Bai viet cua ong vien trng

Catholic University of America:

Theo nh ngha cua chnh quyen Obama:

The nao mi la Cong Giao

 

Cuoc chien gianh lai T Do Ton Giao, Bai viet cua ong vien trng Catholic University of America: Theo nh ngha cua chnh quyen Obama: The nao mi la Cong Giao.

Hoa ky (VietCatholic News 28/05/2012) - Ngay 21 thang 5 nam 2012, 43 giao phan va to chc Cong giao khap nc a ong loat nop n kien chnh phu lien bang vi pham t do ton giao.

ai hoc Notre Dame va ai Hoc Catholic University of America la nhng nguyen n trong cac vu kien, cac v vien trng a ra thong cao hoac viet bai giai bay ly do vi pham cua chnh phu. Ky trc chung toi a ang ban dch thong cao cua vien trng ai Hoc Notre Dame, cha John Jenkins, dong Ten, sau ay la ban dch Viet ng bai viet cua ong John Garvey*, vien trng Catholic University of America:

 

Theo nh ngha cua chnh quyen Obama: The nao mi la Cong Giao

Nhng ngi chong oi sac lenh mi, qui nh nhiem vu bao hiem tranh thai cua bo Y te, a ong khung cac cuoc tranh cai trong pham vi cua mot cuoc chien ve t do ton giao. Va do o, chung ta se ban ve y ngha cua van e nay. Ngi Cong Giao phan oi v cac quy luat bat buoc ho phai ho tr cac hoat ong triet san, pha thai va tranh thai ma ho xem la vo ao c. No giong nh bat cac giao hu phai Nhan Chng Gie-ho-va phai chao c, ngi Quakers phai tham chien, hoac ngi Do Thai phai an tht heo. o la ly do tai sao vien ai hoc Catholic University of America, ma toi la vien trng, cung tham gia vi 42 nguyen n khac trong tuan va qua e nop n kien Bo Y te.

Nhng toi muon tap trung vao mot kha canh khac cua s viec, da vao mot nguyen tac khac cua hien phap e nhng ngi phan oi vu kien cua chung toi co the nhn thay s hp tnh hp ly hn: o la van e cach biet gia nha Th va nha Nc.

Lan au tien khi Toa an toi cao xem xet ve van e nay, trong vu Everson v. Board of Education lien he en viec tai tr cho cac trng hoc cua cac x ao vao nam 1947, Toa An a qui nh s cach biet bang cach trch dan la th nam 1802 cua Thomas Jefferson gi cho cac giao hu Baptists Danbury, Connecticut: "Toi het long ton knh s viec a c thc thi qua hanh ong cua toan the ngi dan My khi tuyen bo rang c quan lap phap cua ho khong nen a ra mot phap luat nao e ton vinh mot ton giao, hoac e ngan cam viec thc hanh t do cua mot ton giao, do o xay dng nen mot bc tng cach biet gia nha Th va nha Nc. "

Jefferson tha hng gia tai tr tue cua thi ky Khai Sang trong lch s, mang nhieu nghi k vi cac to chc ton giao. Ong tin rang nhng no lc thiet lap mot ton giao quoc gia se a en khung bo va noi chien.

Nhng ly le o khong phai la mot t tng oc ao en t Jefferson. Ong Roger Williams, da vao cac nguyen tac khoan dung ton giao ma sang lap ra thuoc a (nay la tieu bang) Rhode Island, a s dung cung mot ly le vao nam 1644. Lch s cho thay ong a viet rang, khi cac nha Th "m ra mot lo hong qua hang rao hoac bc tng ngan cach khu vn cua nha Th va the gii hoang da ben ngoai, th c Chua Tri a pha bo bc tng... va lam cho khu vn tr thanh hoang da."

Chu trng cach biet gia nha Th va nha Nc cua ong Williams da tren mot ly do khac han vi ong Jefferson. Jefferson ngh rang ton giao la xau cho chnh phu. Williams ngh rang pha tron viec cua nha Th va nha Nc th xau cho nha Th.

Nhng ca hai quan iem lai a en cho chung ta nhng ket qua tng ong. Ca hai eu canh bao chong lai s dung thue cho nha Th va chong lai nhng li cau nguyen sang tac bi cac hoi ong nha trng cong cong. Tuy nhien, ly le than hoc cua Williams co ve co anh hng nhieu hn la cac ly le chnh tr cua Jefferson trong viec thong qua Tu Chanh An Th Nhat.

