Hoat ong cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico

tai Jerusalem sang ngay 26 thang 5 nam 2014

 

Hoat ong cua c Thanh Cha Phanxico tai Jerusalem sang ngay 26 thang 5 nam 2014.

Jerusalem (Vat. 26-05-2014) - c Thanh Cha Phanxico a danh sang th Hai 26 thang 5 nam 2014, ngay cuoi trong 3 ngay vieng tham cua c Thanh Cha tai Thanh a, e gap g cac chc sac Hoi giao va Do thai giao, vieng vien Yad Vashem tng niem cuoc diet chung va gap g chnh quyen Israel.

Gap g thu lanh Hoi Giao

Luc 8 gi sang, c Thanh Cha gia t toa Kham S Toa Thanh Jerusalem ni ngai qua em, e en vieng tham v ai Giao Trng Hoi giao tai thanh nay, canh en th Hoi giao cach o 4 cay so. en th toa lac tren mot san hnh thang dai gan 500 met va rong khoang 300 met, chiem 1 phan 6 dien tch cua Co Thanh Jerusalem. ay la ni thanh oi vi ca 3 ton giao oc than: ngi Do thai coi ay la ni Abraham sat te con la Isaac va la a iem en th vua Salomon a xay cat; ngi Hoi giao coi ay la ni thanh th 3 cua ao nay, sau La Mecca va Medina ben Arap Saui, con oi vi cac Kito hu, ay la ni Chua Giesu a tien bao ve s pha huy en th Jerusalem.

Tren san rong nay co 2 en Th ln cua Hoi giao c kien thiet: Th I la en th Mai Vom a tang la en Hoi giao co knh nhat tai Thanh a, lan au tien c xay hoi nam 640 va 47 nam sau o c thay the bang en th nh hien nay, co hnh bat giac, 8 pha eu c trang iem bang ngoc qu, va phan di bang cam thach a sac. Vat lieu xay cat en th nay lay t cac thanh ng va en ai trc o thi Bizantine va Roma. Th II la en th Al-Aqsa c kien thiet hoi the ky th 8 va a trai qua nhieu lan tai thiet.

en ni, c Thanh Cha a vieng tham ai Mufti thanh Jerusalem va toan Palestine la Sheik Muhamad Agmad Hussein, va v Tong giao oc Hoi ong bao tr cac gia san Hoi giao, on tiep va hng dan vieng tham.

V ai Mufti noi vi c Thanh Cha rang: "Hoa bnh ch co the khi cham dt moi cuoc chiem ong cua Israel va khi dan toc Palestine c t do va moi quyen cua mnh".

Trong li chao v ai Mufti Hoi giao, c Thanh Cha cho biet ngai en vieng tham cac ni a ghi dau vet s hien dien tran the cua Chua Giesu Kito. Nhng cuoc hanh hng se khong tron ven neu khong gap g nhng ngi va cong oan song tai phan at nay.

Nhac en to phu Abraham von c ca ngi Hoi giao, Kito va Do thai nhn nhan, to phu a song tai at nay nh ngi l hanh, bo dan chung, nha ca e thc hien cuoc phieu lu tinh than ma Chua goi Ngi thc hien. c Thanh Cha noi:

"Loi song cua Abraham cung phai la thai o tinh than cua chung ta. Khong bao gi chung ta co the t man, coi mnh la chu te cuoc song cua chung ta; chung ta khong the gii han vao mnh, khep kn, chac chan trong nhng xac tn cua chung ta. ng trc mau nhiem Thien Chua, chung ta cam thay mnh phai luon san sang ra khoi chnh mnh, ngoan ngoan oi vi tieng goi ma Thien Chua gi en chung ta, ci m oi vi tng lai ma Chua muon xay dng cho chung ta".

Sau cung c Thanh Cha tha thiet keu goi nhng con ngi va cong oan nhn nhan mnh la con chau Abraham: "Chung ta hay ton trong va yeu thng nhau nh anh ch em! Chung ta hay hoc hieu au kho cua ngi khac! c g khong ngi nao lam dung danh Thien Chua e thi hanh bao lc! Chung ta hay cung nhau lam viec cho cong ly va hoa bnh!".

