Phien hop khoang ai th II cua

Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc the gii ky th XII

 

Prepared for Internet by Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

Phien hop khoang ai th II cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc the gii ky th XII.

Vatican (Vat 7/10/2008) - Tng thuat phien hop khoang ai th II cua Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc the gii ky th XII ve Li Chua trong cuoc Giao Hoi.

Th T 7-10-2008 Thng Hoi ong Giam Muc the gii a bc sang ngay th ba. Sau ay la y chnh cua mot vai bai phat bieu trong phien nhom khoang ai lan th II chieu mung 6 thang 10 nam 2008. a co 5 Ngh Phu ai dien cho Phi chau, A chau, chau My Latinh, Au chau, Uc va ai Dng chau trnh bay ve tnh hnh Li Chua trong cuoc song cua cac Giao Hoi lien he. Tiep en la bai phat bieu cua Rabbi Cohen, Trng cong oan Do thai giao Haifa, Israel va sau cung la bai phat bieu cua c Hong Y Albert Vanhoye, dong Ten.

Trc het la bai phat bieu cua c Cha John Onaiyekan, Tong Giam Muc Abuja Nigeria, trnh bay ve tnh hnh Li Chua ben Phi chau. c Cha a neu bat cho ng cua Phi chau trong Kinh Thanh Cu c cung nh Tan c. Ai Cap co dnh lu ti lch s cac to phu cua dan Do thai va cuoc Xuat Hanh. Trong Tan c Ai Cap la ni Thanh Gia sang lanh nan (Mt 2,13-15). Ong Simon thanh Cirene vac thanh gia Chua la ngi phi chau (Mt 15,21). Vao ngay le Ngu Tuan nhieu tn hu hanh hng Gierusalem en t Phi chau, t Ai Cap va vung Libia gan Cirene (Cv 2,10). Vien hoan quan ngi Etiopi (Cv 8,26-39) la mot trong nhng ngi a em s iep kito vao long Phi chau. Do o cung khong nen ngac nhien khi mot so cong oan kito tien khi ben Phi chau nh Alessandria, Cartagine va Ippona, a cong hien cho Giao Hoi cac than hoc gia, cac thanh t ao va cac v tuyen tn. V the Phi chau la at cua Kinh Thanh.

c Cha Onaiyekan noi tiep: Li Chua la cuoc oi thoai gia Thien Chua va toan nhan loai, vi con ngi thuoc moi la tuoi, song tai bat c au tren the gii nay. V cac bat toan cua mnh con ngi co cac hnh anh va t tng hay suy t hon on ve Thien Chua. Nhng co mot s that nen tang: o la ang Toi Cao, ang tao dng at tri a c Ton giao co truyen Phi chau ton th va cau khan. Tuy bat toan nhng cac luat le luan ly nen tang cua cac ton giao phi chau phan chieu cac tia sang cua "Anh Sang chieu soi moi ngi" (Ga 1,9). Va ay la mot chuan b rat tot cho viec on nhan s iep tin mng, ong thi la manh at ph nhieu cho viec loan bao Li Chua. o la ly do giai thch tai sao Kito giao lai c pho bien mau chong tai Phi chau nh vay. c Cha nhac lai li cua than phu ngai theo Kito giao nam 1920, noi rang khong can phai tin theo mot Thien Chua mi, v o cung chnh la Olorun, ang Toi Cao Yoruba cua ngi Nigeria.

c Cha Onaiyekan cung e cap en mot so thach o nh viec pho bien Kinh Thanh tai Phi chau b gii han v tn hu ngheo, khong co tien mua sach Kinh Thanh. Hien nay Giao Hoi Cong Giao cung cong tac vi cac anh em Tin Lanh trong no lc, dch thuat, in an va pho bien Kinh Thanh. Tuy tai phi chau sO ngi mu ch rat cao, nhng khi co sach cung co the trong cay vao nen van hoa truyen khau phi chau, qua o viec lang nghe Li Chua c e cao. Lien Hoi ong Giam Muc Phi chau va Madagascar co Uy Ban Kinh Thanh va Trung Tam Kinh Thanh (BICAM), ong thi cung la thanh vien cua Lien Hiep Kinh Thanh Cong Giao, giup khch le, thang tien va phoi hp viec s dung Kinh Thanh trong Giao Hoi.

