Cac thach o cua Chnh thong giao

 

Cac thach o cua Chnh thong giao.

Mascova [La Croix 7/2/2010] - Knh tha quy v, cac ban than men. Cach ay mot nam, c Kyrill a c bau lam Thng phu Chnh thong Mascova va toan nc Nga. Cung vi c Hieronimos II tai Hy lap, c Daniel tai Roumani, c Irinee tai Serbia..., c thng phu Kyrill la ai dien cua mot the he lanh ao mi cua Chnh thong giao co khuynh hng ci m vi cuoc oi thoai ai ket va giup Chnh thong giao thch nghi vi thi hien ai.

B lam cho suy yeu di thi cong san Lien Xo, Giao hoi Chnh thong Nga a hoi sinh di s thuc ay cua c co Thng phu Alexix II va mi ay di s lanh ao cua c ng kiem Thng phu Kyrill. Trong 20 nam, con so cac giao x a c nhan len gap bon, them 45 tu vien c thanh lap. Tuy nhien tnh hnh Giao hoi Chnh thong Nga van con mong manh: 30 ngan linh muc van cha u e ap ng vi nhu cau thieng lieng cua dan chung va ty le thc hanh ao hien nay khong qua 2 phan tram. Trc kia von co thai o khep kn, nay Giao hoi Chnh thong Nga dan dan ci m vi Tay Phng, nhng ong thi van phe bnh trao lu tuc hoa tai luc a nay. Viec khai trng mot chung vien Chnh thong Nga tai Phap hoi thang 11 nam 2009 cho thay Giao hoi Chnh thong Nga muon ao tao mot hang giao s co kha nang ng au vi trao lu tuc hoa tai au chau.

o la tnh trang Giao hoi chnh thong tai Nga.

Tai Ukraine, nam 1991, Giao hoi Chnh thong a b chia thanh ba Giao hoi: mot la Giao hoi t tr chiem a so trc thuoc Toa thng phu Mascova, hai la Toa thng phu Kiev tach la khoi toa thng phu Mascova va ba la Giao hoi Chnh thong Nga hai ngoai. Dao thang 8 nam 2009, tong thong Ukraine, ong Viktor Yuchenko, ngi ung ho mot Giao hoi quoc gia oc lap tach la khoi Mascova, a keu goi cham dt cac chia re. Ve phan mnh, c thng phu Kyrill cho rang Giao hoi Chnh thong Ukraine a hng c oc lap roi. Ngai nhac lai s t tr cua Giao hoi Ukraine trong long Giao hoi Nga, ma phan na cac giao x nam trong lanh tho Ukraine. Ke t thang 10 nam 2009, mot nhom a c thanh lap e giai quyet cuoc xung ot nay.

Sang ong Au, cac Toa thng phu Chnh thong Rumani va Bulgari a chu th thach nang ne di thi cong san. Nam 2007, hai nc nay gia nhap vao Lien Au. e lat qua trang s nay va hoi nhap vao Au Chau, Giao hoi tai moi nc chon mot con ng rieng. Tai Rumani, viec bau chon c thng phu Daniel hoi nam 2007 cho thay Giao hoi tai ay quyet tam vt qua giai oan nay bang cach ci m vi trao lu hien ai va cuoc oi thoai ai ket, nhng ong thi van khong t bo truyen thong Chnh thong. Tai Bulgari, th trai lai, Giao hoi Chnh thong van tiep tuc b chia re trong noi bo v co mot so Giam muc len an cac quan he cua c thng phu Maxim, nam nay a 95 tuoi, vi che o cong san trc kia.

Tai Serbia, ve Au Chau va van e Kosovo, cac lap trng cua Giao hoi Chnh thong la tieng noi quyet nh, bi v ban sac cua dan toc gan lien vi Chnh thong giao. Vi 80 phan tram dan so theo Chnh thong giao, du vay xa hoi Serbia van b tuc hoa va mot so ngi cho rang Giao hoi ch nen lo viec thieng lieng ma thoi. Nhieu ngi xem viec c Irenee c bau lam Thng phu ngay 22 thang Gieng nam 2010 nh mot dau ch tch cc. La ngi ung ho viec hoi nhap vao Au Chau, c tan Thng phu cung muon to chc mot cuoc gap g ai ket tai Nis, mien ong nam Belgrade vao nam 2013 ti ay, nhan dp ky niem 1,500 nam hoang e Constantino ban hanh chieu ch Milano e tha nhan Kito giao. Nhieu ngi cung hy vong rang Giao hoi se lam mot c ch cu the trong viec hoa giai vi Hoi giao va Cong giao trong vung Balkan.