Vieng Bc Tng Than Khoc

Gia t cac v lanh ao Hoi giao vao luc 9 gi sang, c Thanh Cha va oan tuy tung tien sang bc tng Pha Tay quen goi la Bc tng than khoc, ch cach o 1 cay so. ay la di tch con lai cua bc tng pha tay cua San en th Jerusalem. Khi vua Heroe cho tu bo en th nay, ong cho ni rong khu vc chung quanh va trong dp o ong canh tan bc tng nang San. Tng cao 15 met va c tu bo trong nhng thi ky ke tiep. Ve mat tinh than, Bc tng pha tay nay la ni th phng trung tam cua Do thai giao, v nhng ly do lch s va ton giao, vi nhieu phong tuc, nh thoi quen nhet nhng manh giay tren o co viet nhng c vong va kinh nguyen vao cac ke h gia cac vien a cua tng.

en khu vc Bc tng pha tay, c Thanh Cha a c v Rabbi Trng va ong Chu tch cua Hoi ong quan tr ni thanh, on tiep va thap tung en gan Bc tng. Tai ay ngai dng lai cau nguyen nong nhiet trong thinh lang, tay phai ngai at tren tng. Roi ngai oc kinh Lay Cha ngai t tay viet bang tieng Tay Ban Nha, trc khi nhet vao khe trong tng.

Hai ngi ban thap tung c Thanh Cha t Argentina la Rabbi Do thai Abraham Skorka va giao s Hoi giao Omar Abboud, cung i gan ngai tai bc tng. Ho tien en om c Thanh Cha that la cam ong.

Trc khi ri khu vc Bc Tng Than Khoc, c Thanh Cha a ghi vao so vang lu niem cau "Toi en e cau nguyen va toi xin Chua ban n hoa bnh".

at vong hoa tai Mo Theodore Herzl

Lien o, ngai dung xe len nui Herzl cach o 4 cay so e at vong hoa tng niem, theo nghi thc ngoai giao cua Nha Nc Israel, theo o moi v Quoc trng nc khac en vieng tham, eu c mi at vong hoa tai mo cua ong Theodor Herzl, ngi sang lap Phong trao Sion tai Hoi ngh Basel Thuy S nam 1897, co vo dan Do thai hoi c lap quoc.

en ngha trang, c Thanh Cha a c tong thong va thu tng on tiep va thap tung len ti lang cua Ong Herzl. Tai ay, hai thieu nien a giup c Thanh Cha at vong hoa tai mo.

Khi thay c Thanh Cha at tay cau nguyen tai bc tng ngan cach ma Israel dng len tai Bethlehem, thu tng Netanyahu a xin ngai cung vieng bia tng niem cac nan nhan cua nan khung bo gan o mo ong Herl va ngai a nhan li thc hien c ch nay.

Vieng vien Yad Vashem

c Thanh Cha en Vien bao tang Yad Vashem tng niem cuoc diet chung Do thai, ch cach mo ong Herzl khoang 800 met.

en ni c Thanh Cha a c v giam oc trung tam tiep on va hng dan vao phong tng niem, tren nen co ghi ten 21 trai tap trung thi c quoc xa. Tai ay cung co tong thong, thu tng Israel va Rabbi chu tch Hoi ong vien Yad Vashem.

c Thanh Cha a thap len ngon la va c hai thieu nien Cong Giao giup at vong hoa tng niem, trc khi nghe mot oan sach Cu c.

Len tieng trong dp nay, c Thanh Cha a trnh bay mot suy t that cam ong, v ngai rat nhay cam oi vi sc manh cua s ac vo nhan ao, trach nhiem cua con ngi va nhng c che toi loi - nh c Gioan Phaolo 2 a noi - chung chong lai pham gia con ngi c Thien Chua dng nen theo hnh anh cua ngai. Chung da tren s ton th con ngi, t choi Thien Chua. Theo ngha o, Vien tng niem nay la ky c ve hanh trnh ma con ngi thc hien.

Va c Thanh Cha ket luan vi li nguyen: "Cong ly thuoc ve Chua la Thien Chua chung con, s o nhuc tren khuon mat chung con (Xc Bar 1,15). Xin Chua cu chung con khoi toi ac kinh khung nay. Xin nh en chung con trong lng t bi Chua. Xin ban cho chung con n xau ho ve nhng g chung con co the lam nh la con ngi, n xau ho v s ton th than tng kinh khung nay, v a coi re va tan pha than xac chung con, than xac ma Chua a dng nen t bun, va ban cho hi th sinh ong. Lay Chua, khong bao gi na!"

c Thanh Cha a chao tham mot so ngi song sot va ky vao so lu niem.

Vieng tham hai v ai Rabbi Do thai

Tiep tuc cac cuoc gap g va vieng tham sang ngay 26 thang 5 nam 2014, c Thanh Cha a en Trung Tam Heichal Schlomo cach vien Yad Vashem 7 cay so e chao tham 2 v ai Rabbi cua Do thai giao. Trung tam nay toa lac canh ai Hoi ong Do thai Jerusalem.

ai Rabbi Askenazi Yona Metzger nam nay 61 tuoi va ai Rabbi Sefardita la Shlom Amar nam nay 66 tuoi. Trong dp gap g, c Thanh Cha cho biet "Giao Hoi Cong Giao hoan toan nhn nhan cac can coi Do thai trong c tin cua mnh va toi tin tng rang vi s tr giup cua qu v, t pha Do thai, khong nhng co s duy tr nhng con gia tang c muon, ac biet ni cac the he tre, tm hieu them ve Kito giao, ngay ca tai phan at c chuc phuc nay, trong o Kito giao nhn nhan can coi cua mnh. S hieu biet gia san tinh than cua mnh, qu chuong nhng g chung ta co chung vi nhau va ton trong nhng g khac biet gia chung ta, co the la yeu to hng dan e phat trien them cac quan he gia chung ta".