Ngh phu th hai phat bieu chieu th hai la c Cha Thomas Menamparambil, Tong Giam Muc Guwahati An o. Ngai neu bat s kien Ngoi Li nhap the lam ngi tai A chau, va s iep cu o c thanh Phaolo em sang tay phng, thanh Phero tray sang Roma, thanh Giacobe sang Tay Ban Nha, thanh Marco i Alessandria, thanh Toma sang An o, thanh Ireneo sang Lyon vv... Li Chua c cac tn hu va cac cong oan au tien tiep nhan va suy niem, lam thanh cac truyen thong tinh than, la gia tai chung cua Giao Hoi thi khai sinh. Cac Cong ong au tien a c c hanh ben A chau. Nen van hoa phong phu cua A chau a tham nhap cac y niem va thoi quen tr thanh gia tr ai ong cua giao ly kito, phung vu, phong trao vien tu, ky luat giao hoi va tinh than truyen giao. Cac an s Siri hang hai em Li Chua ti Ba T, Afghanistan, Trung A, pha Tay Trung Hoa va nam An o. Cac v cung oi thoai vi cac tn hu theo ao Zoroastre, Phat giao, Manikeo, Lao giao, Khong giao, An giao, Hoi giao va cac ton giao bo toc, trong o co ngi Tho, ngi Unni va Mong Co. Tuy hang lanh ao cua cac nen van minh tan tien A chau khong cam thay can theo ton giao mi, nhng ngi dan san sang tiep nhan Tin Mng.

Tren bnh dien lch s, t khi Kito giao tr thanh ton giao cua e quoc Roma va t khi cac tha sai tay au i truyen giao ben A chau, Kito giao b coi nh ton giao cua tay phng, va tn hu kito cung b ong hoa vi cac the lc ngoai bang. Tuy nhien cong tac rao truyen Li Chua a em lai nhieu hoa trai tch cc. Cac tha sai a thang vt cac hang rao van hoa, thanh lap cac cong oan, khien cho nhieu tieng noi co ch viet va nhieu nhom ngon ng co nen van chng. Cac v a nghien cu nhan chung hoc va lam cho the gii biet en cac dan toc nay. Ngoai ra Li Chua va s iep Tin Mng con c cac v dien ta ra trong viec thang tien y te, giao duc, bac ai di moi hnh thc. Tuy bau kh tuc hoa cung gia tang tai A chau, nhng n goi van con nhieu, cac ai chung vien va hoc vien cung nh dong tu cung gia tang. Do o can chu y hn ti viec day do Kinh Thanh va rao giang pho bien Li Chua qua cac phng tien truyen thong xa hoi. Hien nay co rat nhieu nhom hoc hoi chia se Kinh Thanh ap ng noi oi khat Li Chua cua ngi dan. Van e hoi nhap van hoa tiep tuc la mot thach o ln oi vi cac Giao Hoi tai A chau.

Di anh sang va sc manh Li Chua cac cong oan kito em s iep hoa bnh vao trong cac tnh trang xung khac; thang tien cong ly tai nhng ni co ap bc; phat huy s liem chnh tai nhng ni co gian tham hoi lo; thang tien bnh ang tai nhng ni co cac khac biet giai tang xa hoi va chung toc va tr giup ngi ngheo oi. Tai nhieu vung A chau kito hu cung b bach hai va ngc ai, ien hnh nh trong bang Orissa ben An o, nhng dan than cua cac kito hu cho cong ch va cac van e nen tang cua nhan loai nh cong ly, hoa bnh, gia nh, moi sinh, s t do, quyen bnh ang, tnh lien i, s liem chnh, viec ton trong s song, lo cho ngi ngheo va y thc trach nhiem oi vi moi van e cua con ngi, van tien manh.

ai dien cho Uc va ai Dng chau c Cha Michael Putney, Giam Muc Townsville, cho biet cong tac rao giang Tin Mng tai ay mi bat au hoi the ky XIX vi cac tha sai tin lanh va cong giao. Cong viec truyen giao a em lai nhieu hoa trai, nhng cung tao ra van e v cac tha sai oi khi du nhap cac yeu to xa la vi nen van hoa cua dan chung. Du tn hu ai Dng chau co truyen thong chuyen mieng, nhng ho sieng nang oc, lang nghe Li Chua trong gia nh hn tn hu Austrtalia va Niu Dilen, b anh hng tuc hoa nang ne l la vi cuoc song ao. Viec chuyen tiep t nep song thon que sang cuoc song thanh th cung tao ra cac cang thang trong gia nh va tao ra tnh trang phan hoa.

Trong so cac thach o oi vi viec dch thuat, in an, rao giang va pho bien Li Chua co s kien cac chung toc trong vung co qua nhieu tieng noi khac nhau. Ch noi tai Papua Tan Guinea a co ti 847 ngon ng. Tong cong trong toan ai Dng chau co ti 1,200 ngon ng khac nhau.

Rieng oi vi Australia va Niu Dilen thach o ln nhat la tnh trang "sa mac tinh than", v a so dan song nh the khong co Thien Chua na, mac du ho la tn hu. V the can phai tm ra cac phng thc mi e tai rao giang Tin Mng cho dan chung va giup ho lang nghe Li Chua. Ngay Quoc Te Gii Tre Sydney a la mot khch le rat ln oi vi Giao Hoi chau luc nay.

