Hy vong hoa bnh

cho vung Trung ong

 

Hy vong hoa bnh cho vung Trung ong.

Israel (RG 1 & 2-9-2010) - Mot vai nhan nh cua Linh Muc David Jaeger, Be tren tnh dong Phanxico quan thu Thanh a va cua linh muc Ibrahim Faltas, Tong quan ly cua dong, ve hy vong hoa bnh cho vung Trung ong.

Sau 20 thang be tac, sang ngay mung 2 thang 9 nam 2010 Israel va Palestine a bat au tr lai cac cuoc thng thuyet hoa bnh tai Washington. Phai oan Israel do thu tng Benjamin Netanyahu cam au, va phai oan Palestine do tong thong Abu Mazen hng dan, a hop nhau trc s hien dien cua ngoai trng Hoa Ky, Hillary Clinton. Chieu ngay mung 1 thang 9 nam 2010 trong ba tiec khoan ai hai phai oan, tong thong Barack Obama noi ong tin tng rang cac cuoc thng thuyet se ket thuc tot ep va em lai hoa bnh cho vung Trung ong trong vong mot nam ti ay. Ong tuyen bo: "Muc ch la mot thoa hiep thng thuyet gia hai ben giup cham dt viec chiem ong cua nam 1967 va a ti viec thanh lap mot nc Palestine dan chu va oc lap, song ben canh nc Israel va cac dan toc lang gieng, trong hoa bnh va an ninh". Cung tham d ba tiec co cac nhan vat no lc dan than trong viec em lai hoa bnh cho vung Trung ong la nguyen thu tng Tony Blair cua Anh quoc, tong thong Mubarak cua Ai Cap, va vua Abdallah II cua Giordania.

Bau kh cuoc thng thuyet cang thang, v ngay 31 thang 8 nam 2010 a co 4 ngi Israel b sat hai gan Hebron. Ngay mung 1 thang 9 nam 2010 lc lng Hamas lai thu nhan a phuc kch khien cho hai ngi khac b thng. Tong thong Obama cung nh tong thong Abu Mazen va thu tng Netanyahu eu than phien ve cac hanh ong bao lc giet ngi nay va khang nh rang cac lc lng cc oan se khong thanh cong trong viec pha hoai tien trnh hoa bnh. Thu tng Netanyahu noi: "Toi khong en ay e tm cac li xin loi. Toi en ay e tm kiem cac giai phap cho van e hoa bnh". Ong nh ngha tong thong Abu Mazen cua Palestine la mot "oi tac cua hoa bnh". Trong khi tong thong Mazen nhan nanh rang: "Thi gi khong pha chung ta. V the chung ta khong c phung ph ngh lc trong viec ng au vi cac van e te nh hn".

Bao ch Israel cung nh bao ch Arap a chao mng cac cuoc tai thng thuyet vi thai o de dat va nghi ng, v bong en cua vu khung bo sat hai 4 ngi Israel va van e Israel tiep tuc cac vu chiem at cua ngi Palestine va thanh lap lang mac tren at cua ngi Palestine e nang tren tam t moi ngi. Trong khi o th pha Hamas coi cac cuoc thng thuyet nay la "bat hp phap" va cho rang chung "se that bai".

Trong dien van khai mac cac cuoc tai thng thuyet, ngoai trng Hillary Clinton tha nhan cac kho khan cua qua kh cung nh hien tai gia hai dan toc, nhng ba tin tng ni co gang cua ca hai pha Israel va Palestine e i ti mot thoa hiep hoa bnh, lam sao e hai dan toc co the song trong hai quoc gia ben nhau trong an ninh va hoa bnh.