Tham Tong Thong Shimon Peres

Ke en c Thanh Cha en dinh Tong thong Israel e vieng tham Tong thong Shimon Peres. Khi vao dinh, ngai c tong thong gii thieu mot so tre em b ung th giai oan cuoi i v cac em c muon c gap c Giao Hoang trc khi qua i.

Hai v a hoi kien rieng trc khi tien ra vn ben ngoai. Tai ay ngai a trong mot cay oliu ky niem, roi vieng tham vn va ra trc ra le ai n s, vi phan trao oi dien van, trc s hien dien cua mot ca oan n sinh va nhieu quan khach khac.

Trong dien van nong nhiet trc tong thong Israel, c Thanh Cha bay to long qu chuong oi vi thai o va nhng no lc cua ong trong viec benh vc hoa bnh. Ngai cung nhac en tam quan trong cua thanh Jerusalem oi vi 3 ton giao oc than. Ngai cung noi rang: "Cac ni thanh khong phai la nhng vien bao tang hoac dinh th cho cac du khach, nhng la ni ma cac cong ong tn hu song c tin, song van hoa cua mnh va thc thi nhng sang kien bac ai. Can phai bao ton tnh chat thanh thieng cua cac ni ay, khong phai ch bao ve gia san qua kh, nhng ca nhng con ngi vieng tham cac ni ay na.

Va c Thanh Cha manh me khang nh rang: "Ve van e nay toi lap lai mong c lam sao e moi ngi tranh nhng sang kien va nhng hanh vi trai ngc vi y ch a c bay to e at ti mot hiep nh thc s va khong ngng quyet tam theo uoi hoa bnh phu hp vi nhng ieu tuyen bo. Can quyet liet loai bo tat ca nhng g i ngc s theo uoi hoa bnh va s song chung trong niem ton trong nhau gia cac tn hu Do thai, Kito, va Hoi giao; viec s dung bao lc va khung bo, bat ky loai ky th nao v ly do chung toc hoac ton giao, chu trng ap at quan iem cua mnh gay thiet hai cho cac quyen cua ngi khac, chu trng bai do thai di tat ca moi hnh thc, cung nh bao lc hoac nhng bieu th bat bao dung chong lai con ngi va cac ni th phng cua Do thai, Kito va Hoi giao".

Sau cung, c Thanh Cha nhac en s kien tai quoc gia Israel co nhieu cong oan Kito sinh song. Ho la thanh phan tron ven cua xa hoi va tham gia vi ay u danh ngha vao cac sinh hoat xa hoi, chnh tr va van hoa. "Cac tn hu Kito mong muon ong gop cho cong ch t can tnh cua mnh, va xay dng hoa bnh, nh nhng cong dan vi ay u danh ngha, ho loai bo moi thai o cc oan, va ho dan than thc thi hoa giai va hoa hp. S hien dien cua ho va s ton trong cac quyen cua ho la bao am mot s a nguyen lanh manh va la bang chng ve sc sinh ong cua cac gia tr dan chu, s an re sau cua cac gia tr nan trong i song cu the cua quoc gia".

Gia t tong thong Shimon Peres cua Israel, c Thanh Cha en Trung Tam c Ba cua Toa Thanh. Nha nay nguyen thuy do cac cha Dong c Ba len tri ngi Phap thanh lap hoi nam 1884 tren khu at rong 4 ngan met vuong e lam ni tiep on cac tn hu hanh hng ngi Phap en Thanh a. Tai ay o 144 phong va 2 phong hoi ln, mot thnh ng 500 cho.

Nam 1973, v cac cha dong c Ba Len Tri ban trung tam nay, nen Toa Thanh a thu ac va bien thanh mot trung tam quoc te. c Gioan Phaolo 2 oi ten thanh Trung Tam c Ba Jerusalem. Va nam 2004, Ngai uy thac cho cac cha dong ao Binh Chua Kito am trach.

Tai Trung Tam, vao luc gan 1 gi ra, c Thanh Cha a tiep kien rieng va hoi kien vi thu tng Israel, Ong Netanyahu, trc khi dung ba tra vi oan tuy tung.

 

G. Tran c Anh, OP

(Radio Vatican)

 


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