Tng thuat ngay au tien

c Thanh Cha Phanxico

cong du muc vu Sri Lanka

 

Tng thuat ngay au tien c Thanh Cha Phanxico cong du muc vu Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka (Vat. 12-01-2015) - Chieu 12 thang gieng nam 2015 c Thanh Cha Phanxico a len ng cong du Sri Lanka trong ba ngay, roi sau o vieng tham Philippines cho ti 19 thang gieng nam 2015. ay la chuyen cong du th 7 ngoai Itallia. Chiec Airbus 330 cua hang hang khong Alitalia ch c Thanh Cha va oan tuy tung a cat canh ri phi trng quoc te Fiumicino o Roma luc 18 gi 50. May bay ch c Thanh Cha a bay qua khong phan cua cac nc Italia, Albania, Hy Lap, Tho Nh Ky, Iran, cac Vng quoc A rap thong nhat. Oman va An o.


c Thanh Cha en Colombo cua Sri Lanka luc 10 gi sang gi a phng ngay 13 thang 1 nam 2015.


c Thanh Cha a gi ien tn cho quoc trng va nhan dan cac quoc gia nay. Ngai gi li chao tham va cau chuc thnh vng, hiep nhat, va thien ch tinh than cho dan nc Italia. Ngai con nh cac ky niem ep trong cac chuyen vieng tham Albania, Tho Nh Ky va bao am vi cac v lanh ao va quoc dan hai noc li cau nguyen cua ngai. c Thanh Cha nh tong thong va dan nc Hy Lap trong li cau nguyen va khan cau phc lanh bnh an va ti vui cua Thien Chua tren Hy Lap. Ngai cau xin phc lanh binh an va thnh vng cua Thien Chua cho tong thong va dan nc Iran, cho quoc vng va cac dan toc cua Vng quoc A rap thong nhat, cho quoc vng Oman va than dan, cung nh cho tong thong va nhan dan An.

Tren chuyen bay c Thanh Cha a ra pha sau chao va bat tay 76 nha bao va phong vien quoc te thap tung chuyen vieng tham cua ngai. ay la ieu hoan toan mi me oi vi cac nha bao.

Sri Lanka la mot quan ao rong 65,610 cay so vuong, gom Ceylon la ao ln nhat va vai ao nho khac nh Mannar, Velanai va Neduntivu... Srai Lanka co khoang 21.2 trieu dan, 75% la ngi Singale, 15% ngi Tamil va 9% ngi Mori.

Colombo a la thu o cua Sri Lanka cho ti nam 1978, khi chnh quyen di chuyen cac bo ve Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, cach o 8 cay so. Ten Colombo do ngi Bo ao Nha du nhap nam 1505, co le phat xuat t tieng Singale co ien "Kolon thota" co ngha la "cang tren song Kelani". Cung co ngi cho rang no bat nguon t kieu noi Singale "kola-amba-thota" co ngha la "cang vi cac cay xoai ram la". Colombo a c cac thng gia Roma, Tau, va A rap biet ti t hn 2,000 nam trc. Vao the ky th VIII no b ngi A rap chiem ong e kiem soat giao thong gia cac vng quoc Singale va phan con lai cua the gii. Vao the ky XVI ngi Bo ao Nha anh uoi ngi A rap va xay mot phao ai e bao ve viec buon ban gia v. Nam 1656 ngi Hoa Lan anh chiem thanh pho va bien Colombo tr thanh thu o cac tnh duyen hai cua Cong ty Hoa Lan ong An o cho ti nam 1796. Tiep theo o ngi Anh chiem Colombo va bien no tr thanh thu o cua ao Ceylon thuoc a cua ho. Nam 1948 Sri Lanka c oc lap. V a the hai cang cua mnh Colombo la ni xuat cang nhieu san pham quoc gia nh tra, cao su, dau da, copra va nhat la a quy. Thanh pho cung co cac ky nghe che bien thuoc la, dau, cac nha may t si va da thuoc.

Giao phan Colombo co t nam 1834 va nam 1886 tr thanh Tong giao phan. Tong giao phan hien co gan 7.3 trieu dan, trong o co hn 667 ngan theo cong giao, tc chiem 9.23%, vi 127 giao x, 298 linh muc giao phan, 279 linh muc dong, 380 tu huynh, 1,400 n tu va 284 ai chung sinh. Tong giao phan co 196 c s giao duc va 560 c s bac ai.

Sau 9 gi 40 phut bay va vt chang ng dai 7,630 cay so may bay a ap xuong phi trng quoc te Colombo cua Sri Lanka luc 10 gi sang gi a phng ngay 13 thang 1 nam 2015, tre mot gi so vi chng trnh d nh.

