Than hoc va cac e ngh

cai to giao trieu mi ay

 

Than hoc va cac e ngh cai to giao trieu mi ay.

Roma (VietCatholic News 16-02-2015) - Ky gia kiem than hoc gia Andrea Gagliarducci, khi nhan xet ve nhng e ngh cai to Giao Trieu mi ay, cho rang cuoc cai to nay se khong thoa man c tieu chuan cua moi ngi, ke ca nhng ngi c coi la cap tien. Nhieu ngi cho dien trnh nay qua cham chap.

Cham chap hay khong th con tuy, nhng ro rang la than trong. Can c vao nhng g mi c cong bo, ngi ta thay co viec thiet lap cac "sieu" thanh bo "e th nghiem" trong khi ch i viec soan thao tan hien che muc vu e ieu hanh cac chc nang cua Giao Trieu. Viec nay oi hoi nhieu thi gian na.

Tm hieu van e, Gagliarducci cho rang viec than trong nay, mot phan, co the do s e khang cua mot so gii ma co lan chnh nhng v ung ho dien trnh cai to a ln tieng neu ra. Nhng, theo ky gia nay, manh nhat co the la v chnh c Phanxico cha bao gi co mot ke hoach canh tan Giao Hoi. Ngai khong he muon thay oi cac hoc thuyet hien hanh cua Giao Hoi. Ngai ch ngh ti nhu cau phai co mot phng thc nhieu tnh muc vu hn thoi. Chnh nhng v Hong Y ung ho ngai trong cuoc bau giao hoang va qua, khi c e c vao cac vai tro co van quan trong, a co vu cac ngh trnh rieng. Va cac ngh trnh nay gap e khang v khong han phan anh vien kien chung.

Ngi ta co the oc c cac ieu tren do s kien: luc khai mac cong ngh Hong Y oan, c Phanxico yeu cau s hp tac cua moi ngi. Ngai nhan manh rang cuoc cai to t no khong phai la mot cung ch, ma ch nham phat huy s hp nhat gia cac c quan cua Giao Trieu. Ngai cung nhac cac v Hong Y nh rang yeu cau cai to phat xuat t cac cuoc hop trc khi co mat ngh bau giao hoang. ay la mot s te nh e nhan manh rang ngai ch thi hanh mot uy nhiem a c trao pho.

Uy nhiem ay la g? Luc ay, rat nhieu v Hong Y than phien viec thieu truyen at vi Roma va Giao Trieu qua tap trung quyen hanh. Li than phien nay cang c bien minh bang nhng tai tieng nh Vatileaks (r ro "tin mat" cua Vatican) hay cac chien dch co sap xep kheo leo nham chong lai Toa Thanh nh cac tai tieng au dam.

Cu the la can phai oi mi hnh anh cua Giao Hoi. Muon the th can phai hieu ieu g khong on trong tnh hp oan ma c Benecto XVI von keu goi phai dung nh mot kh cu e lam viec. Hp oan ch van hanh c, khi moi ngi ong y. Neu co ai o chong oi, th hien nhien dien trnh oi mi se cham han lai. Cac tr ngai thng ch la nhng vien soi nho at vao bo may ong ho: chung khong lam ngng chiec ong ho, nhng lam no cham lai cho ti khi ngng chay.

Do o, nhng vien soi nho kia can c lay khoi bo may e cai tien s van hanh cua no. Hai danh t thch hp trong dien trnh nay la hp ly hoa va phu i. Can phai a ra cac ieu chnh ve chc nang, hn la nham cham dt mot thi ai va khi au mot thi ai mi.

S thc la: co mot so v Hong Y muon thay mot thi ai mi, nhat la trong so cac giao pham c. nc nay, than hoc chu anh hng nang cua c HY Kasper va thay day cua ngai la Karl Rahner, ch khong han cua c Hong Y Joseph Ratzinger.

V Hong Y sau cha bao gi lap ra mot trng phai nao. Ngai ch dan khi mot phng phap mi. S hien dien cua ngai Thanh Bo Giao Ly c Tin a tng bc thanh tay t duy than hoc khoi nao trang the tran, nh nen Than Hoc Giai Phong chang han, tc nen than hoc cua Leonardo Boff, sau khi ong nay gap no c; ky luat mi danh cho ngi ly d va tai hon do cac giam muc c vung Song Rhine thuc ay; va mot so trc tac lien ton ma thc te la bac bo thien tnh cua Chua Giesu, khong coi Ngi la ang Cu The duy nhat.

Vi cong trnh than hoc trong nhieu nam va ay khon ngoan cua c Hong Y Ratzinger, ba trng phai tren a phai lui vao bong toi. Trng phai Kasper, ch trong vai nam, a gan nh chet yeu. Nhng gi ay xem ra ang c truyen thong lu y tr lai.

