Th phan tch ve bo may

Tuyen truyen cua Cong San Viet Nam

 

Prepared for Internet by Radio Veritas Asia, Philippines

 

Th phan tch ve bo may Tuyen truyen cua Cong San Viet Nam.

Ha Noi, Viet Nam (4/10/2008) - Trong xa hoi cong san co le khong co cai goi la truyen thong, bi truyen ngha la lam lan rong ra cho nhieu ngi, nhieu ni biet (T ien tieng viet 1997 Trang 1017); Thong ay la thong tin, ngha la ieu c truyen i cho biet (T ien tieng Viet 1997 Trang 920) - Tuyet nhien khong thay co t nao noi en viec trc khi truyen thong tin i th cat xen, sa cha, lam thay oi noi dung, gay hieu sai, hieu nham khi en ngi nhan...

Tuyen truyen la giai thch rong rai e thuyet phuc moi ngi tan thanh, ung ho, lam theo (T ien tieng Viet 1997 Trang 1031) Co le t nay hp vi bo may thong tin cua nha nc cong san. Bi ho luon mong muon moi ngi phai tan thanh, ung ho, lam theo nhng g ho cho la ung... Ma cai ung, cai chan ly trong hoc thuyet cong san th thc te lch s a chng minh la: khong co, cha he co, con cai ho ep cho ra co th phan nhan, hai nhan. Khong can tranh luan ung sai, khong cho tranh luan ung sai, cong san a noi, a ket luan la ch co ung.

Trong xa hoi cong san co hai c quan cap bo cung lam chung nhiem vu tuyen truyen, mot cua c quan ang ( Viet Nam goi la Ban Van hoa T tng trung ng) - Mot cua chnh phu ( Viet Nam goi la Bo Truyen thong thong tin). So lng ngi lam chuyen nghiep cong viec tuyen truyen nay co khoang 90,000, trong o rieng phong vien chuyen nghiep la 10,000. Khoang 160,000 ngi lam ket hp, kiem nhien cong tac tuyen truyen co hng lng tuyen truyen rai rac cac nganh, cac a phng tren toan quoc...

Nh vay co en 250,000 ngi lam cong tac tuyen truyen chuyen nghiep, nhng ngi nay c cong san ao tao rieng, ao tao lien tuc, va co cac t luan huan thng nien. Cong tac tuyen truyen c cong san rat chu trong, cho nen khi can cac chi bo ang, cac oan the ngoai vi cua cong san, va ca bo may hanh chnh cap c s cung tham gia va ngay lap tc bo may tuyen truyen nay tang len en khoang 8,000,000 ngi, mot con so khung khiep so vi dan so c 85,000,000 cua Viet Nam. Thc chat tng ang vien cong san la nhng nhan vien tuyen truyen chuyen nghiep, cac hoat ong nh hop chi bo, hoc ngh quyet, ra ngh quyet, trien khai ngh quyet ang cong san cac cap thc chat la cac hoat ong tuyen truyen cong san.

Cac c s ao tao can bo nhan vien lam cong tac tuyen truyen tuyen la ngi cung rat ky cang theo tieu chuan cua cong san, nhng ngi nay phai co nang khieu noi, nhng lai phai khong co cac kha nang t duy sang tao, sang tac oc lap. V the cac nha van tai nang cung thng co nang khieu noi, nhng gan nh khong co ai tru c tai cac v tr quan trong cua co may tuyen truyen cong san ke ca khi ho la ang vien.

Chu thuyet cong san toan ieu gia doi lap luan ky khoi, khong ke tha kien thc truyen thong nhan ban cua nhan loai nen rat kho hieu. Cac nha ly luan cua chu ngha nay lap luan rang, chu thuyet nay luc au no cao sieu va kho hieu vi quan chung, nhng no hng ve so ong quan chung lao ong, cho nen bang moi gia phai "chuyen tai" c cac noi dung en vi ho... bang moi gia. Neu khong chuyen tai c cach mang se khong triet e, se dan ti cach mang na vi roi quay lai vi cach mang t san, coi nh cong coc.

V the tuyen truyen vi cong san la mot yeu to song con, trong tuyen truyen th thong tin bao ai la so 1, va con ngi trong cong tac tuyen truyen gi vai tro quyet nh, t duy (nao trang) lai la yeu to quyet nh con ngi... Nen cong san xac nh phai ao tao bang c nhng can bo lam cong tac tuyen truyen lnh vc bao - ai co pham chat "va hong va chuyen" Ngha la phai la cai may noi, cai loa, cai may viet, cai may in. Ch khong khong can nhng ngi co lng tam, co ao c, biet suy luan ung sai... Cong san a kha thanh cong trong viec ao tao nhng "con ngi" nay, mot lp ngi ch biet lam theo lenh, nh ten lnh xung kch ngoai chien trng. Cong san goi la "ngi chien s cam but".

