Ngay cac benh nhan Parkinson Italia

 

Ngay cac benh nhan Parkinson Italia.

Roma (RG 29-11-2014; Vat. 7-12-2014) - Ngay 29 thang 11 nam 2014 la Ngay cac benh nhan Parkinson Italia. Parkinson hay run ray la benh he thong trung tam nao bo b suy thoai. Hien nay tai Italia co 300,000 benh nhan. Nhng tren toan the gii so ngi b benh Parkinson len ti hn 4.1 trieu. Va theo c tnh cua cac nha nghien cu oc lap cho ti nam 2030 so ngi b benh Parkinson se len ti 8.7 trieu. Mot nc nho nh Thuy s cung co 15,000 ngi b benh Parkinson. Mot phan tram benh nhan hn 70 tuoi va 3% hn 80 tuoi. Nhng co ti 20% tuoi di 60 va so benh nhan nam n t nhieu bang nhau. Benh Parikinson khong lay va cung khong phai la mot benh gia truyen. Cung co trng hup gia truyen, nhng rat hoa hiem. Tuoi tho cua ngi b benh Parkinson cung bang tuoi tho cua nhng ngi lanh manh.

Benh nay a c bac s ngi Anh James Parkinson nghien cu va mieu ta trong tac pham ta e "Khao luan ve benh run ray te liet" (An Essay on the Shaking Palsy) phat hanh nam 1817 khien cho ong noi tieng tren the gii; va bac s Jean-Martin Charcot a lay ten ong e at cho benh nay.

Bac s James Parkinson sinh ngay 11 thang 4 nam 1755 va qua i ngay 21 thang 12 nam 1824, sau khi b tai bien mach mau nao. e tng niem ong "Ngay quoc te cac benh nhan Parkinson" c c hanh hang nam vao ngay sinh cua ong 11 thang 4. Bac s Parkinson khong ch la bac s giai phau, nhng cung la dc s, chuyen vien a chat hoc, co sinh vat hoc va chnh tr gia hoat ong na. Tren bnh dien chnh tr ong la thanh vien cua nhieu to chc chu trng cai cach xa hoi. Ong keu goi cho dan c ai dien trong quoc hoi va cho au phieu ai ong.

Ngay 21 thang 5 nam 1783 ong thanh hon vi Mary Dale va co 8 ngi con. t lau sau ong ke nghiep than phu hanh nghe bac s tai Hoxton Square trong thu o London. Gia cac nam 1799 va 1807 bac s Parkinson a xuat ban nhieu sach, ke ca mot cuon noi ve benh goutte, tc benh thong phong, do qua nhieu acide uric tch tu trong c the. Ong cung la ngi a viet nhieu ve benh v ruot d trong nen van chng y khoa Anh. Bac s Parkinson chu y ti viec cai thien sc khoe tong quat cho dan. Ong viet rat nhieu ly thuyet y khoa trnh bay long hang say oi vi sc khoe va tr cap xa hoi cho dan, va tranh au cho viec che ch ngi benh tam than cung nh cac bac s cua ho va gia nh ho. Nam 1812 ong san soc con trai ong b benh ruot d, va lan au tien mieu ta chng minh cho thay viec be ruot d gay t vong cho benh nhan. Bac s cung la ngi au tien mieu ta mot cach co he thong 6 benh nhan co cac trieu chng se mang ten ong. Trong cuon "Khao luan ve benh run ray te liet" ong ke lai benh tnh cua ba benh nhan cua ong va ba ngi khac ma ong gap tren ng pho, va goi chng benh nay la "benh run ray te liet". Ong phan biet cac run ray di chuyen vi cac chng run ray khac. Sau mi nam sau bac s Jean-Martin Charcot goi benh run ray la "benh Parkinson".