Ba khang nh rang hai dan toc a phai au kho va o qua nhieu mau va nc mat roi, ay la luc phai cham dt thc tai the tham ay. Hai dan toc ang c hng hoa bnh, an ninh va thnh vng. Hoa Ky khong the va se khong ap at mot giai phap nao cho tien trnh hoa bnh tai vung Trung ong. Giai phap ay phai do hai ben oi tac tm ra va thoa thuan vi nhau the nao e no c thc hien trong vong mot nam ti ay. Ba ngoai trng Hoa Ky cung keu goi nhng ngi cua ca hai pha cho ti nay a la chon ng ngoai le hay chong oi tien trnh hoa bnh, cung hiep lc vi hai phai oan e tm ra giai phap cong bang va lau ben cho hai dan toc. Ba keu goi hai phai oan thng thuyet cung nh moi thanh phan cua ca hai dan toc Israel va Palestine y thc rang giai phap hoa bnh tuy thuoc ni ho va nam trong tay ho, ch khong tuy thuoc ai khac. Sau o ba Hillary Clinton a e cho thu tng Netanyahu va tong thong Abu Mazen lan lt a ra li tuyen bo khai mac cac cuoc thng thuyet hoa am. Ca hai ben eu ong y la a en luc cham dt chien tranh xung khac, tha nhan cac quyen li cua nhau, loai bo cac chng ngai, va cung nhau kiem tm giai phap cong bang va lau ben e cho hai dan toc c song trong an bnh thnh vng trong hai quoc gia oc lap.

Trong khi o tai Castel Gandolfo c Thanh Cha Bien c XVI a tiep kien tong thong Israel ong Simon Perez. Cuoc hoi kien vi c Thanh Cha a keo dai khoang 40 phut. Hai ben a nhac lai ky niem chuyen hanh hng Thanh a cua c Thanh Cha hoi thang 5 nam 2009 va e cap ti cac cuoc thng thuyet hoa bnh tai nhom tai Washington. c Thanh Cha va tong thong cau mong cuoc tai thng thuyet nay at en mot thoa hiep ton trong cac khat vong cua hai dan toc Israel va Palestine, va co kha nang em lai mot nen hoa bnh on nh va lau ben cho Thanh a va toan vung Trung ong. ay la lan th t tong thong Perez gap c Giao Hoang Bien c XVI: hai lan au vao thang 4 nam 2006 va thang 9 nam 2007 va lan th ba trong dp c Thanh Cha hanh hng Thanh a hoi nam 2009.

Sau ay chung toi xin gi ti quy v va cac ban mot vai nhan nh cua Linh Muc David Jaeger, Be tren tnh dong Phanxico quan thu Thanh a va cua linh muc Ibrahim Faltas, Tong quan ly cua dong, ve hy vong hoa bnh cho vung Trung ong.

Hoi: Tha cha Jaeger, tong thong Barck Obama a khang nh rang co the tien ti hoa bnh tai vung Trung ong noi trong vong mot nam. Co the thc hien c ieu nay hay khong, trong khi con co biet bao nhieu kho khan tai Thanh a?

ap: Chac chan la co the thc hien c nen hoa bnh tai Thanh a, khong phai ch v cac van e eu c moi ngi biet ti, ma noi chung ca cac giai phap cung c moi ngi biet ti na. Cac ban thao thoa hiep hoa bnh a nam trong hoc ban t nhieu nam nay. ieu thieu cho ti nay khong phai la cac ban thao thoa hiep hoa bnh, cac van ban, cac giai phap hay t tng, nhng la y ch ky nhan cac thoa hiep va cac quyet nh ay.

Hoi: Theo cha, au la cac iem ma ca hai ben co the ong y vi nhau de dang nhat, va t o co the at s ong thuan cuoi cung?

ap: e cham dt cuoc xung ot lch s, d nhien co van e ngi t nan Palestine cua hai cuoc chien hoi nam 1948 va 1967, nhng nhat la ngi t nan cua chien tranh nam 1948. Ve iem nay tren thc te khong the co mot giai phap n thuan gia hai phe, v van e cung lien quan ti cac quoc gia tiep nhan phan ong cac ngi t nan nay na nh Giordania, Siria va nhat la Libang, ni tnh trang song cua ngi t nan Palestine trong cac trai t nan rat la the tham. Ch mi ay luat le Libang a quyet nh cho ngi t nan thuoc the he th ba th t co the tm cong an viec lam tai Libang, vi cac quyen nh quyen cua cac nhan cong nc ngoai. Ve iem nay can phai co mot no lc a quoc mi co the giai quyet c.

