T do bao ch la

nha song cua nen dan chu

 

T do bao ch la nha song cua nen dan chu.

Vatican (Vat. 14/05/2010) - Mung 3 thang 5 nam 2010 la "Ngay quoc te t do bao ch" lan th XVIII. Ngay nay a do Lien Hiep Quoc thanh lap hoi nam 1993, nham muc ch thang tien cac hanh ong cu the va cac sang kien bao ve quyen t do thong tin, t do bao ch; ong thi cung la dp lng nh tnh hnh t do bao ch tren the gii. Ngoai ra, no cung co muc ch loi cuon s chu y, gay y thc cho nhan dan toan the gii oi vi quyen can ban nay va tng niem cac nha bao a b thiet mang trong khi thi hanh nghe nghiep cua mnh.

e thang tien quyen t do d luan, t do dien ta va t do bao ch, so 10 cua Thoa hiep au chau ve cac quyen con ngi khang nh rang: "Moi ngi eu co quyen t do dien ta. Quyen nay bao gom s t do y kien, t do nhan va pho bien cac tin tc hay t tng, ma khong b cac quyen bnh cong cong xen mnh vao, va khong co bien gii". Mot uy ban quoc te a c thanh lap gom cac chuyen vien quoc te co nhiem vu ac trach cac van e lien quan ti quyen t do dien ta va thong tin trong thi khung hoang. Cac thay oi trong xa hoi truyen thong ngay nay at e Hoi ong Au chau trc thach o bao ve va duy tr cac nguyen tac nen tang trong cac thc tai mi, nh he thong lien mang.

Ong Andrew McIntosh, tng trnh vien thng trc cua Quoc Hoi Au chau ve t do truyen thong khang nh rang: "Ngay quoc te t do bao ch nhac cho chung ta biet rang cac nha bao va gii truyen thong la cot tru nen tang cua nen dan chu. V the that la ieu rat ang lo au, khi thay t nam 2007 ti nay a co 20 nha bao b am sat tai Au chau, trong o co nhieu nha bao a to cao va phanh phui cac vu lam an cua nan gian tham hoi lo va nan toi pham co to chc". Ong McIntosh keu goi cac nc thanh vien trong Lien Hiep Au chau, gii truyen thong va cac hiep hoi nha bao cung hiep lc vi nhau, lam sao e bao am cho viec thc thi khoan 10 cua Thoa hiep au chau ve cac quyen con ngi, lien quan ti quyen t do t tng va t do thong tin, c ton trong nghiem chnh.

Trong khi cac cuoc khung hoang tren the gii tiep noi nhau, ngi dan can co mot he thong thong tin a dien, vi cac nha bao bao thu thap tin tc, phan tch tnh hnh the gii phc tap, va kiem soat xem cac quyen con ngi co c ton trong ung an hay khong, cung nh manh me to cao nan gian tham hoi lo, ca quyen va lam dung quyen bnh. Nhn vao quang canh truyen thong tren the gii hien nay, Lien Hiep cac nha bao quoc te bao ong canh suy thoai quyen t do t tng va t do thong tin ngay tai Au chau, v nhieu toa bao b ong ca, nhan vien va ngan quy b cat giam, cac nha bao ieu tra va cho tin tc co pham chat co nguy c bien mat. Chnh trong hoan canh kho khan nay Lien Hiep cac nha bao quoc te a phat ong bao ve mot nghanh bao ch co luan ly ao c, va thang tien luat ao c bao ch bao gom oi buoc ton trong s that, s oc lap va cong bang, tinh than nhan ban va lien i. Cac nha bao ieu tra tai Au chau tiep tuc b sach nhieu, e doa va sat hai trong khi thi hanh nghe nghiep cua ho la kiem tm s that va cho cong luan c biet s that. Va v the nhieu nha bao a b am sat: ien hnh nh ba Anna Politkovskaia b am sat tai Nga, Ong Hrant Dink b giet ben Tho Nh Ky, ong Georgyi Gongadze b am sat ben Ucraine, va nha bao Elmar Huseynov b giet ben Azerbaidjan. Tat ca a b sat hai v can am dan than phanh phui s that lien quan ti cac e tai chnh tr te nh, dnh lu ti trach nhiem cua mot so ngi lanh ao.

That ra trong nam 2009 a co 76 nha bao b giet, tc gia tang 21% so vi nam 2008, 33 nha bao b bat coc, 573 nha bao b bat gi, 1,456 ngi b tan cong hay ngan can hanh nghe, 570 t bao b kiem duyet, 157 nha bao phai tron khoi que hng mnh, 1 chu a ch lien mang b chet trong tu, 151 ngi khac khac b bat gi, 61 ngi khac na b tan cong, va chnh quyen cua 60 quoc gia kiem soat gat gao he thong lien mang Internet, khong cho dan chung t do trao oi tin tc cung nh dien ta t tng va y kien cua mnh.

Mi ay to chc "Cac phong vien vo bien gii" a cong bo danh sach 40 quoc gia hay to chc va ca nhan chuyen tc oat quyen t do thong tin va t do bao ch, trong o co cac cac nc thuoc khoi A rap nh: A rap Saui, Yemen, Iran, Siria. Trong vung Trung ong th co lc lng Hamas, lc lng quoc phong Israel, lc lng an ninh Palestina. Vung trung Trung A th co Uzbekistan, Kazakistan, Turkmenistan va cac lc lng Taleban. Ben ong Au th co cac nc nh Nga va Bielorussia. Tai Tay Ban Nha co to chc ETA, tai Italia co cac to chc toi pham Mafia, Camorra va N'drangata. Ben Phi chau th co cac nc Eritrea, Libia, Gambia, Tusinia, Nigeria, Zwaziland, Rwanda, Zimbabwe, Guinea Equatoriale, Trong vung Trung ong th co lc lng Hamas, lc lng quoc phong Israel. Ben chau My Latinh th co Cuba, cac lc lng du kch quam FARC va "Dieu hau en" Colombia, hay to chc buon ma tuy Sinaloa thuoc Vnh Mehico.

Tai A Chau th ngoai Trung Quoc, Bac Han, Viet Nam, Lao va Myanmar, con co Sri Lanka va cac du kch quan Phi Luat Tan.

Tat ca cac chnh quyen va cac to chc noi tren eu theo ng loi cai tr oc tai, s hai s that, chu trng ngu dan, nen tm moi cach va a ra moi luat le e km kep con ngi va at nc trong tnh trang no le, cham tien, dot nat. Cung cach cai tr oc tai nh the that ang ket an, v khi giet chet t do bao ch la ho lay mat i nha song cua nen dan chu va cp mat mot trong cac quyen t do can ban nhat cua con ngi.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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