V lnh vc tuyen truyen co tnh ac thu, nen lanh ao cua cong san trong lnh vc tuyen truyen bat buoc phai i len t nhng "chien s" tren mat tran cam but. Nhng phai nam bat c nguyen ly tuyen truyen cua cong san, phai ma manh, phai biet vach ra cac phng tc thu oan mi. ac biet la nhng ngi khong "nhay cam" khong dao ong trc bat c tnh huong nao. Cho len lanh ao bo may tuyen truyen cong san la nhng co may giet ngi khong dao.

Ngan sach quoc gia chi cho cong tac tuyen truyen (gom tra lng, chi ph mua ngoai, mua sam thiet b, ao tao...) cua cong san thi ky cao iem at ti 7% GDP. Tai san hien co cua bo may tuyen truyen cong san c at khoang 1,300 t USD. Ve con ngi th toan bo lanh ao, chuyen gia, chuyen vien, nhan vien cua bo may tuyen truyen nay b chi phoi cua nguyen ly "Thong tin tuyen truyen Mac-Xt" nen ho ch la nhng co may... ma co may th khong the co lng tam, no chay theo cac chuyen ong tnh tien... a c lap trnh t ao tao, va c hoan thien trong qua trnh cong tac, nhng ai khong phu hp phai t ao thai, hay b sa thai, tham ch "xo kham".

Mot trong nhng bai hoc au tien ve tuyen truyen ma cong san rao giang cho cac o e cua no la: Li noi doi 1 lan la li noi doi - Li noi doi 10 lan ngi ta nghi ng li noi doi o - Li noi doi 100 lan ngi ta se tin o la li noi that.

Thong tin, truyen thong trong xa hoi loai ngi ngay cang tr len quan trong, no co the thuc ay con ngi lam c nhng viec phi thng, ac biet la no co the lien ket con ngi trong mot hanh ong tap the v ai. Trong ngan han, va trong s u minh, ngu dot, thieu thong tin, vo ao c cua con ngi, thong tin truyen thong du la ngu tao xao tra, cung co the tao ra c sc manh ma qu co kha nang tan pha ln: Cach mang van hoa cua ngi cong san la mot minh chng. Nhng trong dai han va trong s hieu biet, trong s hien hu cua nhan ban, thong tin truyen thong nguy tao xao tra nham muc ch xau khong nhng vo tac dung ma con phan tac dung.

Cho nen tng ngi dan Viet ngay lanh hay canh giac, hay len tieng, hay truyen tin, hay hanh ong e dan toc Viet Nam khong ri vao mot tham hoa "cach mang van hoa" ma nhng ngi cong san a tng gay ra trong lch s.

Nhng ke cam but, cam may quay, nhng ke lam cong tac tuyen truyen trong xa hoi cong san cung co hai loai: Mot la nhng ke liet khang ve nhan ban, no ch biet en chu ngha cong san va chc nang tuyen truyen cho chu ngha cong san ma no ang lam ma thoi. khong can biet en lng tam Ngi hay bat c ieu g khac. Mot loai khac co the noi chung con chut suy ngh, nhng v mieng cm manh ao ma anh a dua ve hanh vi, bo mac hau qua say ra. Ca hai loai nay eu va la thu pham va la nan nhan cua bo may tuyen truyen cong san Viet Nam.

Trong vu viec oi at oi cong ly cua Tong Giao Phan Ha Noi, a co qua nhieu bai viet, phong s cua bo may tuyen truyen von lay cac thu oan tuyen truyen vo ao c, vo luan ma chu thuyet cong san xay dng t ben Nga Xo - Trung Cong... roi truyen ve cho ngi cong san Viet Nam. No a phat i roi, khong thu lai c na, xa hoi loai ngi con lu gi va phan x cong bang. Cung a co qua nhieu bai viet, hnh anh vach mat ch ten nhng ke gian tra, nhng tro bp bm cua bao ch truyen hnh nha nc cong san... Toi khong muon nhac lai ten tuoi, thu oan ho a tng dung.

Truyen thong cong san - Bo may tuyen truyen cong san a co biet bao nhieu ngi la nan nhan cua no, tham ch ngi cong san con phai la len rang ho la nan nhan cua bao ch, cua truyen thanh truyen hnh (nh trng hp Nguyen Viet Tien - cu th trng BGTVT - cu b can vu PMU 18, hien van la ang vien cong san). Vay th noi g en ngi dan? Noi g en giao dan - mot lp ngi ma trong xa hoi cong san ho luon luon b ky th?

The ma ngay nay tai Viet Nam, con so khong nho nhng nha bao cong san lam truyen thong, viet bai, lam xong phong s, thuyet minh tren ai... e nhan may ong bac cua ang, ho quay lng lai vi ong bao, khong con chut lng tam toi thieu trc khon cung cua tha nhan, trong khi Mac, ong to cua hoc thuyet cong san viet rang: "Ch co suc vat mi than nhien liem bo long cua mnh ngay trc au kho cua ong loai ma thoi."

 

Le ao

 


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