Toa Thanh quyet nh tang cng

viec hoc triet trc khi hoc than hoc

 

Toa Thanh quyet nh tang cng viec hoc triet trc khi hoc than hoc.

Vatican (SD 22-3-2011) - Hom 22 thang 3 nam 2011, Bo giao duc Cong Giao a cong bo ngh nh cai to viec hoc triet trong chng trnh hoc ao: t 2 nam c tang thanh 3 nam trc khi hoc than hoc.

c Hong Y Zenon Grocholewski, Tong trng Bo giao duc Cong Giao, cung vi v Tong th ky la c Tong Giam Muc Jean Louis Bruges O.P va Cha Charles Morerod O.P, Vien trng Giao Hoang ai hoc thanh Tomaso Aquino Roma, a m cuoc hop bao tai Phong Bao ch Toa Thanh e gii thieu ngh nh mi.

c Hong Y Tong trng cho biet ngh nh nay tiep theo sau cac van kien trc ay cua Bo cai to viec hoc giao luat nam 2002, va ve cac Hoc vien cao ang cac khoa hoc ton giao nam 2008. S d Bo ban hanh ngh nh mi la v s yeu kem trong viec huan luyen triet trong tai nhieu to chc ao tao cua Giao Hoi, thieu nhng iem tham chieu vng chac, nhat la ve bo mon giang day va chat lng cua giao chc. S yeu kem nay i kem cuoc khung hoang ve viec hoc triet noi chung, trong mot thi ai ma chnh ly tr b e doa v trao lu duy li ch, v chu thuyet nghi ng va duy tng oi, thai o ng vc cua ly tr trong viec nhan viet chan ly lien quan en nhng van e c ban cua i song".

c Hong Y Grocholewski cung nhac en Tong Huan Hau Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc "Pastores davo vobis" (Thay se ban cho cac con nhng muc t), cong bo hoi nam 1992, vi oan khang nh rang viec chuan b triet hoc cho cac ng sinh linh muc "la mot giai oan thiet yeu trong viec huan luyen tr thc cho ho: ch co mot triet hoc lanh manh mi co the giup cac ng sinh linh muc phat trien mot y thc co suy t ve quan he thiet yeu gia tinh than con ngi va chan ly, chan ly c mac khai tron ven cho chung ta trong Chua Giesu Kito".

Tien trnh soan thao Ngh nh cai to viec hoc triet trong cac trng ao c khi s nam 2004, va tien hanh qua hai khoa hop toan the cua Bo giao duc Cong Giao vao nam 2005 va 2008. Sau cung, hoi thang gieng nam nay, c Thanh Cha Bien c 16, a phe chuan ngh nh nay "theo the thc ac biet" trong buoi tiep kien danh cho c Hong Y Tong trng Grocholewski.

Ngh nh la mot tap sach nho, gom co 2 phan: trc tien la phan tien e trnh bay nhng ly do va tinh than cua cuoc cai to; tiep en la phan cha ng nhng qui luat mi, thay the cac qui luat trc ay trong Tong Hien "Sapientia christiana" (S khon ngoan Kito giao), va nhng qui luat ap dung i kem.

Ngh nh mi phan biet ro rang gia Phan khoa cua Giao Hoi ve triet hoc, vi chng trnh 2 nam triet hoc nh thanh phan cua chng trnh than hoc trong cac phan khoa va cac chung vien cua Giao Hoi. Ca hai thc tai tren ay eu c duyet lai theo Ngh nh mi.

- T nay, chng trnh 2 nam triet trc khi bat au than hoc trc ay se c keo dai thanh 3 nam, hoac 6 ban nien, va theo qui nh hien hanh Au Chau trong tien trnh Bologna, no phai gom 180 tn ch.

Ngh nh mi cung thiet nh pham trat cac mon trong 3 nam triet: gom cac mon bat buoc, nh triet hoc he thong va lch s triet hoc; tiep en la nhng mon bat buoc bo tuc, nh phng phap luan, sinh ng, va sau cung la cac mon bo tuc nhiem y nh cac yeu to van chng hoac nhan van.

c Tong Giam Muc Bruges, ngi Phap, nhan xet rang: "Cho en nay, qua nhieu khi cac sinh vien trong ban triet cung nh than hoc, ch oc cac thu ban giao khoa, ma khong i en tan nguon. V the Ngh nh cai to nhan manh tam quan trong cua viec oc chnh cac ban ban cua cac tac gia quan trong nhat" (Ord. art.60,1).

Viec hoc triet khong phai ch gii han vao Thanh Tomaso Aquino va cac giao phu khac, nhng cung phai ci m oi vi cac trao lu mi. Khoa sieu hnh hoc phai co mot cho ng ac biet trong hoc trnh, ngoai ra cung can e y en cac trng phai t tng ban x, v du hng i A chau hoac Phi chau.

Ngh nh cung noi ve ban giang huan triet hoc vi cac ieu kien can phai co, chu ky hoc trnh, viec cai to cac Hoc vien triet c thap nhap vao cac phan khoa cua Giao Hoi, v.v. Cac phan khoa triet hoc Cong Giao phai co t nhat 7 giao s co bang tien s triet hoc.

Van kien mi cua Bo giao duc Cong Giao co anh hng ti khoang 400 phan khoa than hoc va 40 phan khoa triet hoc cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao. Tai 10 nc Au Chau, co nhng phan khoa than hoc Cong Giao trong khuon kho cua ai hoc cong lap. Van kien nay cung anh hng ti hang ngan chung vien trong toan the Giao Hoi.

Ngh nh mi co hieu lc t thang 1 nam 2012, va cho en nien khoa 2012-2013 phai c ap dung tai tat ca cac trung tam ao tao cua Giao Hoi.

Trong cuoc hop bao, Cha Charles Morerod O.P, Vien trng ai hoc thanh Tomaso Aquino, trnh bay ve tam quan trong cua khoa sieu hnh hoc oi vi viec hoc than hoc va nhan manh rang "mot nen than hoc ma khong co triet hoc la ieu khong the co c". "Tam quan trong cua triet hoc cung gan lien trc tiep vi c muon cua con ngi c biet chan ly va to chc chan ly". (SD 22-3-2011)

 

G. Tran c Anh, OP

(Radio Vatican)

 


Back to Vietnamese Missionaries in Asia Home Page