S chung song gia cac Kito hu

va tn hu Hoi tai Algeria

 

S chung song gia cac Kito hu va tn hu Hoi tai Algeria.

Algeria - (RG 28-2-2011) - Phong van c Cha Ghabel Moussa Abdalla Bader, Tong Giam Muc Algeri, ve viec chung song vi tn hu Hoi tai Algeria

Ngay 28 thang 2 nam 2011 la ngay au tien dan chung xuong ng bieu tnh phan oi chnh quyen, sau khi lenh gii nghiem c thu hoi hom 24 thang 2 nam 2011.

Trong thu o Algeri a xay ra cac vu ung o gia phe oi lap vi cac lc lng ung ho chnh quyen. Ngay mung 1 thang 3 nam 2011 cac sinh vien bat au bieu tnh oi cai to he thong giao duc, neu chnh quyen khong ap ng cac nhu cau cua ho, gii sinh vien se cung nhau tuyet thc cho ti khi cac oi hoi cua ho c thoa man.

Cong hoa dan chu nhan dan Algeria la quoc gia co dien tch ng hang th 11 tren the gii, vi hn 2 trieu 381 ngan cay so vuong, nhng ch co khoang 38 trieu dan, 99% theo Hoi giao Sunnt la quoc giao. a so theo le nghi Malekt, nhng cung co cac cong oan Ibadit, va nhieu huynh oan Souft va Zarout. Co khoang 50,000 tn hu Tin lanh va 11,000 tn hu Cong giao.

Algeria la quoc gia co lch s lau i. Vao thi Tan Thach, tc 6,000 nam trc cong nguyen, Algeria la vung co cac nhom dan song ve hai trai va san ban. Sau o co cac sac dan Numidi, Mauri va Getuli, la to tien cua ngi Berberi hien nay, tm ti nh c, va ho to chc cuoc song theo cac bo lac co che o phu he. Vao the ky th VI trc cong nguyen cac chung toc song tai ay giao tiep vi vng quoc Cartagine, la vung thuoc a cu cua ngi Phenixi, nhng hoi o ang banh trng anh hng doc b bien a Trung Hai. Khi xay ra chien tranh gia vng quoc Cartagine va e quoc Roma, ngi Mauritani va Numidi cung b lien luy.

T the ky th II sau cong nguyen vung nay c nghe rao giang Tin Mng, va a tr thanh vung at cua cac v t ao cung nh vung at cua cac thanh trong o co thanh Agostino Giam Muc Ippona va thanh n Monica me ngi.

Vao au the ky th IV ngi Berberi theo be roi Donatismo. Trong cac nam 428-430 quan r Vandali en t Tay Ban Nha anh chiem Algeria, nhng ho theo be phai Nestorio. Nam 534 hoang e Bisantin tai chiem thuoc a cu.

Vao hau ban the ky th VII ngi A rap anh chiem Algeria va thanh lap cac vung nh c on nh cho ti the ky th VIII.

Anh hng cua ngi A rap a thay oi hoan toan nen van hoa trong vung. Sau trieu ai Ziridi cung goc Berberi, Algeria b thong tr bi cac trieu ai Aghlabidi Sunnt hoi the ky th IX, va trieu ai Fatimidi scit t the ky th X ngi en the ky XII. Sau o la cac trieu ai goc Berberi thuoc cac nhom Ziridi, Zenata va Sanhaja. Vao the ky XVI Algeria chap nhan tr thanh quoc gia Berberi than phuc e quoc hoi Ottoman.

Vao au the ky XIX Algeria b cac quoc gia tay au nh Hoa Ky, Anh, Hoa Lan va nhat la Phap anh hng. Che o thc dan Phap a e lai anh hng sau rong tren cuoc song chnh tr, van hoa va dan so tai Algeria nh cha tng thay trong lch s thc dan Phi chau.

Sau e nhat the chien, cac phong trao quoc gia a nay n tai Algeria. Vao thap nien 1930-1940 ang "Nhan dan Algeria" va "Phong trao chien thang t do dan chu" c thanh lap. Trong thap nien 1950 co them cac ang nh: "Lien hiep dan chu bieu dng Algeria", "Phong trao quoc gia Algeria", "Uy ban cach mang hiep nhat va hanh ong", va "Mat tran giai phong quoc gia".

Noi chien bung no vao thang 11 nam 1954 va keo dai nhieu nam. Thang 7 nam 1962 sau cuoc trng cau dan y ngay mung 1 thang 7 nam 1962, Algeria tuyen bo oc lap. Cac thap nien sau o la cac tranh chap noi bo gia cac ang phai chnh tr khac nhau. Nam 1990 xay ra noi chien, va nam 1992 quan oi len nam quyen. Nam 1994 tien trnh hoa giai at nc a thanh cong nh trung gian cua cong oan thanh Egidio. Tong thong ng nhiem la ong Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

Sau ay chung toi xin gi ti quy v va cac ban bai phong van c Cha Ghabel Moussa Abdalla Bader, Tong Giam Muc Algeri, ve s chung song gia cac Kito hu va tn hu Hoi tai Algeria.