Nh the Parkinson la benh suy thoai t t cua cac te bao than kinh cua trung tam nao bo va nhat la cac te bao trong nao bo. Trong cac nam au noi bat la s suy thoai cua cac te bao thuoc chat en co nhiem vu san xuat chat dan truyen than kinh "dopamina". Thieu chat nay gay ra hau qua la cac kho khan cua viec c ong, thng c cha tr vi thuoc Levodopa. Tuy nhien, ngi ta cung nhan ra cai chet cua cac te bao than kinh trong cac vung khac cua nao bo khong lien quan g ti viec san xuat chat "dopomina". ieu nay gay ra mot loat cac trieu chng nh roi loan sinh dng, au nhc, roi loan giac ngu, cac trieu chng tam than, vi thi gian qua i ngay cang tr nen tram trong. Cho ti nay cac kha nang cha tr benh Parkinson rat la han hep, neu khong noi la y khoa cha co cac thuoc cha tr hu hieu.

Tuy nhien, lieu phap suc mieng bang dau da ngay ba lan va an ngay ba muong canh dau da cua bac s Bruce Fife a giup mot so benh nhan Parkinson bt run ray tay chan, ac biet la khoi benh suy giam tr nh Alzheimer. o a la trng hp cua chong ba bac s Newport. Ba a viet cuon sach ta e "Benh mat tr nh sm - Cai g neu co mot cha tr" (Alzheimer's Disease - What if there's a cure), ghi lai cac tien trien cua chong ke t khi dung dau da.

Ngay nay vi cac nghien cu cua bac s Norman Shealy va bac s Mark Sircus, ngi Brasil, chung ta biet rang tat ca moi benh eu lien quan ti viec thieu hut khoang chat Magnesium Chloride trong c the con ngi. Nhng cac bac s t kham pha ra, v Magnesium ch hien hu 1% trong mau. That ra sau oxy hay dng kh, Magnesium Chloride la khoang chat quan trong nhat can thiet cho s on nh ien t cua tng te bao trong c the con ngi. No quan trong hn canxi, potassium hay sodium va ieu tiet ca ba khoang chat nay. Bac s Sydney Baker cho biet viec thieu hut Magnesium co the anh hng en hau het cac c phan trong c the lien quan ti xng va c bap, cung nh cac co that cua c trn, he than kinh trung ng va he tim mach. Ly do la v Magnesium toi can thiet va quan trong cho hang tram he thong enzyme va cac chc nang lien quan ti phan ng trao oi chat trong te bao, cung nh cho qua trnh tong hp chat am protein, cho viec s dung cac chat beo va tinh bot.

Viec thieu hut Magnesium co cac dau hieu canh bao trong giai oan au nh: met moi the chat va tinh than, c di mat co giat thng xuyen, cang thang phan lng tren, vai va co, nhc au, gi nc trong ky kinh nguyet va au ngc. Bieu hieu thieu Magnesium bao gom cac tnh trang: nang lng thap, met moi, yeu nhc, nham lan, cang thang, lo s, kho chu, co giat, gian d, tieu hoa kem, tien kinh nguyet va mat can bang noi tiet to, mat ngu, c cang thang co that va au, voi hoa cac c quan, xng suy yeu, nhp tim bat thng.

V the viec bo sung Magnesium co the giup cha cac benh nh: met moi man tnh, tram cam, ong kinh, tieu ng, run ray, Parkinson, roi loan nhp tim, nhc na au, roi loan tuan hoan, nhc au chum, chuot rut, ot quy, nhoi mau c tim, x va ong mach, au bung, loang xng, hen suyen, cang thang, u tai, mat ieu hoa, nham lan, tien san giat, suy nhc, tang huyet ap.

Sau ay chung toi xin gi ti quy v va cac ban bai phong van n bac s Anna Rita Bentivoglio, chuyen vien nghien cu tai Hoc vien Than kinh hoc cua ai hoc bach khoa Gemelli Roma, ve benh Parkinson.