Tiep on c Thanh Cha tai phi trng co c Tong Giam Muc Phero Nguyen Van Tot, S Than Toa Thanh tai Sri Lanka, ong Aryasinha Ravinatha ai s ngoai thng toan quyen cua Cong hoa dan chu xa hoi Sri Lanka canh Toa Thanh, c Hong Y Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, Tong Giam Muc Colombo, kiem Chu tch Hoi ong Giam Muc Sri Lanka, cac Giam Muc, Tong thong tan c Maithripala Sirisena, mot so cac v lanh ao, mot so tn hu, mot ca oan va 2,000 tre em. Tong thong a on c Thanh Cha tai chan thang may bay. Hai em be mot trai mot gai tien en quang vong hoa mau trang va mau vang cho c Thanh Cha.

Ban quan nhac a c quoc thieu Vaticang va quoc thieu Sri Lanka. c Thanh Cha va tong thong a duyet qua hang chao danh d trong khi ai bac ban 21 phat chao mng v quoc khach.

Trong dien van chao mng c Thanh Cha tan tong thong Maithripala Sirisena bay to niem han hoan vui sng cua dan nc Sri Lanka c c Thanh Cha vieng tham. Niem hanh phuc va hanh dien nay ac biet ln oi vi ong la ngi mi c bau lam tong thong cach ay may ngay va bat au nhiem vu vi chuyen vieng tham nay cua c Thanh Cha. Ong xin ngai chuc lanh cho dan nc Sri Lanka.

Bai Dien Van cua c Thanh Cha

ap t tong thong c Thanh Cha bay to vui mng c vieng tham Sri Lanka, c goi la ngoc trai cua An o dng v ve ep thien nhien, s nong hau cua ngi dan va s khac biet phong phu cua cac truyen thong van hoa va ton giao cua no.

c Thanh Cha cau chuc Tong thong nhng ieu tot ep nhat cho cac trach nhiem mi, va ngai ac biet cam n s hien dien cua cac v lanh ao dan s va ton giao cung nh ca oan va tat ca nhng ai khien cho cuoc vieng tham nay co the xay ra. Nhan manh en muc ch chuyen vieng tham c Thanh Cha noi:

Chuyen vieng tham Sri Lanka cua toi trc het co tnh cach muc vu. Nh la Chu chan hoan vu cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao toi phai gap g, cung co va cau nguyen vi dan cong giao cua quoc ao nay. Tot nh cua chuyen vieng tham la viec phong hien thanh cho chan phc Joseph Vaz, ma gng bac ai kito va s knh trong oi vi moi ngi khong phan biet chung toc va ton giao, tiep tuc gi hng va day do chung ta ngay nay. Nhng chuyen vieng tham cua toi cung muon dien ta tnh yeu thng va s lo lang cua Giao Hoi oi vi moi ngi dan Sri Lanka, va khang nh c mong cua Giao Hoi tch cc tham gia vao i song cua xa hoi nay.

Tiep tuc bai dien van c Thanh Cha nhac ti tham canh noi chien cua Sri Lanka. Ngai noi that la mot tham canh trong the gii ngay nay, khi co nhieu cong oan gay chien vi nhau nh vay. Viec khong co kha nang hoa giai cac khac biet va bat ong y, cu va mi, a day len cac cang thang chung toc va ton giao, thng i oi vi bao lc bung no. Trong nhieu nam tri Sri Lanka a biet en cac kinh hoang cua cuoc noi chien, gi ay ang tm cung co hoa bnh va cha lanh cac vet thng cua cac nam o. That khong de thang vt c gia tai cay ang cua cac bat cong, thu nghch va mat tin tng do xung khac e lai. Ch co the lam c bang cach thang s d vi s thien (x. Rm 12,21) va bang cach vun trong cac nhan c khuyen khch hoa giai, lien i va hoa bnh. Tien trnh cha lanh cung can bao gom viec theo uoi s that, khong phai e m ra cac vet thng cu, nhng nh la cac phng tien can thiet nham thang tien cong ly, viec cha lanh va s hiep nhat.