Hoi: Trong cuoc tai thng thuyet tai Washington co mot phe vang mat: o la lc lng Hamas. S vang mat nay, s chong oi nay gay ra cac phien toai nao tha cha?

ap: S kien lc lng Hamas thong tr trong dai Gaza la trieu chng cua s thieu vang hoa bnh. Khi se co mot thoa hiep gia Israel va To chc giai phong Palestine, th nhom Hamas se mat moi tnh cach hp phap. V the lc lng Hamas chong oi Thoa Hiep hoa bnh, va tm moi cach e lam cho cac cuoc thng thuyet b that bai. Thc hien va co c Thoa hiep hoa bnh se khien cho cac nhom cc oan, trong trng hp ay la lc lng Hamas, mat i moi s hp phap trc ngi dan. ay la cach thc duy nhat e lam ieu ay, bi v chnh s thieu vang hoa bnh, viec keo dai tham canh song cua ngi dan Palestine trao ban sc manh cho to chc vu trang.

Sau ay la vai nhan nh cua cha Ibrahim Faltas, Tong quan ly tnh dong Phanxico Quan thu Thanh a, ve cac cuoc thng thuyet hoa bnh cho Thanh a.

Hoi: Tha cha, cha co nhan xet g lien quan ti cac cuoc tai thng thuyet gia Israel va Palestine hay khong?

ap: Cuoc oi thoai gia hai ben a tien c mot bc ln. Theo toi, ay la c may cuoi cung cho ca hai pha Israel va Palestine. Va chung toi hy vong co c mot nen hoa bnh ch that.

Hoi: oi vi ngi Israel va Palestine co c mot mot nen hoa bnh ch that co ngha la g tha cha?

ap: Toi ngh rang tat ca moi ngi dan Israel cung nh Palestine eu hy vong rang cuoc gap g oi thoai lan nay khong giong cac cuoc thng thuyet trong qua kh, v chung eu a that bai. Va vu am sat xay ra nhng ngay va qua la ieu chung toi a ch i, v moi khi co bc tien nao o th lai xay ra bao lc giet ngi nham quay tr lai ang sau bao nhieu nam. ieu chac chan o la a so dan cua ca hai ben eu muon co hoa bnh. Toi nh ti cau noi cua mot phu n ten la Celine: "Chien tranh la mot cuoc tan sat gia biet bao nhieu ngi khong he quan biet nhau, cho li loc cua mot t ngi biet nhau nhng khong tan sat nhau".

Hoi: Vung Gaza van la nut that kho thao ci: no co sc nang nao oi vi viec tai oi thoai hoa am e i ti mot con ng hoa giai, neu khong phai la con ng hoa bnh tha cha?

ap: Trc het se co mot thoa hiep gia Israel va Palestine, lan nay la Washington. Toi ngh rang se co mot thoa hiep gia hai lc lng Al Fatah va Hamas, gia vung Cisgiordania va Ramallah tai Gaza. Toi ngh la se co ieu o, bi v cac nc A rap a dan than gop phan vao viec xay dng hoa bnh cho hai phe Israel va Palestine. ieu ma ho ang lam hien nay la mot gng mu gng xau.

Hoi: T nhieu pha khi noi ti xung khac noi bo trong the gii Palestine, ngi ta cho rang co cac phe phai khac co y gay ra s xung khac noi bo nay, ac biet la cac nhom gan gui phong trao khung bo Al Qaeda, co ung the khong tha cha?

ap: Rat tiec la cung co nguy c o. Nhng theo toi, trc sau g th ngi Palestine cung phai tm ra mot giai phap gia ho vi nhau, neu ho thc s muon co hoa bnh.

Hoi: Nh the, cac cuoc tai thng thuyet nay la bc au tien khien cho moi ngi eu hy vong?

ap: Vang, o la niem hy vong cua tat ca moi ngi, ac biet la dan chung ay, bi v ho het chu ng noi roi. Chung ta cung khong nen quen rang ay la cuoc gap g ch thc au tien gia tong thong Abu Mazen va thu tng Netanyahu. Va chung toi hy vong rang ca hai ben tm ra mot thoa hiep va giai quyet moi van e con ton ong. Theo toi, van e phc tap nhat va kho nhat la van e cua thanh Gierusalem.

(RG 1.2-9-2010)

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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