Hoi: Tha c Cha Bader, trong mot quoc gia co ai a so tn hu theo Hoi giao va Hoi giao la quoc giao nh Algeria, cuoc oi thoai lien ton nh the nao?

ap: S chung song gia cac nen van hoa va cuoc oi thoai lien ton khong con la mot la chon na, nhng la mot s kien a roi c ap at trong cac xa hoi trung ong, cung nh trong cac xa hoi tay au. Kito giao mi goi chung ta lam chng rang con ngi, cho du co khac biet nhau the nao i na, cung eu la con cai cua Thien Chua duy nhat, va v the co the chung song vi nhau trong hoa bnh. Chung ta c mi goi song chung vi nhau. Khong co s la chon nao khac: hoac xung khac hoac phai tap chap nhan nhau, ton trong nhau va tr giup nhau. ay khong ch la s kien lien quan ti cac quoc gia co thieu so kito nh trong vung Trung ong hay Bac Phi, nhng ngay nay no la mot s kien ai ong lien luy ti ca Au chau va My chau. Chung ta c mi goi song chung vi nhau, tap somg chung vi nhau.

Hoi: oi khi s song chung a ra anh sang cac khac biet khien cho ngi ta s hai. Lam the nao e tranh cac s hai nay tha c Cha?

ap: Song chung vi nhau khong co ngha la muon xoa bo nhng g khien cho chung ta khac biet nhau. Cac khac biet se van la cac khac biet: ai la tn hu hoi th van la tn hu hoi, ai la phat t van la phat t, toi la tn hu kito toi se tiep tuc la tn hu kito. Se luon luon co cac khac biet. ieu quan trong o la tap chap nhan rang ngi khac co the ngh mot cach khac vi chung ta, ngi khac thuoc mot ton giao khac, ngi khac co the co mot kieu nhn khac ve s vat.

Hoi: Tha c Cha, tien e cho cuoc oi thoai lien ton la viec chu y ti gia tr con ngi, la con cua Thien Chua va nh the ket qua la tat ca moi ngi eu la anh em vi nhau, co ung the khong?

ap: Vang ung the. Cho ti khi nao chung ta khong xac tn rang chung ta tat ca eu la ngi, tat ca eu la cac thu tao cua Thien Chua, eu la con cai Thien Chua, th kho ma oi thoai. Toi phai xac tn rang tha nhan la mot ngi nh toi, va v the co cung cac quyen li va ngha vu nh toi.

Neu chung ta khong i en c iem nay, th khi o se vo ch: chung ta khong the bat buoc mot ngi yeu thng. Nh la kito hu toi co bon phan o, bi v chnh ton giao cua toi day cho toi biet ieu nay, day toi noi vi toan the gii rang con ngi la thu tao cua Thien Chua: kito hu, tn hu hoi, phat t, va ca ngi khong co tn ngng cung la con cai cua Thien chua, a c Thien Chua cu chuoc, va Chua Kito cung a chet cho ngi ay na.

Hoi: Trong mot vai quoc gia vung Trung ong, co cac yeu to chnh xac ngan can cuoc oi thoai: mot trong cac yeu to o la viec pho bien mot so van ban trong cac sach giao khoa, ma theo y c Cha, can phai c duyet xet va sa oi, co ung vay khong tha c Cha?

ap: Toi tin rang can phai sa oi kieu trnh bay lch s va giai thch cac bien co lch s trong cac sach giao khoa hien nay. Toi co y e cap ti Kito giao tai vung Trung ong, ni moi sach v tai lieu ve ngon ng, lch s va ca van chng eu la cac van ban hoi giao. Toi khong muon rang cac van ban giao khoa tr thanh cac sach giao ly hoi. Co mot cho khac e day ao. ieu nay cung co ga tr oi vi t vng, bi v viec goi tn hu cac ton giao khac la "cac ke bat trung" la ieu khong the chap nhan c. Ke ca oi vi vai ngi hoi ho khong chap nhan goi cac kito hu va cac tn hu khac la "kuffar", cac ngi bat trung. Ngay nay khong co ai chap nhan c ieu nay.

Hoi: c Cha co tin rang ieu ang xay ra tai Algeria va cac cuoc noi loan trong the gii A rap hien nay, co the gop phan vao viec lam nay sinh ra mot xa hoi mi san sang hn vi cuoc gap g hay khong?

ap: ay la thach o va cung la li cau chuc: ch khi co mot the he co kha nang nam gi tnh hnh trong tay, sau cac bien co nay, e tao dng mot xa hoi mi, th khi o se co s ci m oi thoai va gap g. o la thach o va cung la ieu toi cau chuc cho Algeria va cac quoc gia khac.

(RG 28-2-2011)

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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