Cac ban than men, toi xac tn rang tn hu cua cac truyen thong ton giao khac nhau co mot vai tro nong cot trong tien trnh hoa giai va tai thiet hien nay cua at nc. Va c Thanh Cha nhan manh nh sau:

e cho tien trnh o c thanh cong moi thanh phan xa hoi phai lam viec chung vi nhau; moi ngi phai co tieng noi. Tat ca phai c t do dien ta nhng g lien quan ti cac nhu cau, cac khat vong va s hai cua mnh. ieu quan trong nhat la ho phai c chuan b e chap nhan nhau, ton trong cac khac biet hp phap, va hoc song nh mot gia nh. Khi ngi dan biet lang nghe nhau mot cach khiem ton va ci m, th viec chia se cac gia tr va cac khat vong tr thanh ro rang hn. Khac biet khong con la s e doa na, nhng la suoi nguon cua s giau co. Con ng dan ti cong bang, hoa giai va hoa hp xa hoi tr thanh ro rang hn. Trong ngha o, cong viec to ln cua s hoa giai cung ung cham ti cac c cau ha tang xa hoi, va ap ng cac nhu cau vat chat va quan trong hn na la thang tien nhan pham, ton trong cac quyen con ngi va viec thap nhap tran ay moi thanh phan xa hoi. Toi hy vong cac v lanh ao chnh tr ton giao va van hoa Sri Lanka o lng moi li noi va hanh ong bi thien ch va viec cha lanh ma chung mang lai, gop phan lau dai cho s tien bo vat chat va tinh than cua nhan dan Sri Lanka.

Knh tha tong thong va cac ban, mot lan na toi xin cam n s tiep on cua quy v. Xin cho nhng ngay chung ta song vi nhau la nhng ngay cua tnh bang hu, oi thoai va lien i. Toi khan cau phep lanh tran ay cua Thien Chua tren Sri Lanka, vien ngoc trai cua An o dng, va toi cau xin cho ve ep cua no chieu sang trong s thnh vng va hoa bnh cho dan toc no.

* * * * *

Sau le nghi chao on, c Thanh Cha a i xe dp boc knh ve Toa S Than nam cach o 28 cay so. Doc hai ben ng co t nhat 300,000 ngi ng chao on c Thanh Cha trong bau kh le hoi, trong o cung co rat nhieu nha s Phat giao va mot oan 40 con voi trang hoang rc r nh trong ngay le hoi quoc gia.

Ve ti Toa S Than c Thanh Cha a ngh ngi choc lat trc khi c hanh thanh le rieng. V chng trnh b tre nhieu va tri Sri Lanka nong ti 31 o c Thanh Cha a khong en Toa Tong Giam Muc cach o 4 cay so e gap g cac Giam Muc Sri Lanka. Nhng c Hong Y Pietro Parolin Quoc Vu Khanh Toa Thanh a thay mat ngai en chao cac Giam Muc cung vi cac Hong Y va Tong Giam Muc thuoc oan tuy tung. Cac v a c mot nhom 180 ai chung sinh va mot nhom vu cong tiep on va tang vong hoa trong vn toa Tong Giam Muc.

Vao ban chieu luc 17 gi ngay 13 thang 1 nam 2015 c Thanh Cha a en tham xa giao tong thong Sri Lanka. Tong thong Maithripala Sirisena va thang c hom mung 8 thang gieng nam 2015 vi 51.2% tong so phieu, trong khi tong thong Rajapaksa ch uc 47.5%. Ong a chap nhan y dan va don ra khoi dinh tong thong. Tong thong tan c a lam le tuyen the ngay.

Ong Sirisena sinh nam 1951, bat au tham gia chnh tr nam 1989, tr thanh dan bieu cua ang Sri Lanka t do, va t nam 1994 gi nhieu chc vu bo trng. Cho ti thang 11 nam 2014 ong a la Bo trng Y te Sri Lanka.

Tong thong tan c Sirisena a on c Thanh Cha tai ca chnh. Sau khi ngai ky ten vao so vang hai v len lau mot e hoi kien rieng. c Thanh Cha viet:

"Toi khan nai n can am, khon ngoan va phan nh tren nhng ai phuc vu nhan dan Sri Lanka yeu quy".

c Thanh Cha a tang tong thong mot ban sao Ban o hang hai do ong Bartolome Oliva ve nam 1562, goi la ban Urbinate latino 283 cua Th Vien Vaticang. Thu ban nay co cac trang kch thc 33 tren 23 mm gom 14 ban o hang hai mau ve tren cac manh da thuoc co pham chat rat tot. Tac gia la ong Bartolome Oliva thuoc mot gia nh chuyen nghe ve cac ban o, hoat ong gia cac nam 1538-1588, nhat la trong tnh Messina. Ban o nay c ve nam 1562 va cho thay the gii nh c ngi Au chau biet ti hoi the ky XVI. Bo su tap nay uc Th Vien Vaticang mua nam 1657 vi cac thu ban khac cua th vien Urbinate.