Trong khi ay, co van e Chau My La Tinh ma van e ln hn ca la van e giao ly. Lan song ngi Cong Giao chay qua Phai Ngu Tuan phan ln do thieu tn ly chac chan. Ngi ta chay ti vi Giao Hoi Cong Giao phan ln e c hng li ch xa hoi, con viec th phng , ho chay ti vi Phai Ngu Tuan! Than Hoc Giai Phong rat co the a gop phan vao xu hng nay. Nhng xu hng nay ro rang cung c nuoi dng bi mot "thuyet duy muc vu" nao o, rat thnh hanh trong thap nien 1970. Nhng ngi theo thuyet nay cho rang nhu cau chnh la phai ti vi dan chung va gan gui ho nhieu hn, con tn ly se en sau, khi ngi ta a c loi cuon vao Giao Hoi. Thanh Giao Hoang Gioan Phaolo II von cung a e cap ti chu e nay. Sau nay, ngai cung a chon phng thc phuc am hoa da tren s gan gui, nhng la mot viec phuc am hoa luc nao cung tap chu vao s that.

Viec thanh tay Giao Hoi khoi cac giai thch than hoc sai lac von a c khi s t thi c Phaolo VI vi Kinh Tin Knh Cua Dan Chua. Thanh Giao Hoang Gioan Phaolo II ay xa hn na viec thanh tay nay nham giai quyet cac cuoc tranh luan than hoc phat sinh trong thi ky hau cong ong. Sau lng v giao hoang du hanh nay, nhieu cot tru than hoc a xuat hien vi muc tieu len khuon the gii bang s cmanh cua chan ly. Ta thng ch nh Thanh Giao Hoang Gioan Phaolo II c truyen thong mo men vao nhng nam thang cuoi i, luc ngai benh hoan. Ch t khi nh ti nhng nam au lam giao hoang cua ngai, khi ngi ta than phien cac y tng va cung cach cai quan quyet oan cua ngai.

Thc ra, trong suot 27 nam lam giao hoang, c Gioan Phaolo II a co gang can bang cac chu trng. Tuy nhien, ve cuoi i, ngai khong ch than a ra cac quyet nh na, ma ch phe chuan cac quyet nh cua ngi khac thoi. ay la ly do khien cho co nhieu khuynh hng khac nhau trong cac v Hong Y do ngai bo nhiem.

Gagliarducci cho rang cac v Hong Y c coi la ung ho c Hong Y Bergoglio tai mat ngh bau giao hoang phan ln thuoc "phe ta" trong Giao Hoi, nhng v c "ngoai vi" yeu men, va c chnh c Gioan Phaolo II phan nao ho tr, nhng a b c Benecto XVI cho ra ra.

Nhn di kha canh tren, ngi ta thay ro a thuc ay cho ieu c nhieu ngi coi la cach mang hien nay phat sinh t nhu cau co tnh the he. Nhng v ung ho cuoc cach mang nay nay a gia, mot so v gan ti tuoi hoi hu, mot so v a qua tuoi nay. Cac v can gap rut!

Chnh v the, co s thuc ay c Phanxico lam "cach mang". Cac v nay biet ngai khong thch cac c cau renh rang, nhng thch hanh ong trong t cach ngoi th nhat; khong thch dien trnh tranh luan ln lao e sau o ban hanh cac van kien quan trong, v luc con la Tong Giam Muc Buenos Aires, ngai von khong muon m cong ong giao phan.

Nhng trong cong ngh Hong Y va qua, cuoc cach mang tren xem ra co s ngng ong v trong so hn 100 e ngh do Hoi ong Hong Y thu lm trong hn 50 phien hop, Hoi ong  ch a ra c mot e ngh lap ra hai sieu thanh bo, moi thanh bo gom 5 van phong, e tong hp 12 hoi ong giao hoang vao hai c cau ma thoi.

Hoi ong Hong Y cung thao luan viec lap ra mot thanh bo mi, co le se mang ten Van Phong Truyen Thong, e thay the moi phng tien truyen thong cua Toa Thanh bang mot c quan quan tr duy nhat. Thanh bo mi nay cung se co trach nhiem phoi hp va thong nhat hoa cac noi dung cua truyen thong Toa Thanh.

V Van Phong Truyen Thong t nhat se lay i mot so nang quyen cua Hoi ong Giao Hoang ve Van Hoa, nen v chu tch cua Hoi ong nay, c Hong Y Gianfranco Ravasi, e ngh lap ra Thanh Bo Van Hoa e phoi hp Th Vien Vatican, Van Kho Mat Vatican va Cac Vien Bao Tang Vatican.