Toi ngh rang viec thieu nhan thc ve ieu nay a tao ra nhng kha canh thieu sot cua sac lenh - Khong phai sac lenh la thieu sot nhng s mien tr lien he en "ngi s dung lao ong ton giao" th thieu sot. Sac lenh a nh ngha 't' o co ngha la mot to chc ton tai e khac sau cac gia tr ton giao, c mien khai thue va chu yeu s dung va phuc vu nhng ngi chia se giao ly cua ton giao o.

o la mot cai nhn kha hep ve ton giao. No khong bao gom cac dch vu xa hoi, to chc t thien, benh vien va ai hoc Cong giao. No khong bao gom cac n tu Little Sisters of the Poor (tieu muoi cua ngi ngheo,) ang cham soc cho nhng ngi gia yeu cua moi tn ngng, va cac trng trung hoc Cong giao Cristo Rey, nhan hoc sinh cua tat ca cac ton giao. Cac to chc nay thc hien nhng g ngi Cong giao goi la "Thng Xac Bay Moi" - cham soc ngi ngheo oi, benh tat, vo gia c va rao giang Tin Mng khong ch cho nhng thanh vien a c ra toi, nhng "cho muon dan", theo Tin Mng.

Nhng nhom dch vu ton giao o khong nam trong qui luat c mien tr - va lai co rat nhieu - eu phai tuan theo cac quy nh cua chnh phu tren cac cong viec noi bo cua ho. ieu nay co the khong lam phien Jefferson. Nhng toi s rang ong Williams co the noi rang no vi pham s cach biet gia nha Th va nha Nc, rang chnh phu a "pha v bc tng... va bien khu vn cua Thien Chua thanh mot ni hoang da."

Toi lo ngai ma thay rang cach tiep can xam lan vao cac to chc ton giao a tr nen qua pho bien. Gan ay, trong vu kien 'Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission' , Toa an Toi cao a xem xet lieu chnh phu co the a ra nhng quy nh ve viec sa thai mot giao vien ton giao khong. Nhac lai, mot giao vien a e n yeu cau boi thng tan tat, va a b sa thai v khi kien mot nha trng Lutheran thay v nhan hoa giai ngoai toa an. Pha Chnh phu a lap luan rang, ay la mot van e nhan vien viec lam, cho nen chnh phu khong can phai co s ton knh ac biet nao oi vi cac to chc ton giao. Toa an a nhat tr cho rang quan iem cua chnh phu la "qua quat" ("remarkable") va la mot hanh ong vi hien.

Trong hai trng hp khac gan ay hn, ban giam oc cua s lao ong a quyet oan rang cac trng Manhattan College Riverdale, N.Y., va St. Xavier University Chicago khong hoi u tieu ch la trng Cong giao e hng cac ac mien theo luat lao ong quoc gia, trong o co nhng quy nh ve viec thng lng tap the. Ho nhan manh rang cac trng cao ang ay a khong bat sinh vien tham d Thanh le va khong "tuyen truyen" hoac "cai ao". Thay vao o, nha trng a thc thi u cac ch tieu ve t do hoc thuat. Nha trng con thue giang vien khong Cong Giao, va Hoi ong quan tr phan ong la giao dan.

Hay chu y en nhng iem tng ong cua Bo Y te khi ho quyet nh the nao la Cong Giao. Mot ai hoc Cong Giao thc thu se la mot c s hng noi. Nha trng se tuyen truyen cho cac gia tr ton giao va kiem duyet nhng quan iem trai ngc. Nha trng se ch thue ngi Cong giao ma thoi, khong thue ngi khac ton giao. Hoi ong quan tr phai c gii giao s thong tr. Nha trng ch nhan hoc sinh Cong giao ma thoi, khong nhan ngi ngoai.

Mot mo hnh lo dang xuyen qua cac trng hp ke tren. o la Chnh phu a san sang e qui nh cac hoat ong cua cac giao hoi lam sao cho phu hp vi y thch cua chnh phu. Chnh phu thc hien ieu nay bang cach lam giam nh ngha ton giao xuong thap, e ch co cac to chc 'ro rang noi bat' mi c hng mien tr. Nhng to chc con lai, tren bnh dien phap luat, th khong khac vi nhng hoi Jaycees (JC: hoi phat trien tai nang thng mai cho thanh thieu nien) hoac Cau lac bo Elks (hoi the thao va t thien cua nam gii.) Chung toi co the noi rang bc tng ngan cach van con o, nhng chnh phu a thu hep no qua nho en noi no ch bao quanh khong g hn la mot luong hoa.

Ong Roger Williams ma thay tnh huong nay th se au buon xiet bao.

 

Tran Manh Trac

(VietCatholic News)

 

* Ong John Garvey la vien trng cua ai hoc Cong giao Catholic University of America, tng la khoa trng Trng Luat cua ai hoc Boston. Ong la ong tac gia cua cuon sach "Ton giao va Hien phap."

 


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