Luc 18 gi ngay 13 thang 1 nam 2015 c Thanh Cha t biet tong thong e en Trung Tam Hoi ngh quoc te (BMICH) gap g gii lanh ao cac ton giao toan nc Sri Lanka. Trung Tam Hoi ngh quoc te (BMICH) a c xay cat gia cac nam 1970-1973 nh qua Trung Quoc tang dan nc Sri Lanka. Ngoai ai thnh ng, khu vc trien lam, con co mot ngan hang, mot khach san, mot th vien va mot hoc vien nghien cu. Nam 2013 hoi ngh cac nc trong Khoi Thnh Vng Chung a nhom hop tai ay. Va nam 2014 ti phien ai hoi gii tre quoc te.

Tai Sri Lanka Phat giao chiem 70% dan so, An giao chiem 12.6%, Hoi giao chiem 9.7% va Cong giao chiem 7.16%.

Cho ti the ky th III trc cong nguyen, a so dan theo An giao. Cac tn hu An giao hien song tai mien bac va mien ong Sri Lanka a so la ngi Tamil. Phat giao nguyen thuy Theravada a c truyen ba nam 246 trc cong nguyen va vao nam 200 c tuyen bo la quoc giao. T gia the ky XIX Phat giao tai sinh nh cac phong trao ai quoc. Hoi giao c pho bien cho ti the ky XV nh cac thng gia A rap kiem soat cac lo giao thng trong vung bien nam An, cho ti khi cac tha sai Phanxico va Bo ao Nha ti truyen ba Tin Mng. Truyen thong ke rang thanh Toma Tong o a ti Sri Lanka vao the ky th I, sau khi i ngang qua vung Kerala va nam An. Cac tai lieu kito au tien co t nam 1322, khi tu s Phanxico Odorico da Pordenone ghe Sri Lanka vao nam o, roi t nam 1517 khi cac tu s Phanxico ti truyen giao tai ay.

Trong ai thnh ng cua Trung tam co cac v lanh ao cua cac ton giao va mot ngan tn hu ai dien cac cong oan Phat giao, An giao, Hoi giao va Kito giao tham d. c Thanh Cha a c tiep on vi cac ban nhac truyen thong do dan hoa nhac Hevisi trnh tau. Ngai a ky ten vao so vang. c Thanh Cha viet "Vi long biet n oi vi c may gap g cac v ai dien cac ton giao khac nhau hien dien tren vung at nay, toi cau xin Thien Chua Toan Nang linh hng cho s cong tac hai hoa cho thien ch cua nhan dan Sri Lanka."

Tiep en c Cha Cletus Perera, ac trach Uy ban lien ton cua Hoi ong Giam Muc Sri Lanka gii thieu cac v lanh ao va phai oan cua cac ton giao. Tiep theo la bai thanh ca Pirith cua Phat giao, roi li chuc lanh An giao, Hoi giao, li cau ai ket, va dien van chao mng cua Hoa Thng Vigithasiri Niyangoda Thero, thu lanh Phat Giao Sri Lanka.

Ngo li vi moi ngi c Thanh Cha noi:

Cac ban than men, Toi biet n v dp may c tham d cuoc hop nay quy tu gia cac ton giao, bon cong oan ton giao ln tao thanh cuoc song cua Sri Lanka la: Phat giao, An giao, Hoi giao va Kito giao. Toi xin cam n s hien dien va tiep on nong hau cua quy v. Toi cung xin cam n tat ca nhng ai a dang li cau nguyen va chuc lanh, va mot cach ac biet toi bay to long biet n c Cha Cletus Chandrasiri Perera va Hoa thng Vigithasiri Niyangoda Thero v nhng li chao nhan nhan cua cac v.