Hoi: Tha bac s Bentivoglio, xin bac s cho biet benh Parkinson la loai benh g, va no tien trien nh the nao?

ap: Parkinson la mot benh thoai hoa than kinh, gay ra cho vai vung nam sau trong nao bo ch huy viec kiem soat cac c ong, cac c ong co y cung nh cac c ong t ong, chang han nh cac c ong cua canh tay khi chung ta bc i va chung ong a canh than mnh. Ngoai viec kiem soat he thong c ong, chung cung lien quan ti cac trung tam ieu khien sinh hoat nhu ong cua ng ruot na, chang han nh he thong tieu hoa, he thong tim mach tuan hoan va ca cac c bap hnh tron trong than the con ngi. Nh the, benh Parkinson la mot benh phc tap, lien quan ti ca cac roi loan cua cac c phan khong c ong ben canh cac roi loan cua cac c phan c ong. Chnh v the tai nhieu trung tam, trong o co trung tam nghien cu benh Parkinson cua nha thng bach khoa Gemelli cua chung toi, ngi ta a ngh ti viec cong hien cac lo trnh, trong o benh nhan khong ch c tr giup bi bac s than kinh nao bo giup ho vi cac loai thuoc c e ngh cho mot lo trnh phuc hoi, ngha la tr giup benh nhan trong lanh vc c ong, ma cung co nhieu bac s khac tr lc bac s than kinh nh bac s noi tang, bac s tim mach, bac s chnh hnh, chuyen vien tuoi gia tr giup cac benh nhan cao nien, san soc ho vi tat ca cac van e sc khoe cua ho.

Ngoai ra, cung can e y la nguy c tram trong nhat oi vi benh Parkinson o la tuoi tac. V the ni mot dan toc gia nua, th so benh nhan Parkinson gia tang. D nhien la ngi ga th co biet bao nhieu van e khac na, oi khi ap huyet khong tot v cao hay thap, bo may tieu hoa co van e, va biet bao nhieu chuyen khac. Do o co ca mot toan chuyen vien ben trong mot nha thng hay mot trung tam tr giup cac benh nhan khong b quay cuong trong viec tm kiem nghien cu cua biet bao nhieu chuyen vien, oi khi ra n thuoc oi nghch nhau cho cung mot ngi benh.

Hoi: Tha bac s, ngoai lieu phap cha tr vi thuoc, ngi ta hay noi ti li ch ma cac ngi b benh Parkinson co the nhan c t hoat ong the ly, t kch nghe, ca hat, va nhay mua na, co phai the khong?

ap: Tuyet oi roi. Trc het can phai noi rang cach ay vai nam tat ca moi ngi eu a anh gia thap hieu qua cua hoat ong the ly oi vi nao bo, trong ngha khong phai ch co s di chuyen, viec hoat ong nhom co the cai thien cac kha nang cac bap tht cua chung ta, nhng cung co the cai tien s mem deo cua nao bo na. Va ieu nay ng nhien khien cho cac tien trnh sa cha ben trong he thong than kinh co the xay ra mot cach hu hieu hn.

Hoi: Ngoai ra, cac sinh hoat nay cung giup chong lai s kho chu xa hoi ma cac benh nhan Parkinson cam nhan c, co ung the khong tha bac s?

ap: Vang, d nhien roi. Cho ti nay chung ta a e cap ti li ch cua chat xam trong nao bo, nhng chung ta la ngi, v the cac benh tat khong ch lien luy ti kha nang hoat ong cua chung ta, ma cung co tng quan vi s kien chung ta t nhan thc chnh mnh na. Do o co cac hoat ong dan a chung ta ti cho sinh hoat nhom vi nhau, giai tr vi nhau va cung nhau vui ci, cung nhau lam mot cai g o khien cho chung ta cam thay de chu, khien cho chung ta cam thay mnh van con song, tat ca ch giup chung ta cam thay thoai mai hn, ch giup chung ta song cuoc i mnh. Benh run ray Parkinson cung giong nh moi benh tat khac, v the kieu chung ta ng au vi viec chan benh, kieu qua o chung ta chien au vi no, co mot tam quan trong va mot trong lng khong lo oi vi pham chat cuoc song cua chung ta.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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