho dan.

Tren thc te mo thc phat trien cong cung nh t nhan, ma cac chnh quyen ang ap dung trong vung Amazzonia, theo he thong kinh te tai chanh quoc te mi, se vo cung tai hai va tan pha oi vi thc tai moi sinh va oi vi cac dan toc ban a va truyen thong cua vung nay. Giao Hoi co the va phai tham d vao cuoc thao luan ve cac van e ay, khi hanh t Phuc Am, trong tnh lien i vi biet bao nhieu ngi va cac cong oan b thiet hai, b loai tr, khong c biet en va b lot bo pham gia, at ai, nen van hoa va cac quyen li cua ho. Giao Hoi phai can thiep e bao ve ngoi nha chung cua chung ta. No se tuy thuoc rat nhieu vao phng the gi gn vung Amazzonia. Ch nguyen van e tan pha rng gia khong thoi, ngay nay chung ta biet la rng co the em lai nhieu giau co hn la cai giau co ma viec tan pha rng em lai.

Hoi: Trc e ngh cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico e ngh mot Giao Hoi i ra c Hong Y nhan thay cac Giao Hoi a phng co the thc s dan than i ra hay khong?

ap: Co ch. Trc het bang cach tham gia vao viec chuan b cho Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc ve Amazzonia, a ra quan iem rieng va cac e ngh rieng lien quan ti s menh cua Giao Hoi trong vung Amazzonia. The roi bang cach ti vui tiep nhan cac nh hng cua c Thanh Cha, bat au t cac ket luan cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc. ieu nay se oi hoi khong c s hai ieu mi me, va khong bat ong trong thi gian va trong khong gian, nhng xan tay ao len mot cach manh me, s manh me cua Than Kh va quyet tam i ra cac vung ngoai bien va loan bao Tin Mng vi long hang say truyen giao mi, vi cac phng phap mi, va vi cac dien ta mi, cung nh thc thi long thng xot.

Hoi: c Hong Y co the giai thch vai tro cua Mang li giao hoi Toan Amazzonia ma c Hong Y la chu tch, oi vi vung nay hay khong?

ap: REPAM, mang li giao hoi Toan Amazzonia a c thanh lap hoi nam 2014 ben Brasil trong mot cuoc gap g cua cac Giam Muc va cac v lanh ao toan vung Amazzonia. No a c chuan b bi nhieu phien hop trc o nham phat trien mot loai muc vu chung cho toan vung nay. Co 4 to chc tham gia viec thanh lap nay: o la phan bo Cong ly va Lien i cua Lien Hoi ong Giam Muc my chau la tinh va vung Caraibi goi tat la CELAM, Uy ban Giam Muc cho vung Amazzonia cua Hoi ong Giam Muc Brasil, Hoi ong cac tu s chau My Latinh va Van phong chau my latinh va vung Caraibi cua to chc Caritas. V la mot mang li Repam muon gop phan vao viec phoi hp cac giao phan, cac giao quan, cac toa giam quan, cac s menh cua Giao Hoi cung vi cac to chc cua cac cong oan a phng, cac cong oan tho dan, cac lang cua dan chai, cua cac cong oan hp tac xa ong que gom con chau cac ngi no le phi chau, va nhat la cua cac cong oan ngheo, b lang quen va co lap nhat, cung nh cac c cau, cac sang kien va chng trnh hoat ong cho cong tac loan bao Tin Mng va bao ve moi sinh toan vung Amazzonia.

Gop phan xay dng mang li nay va lam cho no hoat ong o la muc ch cua to chc Repam. Nh the, cac cong oan, nhat la cac cong oan menh mong hn mien trung toan vung Amazzonia, se cam thay bt b co lap hn trong rng gia menh mong nay. Ho se cam thay bt co n hn trong cac d an, cac giac m, cac van e cua ho, va ho se biet rang co mot mang li lien i va hiep thong noi ket tat ca moi ngi vi nhau. e hoat ong tot hn to chc Repam lam viec tren vai truc chnh qua cac uy ban lam viec chuyen biet. Cac truc chnh o la cac tho dan, cac quyen con ngi, viec ao tao va cac phng phap muc vu, truyen thong, ban o cac thc tai toan vung Amazzonia, cac Giao Hoi bien gii, cac mo thc phat trien mi va cuoc khung hoang kh hau, cac to chc cong tac quoc te. Kieu lam viec lien mang nay va cac e tai chuyen biet a khien co the om vao vong tay thc tai khong lo la Toan vung Amazzonia. Toi tin co the noi rang to chc Repam ngay nay la mot to chc rat song ong, nang no va hoat ong trong toan vung.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Vatican News)

 


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