Tiep en c Thanh Cha noi ngai en tham Sri Lanka theo got cac v tien nhiem Phaolo VI va Gioan Phaolo II e chng minh cho tnh yeu thng ln lao va s lo lang cua Giao hoi Cong giao oi vi dan nc Sri Lanka. Va that la mot n co the tham vieng cong oan cong giao a phng, cung co no trong niem tin ni Chua Kito, cau nguyen va chia se cac niem vui va cac kho au cua no. ong thi cung la mot n c gap g tat ca anh ch em la nhng ngi cua cac truyen thong ton giao ln cung chia se vi chung toi mot c muon cua s khon ngoan, cua chan ly va s thanh thien. c Thanh Cha a trch tai lieu cua Cong ong Chung Vaticang II khang nh rang Giao hoi Cong giao ton trong sau xa tat ca moi ton giao, v khong phu nhan nhng g la chan that va thanh thien ni cac ton giao o (Nostra Aetate 2). Va ngai tai khang nh s ton trong chan thanh cua Giao Hoi cong giao oi vi cac truyen thong va niem tin cua cac ton giao khac. c Thanh Cha noi: chnh trong tinh than ton trong o Giao hoi Cong giao muon cong tac vi quy v va vi tat ca nhng ngi thien ch trong viec tm kiem s thnh vng cho moi ngi dan Sri Lanka. Toi hy vong chuyen vieng tham cua toi se giup khch le va ao sau cac hnh thc cong tac lien ton va ai ket, a c lam trong cac nam mi ay. Cac sang kien nay a cong hien c may oi thoai nong cot, neu chung ta muon hieu biet, thong cam nhau va ton trong nhau. Nhng kinh nghiem day cho thay rang e cho cuoc oi thoai c hu hieu no can phai c xay dng tren viec trnh bay tron ven va ngay thang cac xac tn cua chung ta. Chac chan cuoc oi thoai nh the se lam noi bat len cac khac biet trong cac niem tin, truyen thong va thc hanh cua chung ta. Nhng neu chung ta liem chnh trong viec trnh bay cac xac tn cua mnh, chung ta se co the trong thay ro rang hn nhng g chung ta co chung voi nhau. Cac con ng mi se m ra cho s quy trong, cong tac vi nhau va ca tnh bang hu na.

c Thanh Cha noi tiep trong bai dien van: Cac phat trien tch cc trong quan he lien ton va ai ket co mot y ngha ac biet va cap bach tai Sri Lanka. V trong qua nhieu nam ngi dan nc nay a la nan nhan cua noi chien va bao lc. ieu can thiet hien nay la viec cha lanh va s hiep nhat ch khong phai la cac xung ot hay cac chia re mi. Chac chan viec thang tien cha lanh va hiep nhat la mot dan than cao quy, bon phan cua tat ca nhng ai quan tam en thien ch cua Quoc gia va toan gia nh nhan loai. Toi hy vong rang s cong tac lien ton va ai ket se chng minh rang e song trong hoa hp vi cac anh ch em mnh ngi ta khong c quen can tnh chung toc hay ton giao cua mnh.

Co biet bao nhieu kieu e tn o cac ton giao khac nhau thc hien viec phuc vu nay! Co biet bao nhieu nhu cau can ap ng vi dau thoa du cua tnh lien i! Toi ac biet ngh ti cac nhu cau vat chat va tinh than cua ngi ngheo, ngi ban cung, cua nhng ai au lo ch i mot li an ui va trao ban hy vong. ay toi ngh ti nhieu gia nh tiep tuc khoc than cac ngi than a chet.

Nhat la trong luc nay cua lch s quoc gia anh ch em, co biet bao nhieu ngi thien ch kiem tm tai thiet cac nen tang luan ly cua toan xa hoi! c chi tinh than cong tac gia tang gia cac v lanh ao cua cac cong oan ton giao khac nhau tm ra s dien ta trong mot dan than at e s hoa giai gia moi ngi dan Sri Lanka vao trong moi co gang canh tan xa hoi va cac c cau cua no. V thien ch cua hoa bnh khong the cho phep cac niem tin ton giao b lam dung cho ly do cua bao lc hay chien tranh. Chung ta phai ro rang va khong map m trong viec mi goi cac cong oan cua chung ta song tron ven cac ieu luat cua hoa bnh va to cao cac hanh ong bao lc khi chung b vi pham.

Cac ban than men, toi xin cam n s tiep on nong hau va s chu y cua cac ban. c chi cuoc gap g huynh e nay cung co chung ta tat ca trong no lc song trong hoa hp va pho bien cac phuc lanh cua hoa bnh.

HY Ranjith a cung c Cha Perera dan c Thanh Cha ti chao va bat tay hai v ai lao Hoa Thng.

Sau khi chao tam biet moi ngi luc sau 19 gi ngay 13 thang 1 nam 2015 c Thanh Cha a len xe tr ve Toa S Than cach o 2 cay so e dung ba toi ket thuc ngay th nhat vieng tham Sri Lanka.

Bao ch Sri Lanka a het li ca ngi c Thanh Cha Phanxico nh la "v lanh ao va la ngi hau ha" cui xuong ra chan cho ngi ngheo. Ngoai cac bai tng thuat, thong tin tc va giai thch cho ngi dan Sri Lanka biet c Thanh Cha la ai, nhiem vu cua ngai la g, anh hng cua ngai ra sao, cac bao con in rat nhieu bch chng vi hnh cua c Thanh Cha va cac li chu thch.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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