Trong phan trnh bay tnh hnh Li Chua tai Au chau c Hong Y Josip Bozanic, Tong Giam Muc Zagreb, neu bat s kien khong the tach ri Au chau khoi Kito giao, v Kito giao la cha khoa giup oc hieu lch s toan ven cua ai luc nay. D nhien Kito giao khong phai la ton giao duy nhat hien dien tai ay, nhng Au chau a nay sinh nh Kito giao, va Giao Hoi a gop phan xay dng Au chau nh no lc loan bao tin mng cu o cua Chua Kito. Cung chnh v the co moi day lien lac khong the phan re gia Kinh Thanh va Au chau. Kinh Thanh la khi iem cua tat ca nhng g lam thanh nen van hoa va van minh au chau: Au chau cua hang ngan vng cung thanh ng, cat gi cac kho tang nghe thuat, van chng am nhac kito, Au chau cua cac hoat ong bac ai lien i phuc vu ngi ngheo.

Tiep en c Hong Y Bozanic a trnh bay lo trnh hnh thanh o theo ba e muc: mac khai, giai thch va c hanh Li Chua trong cuoc song cua cac Giao Hoi tai Au chau. Trong viec oc hieu va giai thch Li Chua phai tranh khuynh hng qua kch va cac lech lac y thc he. Ngay nay Au chau ang trai qua mot cuoc khung hoang can tnh tren tat ca moi bnh dien. Con ngi xem ra muon tron chay Thien Chua mac khai, va khep kn trong can cc nhan loai m ho cua mnh. Tuy b tuc hoa tram trong nhng hien nay cung co cac dau ch cho thay tn hu chu y ti Kinh Thanh nhieu hn. Viec oc hieu suy gam va cau nguyen vi Kinh Thanh phai khien cho tn hu giong Chua Kito hn. La ngi en t vung at a tng phai song di ach thong tr cua cac che o oc tai, trong o co che o cong san, c Hong Y Bozanic cho biet cac chu chan va tn hu a co the khang c trc s tan bao va kinh hoang cua cac y thc he nay ch nh tn thac vao Li Chua. V the cho du co b cac y thc he gian doi bao lc bach hai, va be ngoai co b mat het t do, nhng ben trong kito hu van t do va bnh an khch le cac anh ch em khac song long tin, cung nh san sang tha th va cau nguyen cho nhng ke thu ghet va lam hai ho.

Bai phat bieu cua Rabbi Cohen noive cach thc ngi do thai giai thch Kinh Thanh. Rabbi cung keu goi c Thanh Cha va cac Ngh Phu benh vc Israel chong lai Iran ang e doa Israel.

Sau cung la bai phat bieu cua c Hong Y Abert Vanhoye. c Hong Y a trnh bay noi dung tai lieu cua Uy Ban Kinh Thanh cua Toa Thanh ve e tai "Dan do thai va cac Sach Thanh do thai trong Binh Thanh Kito". c Hong Y cho biet hoi nam 1996 c Hong Y Joseph Ratzinger, hoi o la Chu tch, a mi Uy Ban hop e chon mot e tai nghien cu mi. Trong so nhieu e tai c e ngh, e tai "Khuynh hng bai do thai va Kinh Thanh" chiem nhieu phieu nhat. Nhng khi khai trien viec nghien cu, Uy Ban Kinh Thanh a chon e tai rong rai hn: "Dan Do thai va cac Sach Thanh Do thai trong Kinh Thanh Kito".

Tai lieu nham tra li cho hai van nan: th nhat, au la cac kieu Kinh Thanh Kito trnh bay dan do thai?"; th hai, cac Sach Thanh cua dan do thai chiem cho ng nao trong Kinh Thanh Kito? Trong phan con lai cua bai phat bieu c Hong Y Vanhoye a tng trnh cach thc Uy Ban Kinh Thanh lam viec va soan thao cac chng khac nhau cua tai lieu. Tai lieu gom ba chng, chng I ta e: "Cac Sach Thanh cua dan do thai, la phan toan ven cua Kinh Thanh kito" chng minh cho thay Tan c tha nhan quyen bnh cac Sach Thanh cua dan do thai va phu hp vi cac Sach o. Chng hai duyet xet lai 9 e tai nen tang cua cac Sach Thanh do thai, cho thay Tan c trung thanh vi cac mac khai cua Cu c. Va chng ba ta e "Ngi do thai trong Tan c", cho thay ban au a co nhieu tn hu do thai tin nhan Chua Kito. Khong co van ban nao trong Tan c cho thay khuynh hng bai do thai, tc la thai o khinh re thu nghich va bach hai tn hu do thai. iem bat ong duy nhat oi vi a so tn hu do thai o la Tan c cong bo chng trnh cu o cua Thien Chua, c bao trc trong Cu c, a hien thc ni c Kito, nhng a so dan do thai khong tin vao viec hien thc nay.

 

Linh Tien Khai

(Radio Vatican)

 


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