Ngoai giao Toa Thanh

trong nam 2017

 

Ngoai giao Toa Thanh trong nam 2017.

Vatican (ACI 06-01-2018; Vat. 8-01-2018) - Sang ngay 08 thang 01 nam 2018, c Giao hoang Phanxico a tiep kien oan ngoai giao canh Toa thanh cua cac quoc gia. Chng trnh ngh s can ban cua ngoai giao Toa Thanh chnh la ch li chung. Sau ay la mot so hoat ong ngoai giao cua Toa Thanh trong nam 2017 va qua.

Tai c quan Lien Hiep quoc (LHQ) New York

T nam 1964, Toa Thanh a tr thanh Quan sat vien Thng trc canh Lien Hiep Quoc. Du nhieu lan c yeu cau tr thanh thanh vien chnh thc cua Lien Hiep Quoc, nhng Toa Thanh van ch gi v the la quan sat vien thng trc va nh the co the duy tr s t do cua mnh, tranh phai bo phieu (hay khong bo phieu) ve nhng tuyen bo chien tranh va t do oi vi cac lap trng chnh tr.

Nam 2017, phai bo Quan sat vien Thng trc canh Lien Hiep Quoc a co 82 bai tham luan; trong o 68 bai c c Tong Giam muc Auza, Quan sat vien Thng trc cua Toa Thanh canh Lien Hiep Quoc, hoac cac cong s vien cua ngai phat bieu tai c quan Lien Hiep Quoc New York; 10 bai c c Tong Giam muc paul Richar Gallagher, Ngoai trng Toa Thanh phat bieu tai New York vao thang 9 trong tuan le Lien Hiep Quoc; va 4 bai c c Hong Y Peter Turkson, tong trng Bo Phat trien Nhan ban Toan dien phat bieu.

Toa Thanh a tham d tch cc vao cac cuoc am phan cua Hiep c cam vu kh hat nhan. Ngay 20 thang 09 nam 2018, c Tong Giam muc Paul Richard Gallagher a ai dien Toa Thanh ky hiep c. ay la lan au tien Toa Thanh tham d vao cac cuoc am phan vi t cach mot quoc gia thanh vien. Toa Thanh nam trong so 40 quoc gia ky hiep c.

Tai c quan Lien Hiep quoc (LHQ) Geneve

Phai bo cua Toa Thanh canh c quan Lien Hiep Quoc Geneve va cac to chc quoc te a co 48 tham luan trong nam qua. Chu e ve di dan la chu e nong bong. Cha Michael Czerny, pho Tong Th ky Uy ban Di dan va T nan cua Bo Phuc vu va Phat trien Toan dien, a tham d mot so cuoc thao luan c to chc tai Geneva ve Hiep c Toan cau cua Lien hp quoc ve di dan. Toa Thanh luon xem van e di dan va t nan la ieu quan trong trong ng loi ngoai giao cua mnh.

Tai to chc Cong tac va An ninh chau Au (OSCE) Vien, thu o Ao

Phai bo Toa Thanh tai Vien la van phong cua Quan sat vien thng trc cua Toa Thanh canh to chc Cong tac va An ninh chau Au (OSCE). Toa Thanh a ong gop bang cach tham d sinh ong vao cac cuoc am phan ve Hiep c Helsinki nam 1975 va ang lam viec e bao gom chu e t do ton giao vao trong hiep c nay.

Van phong cua Quan sat vien thng trc cua Toa Thanh cung la ai dien cua Toa Thanh canh Uy ban quoc te ve nang lng hat nhan ma Toa Thanh la quoc gia sang lap. Mot s kien chng to rang Toa Thanh khong chong lai viec s dung nang lng hat nhan cach thien kien nh ngi ta muon ngh. Hoat ong quyet nh ve viec giai tr vu kh hat nhan, c thc hien trong mot hoi thao quoc te mi ay Vatican, la mot phan s dan than cua Toa Thanh trong viec giai tr hoan toan vu kh hat nhan, nhng ngc lai, no khong anh hng en quan iem tch cc cua viec s dung ky thuat hat nhan, luon c s dung vi muc ch hoa bnh.

