Khi toan dan nhat loat vung len

 

Khi toan dan nhat loat vung len.

Roma (Vat. 4/03/2011) - T hn hai thang qua cuoc "cach mang dan chu" a lan nhanh nh mot ngon la bung chay trong toan the gii A rap: t Tunisia sang cac nc khac vung Bac Phi nh Ai Cap, Algeria, Maroc, Libia, Sudan, cung nh toan vung Trung ong va ban ao A rap nh Libang, Siria, Giordania, Yemen, Bahrein, Oman, Kuweit, Gibuti, Irak, Iran va ca A rap Sau i na. Nhan dan cac quoc gia nay a nhat loat vung len oi hoi dan chu.

Qua he thong Internet, ien thoai di ong, Facebook va Twitter hang trieu ngi a hen nhau xuong ng bieu tnh khap ni trong toan nc, ban au ch e chong canh vat ga leo thang, nan that nghiep, nhng ong thi cung la e phan oi nan gian tham hoi lo, chnh sach cai tr oc tai, e oi hoi t do dan chu, t do ngon luan va ton trong cac quyen t do can ban cua con ngi. D nhien, khong ke may chuc vu t thieu phan oi, a co hang tram ngi thiet mang trong cac vu ung o gia cac lc lng canh sat va oan ngi bieu tnh.

Nhng sau nhieu tuan bieu tnh lien tiep, tai Tusinia va Ai Cap, nhan dan hai nc nay a thanh cong trong viec oi hoi tong thong Ben Ali va Hosni Mubarack phai t chc. ac biet la tai Ai Cap, ap lc cua hn 2 trieu ngi bieu tnh tai quang trng Tahrir a khien cho tnh the thay oi noi trong hai tuan.

Hien nay ngi dan hai nc nay van tiep tuc oi hoi phai thay oi toan bo, loai bo tat ca cac bo trng thanh phan cua chnh quyen oc tai cu, va to chc cac cuoc bau c t do dan chu.

Trc ap lc cua nhan dan, Hoi ong quan nhan lanh ao Ai Cap a quyet nh to chc trng cau dan y Hien phap vao ngay 19 thang 3 nam 2011 tiep o la chuan b cho cac cuoc bau c a ang, t do.

Trc lan song cach mang dan chu dang cao, mot vai chnh quyen A rap a mau chong tm giai phap on hoa e tranh cac canh hon loan toi te. Tai Giordania trong tuan va qua "ngay nhan dan noi gian" a quy tu hang tram ngan ngi bieu tnh trong thu o Aman. e giam bt s gian d cua ngi dan vua Abdullah a chap thuan oi hoi cua ho thay oi thu tng va ra lenh cho tan thu tng mau chong a ra cac cai to chnh tr, kinh te, xa hoi.

Tai Yemen, hom mung 1 thang 3 nam 2011 tong thong Ali Abdallah Saleh a bai nhiem 5 thong oc cua 5 tnh ln nhat nc tai mien nam. Ong to cao Hoa Ky va Israel ng ang sau cac oan ngi bieu tnh nham khuynh ao the gii A rap.

Tai Oman, ngay mung 1 thang 3 nam 2011 cung a co hang ngan ngi bieu tnh trong thu o Mascate e yeu cau cai to chnh tr va a ra cac bien phap giai quyet nan that nghiep va gian tham hoi lo.

Tai Bahrein, vua Hamad bin Isa al Khalifa a phai nhng bo va ieu nh vi cac oan bieu tnh. e tranh cac cuoc bieu tnh phan oi, vua Fahd cua Rap Saui ha trch ra 37 ty my kim e tang lng cho cac cong nhan vien.

Cho en nay tnh hnh tai Libia la the tham hn ca, v ai ta Muammar Gheddafi a ra lenh cho cac lnh anh thue cua ong ban vao cac oan bieu tnh khien cho hn 10,000 ngi thiet mang va 50,000 ngi b thng. Bai bien Tripoli a bien thanh ngha trang chon xac hang ngan ngi b giet.

Trong khi cac tnh mien ong bac la vung co cac gieng dau hoa cung nh cac tnh mien tay bac hien nam trong tay cac lc lng chong oi, va cac bo lac mien nam a keo c khac tuyen bo oc lap. Hoi ong quoc gia Libia c thanh lap tai thanh pho Bengasi tuyen bo khong ieu nh vi ong Gheddafi, trong khi dan chung thanh pho Adjabiya cung co cac cong s chien au e ng au vi cac lc lng lnh anh thue cua ong Gheddafi.

T may ngay qua quan oi Libia trung thanh vi ong Gheddafi tiep tuc doi bom va chien au vi ngi dan cac thanh pho nay hy vong lat ngc tnh the. e gay ap lc vi cac nc tay au ong Gheddafi cung noi san sang bo bom cac gieng dau. That ra ong a ra lenh nhng cac phi cong khong tuan lenh cua ong. Cuoc noi chien tai Libia khien cho 120,000 ngi phai di tan, a so la cac cong nhan nc ngoai. a co 85,000 ngi qua c bien gii Tunisia. Mot so khac qua c bien gii Ai Cap. Nhng con hang chuc ngan ngi khac van b ket ben kia bien gii Libia. Va hien nay cong tac cu tr 120,000 ngi t nan nay la ieu cap thiet nhat.

Cuoc ong at an chu tai cac quoc gia A rap cung co nguy c lan sang cac nc hoi giao vung Trung A, ni cung co gii lanh ao oc tai cai tr nh: Bielorussia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Turkmenistan va Tagikistan. That ra, anh hng cua cuoc cach mang dan chu a bat au lan sang cac nc A chau nh Bac Han, Trung Quoc, An o va Viet Nam, vi cung cac ly o nh tai cac nc A rap, bat au la nan vat gia leo thang va that nghiep.

Theo Ngan Hang The Gii, gia thc pham a gia tang 15% gia cuoi nam 2010 va thang Gieng nam 2011. T sau thang qua ngi ta ghi nhan gia cac nhu yeu pham nh bot, gao, bap va ng gia tang, khien cho so ngi song i mc ngheo oi tren the gii gia tang them 44 trieu. Gia thang 6 va thang 12 nam 2010 gia lua m gia tang 45% tai Bangladesh, 33% tai Mong Co, 31% tai Sri Lanka, 19% tai Afghanistan, 16% tai Pakistan. Trong khi gia gao gia tang 46% tai Viet Nam, 19% tai Indonesia, 19% tai Bangladesh, 12% tai Sri Lanka va 9% tai Trung Quoc.

Khong ke nhieu ly do khac khien cho ngi dan phan uat nh cung cach cai tr oc tai tc oat moi quyen t do cua con ngi, nan gian tham hoi lo, an cp at ai va tai san cua dan chung, tan bao c hiep dan lanh, nan lng thc va vat gia mac mo se la ngon la trc thung thuoc no, khien cho nhan dan cac quoc gia nay cung se nhat loat vung len lat o cac che o oc tai vo nhan va vo luan. Va khi toan dan oan ket nhat loat vung len ma khong s hai, th se khong co g co the ngan can c ho na.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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