Cuoi cung, cung ang co cuoc cai to lien tuc tai Hoi ong Kinh Te va Van Phong Kinh Te, vi trach vu thong nhat hoa ban can bang chi thu cua Toa Thanh va Th Quoc Vatican.

Van e thc s ay la nhieu d thao cai to nay bao gom lan lon nhieu nang quyen khac nhau. Cac cuoc thao luan tai cong ngh Hong Y va qua tap chu vao viec hieu ro cac hoi ong giam muc co the am nhiem nhng nang quyen nao hien do cac hoi ong giao hoang va cac thanh bo phu trach. Mot van e khac ang c duyet xet la e ngh bien Van Phong Tong Th Ky Thng Hoi ong thanh mot c cau quan tr, v c Phanxico hay noi ti tnh cong ong (synodality). Cung ang co cuoc tranh luan ve s m ho gia Th Quoc Vatican va Toa Thanh.

ieu ang lu y la: hom trc khi co Hoi ong Hong Y va cong ngh Hong Y, c Hong Y Gerhard Ludwig Mueller, Bo Trng Thanh Bo Giao Ly c Tin, cho ang mot bai bao kha dai tren t Quan Sat Vien Roma ta la "Thanh Tay en Th".

Bai bao tren tm ve nguon goc nhu cau cai to ma chnh c Benecto XVI a tiep nhan: ngai cung von a noi ti viec phai lam cho Giao Hoi bt tran the i. c Hong Y Muller coi muc tieu cuoi cung cua viec cai to Giao Hoi nh la e soi sang cho s menh cua Giao Hoi. Them vao o, ngai nhan manh ti cac d biet gia Giao Trieu Roma, Hong Y oan, Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc, va c quan quan tr Th Quoc Vatican. Ngai cung canh bao cn cam do muon thieng lieng hoa Giao Hoi mot cach thai qua, en o bien Giao Hoang thanh mot moi trng ly tng xa vi thc te.

Phai oc bai bao tren v no lam sang to cac gii han trong cac e ngh cai to von c lu hanh nhieu thang qua. c Hong Y Muller cho rang: van e khong phai la viec cai to. Ma phan ln la: can mot nen tang than hoc vng chac mi mong at c cuoc cach mang va e soan thao tan hien che muc vu trong o co cuoc cach mang nay.

c Cha Marcello Semeraro of Albano, Th Ky Hoi ong Hong Y, co gang cung cap nen tang than hoc nay. Do o, ngai a them phan th hai vao d thao cai to, tc phan bien minh than hoc cho y niem lap ra hai sieu thanh bo, mot cho Bac Ai, Cong Ly va Hoa Bnh, mot cho Giao Dan, Gia nh va S Song. Tuy nhien, ve iem nay, cac v Hong Y neu nhieu nghi van, nhat la lien quan ti viec dung ch. Nh "tnh cong ong" (synodality) chang han b nhieu v che va to y muon dung ch "tnh hp oan" (collegiality) hn.

Cung co nhng van e thc tien ve luat phap. Hoi ong Kinh Te d thao qui che cua mnh va trnh cho H Giao Hoang ve Giai Thch Cac Ban Van Luat Phap duyet xet. Viec duyet xet nay can thiet e bao am viec cac luat le nhat quan va an khp vi nhau, cac nang quyen c xac nh ro rang va khong vi pham giao luat. Hoi ong Giao Hoang a ra mot so phe phan va ket luan rang ban van can c viet lai.

Hoi ong Kinh Te khong hai long bao nhieu. c Hong Y Wilfried Napier, mot thanh vien cua Hoi ong to y that vong, cho rang co gang cai to a b chong oi. Nhng c Hong Y Francesco Coccopalmerio, Chu Tch Hoi ong Giao Hoang ve Giai Thch Cac Ban Van Luat Phap, nhan manh rang Hoi ong cua ngai khong chong lai cai to, ch mong no co c s vng chac ve luat le. Va lai, c Hong Y Coccopalmerio noi tieng la ngi cap tien, nhat la lien quan ti cac e ngh nong bong tai Thng Hoi ong nam 2014 ve gia nh. ieu ngai muon la cuoc cach mang phai co nen tang nh che.

ieu hien nhien la cuoc cach mang khong the tien hanh qua nhanh. Luc ket thuc cong ngh Hong Y, ai cung hieu la can co mot hien che muc vu mi. Mot uy ban chuyen mon se soan thao hien che nay trnh cho mot uy ban Hong Y cho y kien trc khi c c Giao Hoang chap thuan.

 

Vu Van An

 


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