Tai c quan Lng Nong quoc te (FAO)

Hom 16 thang 10 nam 2017, c Giao Hoang Phanxico a en tham C quan Lng Nong quoc te (FAO), co vo ac tnh yeu thng cua s cong tac quoc te. o la s vu chong lai nan oi tren the gii ma Giao hoi luon quan tam. Trc o, hoi thang 6 nam 2017, c Giao Hoang Phanxico a tang mon qua tng trng 25 ngan euro e giup cac dan toc ong Phi oi dien vi s bat an ve lng thc va oi kem. Toa Thanh dan than toi a trong viec xoa bo nan oi tren the gii. Trong bai tham luan ngay 03/10/2017 tai hoi ngh quoc te lan VI ve bien oi kh hau, Quan sat vien thng trc cua Toa Thanh canh C quan Lng Nong quoc te (FAO), c Tong Giam muc Fernando Chica Arellano, a nhan manh en tnh trang cua cac ng phu b vi pham nhan quyen tram trong, thng la nan nhan cua buon ngi va cng bc lao ong. Toa Thanh a to chc mot hoi ngh ve e tai nay tai ai loan t ngay 01 en 06 thang 10 nam 2017.

Tai To chc Giao duc, Khoa hoc va Van hoa Lien Hiep Quoc (UNESCO)

Trong bai tham luan ky th 39 cua phien hop khoang ai cua Unesco, c Tong Giam muc Francesco Follo a keu mi tm lai coi re quan trong cua giao duc, van hoa va c tin e anh bai chu ngha khung bo va nhan manh en vai tro cua van hoa trong viec hoi nhap ngi di dan.

ac biet quan trong la vai tro ngoai giao trong viec nhn nhan quoc gia Palestin, a c bat au vi viec nhn nhan quoc gia nay to chc Unesco va c ngoai giao Toa Thanh tiep tuc vi s ong thuan quoc te vi Palestin, dan en viec thiet lap toa ai s Palestin canh Toa Thanh.

Ve van e Israel-Palestin, Toa Thanh gi quan iem quan bnh, nham nhn nhan "2 quoc gia" va nham oi thoai chnh tr e at en e at c s can bang, khong loai bo bat ky loai nao. ieu nay cung c the hien qua quan iem ve status quo cua thanh Gierusalem.

Tai To chc cua cac quoc gia chau My (OAS)

Phan bo cua Toa Thanh canh to chc cua cac nc My chau cung c c Tong giam muc Bernadito Auza, quan sat vien thng trc tai Lien Hiep Quoc New York hng dan. To chc bao gom 35 quoc gia oc lap cua Bac My va My chau La tinh. Nam nay to chc nay co nhng tranh luan quan trong, ac biet ve van e khung hoang Venezuela. c Tong giam muc Bernadito Auza cho biet s hien dien cua Toa Thanh tai to chc nay tren het la e bay to s oan ket va quan tam vi chau luc nay, bi v trong thc te, mot na tn o Cong giao ang song chau My. Toa Thanh khong co nhieu c hoi e can thiep vao cac hoat ong cua to chc nay. Nam 2017, Toa Thanh co cac tham luan ve chu e khung hoang tai Venezuela, ve cac to chc di dan ve nhan quyen, dan chu va dien van ve cuoc gap g gia 2 the gii.

Tai Hoi ong chau Au

Phan bo Toa Thanh tai Hoi ong chau Au Strasbour do quan sat vien Paolo Rudelli ng au. Toa Thanh cong tac vi Hoi ong chau Au t nam 1962 va t thang 3 nam 1970, Toa Thanh co t cach quan sat vien. Muc ch cua Toa Thanh la e tham gia vao cuoc oi thoai xay dng vi 47 quoc gia thanh vien cua Hoi ong va 5 quoc gia quan sat vien va e ung ho tat ca sang kien nham xay dng mot xa hoi dan chu da tren viec ton trong pham gia con ngi.

Trong so cac hoat ong quan trong cua phan bo Toa Thanh tai Hoi ong chau Au la viec tham d va thang tien cac cuoc gap g trao oi ve chieu kch ton giao cua viec oi thoa lien van hoa.

So cac quoc gia co quan he ngoai giao vi Toa Thanh

Toa Thanh co quan he song phng vi 183 quoc gia. Quoc gia cuoi cung thiet lap quan he nay la Myanmar.

Toa Thanh khong co quan he ngoai giao hoan toan vi 13 quoc gia. Trong so nay 8 nc khong co ai dien la Afghanistan, Arabia Saudita, Bhutan, Trung quoc, Bac han, Maldive, Oman e Tuvalu. 4 nc co ai dien Toa Thanh la Comore, Somalia, Brunei va Lao. oi vi Viet nam, mi bat au co cac lien lac e tien en mot quan he ngoai giao hoan toan. (ACI 06/01/2018)

 

Hong Thuy

(Radio Vatican)

 


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