Tai Hy lap, c bau lam Tong giam muc Athenes nam 2008, c tong giam muc Hieronymos II la ngi t can thiep vao i song chnh tr hn v tien nhiem cua ngai la c Christodoulos. Tap trung vao hoat ong xa hoi, c cha Hieronymos II a ra nhng bien phap tao bao: xay cat nha th chnh toa mi tai Athenes, bai nhiem 52 linh muc quan x v thng xuyen vang mat trong giao x... Va oi vi chnh phu xa hoi ang muon li dung nhng tai tieng cua Giao hoi e ap at s tach biet gia Nha Nc va Giao hoi, c Hieronymos II chap nhan gia tang ong thue Giao hoi e giup chnh phu ang b tham thung ngan sach tram trong. Hien ngai ang thng lng e thiet lap mot mo thc cong tac mi gia Giao hoi va Nha nc, trong o moi s phai c "trong suot", nht la trong cac van e xa hoi.

Tai Tho Nh Ky, Giao hoi Chnh thong ang chu nhieu sc ep cua chnh phu cua mot quoc gia co a so theo Hoi giao. Chung vien Halki la mot ien hnh noi len tnh trang cua Giao hoi Chnh thong tai Tho Nh Ky. c m t nam 1844, trng than hoc nay la mot trong nhng c s ao tao linh muc quan trong nht cua Giao hoi Chnh thong tai ay. Nhng nam 1971, chnh phu Tho Nh Ky ra lenh ong ca chung vien.

Tai Palestine, hom 6 thang Gieng nam 2010, nhan dp le Giang Sinh cua Chnh thong giao, cac tn hu Chnh thong tai Bethlehem a on tiep c thng phu Theophilos III bang thai o thu nghch. Canh sat Palestine a phai can thiet e bao ve c thng phu. Cac tn hu a co thai o nh the vi c thng phu v ho cho rang ngai a ban at cua Toa thng phu cho chnh phu Israel. Ngi tien nhiem cua c thng phu Theophilos III la c Irinaios cung b to cao a ban at cho Israel. Van e nay con lau mi giai quyet c va hien ang tiep tuc gia tang nhng chia re gia cac tn hu Chnh thong A rap va hang giao pham ma phan ln la ngi Hy lap.

Tai Antiokia, c thng phu Inhaxio IV a phai hai lan len tieng: mot lan e len an viec Hoa ky xam lang Iraq khien cho tnh trang cua cac tn hu Kito tai Trung ong tr nen kho khan hn, mot lan e bay to quan ngai ve bai dien van cua c thanh cha tai ai hoc Regensburg, ben c, hoi nam 2006. Mac du la thieu so, cac tn hu Kito A rap tai ay van oi hoi phai c oi x bnh ang vi ngi Hoi giao.

Tai Ai cap, so tn hu Chnh thong hien nay la 3 tram ngan ngi. Ngi lanh ao Giao hoi Chnh thong tai ay mang tc hieu "Thng phu Alexandria va toan Phi chau". Chnh v y thc trach nhiem cua mnh, ma c ng kiem Thng phu Theodoros III luon ay manh hoat ong truyen giao sang mot so nc Phi chau. Giao hoi gia tang nhanh cho nen nam 2007, Toa thng phu a cho m lai chung vien Alexandri.

Cuoi cung tai Tay Au, s hien dien cua Giao hoi Chnh thong gan lien vi cac cuoc di dan vao the ky 20. Moi cong ong Chnh thong tai Tay Au van con gan bo vi Giao hoi me cua mnh. Hien nay cac cong ong Chnh thong tai ay mong moi thanh lap mot Giao hoi a phng. Tuy nhien, cac Giao hoi Me khong xem viec to chc cac cong ong hai ngoai nh mot u tien, nhng lai khong muon t bo cac cong ong nay, bi v ho la nguon tai cung cap tai chnh cho cac Giao hoi Me.

 

Chu Van

 


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